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This website is no longer being updated. Most of its content, including research citations, has been transferred to the website for the International Center for Home Education Research (, an organization I have founded along with several colleagues from around the world.

PLEASE CHECK OUT ICHER.ORG -- a resource for journalists, policymakers, scholars, and others interested in reviews of recent scholarship, extensive database searches, homeschool regulations, and more.



Adams, Blair. Who Owns the Children? Public Compulsion, Private Responsibility and the Dilemma of Ultimate Authority. Waco, TX: Truth Forum, 1991.

Apostoleris, Nicholas Harry. "Children's Love of Learning: Home Schooling and Intrinsic Motivation for Learning." Clark University, 2000.

Baez, Benjamin, and Susan Talburt. "Governing for Responsibility and with Love: Parents and Children between Home and School." Educational Theory 58, no. 1 (2008): 25-43.

Batterbee, Dennis J. "The Relationship between Parent-Child Interactive Systems and Creativity in Home Schooled Children." United States International University, 1992.

Batterbee, Gayla C. "The Relationship of Parent-Child Interactive Systems to Cognitive Attributes in the Home Schooled Child." United States International University, 1992.

Blokhuis, Jason C. "Whose Custody Is It, Anyway?: 'Homeschooling' from a Parens Patriae Perspective." Theory and Research in Education 8, no. 2 (2010): 199-222.

Broadhurst, Donna. "Investigating Young Children's Perceptions of Homeschooling." In Australian Association for Research in Education 2008 International Education Research Conference, 1999.

Cai, Yi, Johnmarshall Reeve, and Dawn T. Robinson. "Home Schooling and Teaching Style: Comparing the Motivating Styles of Home School and Public School Teachers." Journal of Educational Psychology 94, no. 2 (2002): 372.

Cheng, Wen-Hsing. "Parenting Styles in Home School Families Who Are Raising Adolescents." Ph.D., Texas Woman's University, 2006.

Clery, Erica. "Homeschooling: The Meaning That the Homeschooled Child Assigns to This Experience." Issues in Educational Research 8, no. 1 (1998): 1-13.

Conroy, James C. "The State, Parenting, and the Populist Energies of Anxiety." Educational Theory 60, no. 3 (2010): 325-40.

Eichner, Maxine. "School Surveys and Children's Education: The Argument for Shared Authority between Parents and the State." Journal of Law and Education 38, no. 3 (2009): 459-71.

Erickson, Donald A. "Homeschooling and the Common School Nightmare." In Home Schooling in Full View: A Reader, edited by Bruce S. Cooper, 21-44. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 2005.

Glanzer, Perry L. "Rethinking the Boundaries and Burdens of Parental Authority over Education: A Response to Rob Reich's Case Study of Homeschooling." Educational Theory 58, no. 1 (2008): 1-16.

Hamilton, Vivian E. "Immature Citizens and the State." Brigham Young University Law Review no. 4 (2010): 1055-147.

Hardenbergh, Nicky. "Through the Lens of Homeschooling: A Response to Michael Apple and Rob Reich." In Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association. San Diego, CA, 2004.

Hardenbergh, Nicky. "Through the Lens of Homeschooling: A Response to Michael Apple and Rob Reich." In Home Schooling in Full View: A Reader, edited by Bruce S. Cooper, 97-108. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 2005.

Hedin, Norma S. "A Study of the Self-Concept of Older Children in Selected Texas Churches Who Attend Home Schools as Compared to Older Children Who Attend Christian Schools and Public Schools." Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1990.

Hedin, Norma S. "Self-Concept in Baptist Children in Three Educational Settings." Home School Researcher 7, no. 3 (1991): 1-5.

Higgins, James Brian. "Home Schooling in New Mexico: A Case Study of One Family's Experience." Ph.D., The University of New Mexico, 2002.

Hobson, Peter, and Roger Cresswell. "Parental Rights, Education and Liberal Tolerance." Discourse 14, no. 1 (1993): 44-51.

Holinga, Karen Rodgers. "The Cycle of Transformation in Home School Families over Time." Ohio State University, 1999.

Howell, Charles. "Parental Duty and the Shape of the Future." Home School Researcher 16, no. 3 (2005): 1-14.

Jackson, Glenda Mary. "'More Than One Way to Learn': Home Educated Students' Transitions between Home and School." Monash University, 2009.

Jennens, Roger. "Professional Knowledge and Practice in Health, Welfare and Educational Agencies in England in Relation to Children Being Educated at Home: An Exploratory Review." Child Care in Practice 17, no. 2 (2011): 143-61.

Johnson, Kathie Carwile. "Socialization Practices of Christian Home School Educators in the State of Virginia." Home School Researcher 7, no. 1 (1991): 9-16.

