Indiana University Bloomington

Chusi Li

Chusi Li

Senior Scientist

Mineral Deposit Systems, Geochemistry

Office:   GY217
Phone:   812-855-1558
Email: cli@indiana.edu
Other Links: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/E-5592-2011
http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=86UK2kUAAAAJ

Education

  • BS, 1982, Chengdu University of Technology, China
  • MS, 1986, Chengdu University of Technology, China
  • PhD, 1993, University of Toronto, Canada

Awards, Honors and Adjunct Status

  • 2009-present, Honorary Lecturer, Society of Economic Geologists
  • 2009-present, Guest Fellow, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2011, Regional Vice President Lecturer, Society of Economic Geologists
  • 2009, Fellow, Geological Society of America
  • 2006-2010, Guest Professor, China University of Geosciences-Beijing
  • 2005-2010, Guest Professor, Chang’an University, Xi’an, China
  • 2005-2009, Cuiying Chair (distinguished guest) Professor, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
  • 2003, Fellow, Society of Economic Geologists

Research Interests

My research, conducted through detailed fieldwork and careful laboratory investigation, currently focuses on world-class magmatic Ni-Cu-PGE (platinum-group elements) deposits; the tectonic setting in which they occur, petrogenesis of associated mafic-ultramafic rocks, causes of sulfide saturation in mafic magma, concentration of immiscible sulfide liquids in magma plumbing systems, controls on the compositions of base metals and PGE in sulfide ores, and models that can be used to assist in exploration targeting.

Books and journal special issue edited

Li C, Ripley EM (eds) (2011) Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits: Geology, Geochemistry and Genesis. Reviews in Economic Geology, Volume 17, Society of Economic Geologists, Denver, Colorado, 370p.

Li C, Ripley EM (eds) (2009) New Developments in Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 290p.

Naldrett AJ, Li C (eds) (2000) a special issue of Economic Geology devoted to the Voisey'’s Bay Ni-Cu-Co deposit (Vol. 95, No. 5)

Peer-reviewed articles and book chapters (*) since 2000


Sun T, Qian Z-Z, Li C, Xia M-Z, Yang S-H (2013) Petrogenesis and economic potential of the Erhongwa ma?c–ultrama?c intrusion in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, NW China: Constraints from olivine chemistry, U-Pb age and Hf isotopes of zircons, and whole-rock Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes. Lithos 182–183, 185–199.

Wei B, Wang CY, Li C, Sun Y (2013) Origin of PGE-depleted Ni-Cu sulfide mineralization in the Triassic Hongqiling No.7 orthopyroxenite intrusion, Central Asian Orogenic Belt, NE China. Economic Geology 108, 1813–1831

Sun T, Qian Z-Z, Deng Y-F, Li C, Song X-Y, Tang Q (2013) PGE and Isotope (Hf-Sr-Nd-Pb) Constraints on the Origin of the Huangshandong Magmatic Ni-Cu Sulfide Deposit in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, NW China. Economic Geology 108, 1849–1864

Xia M-Z, Jiang C-Y, Li C, Xia Z-D (2013) Characteristics of a newly-discovered Ni-Cu sulfide deposit hosted in the Poyi ultramafic intrusion, Tarim craton, NW China. Economic Geology 108, 1865–1878

Peng R, Zhai Y, Li C, Ripley EM (2013) The Erbutu Ni-Cu deposit in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt: a Permian magmatic sulfide deposit related to boninitic magmatism in an arc setting. Economic Geology 108, 1879–1888

Tang Q, Ma Y, Zhang M, Li C, Zhu D, Tao Y (2013) The origin of Ni-Cu-PGE sulfide mineralization in the margin of the Zhubu mafic-ultramafic intrusion in the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Economic Geology 108, 1889–1901

Li C, Ripley EM, Thakurta J, Stifter EC, Qi L (2013) Variations of olivine Fo-Ni contents and highly chalcophile element abundances in arc ultramafic cumulates, southern Alaska. Chemical Geology 351, 15–28

