Joshua John Clarksona, John R. Chambersb, Edward R. Hirtc, Ashley S. Ottoa, Frank R. Kardesa, and Christopher Leoned (2015). The self-control consequences of political ideology. PNAS.
Abstract: Evidence from three studies reveals a critical difference in self-control as a function of political ideology. Specifically, greater endorsement of political conservatism (versus liberalism) was associated with greater attention regulation and task persistence. Moreover, this relationship is shown to stem from varying beliefs in freewill; specifically, the association between political ideology and selfcontrol is mediated by differences in the extent to which belief in freewill is endorsed, is independent of task performance or motivation, and is reversed when freewill is perceived to impede (rather than enhance) self-control. Collectively, these findings offer insight into the self-control consequences of political ideology by detailing conditions under which conservatives and liberals are better suited to engage in self-control and outlining the role of freewill beliefs in determining these conditions.
Egan, P. M., & Hirt, E. R. (2015). Flipping the Switch: Power, Social Dominance, and Expectancies of Mental Energy Change. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 336-350
Egan, P. M., Clarkson, J. J., & Hirt, E. R. (2015). Revisiting the restorative effects of positive mood: An expectancy-based. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 87-99
Lile Jia, Edward R. Hirt and Douglas N. Evans (2014). Putting the Freeze on Priming: The Role of Need for Cognitive Closure on the Prime-Norm Dynamic. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 931-942
Egan, P. M., Hirt, E. R., & Karpen, S. C. (2012). Taking a Fresh Perspective: Vicarious Restoration as a Means of Recovering Self-Control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 457-465
Jia, L., Karpen, S. C., & Hirt, E. R. (2011). Beyond Anti-Muslim Sentiment: Opposing the Ground Zero Mosque as a Means to Pursuing a Stronger America. Psychological Science.
Clarkson, J. J., Hirt, E. R., Chapman, D. A., & Jia, L. (2011). The impact of illusory fatigue on executive control: Do perceptions of depletion impair working memory capacity?. Social Psychological and Personality Science. 231-238
Clarkson, J. J., Hirt, E. R., Jia, L., & Alexander, M. B. (2010). When Perception Is More Than Reality: The Effects of Perceived Versus Actual Resource Depletion on Self-Regulatory Behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98. 29-46
Jia, L., Hirt, E. R., & Karpen, S. C. (2009). Lessons from a Faraway land: The effect of spatial distance on creative cognition. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45. 1127-1131
Hendrix, K. S., & Hirt, E. R. (2009). Stressed out over possible failure: The role of regulatory fit on claimed self-handicapping. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 51-59
McCrea, S. M., & Hirt, E. R. (2009). Match Madness: Probability Matching in Prediction of the NCAA Basketball Tournament. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2809-2839
Hirt, E. R., & McCrea, S. M. (2009). Man smart, woman smarter? Getting to the root of gender differences in self-handicapping. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 1-15
McCrea, S. M., Hirt, E. R., & Milner, B. J. (2008). She works hard for the money: Valuing effort underlies gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 292-311
McCrea, S. M., Hirt, E. R., Hendrix, K. L., Milner, B. J., & Steele, N. L. (2008). The worker scale: Developing a measure to explain gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. Journal of Research in Personality. 949-970
Hirt, E. R., Devers, E. E., & McCrea, S. M. (2008). I want to be creative: Exploring the role of hedonic contingency theory in the positive mood-cognitive flexibility link. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 214-230
Hirt, E. R., Kardes, F. R., & Markman, K. D. (2004). Activating a mental simulation mindset through generation of alternatives: Implications for debiasing in related and unrelated domains. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40. 374-383
Hirt, E. R., McCrea, S. M., & Boris, H. I. (2003). "I Know You Self-Handicapped Last Exam": Gender Differences in Reactions to Self-Handicapping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84. 177-193
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