Grants in Progress and Recent Grants

David Bish

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Support for the CheMin mineralogical instrument during the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL 2011) mission: Experiment planning, data analysis and mission operations; D. Bish, PI; NASA, Mars Fundamental Research Program. 2011-2016
  • Effects of Shock Metamorphism on Phyllosilicate Spectroscopy; D. Bish, PI; Planetary Science Institute. 2010-2014
  • The State of Sulfur on Mars: Understanding the Inter-relationships Among the Crystal Structure, Chemistry, and Spectroscopy of Sulfates and Sulfides.; D. Bish, PI; Planetary Science Institute 2011-2014
  • CheMin: An X-ray Diffraction/X-ray Fluorescence (XRD/XRF) instrument for definitive mineralogical analysis in the analytical laboratory of MSL; NASA, Mars Science Laboratory Investigations, AO-03-OSS-03; 2004-2013.

Simon Brassell

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • S.C. Brassell, K.M. Johnson, A. Schimmelmann Collaborative Research: Bayesian Paleoclimate Proxies-Transforming the Vertebrate Fossil Record. NSF, 2013-2014.

James Brophy

Recent Grants Received:
  • REE-SiO2 systematics for distinguishing a fractional crystallization versus crustal melting origin for intra-oceanic silicic melts: acombined experimental and field investigation; Brophy, J PI; NSF; 3/2010-2/2014

Bruce Douglas

Recent Grants Received
  • Purchase of SuperString equipment.; Douglas, B. PI Society of Exploration Geophysicists Foundation 2012-2013.
  • Collaborative Research: Geodesy curriculum for the 21st century - innovative science for addressing societally critical issues. Douglas, B. PI NSF 2013-2013.

Doug Edmonds

Grants in Progress, 2015:
  • A theoretical and field-based study on the formation and shape of fluvial levees. American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund. D. Edmonds, PI, 2012-2015.
  • Collaborative Research: Defining controls on incisional avulsions in alluvial basins (with Penn State). NSF. D. Edmonds, PI, 2012-2014.
  • FESD Type I: A Delta Dynamics Collaboratory. University of Texas at Austin. D. Edmonds, PI, 2012-2016.

Erika Elswick

Recent Grants Received
  • Infrastructure upgrade, curation and data basing of Indiana University Collections; PIs Scheiber (Anthro), Polly, Johnson and Elswick 2009-2012.

Julie Fosdick

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Quaternary Fault Slip Behavior of the Mission Creek Fault of the Southern San Andreas Fault Zone, CA: Part II – Constraining Sedimentary Provenance and Displacements of Pleistocene Alluvial Fans Systems. The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC).

Overview of project goals (2014-2015): This project aims to revise Quaternary fault displacements along the Mission Creek fault strand of the San Andreas Fault Zone in the San Gorgonio Pass area by evaluating the sedimentary provenance of displaced Quaternary alluvial fan deposits and the position of their restored drainages within the San Bernardino and Little San Bernardino Mountains. Results will enable us to evaluate whether or not fault slip on the Mission Creek fault strand decreases from the northern Coachella Valley as the fault enters the San Gorgonio Pass region, or if instead the fault strand is an important Quaternary to Holocene structure in accommodating lateral slip between the PA-NA plates.

Michael Hamburger

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • NSF Collaborative Research: Structure and Dynamics of the North American Craton - An EarthScope Swath from the Ozarks to the Grenville Front (Gary Pavlis, PI), Collaborative project with University of Illinois, Purdue University, and Illinois and Indiana state geological surveys, 2011-2015.
  • NSF Subduction Zone Coupling and Strain Partitioning in the Philippine Plate Boundary Zone (Kaj Johnson, co-PI), 2012-2015.
  • USGS Development of a Globally Applicable Model for Near Real-time Prediction of Seismically Induced Landslides (Collaboration with David Wald, US Geological Survey), 2014-2015.
Grants Pending
  • USGS Microseismicity in the Ste. Genevieve, Wabash Valley and Rough Creek seismic zones using EarthScope FlexArray data: Implications for earthquake hazards (Collaborative research between Indiana University, Purdue University, and University of Kentucky) 2014–2015.

