Ferenc Kiefer
Institute for Linguistics
Hungarian Academy of Sciences


Hungarian sentence structure has been claimed to be based on topic-comment rather than on subject-predicate structure. Furthermore, topic has been said to represent known information and comment to represent new information. However, it will be argued that it is more reasonable to postulate two levels of representation. On the semantic level one has to distinguish between logical subject and logical predicate. It is this level that determines sentence structure in the first place. The second level concerns the articulation into known and new information. The two articulations may, but need not coincide. The paper is going to argue that the two-level approach provides a more adequate account of Hungarian sentence structure.