Khalil Gibran Muhammad is an assistant professor of American History at Indiana University, and an adjunct assistant professor in African American and African Diaspora Studies, as well as American Studies. Following the completion of his Ph.D. from Rutgers University in the fall of 2003, he spent two years as an Mellon Fellow of Race, Crime, and Justice at the Vera Institute of Justice in New York City. He is the author of The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America, which will be published by Harvard University Press in January. Dr. Muhammadís scholarship has been featured in the Washington Post, and on National Public Radio. He is currently researching the recent history of black conservatism, and working on an edited volume on the history of police brutality.