Table 1: Comparison between male Scottish (n= 947) and American (n=2689) university students attending health science classes in drinking patterns and behaviors related to alcohol consumption during previous year.

 

Scottish

American

Percent who had consumed alcohol over past year

86.8

89.7+

Mean units of alcohol per week among total sample

27.0

16.5*

Mean units of alcohol per week among DRINKERS only

29.9

19.8*

PROBLEMS RELATED TO DRINKING AMONG DRINKERS

 

 

Health/Personal:

 

 

Hangovers

80.5

65.2*

Nausea/Vomiting

56.4

34.3*

Thought had problem with alcohol

8.2

28.3*

Academic/Social problems related to drinking:

 

 

Attended class after drinking

26.2

21.3+

Cut class after drinking

23.1

29.6+

Missed class due to hangover

33.9

44.0*

Received lower grade

4.9

21.7*

Played a drinking game

52.3

61.4*

Lost a job

0.4

24.5*

Criticized by friend for drinking too much

23.3

33.8*

Legal problems due to drinking:

 

 

Had trouble with the law

7.4

19.4*

In trouble with the school administration

1.3

19.0*

Got into fights

15.7

24.6*

Damaged property

20.9

25.4+

Drinking/driving:

 

 

Driven after drinking

6.3

44.8*

Driving drunk

5.1

38.4*

Drinking while driving

4.0

44.6*

DWI citation

0.2

19.9*



* p < .001 + p < .05. Table from unpublished data from Engs 1994 study of university students attending health sciences classes in all regions of Scotland and all states of the United States. Data were collected by using the American and the UK version of the Student Alcohol Questionnaire. (23.3% of Scottish and 38.5% American students from the sample were male. From paper presented, Kettil Bruun Society meeting, September 1995. This table is copyrighted (c) by Ruth C. Engs, Bloomington, IN, 1999 and is downloaded from http://www.indiana.edu/~engs/articles/tabsusa2.html )