Kelley, Steven W. "Socialization of Home Schooled Children." Home School Researcher 7, no. 4 (1991): 1-12.

King, Stephen M. "The Liberal State Thesis Regarding Parental Authority, Children's Rights, and Homeschooling: How Far Is Too Far?" Home School Researcher 16, no. 3 (2005): 15-24.

Kingston, Skylar T., and Richard G. Medlin. "Empathy, Altruism, and Moral Development in Home Schooled Children." Home School Researcher 16, no. 4 (2006): 1-10.

Kunzman, Robert. "Homeschooling in Indiana: A Closer Look." In CEEP Policy Brief Series. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, 2005.

Kunzman, Robert. "Understanding Homeschooling: A Better Approach to Regulation." Theory and Research in Education 7, no. 3 (2009): 311-30.

Kunzman, Robert. Write These Laws on Your Children: Inside the World of Conservative Christian Homeschooling. Boston: Beacon Press, 2009.

Kunzman, Robert. "Education, Schooling, and Children's Rights: The Complexity of Homeschooling." Educational Theory 62, no. 1 (2012): 75-89.

Lavoie, Lisa Degnan. "Examining the Perceived Academic and Social Development of Six Early Entrant Home-Schooled Students in a Connecticut Community College: A Practical Action Research Study." Ed.D., University of Hartford, 2006.

Leiterman, Eloise Lee. "Home Schooling: Is It Superior Now to Public-School Instruction? No, Children Need a Broader Perspective." Christian Science Monitor, 24 April 1984.

Lois, Jennifer. "Emotionally Layered Accounts: Homeschoolers' Justifications for Maternal Deviance." Deviant Behavior 30, no. 2 (2009): 201-34.

Lopez Haugen, Denise. "The Social Competence of Homeschooled and Conventionally Schooled Adolescents: A Preliminary Investigation." Psy.D., George Fox University, 2005.

Lynch, Jay K. "Liberal-Democratic Education and the Challenge of Religion." University of Colorado at Boulder, 2011.

Mayberry, Maralee, and J. Gary Knowles. "Family Unit Objectives of Parents Who Teach Their Children: Ideological and Pedagogical Orientations to Home Schooling." Urban Review 21, no. 4 (1989): 209-25.

McConnell, David L., and Charles E. Hurst. "No "Rip Van Winkles" Here: Amish Education since Wisconsin V. Yoder." Anthropology and Education Quarterly 37, no. 3 (2006): 236.

Meighan, Roland. "Political Consciousness and Home-Based Education." Educational Review 36, no. 2 (1984): 165-73.

Meisels, Tamar. "Home-Schooling: The Right to Choose." Israel Affairs 10, no. 3 (2004): 110-37.

Merry, Michael S., and Charles Howell. "Can Intimacy Justify Home Education?" Theory and Research in Education 7, no. 3 (2009): 363-81.

Merry, Michael S., and Sjoerd Karsten. "Restricted Liberty, Parental Choice, and Homeschooling." Journal of Philosophy of Education 44, no. 4 (2010): 497-514.

Miller, Bryan G. "Socialization and Home Educated Children: An Exploratory Study." Home School Researcher 14, no. 2 (2000): 7-14.

Moran, Courtenay E. "How to Regulate Homeschooling: Why History Supports the Theory of Parental Choice." University of Illinois Law Review no. 3 (2011): 1061-94.

Morgan, Phyllis T., and Roy C. Rodriguez. "Home School Parents: A Rural Survey." Rural Educator 10, no. 1 (1988): 15-18.

Moss, Pamela Ann. "Benedictines without Monasteries: Homeschoolers and the Contradictions of Community." Cornell University, 1995.

Mullins, Barbara Ann Burdo. "Christian Home-School Students' Perceptions of Their Socialization." University of Virginia, 1992.

Naughton, Ingrid E. "Home School and the Socialization of Middle School Children: Parental Perceptions." Ph.D., Walden University, 2007.

Nemer, Kariane Mari. "Schooling Alone: Homeschoolers, Individualism, and the Public Schools." Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 2004.

Orazova, Gulshirin. "Parental Autonomy Support in Children's Decision Making Upon Their Education and Opportunities for Diverse Social Interaction: A Case Study of Homeschooling Groups in Dekalb, Il." Northern Illinois University, 2010.

O'Toole, Kathleen. "School Choice: Are Parents' Educational Prefernces All That Matters?" Stanford Report, 19 May 1999.

Ray, Brian D. "Home Schooling for Individuals' Gain and Society's Common Good." PJE. Peabody Journal of Education 75, no. 1/2 (2000): 272-93.

