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This website is no longer being updated. Most of its content, including research citations, has been transferred to the website for the International Center for Home Education Research (, an organization I have founded along with several colleagues from around the world.

PLEASE CHECK OUT ICHER.ORG -- a resource for journalists, policymakers, scholars, and others interested in reviews of recent scholarship, extensive database searches, homeschool regulations, and more.



"Plowboy Interview: John Holt: Teach Your Own Children...At Home." Mother Earth News July/August, (1980): 11-16.

Angelis, Kristine L. "The Evolving Relationship between Home Schoolers and Their Local Public Schools." 1998.

Baker, John S., Jr. "Parent-Centered Education." Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, & Public Policy 3, (1987): 535-61.

Beshoner, E. Alice Law. "Home Education in America: Parental Rights Reasserted." UMKC Review 49, no. 2 (1981): 191-206.

Bloodworth, Robert Harrison. "A Legal History of Home Schooling in North Carolina." University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1991.

Carlson, Alan. "Will the Separation of School and State Strengthen Families? Some Evidence from Fertility Patterns." Home School Researcher 12, no. 2 (1996): 1-5.

Carlson, Allan. "Household Freedom and Home Education: New Agrarian Dreams for the Twenty-First Century." The Cresset (2003): 5-10.

Carper, James C. "Home Schooling, History, and Historians: The Past as Present." The High School Journal 75, no. April/May (1992): 252-57.

Carper, James C. "Pluralism to Establishment to Dissent: The Religious and Educational Context of Home Schooling." PJE. Peabody Journal of Education 75, no. 1/2 (2000): 8-19.

Carper, James C., and Thomas C. Hunt. The Dissenting Tradition in American Education. New York: P. Lang, 2007.

Carper, James C., and Brian D. Ray. "Religion, Schooling, and Home Education: Past and Present." In Religion, Education, and the American Experience : Reflections on Religion and American Public Life, edited by Edith Waldvogel Blumhofer, 223-42. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2002.

Carper, James C., and Brian D. Ray. "Conservative Christian Strategies in Education." In The Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America, edited by Rosemary Skinner Keller, Rosemary Radford Ruether and Marie Cantlon, 889-96. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.

Chapman, Anne, and Thomas A. O'Donoghue. "Home Schooling: An Emerging Research Agenda." Education Research and Perspectives 27, no. 1 (2000): 19-36.

Clark, Charles S. "Home Schooling " CQ Researcher 4, no. 33 (1994): 769-92.

Cochran, Casey Patrick. "The Home School Movement in the United States: Georgia as a Test Case, 1979--1984." Emory University, 1993.

Coleman, Rachel E. "Ideologues, Pedagogues, Pragmatics: A Case Study of the Homeschool Community in Delaware County, Indiana." Ball State University, 2010.

Cox, Rachel S. "Home Schooling Debate: Is the Movement Undermining Public Education?" CQ Researcher 13, no. 2 (2003): 25-48.

Cutler, William W. Parents and Schools : The 150-Year Struggle for Control in American Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Dare, Mary Jo. "The Tensions of the Home School Movement: A Legal/Political Analysis." Indiana University, 2001.

Farenga, Pat "Homeschooling and John Holt's Vision." In Challenging the Giant: The Best of Ekoe, the Journal of Alternative Education, 198-216. Albany, NY: Down-To-Earth Books, 1992.

Farenga, Patrick. "A Brief History of Homeschooling." (2002),

Gaither, Milton. Homeschool : An American History. 1st ed. New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Gaither, Milton. "Why Homeschooling Happened." Educational Horizons 86, no. 4 (2008): 226-37.

Gaither, Milton. "Homeschooling in the USA: Past, Present, and Future." Theory and Research in Education 7, no. 3 (2009): 331-46.

Gatto, John Taylor. "The Tyranny of Compulsory Schooling." The Educational Forum 58, no. 3 (1994): 276-81.

Gordon, Edward E., and Elaine H. Gordon. Centuries of Tutoring : A History of Alternative Education in America and Western Europe. Lanham: University Press of America, 1990.

Gordon, William M. "The Law of Home Schooling." In NOLPE Monograph Series, 1994.

Hanson, Terje Ann. "Home Schooling in Alaska: Extreme Experiments in Home Education." University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2000.

Harris, Chris. "What Are British Home Educators Opting out Of?" Home School Researcher 15, no. 1 (2002): 13-16.

Jones, Steven L. Religious Schooling in America : Private Education and Public Life. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2008.

Kaseman, Larry, and Susan Kaseman. "Hslda's 'History' Erodes the Foundation of Our Freedom." Home Education Magazine (2001).

Kelly, Anita E. "Pioneers on the Home Front: An Exploratory Study of Early Homeschoolers in Hawaii." University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2008.

Kemble, Benjamin G. "My Parents, My Sensei: Compulsory Education and a Homeschooling Alternative in Japan." Texas International Law Journal 40, no. 2 (2005): 335-51.

Kleist-Tesch, Jane M. "Homeschoolers and the Public Library." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries 11, no. 3 (1998): 231-41.

Knowles, J. Gary. "Introduction: The Context of Home Schooling in the United States." Education and Urban Society 21, no. 5 (1988): 5-15.

Knowles, J. Gary. "Parents' Rationales for Operating Home Schools." Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 20, no. 2 (1991): 203.

Knowles, J. Gary. "Home Education: Personal Histories." In Home-School Relations: Working Successfully with Parents and Families, edited by Glenn W. Olsen and Mary Lou Fuller, 302-31. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1998.

Knowles, J. G., S. E. Marlow, and J. A. Muchmore. "From Pedagogy to Ideology: Origins and Phases of Home Education in the United States, 1970-1990." American Journal of Education 100, no. 2 (1992): 195-235.