Ed Herrmann

Grants in Progress, 2015:
  • Rockhouse Hollow rock shelter field work.; Herrmann, E.W. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, 2014-2018.

Claudia Johnson

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Individual Research Award, Institute for Advanced Study; Johnson, C.C., Institute for Advanced Study. 2014-2016.

Kaj Johnson

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Can a large earthquake occur on the creeping section of the San Andreas Fault?; Johnson, K. PI, University of Southern California 2012-2014
  • Collaborative Research: Geodetic Constraints on Moment Deficit and Physics-based Earthquake Cycle Models in the Source Region of the M9 Tohoku, Japan Earthquake. Johnson, K., PI, NSF 2012-2014.
  • Subduction Zone Coupling and Strain Partitioning in the Philippine Plate Boundary Zone. Hamburger, M.W. PI, Johnson K., Co-I, NSF 2012-2014.
  • Kinematic and Dynamic Models of Actively Deforming Lithosphere in the Wesern US. Johnson, K., NSF 2010-2014.

Chusi Li

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Intraplate metallogeny of China; Li, C. (Co-I), Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2013-2017.
  • NSF: Assessing the role of crustal S contamination in the generation of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana: A multiple S and Re-Os isotopic study (with EM Ripley) 2013-2016.
  • USGS: Cu and Re/Os isotopic Systematics of Ni-Cu-GPE Sulfide Mineralization in the Duluth Complex, the Tamarack deposit and the Eagle deposit, Mid-continent Rift System, Minnesota and Michigan. (with EM Ripley) 2014-2015.

Jackson Njau

Grants in Progress, 2015:
  • Percussion Technology and Human Evolution Njau, J. PI The Leverhulme Trust, Cambridge, UK 2012-2014.
  • ORACEAF:The origins of the Acheulean in East Africa Njau, J. PI Delegation of the European Commission. 2012-2016.
  • The Curatorial Rescue of Mary Leakey’s Excavated Fossils at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania Njau, J. PI The L.S.B. Leakey Foundation 2013-2014.

Greg Olyphant

Grants in Progress, 2015:
  • Field, Laboratory, and Modeling Studies Aimed at Optimizing Strategies and Outcomes of Abandoned Mine Lands Reclamation Olyphant, G. PI Indiana Department of Natural Resources. 2012-2015
  • Rates and Controls on Toxic Metal Leaching from Coal-Combustion Residues Utilized as Structural Fills in Reclamation Settings: Emphasis on the Midwestern AML Site Olyphant, G. PI Indiana Department of Natural Resources 2011-2014
  • Monitoring and Modeling a Large-Scale Experiment to Change the Direction of Ground-Water Flow at the Blackfoot Reclamation Site in Pike County, Indiana: Part 2 Assessing of the Efficacy of Reclamation that Includes the Construction of a Large Wetland Olyphant, G. PI 2011-2014.

Gary Pavlis

Grants In Progress 2015:
  • Collaborative Research: Structure and Dynamics of the North American Craton - An EarthScope swath from the Ozarks to the Greenville Front, National Science Foundation Earthscope Program; 2011-2015.

This project seeks to apply state–of–the–art seismic monitoring and data analysis techniques to understand the deep geological structure and seismic activity in North America’s continental interior. The project will help us to better understand the basic geological processes that were involved in the assembly and evolution of our continent, as well as the processes that are continually modifying its structure. Ultimately, the research will help us better understand – and better prepare for – the hazards associated with future earthquakes in our region. The project is part of a national scientific initiative, dubbed "EarthScope", which includes the deployment of "USArray," the largest seismic network in the nation’s history. This project is utilizing instrumentation from the Earthscope Flexible Array. Professor Hamburger is a co-PI on this project. For additional information see the project web site at http://www.indiana.edu/~oiink

  • High resolution imaging of the mantle of North America with 3D wavefield imaging, National Science Foundation Earthscope Program, 2014-2017