Maier WD, Rasmussen B, Fletcher IR, Li C, Barnes S-J, Huhma H (2013) The Kunene Anorthosite Complex, Namibia, and Its Satellite Intrusions: Geochemistry, Geochronology, and Economic Potential. Economic Geology 108, 953–986

Ripley EM, Li C (2013) Sulfide saturation in mafic magmas: Is external sulfur required for magmatic Ni-Cu-(PGE) ore genesis? Economic Geology 108, 45–58


Tang Q, Zhang MJ, Li C, Yu M, Li L (2013) The chemical compositions and abundances of volatiles in the Siberian large igneous province: constraints on magmatic CO2 and SO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Chemical Geology 339, 84–91


Li G, Li C, Ripley EM, Kamo S, Su S (2012) Geochronology, petrology and geochemistry of the Nanlinshan and Banpo mafic-ultramafic intrusions: implications for subduction initiation in the eastern Palaeo-Tethys. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 164, 773–788


Li C, Tao Y, Qi L, Ripley EM (2012) Controls on PGE fractionation in the Emeishan picrites and basalts: constraints from integrated lithophile-siderophile elements and Sr-Nd isotopes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 90, 12–32


Ding X, Ripley EM, Shirey SB, Li C, Moore CH (2012) Os, Nd, O and S isotope constraints on country rock contamination in the conduit related Eagle Cu-Ni-(PGE) deposit, Midcontinent Rift System, Upper Michigan. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 89, 10–30


Bai Z-J, Zhong H, Li C, Zhu, W-G, Xu GW (2012) Platinum-group elements in the oxide layers of the Hongge mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China. Ore Geology Reviews 46, 149-161.


Li C, Thakurta J, Ripley EM (2012) Low-Ca content and kink-banded texture are not unique for mantle olivine: evidence from the Duke Island Complex, Alaska. Mineralogy and Petrology 104:147–153.


Ding X, Ripley EM, Li C (2012) PGE Geochemistry of the Eagle magmatic sulfide deposit, upper Michigan: Constraints on ore genesis in a dynamic magma conduit. Mineralium Deposita 47, 89-104.


Li C, Zhang M, Fu P, Qian Z, Hu P, Ripley EM (2012) The Kalatongke magmatic Ni-Cu deposit in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, NW China: Product of slab window magmatism? Mineralium Deposita 47, 51-67.

Li C, Ripley EM (2011) The Giant Jinchuan Ni-Cu-(PGE) Deposit: Tectonic Setting, Magma Evolution, Ore Genesis and Exploration Implications. In: Li C, Ripley EM (eds) Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits: Geology, Geochemistry and Genesis: Reviews in Economic Geology, Volume 17, Society of Economic Geologists, Inc, Denver, Colorado, p. 163-180.


Ripley EM, Li C 2011) A review of conduit related Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide mineralization at the Voisey’s Bay deposit, Labrador, and the Eagle deposit, northern Michigan. In: Li C, Ripley EM (eds) Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits: Geology, Geochemistry and Genesis: Reviews in Economic Geology, Volume 17, Society of Economic Geologists, Denver, Colorado, p. 181-198.


Tang D, Qin K, Li C, Qi L, Su B, Qu W (2011) Zircon dating, Hf-Sr-Nd-Os isotopes and PGE geochemistry of the Tianyu sulfide-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusion in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, NW China. Lithos 126, 84–98


Ripley EM, Li C, Moore CH, Elswick ER, Maynard JB, Paul RL, Sylvester P, Seo JH, Shimizu N (2011) Analytical methods for sulfur determination in glasses, rocks, minerals and fluid inclusions. Rev Mineral Geochem 73, 9-39


Zhang M, Li C, Fu P, Hu P, Ripley EM (2011) The Permian Huangshanxi Cu-Ni deposit in western China: Intrusive-extrusive association, ore genesis and exploration implications. Mineralium Deposita 46, 153-170


