Doxycycline - Malaria Prevention
Malaria is a serious, potentially life-threatening disease transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Your itinerary includes travel to a malarious area. It is therefore recommended that you take a medication that decreases the risk of contracting Malaria.
If Chlorquine resistance is reported in the area of your travel (parts of Africa, South America and Asia) the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends Lariam (Mefloquine), Malarone or Doxyclycline.
Doxycycline (100mg) is taken daily. Take one pill each day starting one (1) day before entering the malarious area, each day while in the malarious area and for 28 days after leaving the area. This medicine should be taken at the same time every day and with a full glass of water (4 oz. or more).
Side effects of Doxycycline include:
- Increase sun sensitivity. Use stronger sunblock or sunscreen plus protective hat/clothing. Do not use tanning equipment.
- Esophagitis (intense heartburn). Take the capsule with a full glass of water. DO NOT lie down for at least 30 minutes.
- Yeast infection (ie athlete’s foot, jock itch, vaginitis). Use antifungal treatment. Follow package instructions.
Women who take Doxycycline
Women with a history of vaginal yeast infections who want to take Doxycycline, may want to take Fluconizole (Diflucan) to use if needed. If vaginitis occurs (white discharge, itchiness, local irritation), take one pill of Fluconizole. If this treatment is not effective within 5 days, see a Doctor.
Special considerations with Doxycycline:
- BE SURE TO READ ALL THE PRESCRIBING INFORMATION PROVIDED BY YOUR PHARMACY!
- DO NOT TAKE Doxycycline within 3 days of starting or finishing oral typhoid vaccine.
- AVOID taking antacids, iron, vitamins with minerals or zinc within 2 – 3 hours.
- NOT RECOMMENDED during pregnancy or if under age 8 years. Women of childbearing age should avoid pregnancy while taking Doxycycline.
- As with all malaria medications, care should be taken to avoid mosquito bites through the use of bed nets, mosquito repellents and Permethrin clothing treatment.
- Although Doxycycline is an effective anti-malarial it is not 100% effective. If you have an illness with fever, SUSPECT MALARIA and seek medical treatment.