This project will utilize a unique technology developed at Indiana University called Plane Wave Migration. This technology is a form of scattered wave imaging that builds on concepts developed over the last 30 years for oil and gas exploration with the seismic reflection. Plane wave migration has produced the highest resolution images of the upper mantle of North America ever achieved by direct imaging of data from the USArray component of the Earthscope (http://www.earthscope.org). The USArray data collection effort is finishing and this project aims to produce the best high resolution images possible of the entire upper mantle of North America. This will be used to address three main science issues. (1) the geometry of the Farallon Plate which now underlies nearly all of North America; (2) are dipping interfaces we are imaging markers for mantle flow; and (3) what new insights do these new images provide on the 410 and 660 discontinuities and the region called the transition zone that lies between them.

  • Three-dimensional Seismic Array at the Homestake Mine, National Science Foundation INPIRE Program, 2013- 2016.

This is an experimental program to deploy a state-of-the-art, three-dimensional seismic array in the Homestake Mine in the Black Hills of South Dakota. The Homestake Mine has been converted to an underground laboratory for scientific research that has made this experiment possible. Deployment is planned to begin in fall 2014 with operation of the experiment spanning the 2015 calendar year. The project is supported by the NSF’s INSPIRE program which aims to fund cutting edge project that cross multiple disciplines. This project is of interest to geophysics and the physics community doing research in gravity waves. The geophysical interest is fundamental data on seismic wave propagation in an anisotropic medium with known properties. The physics community is interested in this experiment to provide baseline data for a future gravity wave experiment in an underground site where the detector can be isolated from surface mass movements that have compromised the current facilities (http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/). This is a collaborative project led by the University of Minnesota. We at Indiana University are collaborators along with the California Institute of Technology.

David Polly

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • National Science Foundation Research Grant EAR-1338298. 2013-2017. ELT Collaborative Research: Bayesian Paleoclimate Proxies – Transforming the Vertebrate Fossil Record. P.D. Polly (PI), K. M. Johnson, S. C. Brassell, and A. Schimmelmann (co-PIs), J. J. Head (Collaborative PI, U. Nebraska).

This project transforms the vertebrate fossil record into a statistical paleoenvironmental proxy to study climate driven Earth-life transitions during the Miocene. We develop a probabilistic proxy that links functional anatomical traits in mammals and reptiles to temperature, precipitation, and vegetation cover. Our trait-based approach is taxon-free, which allows us to extend our method through time to the mid-continental Miocene of North America. The Miocene is a crucial interval for inferring paleoclimate because it included episodes of global climate change and floral transitions at estimated maximum pCO2 levels similar to those forecast for the next century. Regional-scale Miocene climates are poorly-known compared to global patterns, and previous proxy-based studies at regional scales have produced conflicting paleoenvironmental estimates. Our approach uses a Bayesian framework that allows us to explicitly test our new vertebrate proxies against independent pedogenic and paleobotanical evidence, and applies statistical probabilities to different paleoclimate estimates. Furthermore, it allows us to build fauna-wide ensemble forecasts that combine the predictive strengths of ectotherms (reptiles), which are linked to climate directly through their physiology and indirectly through their ecological interactions, and endotherms (mammals), which are buffered from temperature, but which often have dietary specializations for specific vegetation types.

Our objectives are:

  • 1) assemble a database of functional traits from Miocene vertebrate fossils at the local assemblage and biocenosis scale in the central Great Plains based on the extensive fossil collections of the Nebraska State Museum and biomolecular proxy data from select fossil localities
  • 2) develop Bayesian probabilistic climate spaces from sampled traits in modern faunas;
  • 3) use the trait-climate spaces to estimate Miocene paleoenvironment and test for consilience between vertebrate estimates and independent proxies;
  • 4) use the trait-based proxy results to test competing hypotheses of mid-continental floral composition and to determine the extent of coupling between global climate change and local environments during episodes of warming and cooling.

Lisa Pratt

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Shallow-Borehole Array for Measuring Greenland Emission of Trace Gases as an Analogue for Methane on Mars (GETGAMM). 2011-2016.