Tao Y, Li C, Hu R, Qi L, Qu W, Du A (2010) Re-Os isotopic constraints on the genesis of the Limahe Ni-Cu deposit in the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Lithos 119, 137-146


Williams C, Ripley EM, Li C (2010) Variations in Os isotope ratios of pyrrhotite as a result of water-rock and magma-rock interaction: Constraints from Virginia formation – Duluth Complex contact zone. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 4772-4792


Li C, Ripley EM (2010) The relative effects of composition and temperature on olivine-liquid Ni partitioning: Statistical deconvolution and implications for petrologic modeling. Chemical Geology 275, 99-104


Maier WD, Barnes S-J, Sarkar A, Ripley EM, Li C, Livesey T (2010) The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita 45, 419-441


Ding X, Li C, Ripley EM, Rossell D, Kamo SL (2010) The Eagle and East Eagle sulfide ore-bearing mafic-ultramafic intrusions in the Midcontinent Rift System, upper Michigan: Geochronology and petrologic evolution. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 11, Q03003, doi:10.1029/2009GC002546


Zhang M, Kamo SL, Li C, Hu P, Ripley EM (2010) Precise U-Pb zircon-baddeleyite age of the Jinchuan sulfide ore-bearing ultramafic intrusion, western China. Mineralium Deposita 45, 3-9


Ripley EM, Li C, Moore CH, Schmitt AK, (2010) Micro-scale S isotope studies of the Kharaelakh intrusion, Noril’sk region, Siberia: Constraints on the genesis of coexisting anhydrite and sulfide minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 634-644


Sarkar A, Brophy J, Ripley EM, Li C, Kamo S (2009) Geochemical and isotopic studies of the Lady of the Lake Intrusion and associated tobacco root Batholith: Constraints on the genetic relation between Cretaceous mafic and silicic magmatism in Southwestern Montana. Lithos 113, 555–569


Thakurta J, Ripley EM, Li C (2009) Oxygen isotopic variability associated with multiple stages of serpentinization, Duke Island Complex, southeastern Alaska. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 6298–6312


Li C, Ripley EM (2009) Sulfur contents at sulfide-liquid or anhydrite saturation in silicate melts: Empirical equations and example applications. Economic Geology 104, 405–412


* Naldrett AJ, Li C, Ripley EM (2009) Anorthosite-related Ni-Cu-Co deposits: Examples from Labrador, Canada. In: Li C, Ripley EM (eds) New Developments in Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, p.192-218


* Ripley EM, Li C (2009) Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization associated with the Proterozoic Midcontinent Rift System, USA. In: Li C, Ripley EM (eds) New Developments in Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, p. 180-191


* Naldrett AJ, Li C (2009) Ore deposits related to flood basalts, Siberia. In: Li C, Ripley EM (eds) New Developments in Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, p. 141-179


Li C, Ripley EM, Naldrett AJ (2009) A new genetic model for the giant Ni-Cu-PGE sulfide deposits associated with the Siberian flood basalts. Economic Geology 104, 291-301


Pang KN, Li C, Zhou M-F, Ripley EM (2009) Mineral compositional constraints on petrogenesis and oxide ore genesis of the late Permian Panzhihua layered gabbroic intrusion, SW China. Lithos 110, 199-214


Li C, Ripley EM, Naldrett AJ, Schmitt AK, Moore CH (2009) Magmatic anhydrite-sulfide assemblages in the plumbing system of the Siberian Traps. Geology 37, 259-262


Thakurta J, Ripley EM, Li C (2008) Prerequisites for sulfide-poor PGE and sulfide-rich Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization in Alaskan-type complex. Journal of the Geological Society of India 72, 611-622