Ray, Brian D. "Homeschool Students Excel in College." In Homeschooling, edited by Heidi Williams, 79-87. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007.

Ray, Brian D. "The Harms of Homeschooling? Where Are the Premises?" The Educible Review no. 10 (2010).

Reich, R. "The Civic Perils of Homeschooling." Educational Leadership 59, no. 7 (2002): 56-59.

Reich, Rob. "Testing the Boundaries of Parental Authority over Education: The Case of Homeschooling." In Moral and Political Education, edited by Stephen Macedo and Yael Tamir, 275-313. New York: NYU Press, 2002.

Reich, Rob. "Why Home Schooling Should Be Regulated." In Home Schooling in Full View: A Reader, edited by Bruce S. Cooper, 109-20. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, 2005.

Reich, Rob. "Homeschooling Should Be Regulated." In Homeschooling, edited by Heidi Williams, 29-42. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007.

Reich, Rob. "On Regulating Homeschooling: A Reply to Glanzer." Educational Theory 58, no. 1 (2008): 17-23.

Rice, Lorraine Stahl. "Home Schooling at the High School Level: Observations, Characteristics, Perceptions, and Attitudes of Six Students and Their Parents." Temple University, 1999.

Ross, Catherine J. "Fundamentalist Challenges to Core Democratic Values: Exit and Homeschooling." William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 18, no. 4 (2010): 991-1014.

Sheehan, Michele. "Dancing with Monica: Personal Perceptions of a Home-School Mom." Roeper Review 24, no. 4 (2002): 191.

Sheffer, Susannah. A Sense of Self : Listening to Homeschooled Adolescent Girls. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers, 1995.

Stevens, Mitchell Lloyd. "Kingdom and Coalition: Hierarchy and Autonomy in the Home Education Movement." Northwestern University, 1996.

Stevens, Mitchell L. Kingdom of Children : Culture and Controversy in the Homeschooling Movement, Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology;. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Sun, Laura Li-Hua. "Dare to Home School: Faith and Cultural Experiences of Chinese Christian Mothers." Ph.D., School of Intercultural Studies, Biola University, 2007.

Taylor, John Wesley. "Self-Concept in Home-Schooling Children." Andrews University, 1985.

Taylor, John Wesley. "The Self-Concept of Home Schoolers: A Nationwide Study." Journal of Research on Christian Education 1, no. 1 (1992): 23-34.

Vojak, Colleen. "Examining Children's Interests in Light of Parent-Centered Trends in Education." Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2006.

Wang, Linda. "Who Knows Best? The Appropriate Level of Judicial Scrutiny on Compulsory Education Laws Regarding Home Schooling." St. John's University Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development 25, no. Winter (2011): 413-48.

Washburne, Thomas W. "The Boundaries of Parental Authority: A Response to Rob Reich of Stanford University." Home School Legal Defense Association
National Center for Home Education, 2002.

Webb, Julie. Those Unschooled Minds: Home-Educated Children Grow Up. Nottingham, UK: Educational Heretics Press, 1999.

West, Robin L. "The Harms of Homeschooling." Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly 29, no. 3/4 (2009): 7-11.

White, Scott, Megan Moore, and Josh Squires. "Examination of Previously Homeschooled College Students with the Big Five Model of Personality." Home School Researcher 25, no. 1 (2009): 1-7.

Willard, Dennis J., and Doug Oplinger. "Parents Want to Control Influences; Critics See Need for Wide Exposure." Akron Beacon Journal, 16 November 2004.

Williams, David D., Larry M. Arnoldsen, and Peter Reynolds. "Understanding Home Education: Case Studies of Home Schools." In Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, LA, 1984.

Williams, Heidi. Homeschooling, At Issue. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007.

Williams, Lawrence T. "Home Schooling and Creativity." In Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, 1991.

Wyatt, Gary. Family Ties : Relationships, Socialization, and Home Schooling. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2008.

Young, Josephine Peyton. "Critical Literacy: Young Adolescent Boys Talk About Masculinities within a Homeschooling Context." In 48th Yearbook of the National Reading Conference, edited by Timothy Shanahan and Flora V. Rodriguez-Brown. Chicago: National Reading Conference, 1999.

Yuracko, Kimberly. "Illiberal Education: Constitutional Constraints on Homeschooling." In Northwestern University School of Law and Public Law And Legal Theory Series, 2007.

Yuracko, Kimberly A. "Education Off the Grid: Constitutional Constraints on Home Schooling." California Law Review 96, no. 1 (2008): 123-84.

Zimmerman, Erik M. "Defending the Parental Right to Direct Education: Meyer and Pierce as Bulwarks against State Indoctrination." Regent University Law Review 17, (2004): 311-53.


Last updated: 21-Sep-2012