Ed Ripley

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • NSF: Assessing the role of crustal S contamination in the generation of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana: A multiple S and Re-Os isotopic study. 2013-2016.
  • USGS: Cu and Re/Os isotopic Systematics of Ni-Cu-GPE Sulfide Mineralization in the Duluth Complex, the Tamarack deposit and the Eagle deposit, Mid-continent Rift System, Minnesota and Michigan. 2014-2015.
  • Stillwater Mining Company: Research on the genesis of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana. 2013-2017.
  • Rio Tinto Mining Company: Research on the genesis of Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization in the Crystal Lake Gabbro, Ontario. 2013-2015.

Peter Sauer

Grants Submitted:
  • Hydrogen stable isotope ratios of amino acids: Method development and a test of basic principles; Sauer, P PI. NSF 2013-2013

Juergen Schieber

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Collaborative Research ETBC: Combined theoretical and experimental study of the mechanisms underlying deposition, degradation and preservation of marine organic CarbonA test of basic principles. J. Schieber, PI; Schimmelmann, co-PI; NSF, Marine Geology and Geophysics, Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology; 2009-2014,
  • MAHLI - Mars HandLens Imager for the Mars Science Laboratory; Co-I with Ken Edgett of Malin Space Science Systems; NASA; 2009-present.
  • Cooperative agreement between IU and ConocoPhillips for Shale research support Schieber, J. PI. ConocoPhillips 4/2013-3/2016
  • Cooperative agreement between IU and Wintershall for Shale Research support. Schieber, J. PI. Wintershall Holding GMBH. 2013-2014.
  • Cooperative agreement between IU and Shell International E&P for Shale Research support Schieber, J. PI Shell International Exploration Production, Inc. 2011-2014

Arndt Schimmelmann

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • Shale gas: Geochemical and physical constraints on genesis, storage, and producibility. U.S. Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences, Grant No. DE-FG02-11ER16246, 2011–2016. PIs:Schimmelmann A, Mastalerz M, Schieber J.
  • Development of Organic H, C, and N Stable Isotope International Standards for NIST and IAEA: Multi-laboratory Expert Calibration in Support of GC, LC, and EA-IRMS Measurement Science, NSF Grant No. EAR-1052927, 2011-2015.
  • ELT Collaborative Research: Bayesian Paleoclimate Proxies – Transforming the Vertebrate Fossil Record. National Science Foundation Research Grant EAR-1338298. P.D. Polly (PI), K. M. Johnson, S. C. Brassell, and A. Schimmelmann (co-PIs), J. J. Head (Collaborative PI, U. Nebraska) 2013-2017.
  • Collaborative Research ETBC: Combined theoretical and experimental study of the mechanisms underlying deposition, degradation and preservation of marine organic CarbonA test of basic principles. J. Schieber, PI; Schimmelmann, co-PI; NSF, Marine Geology and Geophysics, Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology 2009-2015.

Laura Wayslenki

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • NSF Chemical Oceanography "Systematics of zinc isotopes in the oceans: assessing the roles of speciation and surfaces." (Co-investigators Ariel D. Anbar, Arizona State University and Thomas Spiro, University of Washington).
  • NASA Exobiology "Assessing nickel isotope fractionation during abiotic processes."
  • NSF Major Research Instrumentation "Acquisition of a multi-collector ICP-MS for Indiana University." (Co-investigators Lisa Pratt and Ed Ripley, Indiana University)

Bob Wintsch

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • An integrated structural, petrologic and isotopic study of fabric evolution in the Ailao Shan-Red River shear zone, China NSF, R.P Wintsch, PI. 2010-2015.
  • Educational mapping of litologies and brittle and ductile structures in a sliver of low metamorphic grade in western New Haven, Connecticut. USGS EDMAP 2013–2014.
  • Bulk Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Lower Crust at a Fast Spreading Center: The EPR at the Hess Deep. Consortium for Ocean Leadership. Wintsch, R. PI 2012–2015.

Chen Zhu

Grants In Progress, 2015:
  • A New Approach to Experimental Determination of Coupled Silicate Dissolution- Precipitation Reaction Rates at Ambient Conditions with SI Isotope Spikes; Zhu, C PI, NSF 2012-2015.