Sarkar S, Ripley EM, Li C, Maier WD (2008) Stable isotope and mineral chemical composition constraints on contamination and hydrothermal alteration in the Uitkomst Complex, South Africa. Chemical Geology 257, 129-138


Tao Y, Li C, Song X, Ripley EM (2008) Mineralogical, petrological and geochemical studies of the Limahe mafic-ultramatic intrusion and the associated Ni-Cu sulfide ores, SW China. Mineralium Deposita 43, 849-872


Thakurta J, Ripley EM, Li C. (2008) Geochemical constraints on the origin of sulfide mineralization in the Duke Island Complex, southeastern Alaska. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 9, Q07003, doi: 10.1029/2008GC001982


Su SG, Li C, Zhou MF, Ripley EM, Qi L (2008) Controls on variations of platinum-group element concentrations in the sulfide ores of the Jinchuan Ni-Cu deposit, western China. Mineralium Deposita 43, 609-626


Pang K-N, Li C, Zhou M-F, Ripley EM (2008) Abundant Fe–Ti oxide inclusions in olivine from the Panzhihua and Hongge layered intrusions, SW China: evidence for early saturation of Fe–Ti oxides in ferrobasaltic magma. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 156, 307-321


Li C, Ripley EM, Tao Y, Mathez EA (2008) Cr-spinel/melt and Cr-spinel/olivine nickel partition coefficients from basalts, picrites and intrusive rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72, 1678-1684


Ripley EM, Shafer P, Li C, Hauck SA (2008) Re-Os Isotopic variations in magnetite from the contact zone of the Duluth Complex and the Biwabik iron formation, northeastern Minnesota. Chemical Geology 249, 213-226


Maier WD, Barnes S-J, Bandyayera D, Livesey T, Li C, Ripley EM (2008) Early Kibaran rift-related mafic-ultramafic magmatism in Tanzania and Burundi: the petrogenesis and ore potential of the Kapalagulu and Musongati intrusions. Lithos 101, 24-53


Li C, Ripley EM, Oberthür T, Miller JD, Joslin GD (2008) Textural and stable isotope studies of hydrothermal alteration in the Main Sulfide Zone of the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and the Precious Metals Zone of the Sonju Lake Intrusion, Minnesota, USA. Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.

Li C, Naldrett AJ, Ripley EM (2007) Controls on the Fo and Ni contents of olivine in sulfide-bearing mafic/ultramafic intrusions: Principles, modeling and examples from Voisey’s Bay. Earth Science Frontiers-English Edition 14 (5), 177-185.

Ripley EM, Li C. (2007) Applications of stable and radiogenic isotopes to magmatic Cu-Ni-PGE deposits: Examples and cautions. Earth Science Frontiers-English Edition 14 (5), 124-132.

* Naldrett AJ, Li C. (2007) The Voisey’s Bay deposit, Labrador, Canada. In: Goodfellow WD (ed.) Mineral Resources of Canada: A Synthesis of Major Deposit-types, District Metallogeny, the Evolution of Geological Provinces, and Exploration Methods. Geological Survey of Canada and Geological Association of Canada, pp. 387-408

Ripley EM, Taib NI, Li C, Moore CH (2007) Chemical and mineralogical heterogeneity of the basal zone of the Partridge Rive Intrusion, Duluth Complex: Evidence for Cu-Ni mineralization during early stages of rift development. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 154, 35-54

Hu PQ Zhang MJ, Tang ZL Li C, Wang JZ (2007) Chemical and stable isotopic compositions of volatiles in mantle peridotites of the Yushigou ophiolite in Qilian orogenic belt, western China. Acta Petrologica Sinica-English Edition 23, 169-176

Tao Y, Li C, Hu R, Ripley EM, Du A, Zhong H (2007) Petrogenesis of the Pt-Pd mineralized Jinbaoshan ultramafic intrusion in the Permian Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 153, 321-337

Mariga J, Ripley EM, Li C (2006) Oxygen isotopic studies of interaction between magma and country rocks at Voisey's Bay, Labrador, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70: 4977-4996.

