Philosophy | Introductory Symbolic Logic
P250 | 10375 | Carlson, Matt
Our topic in this course is logic, the study of correct reasoning.
Most reasoning employs only natural language (e.g. English) but,
unfortunately, evaluation of natural language arguments is not
always a precise affair, owing to the imprecision of the language in
which they are stated. To avoid this problem, we will develop a
system of symbolic logic; logic that employs artificial languages to
articulate and evaluate inferences in a precise and unambiguous
way. To that end, we will discuss methods for symbolizing natural
language idioms, such as the English "and", "not", "all" and "is",
in a symbolic language. We will then cover a variety of techniques
for evaluating expressions and arguments formulated in our symbolic
language, including truth tables, truth trees, and a natural
deduction calculus. Throughout the course, we will demand and employ
rigorous and precise reasoning.
There is one required book for this course: "Deduction: Introductory
Symbolic Logic", 2nd Edition, by Daniel Bonevac. Published by
Blackwell, 2003. ISBN: 0-631-22713-X.