Indiana University Bloomington
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Department of Second Language Studies  
English: Second Language Studies  

Meet the Faculty

 

Debra Friedman


Education

Contact Information

e-mail: debfried@indiana.edu
office: Memorial Hall 304
phone: (812) 855-2680

Research Interests

Second and multilingual language socialization, second language pedagogy, social, political, and ideological aspects of second language education, heritage language education, qualitative research methods.

Personal Statement

In my work, I take a social approach to the study of language acquisition, with a focus on the cultural, political, and ideological contexts of language learning and teaching in multilingual communities. My primary theoretical framework is language socialization, which views learning as taking place as novices participate in the valued practices of a community under the guidance of more experienced members. Much of my published work draws upon data collected in two fifth grade Ukrainian language classrooms in Ukraine as well as more recent interviews with students collected during a return visit to the research site. In this research, I have explored common language classroom practices such as error correction and assessment as socialization practices that are grounded in language ideologies regarding correct language usage and how these ideologies affect students' attitudes towards non-standard language such as Ukrainian-Russian code mixing. I have also drawn upon this research as well as that of other language socialization researchers to examine other social issues relevant to language teaching and learning, such as how language classrooms socialize students into various political identities and what a language socialization approach can contribute to the study of language revitalization. In my current research projects, I continue to explore language socialization in a variety of educational settings, including a multiple case study that follows the progress of several international students during their first semester in an MATESOL program.

Courses Recently Taught

Recent Publications and Presentations

Friedman, D. (2012, November). Defending borders and crossing boundaries: Ideologies and practices of code mixing among Ukrainian youth. Paper to be presented at the Conference of the American Anthropological Association, San Francisco, CA.

Friedman, D. (2012). How to collect and analyze qualitative data. In A. Mackey & S. Gass (Eds.). Research methodologies in second language acquisition (pp. 180-200). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Friedman, D. (2012). Socialization and language revitalization. In A. Duranti, E. Ochs, & B. Schieffelin (Eds.), Handbook of language socialization (pp. 631-647). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Friedman, D. (2010). Becoming national: Classroom language socialization and political identities in the age of globalization. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 30, 193-210.

Friedman, D. (2010). Speaking correcly: Error correction as a language socialization practice in a Ukrainian classroom. Applied Linguistics, 31, 346-347.

Friedman, D. (2011, November). Re-imagining the nation: Ukrainian youth and the construction of a new Ukrainian identity. Paper presented at the Conference of the American Anthropological Association, Montreal, Canada.

Friedman, D. (2011, August). "Lets treat this objectively": Language socialization into doing assessments in two Ukrainian classrooms. Paper presented at the 16th World Congress of Applied Linguistics (AILA), Bejing, China.

Friedman, D. (2011, March). Our language: Teaching Ukrainian as a ridna mova. Paper presented at the Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics, Chicago, IL.

Friedman, D. (2010, November). "Why do you like summer? " The heteroglossia of assessments in a Ukrainian classroom. Paper presented at the Conference of the American Anthrolopological, New Orleans, LA.

Friedman, D. (2009, March). "Vowels make a language more beautiful": Co-constructing language ideologies in Ukrainian classrooms. Paper presented at the Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics, Denver, CO.

Friedman, D. & Kagan, O. (2008). Academic writing proficiency of Russian heritage speakers: A comparative study. In D. Brinton, O. Kagan, & S. Bauckus (Eds.), Heritage language acquisition: A new field emerging (pp. 181-198). New York: Routledge.

Friedman, D. (2007, April). Watch your language: Error correction as a socialization practice in a Ukrainian classroom. Paper presented at the Conference of the American Association of Applied Linguistics, Costa Mesa, CA.

Friedman, D. (2007, February). Socialization into speaking "correctly" in a Ukrainian classroom. Invited paper presented at the Symposium on Language Socialization, Interaction, and Culture, Center for Language, Interaction, and Culture, University of California, Los Angeles.