Li C, Ripley EM (2006) Formation of isoferroplatinum by desulfurization of braggite and cooperite in the J-M Reef of the Stillwater Complex, Montana. Canadian Mineralogist 44: 895-903.

Mariga J, Ripley EM, Li C, McKeegan KD, Schmidt A, Groove M (2006) Oxygen isotopic disequilibrium in plagioclase-corundum-hercynite xenoliths from the Voisey's Bay intrusion, Labrador, Canada. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 248: 248-260.

Mondal SK, Ripley EM, Li C, Frei R (2006) The genesis of Archaean chromitites from the Nuasahi and Sukinda massifs in the Singhbhum Craton, India. Precambrian Research 148: 45-66.

Mariga J, Ripley EM, Li C (2006) Petrologic evolution of gneissic xenoliths in the Voisey's Bay Intrusion, Labrador, Canada: Mineralogy, reactions, partial melting, and mechanisms of mass transfer. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 7, Q05013, DOI: 10.1029/2005GC001184.

Ripley EM, Sarkar A, Li C (2005) Mineralogic and stable isotopic studies of hydrothermal alteration at the Jinchuan Ni-Cu deposit. Economic Geology 100: 1349-1361.

Li C, Ripley EM, Sarkar A, Shin D, Maier WD (2005) Origin of phlogopite-orthopyroxene inclusions in chromites from the Merensky Reef of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 150: 119-130.

Li C, Ripley EM (2005) Empirical equations to predict the sulfur content of mafic magma at sulfide saturation and applications to magmatic sulfide deposits. Mineralium Deposita 40: 218-230

Li C, Ripley EM, Merino M, Maier WD (2004) Replacement of base metal sulfides by actinolite, epidote, calcite and magnetite in the UG2 and Merensky Reef of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology 99: 173-184

Li C, Xu ZH, de Waal SA, Ripley EM, Maier WD (2004) Compositional variations of olivine from the Jinchuan Ni-Cu sulfide deposit, western China: implications for ore genesis. Mineralium Deposita 39: 159-172

Maier WD, Gomwe T, Barnes S-J, Li C, Theart H (2004) Platinum-Group Elements in the Uitkomst Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology 99: 499-516

De Waal SA, Xu ZH, Li C, Mouri H (2004) Emplacement of vicious mushes in the Jinchuan Ultramafic Intrusion, western China. Canadian Mineralogist 42: 371-392

Park Y-R, Ripley EM, Miller Jr. JD, Li C, Mariga J, Shafer P (2004) Stable isotopic constraints on fluid-rock interaction and Cu-PGE-S redistribution in the Sonju Lake Intrusion, Minnesota. Economic Geology 99: 325-338

Li C, Ripley EM, Mathez EA (2003) The effect of S on the partitioning of Ni between olivine and silicate melt in MORB. Chemical Geology 201: 295-306

Li C, Ripley EM, Naldrett AJ (2003) Compositional variations of olivine and sulfur isotopes in the Noril'sk and Talnakh intrusions, Siberia: Implications for ore forming processes in dynamic magma conduits. Economic Geology 98: 69-86

Ripley EM, Lightfoot PC, Li C, Elswick ER (2003) Sulfur isotopic studies of continental flood basalts in the Noril'sk region: Implications for the association between lavas and ore-bearing intrusions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67: 2805-2817

Ripley EM, Li C (2003) Sulfur isotopic exchange and metal enrichment in the formation of magmatic Cu-Ni-(PGE) deposits. Economic Geology 98: 635-641

Li C, Ripley EM, Maier WD, Gomwe TES (2002) Olivine and sulfur isotopic compositions of the Uitkomst Ni-Cu sulfide ore-bearing complex, South Africa: Evidence for sulfur contamination and multiple magma emplacements. Chemical Geology 188: 149-159

Ripley EM, Li C, Shin D (2002) Paragneiss assimilation in the genesis of magmatic Ni-Cu-Co sulfide mineralization at Voisey's Bay, Labrador: ?34S and ?13C and Se/S evidence. Economic Geology 97: 1307-1318

Ripley EM, Brohpy JG, Li C (2002) Copper solubility and copper-iron sulfide liquid/silicate liquid partition coefficients in a basaltic melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66: 2791-2800

Li C, Maier WD, de Waal SA (2001) Magmatic Ni-Cu versus PGE deposits: Contrasting genetic controls and exploration implication. South African Journal of Geology 104: 309-318

Li C, Maier WD, de Waal SA (2001) The role of magma mixing in the origin of PGE mineralization in the Bushveld Complex: Thermodynamic calculations and new interpretations. Economic Geology 96: 653-662

Li C, Naldrett AJ, Ripley EM (2001) Critical factors for the formation of a Ni-Cu deposit in evolved magmatic system: Lessons from a comparison of the Pants Lake and Voisey's Bay sulfide occurrences in Labrador. Mineralium Deposita 36: 85-92

Maier WD, Li C, de Waal SA (2001) Why are there no major Ni-Cu sulfide deposits in large layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions? Canadian Mineralogist 39: 547-556

Maier WD, Sliep J, Barnes S-J, Li C (2001) PGE-bearing mafic-u;tramafic sills in the floor of the eastern Bushveld Complex on the farms Blaauwboschkraal, Zwartkopje and Waterval. South African Journal of Geology 104: 343-354

Maier WD, Barnes S-J, Ashwal LD, Li C (2001) A reconnaissance study on the magmatic Cu-Ni-PGE sulphide potential of the Tete Complex, Mozambique. South African Journal of Geology 104: 355-364

Barnes S-J, van Achterberg E, Makovicky E, Li C (2001) Proton microprobe results for the portioning of platinum-group element between monosulphide solid solution and sulphide liquid. South African Journal of Geology 104: 275-286

Li C, Naldrett AJ (2000) Melting reactions of gneissic inclusions with enclosing magma at Voisey's Bay, Labrador, Canada: Implications with respect to ore genesis. Economic Geology 95: 801-814

Li C, Lightfoot PC, Amelin Y, Naldrett AJ (2000) Contrasting petrological and geochemical relationships in the Voisey's Bay and Mushuau intrusions, Labrador: Implications for ore genesis. Economic Geology 95: 771-800

Brenan MJ, Li C (2000) Constraints on oxygen fugacity during ore formation in the Voisey's Bay intrusion, Labrador, Canada. Economic Geology 85: 901-915

Amelin Y, Li C, Naldrett AJ (2000) Nd-Sr-Pb isotopic systematics of crustal assimilation in the Voisey's Bay and the Mushuau intrusions, Labrador, Canada. Economic Geology 95: 815-830

Lambert DD, Foster JG, Frick LR, Li C, Naldrett AJ (2000) Re-Os isotopic systematics of the Voisey's Bay Ni-Cu-Co magmatic ore system, Labrador, Canada: II. Implications for parental magma chemistry and ore genesis. Economic Geology 85: 867-888

Naldrett AJ, Asif M, Krstic S, Li C (2000) The compositions of ore at the Voisey's Bay Ni-Cu sulfide deposit, Labrador, Canada: with special reference to platinum-group elements. Economic Geology 95: 845-866

Naldrett AJ, Krstic S, Sing J, Li, C (2000) The mineralogy of the Voisey's Bay Ni-Cu-Co deposit, Labrador, Canada: Influence of oxidation state on textures and mineral compositions. Economic Geology 85: 889-900

Ripley EM, Park Y-R, Li C, Naldrett AJ (2000) Oxygen isotopic studies of the Voisey's Bay Ni-Cu-Co deposit, Labrador, Canada. Economic Geology 95: 831-844