Knowles, J. Gary, James A. Muchmore, and Holly W. Spaulding. "Home Education as an Alternative to Institutionalized Education." Educational Forum 58, no. 3 (1994): 238-43.

Kunzman, Robert. "Home Room: What We Don't Know About Homeschooling." Books & Culture 15, no. 6 (2009): 11, 13.

Kunzman, Robert. Write These Laws on Your Children: Inside the World of Conservative Christian Homeschooling. Boston: Beacon Press, 2009.

Kunzman, Robert. "Homeschooling and Religious Fundamentalism." International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education 3, no. 1 (2010): 17-28.

Lape, Phyllis Nanette Prast. "Home Schooling: A Historical Perspective." Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1987.

Lines, Patricia M. "Home Schooling Is Becoming More Common." In Home Schooling, edited by Cindy Mur, 12-21. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press, 2003.

Luke, Graham N. "Education, Engineering, and Enlightenment." Home School Researcher 14, no. 4 (2001): 13-23.

Lyman, Isabel. "Homeschooling: Back to the Future?". Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 1998.

Lyman, Isabel. The Homeschooling Revolution. Amherst, MA: Bench Press International, 2000.

Martin, Aaron T. "Homeschooling in Germany and the United States." Arizona Journal of International & Comparative Law 27, no. 1 (2010): 225-82.

Mayberry, Maralee, J. Gary Knowles, Brian   Ray, and Stacey   Marlow. Home Schooling : Parents as Educators. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin Press, 1995.

McGee, Jerry C. "Compulsory Attendance Vs. Home Instruction." 1988.

McVicar, Michael J. "Reconstructing America: Religion, American Conservatism, and the Political Theology of Rousas John Rushdoony." Ohio State University, 2010.

Meehan, Natia, and Susan Stephenson. "Homeschooling in the United States: A Review of Recent Literature." 1994.

Meighan, Roland. John Holt. Vol. 5, Library of Educational Thought. London: Continuum, 2007.

Millman, Gregory, and Martine Millman. Homeschooling : A Family's Journey. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, 2008.

Mirochnik, Denise A., and Walter G. McIntire. "Homeschooling: Issues for Administrators." In Occasional Paper Series, edited by Penquis Superintendents' Association Research Cooperative: University of Maine College of Education, 1991.

Monk, Daniel. "Problematising Home Education: Challenging "Parental Rights" And "Socialisation"." Legal Studies 24, no. 4 (2004): 568-98.

Nemer, Kariane Mari. "Understudied Education: Toward Building a Homeschooling Research Agenda." New York: National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, 2002.

O'Connell, Michael Brian. "Home Schooling: An Historical Inquiry." University of Sarasota, 1998.

Pitman, Mary Anne. "Home Schooling: A Review of the Literature." Journal of Thought 21, no. 4 (1986): 10-24.

Rakestraw, Jennie F., and Donald A. Rakestraw. "Home Schooling: A Question of Quality, an Issue of Rights." The Educational Forum 55, no. 1 (1990): 67-77.

Ray, Brian D. Worldwide Guide to Homeschooling : Facts and Stats on the Benefits of Home School : A Quick Reference 2003-2004. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman, 2003.

Ray, Brian D. Worldwide Guide to Homeschooling : Facts and Stats on the Benefits of Home School : 2005-2006. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman, 2005.

Richman, Howard B. "Home Schooling: The Oldest Educational Innovation." In Educational Innovation : An Agenda to Frame the Future, edited by Charles E. Greenawalt, 221-39. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America : Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives, 1994.

Rivero, Lisa. The Homeschooling Option: How to Decide When It's Right for Your Family. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Rust, Val D., and Frances Reed. "Home Teaching and Herbart." Educational Horizons 58, no. 2 (1979): 75-81.

Shepherd, Michael Steven. "The Home Schooling Movement: An Emerging Conflict in American Education." East Texas State University, 1986.

Somerville, Scott W. "Legalizing Home Schooling in America: A Quiet but Persistent Revolution." Private School Monitor 21, no. 4 (2001): 1-11.

Somerville, Scott W. "The Politics of Survival: Home Schoolers and the Law." Home School Legal Defense Association, 2001.

Staroverova, T. I. "Home Education in Russia." Russian Education and Society 53, no. 10 (2011): 23-36.

Stevens, Mitchell Lloyd. "Kingdom and Coalition: Hierarchy and Autonomy in the Home Education Movement." Northwestern University, 1996.

Stevens, Mitchell L. Kingdom of Children : Culture and Controversy in the Homeschooling Movement, Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology;. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Stevenson, Deborah. "Parents Can Legally Instruct Their Children." In Homeschooling, edited by Myra Immell, 122-27. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009.

Strout, Richcard Maurice. "Home Schooling in the United States: A Legal Review and Analysis." University of Tulsa, 1993.

Talbot, Margaret. "The New Counterculture." The Atlantic Monthly (2001): 136-43.

Tyler, Zan Peters, and James C. Carper. "From Confrontation to Accommodation: Home Schooling in South Carolina." PJE. Peabody Journal of Education 75, no. 1/2 (2000): 32-48.

Waddell, Timothy Brandon. "Bringing It All Back Home: Establishing a Coherent Constitutional Framework for the Re-Regulation of Homeschooling." Vanderbilt Law Review no. 63 (2010): 541-97.

Webb, Simon. Elective Home Education in the Uk. Trentham, UK: Stoke-on-Trent, 2011.

Wilhelm, Gretchen M., and Michael W. Firmin. "Historical and Contemporary Developments in Home School Education." Journal of Research on Christian Education 18, (2009): 303-15.

Zur Nedden, Natalie. "Reflections on Homeschooling, Mothering, and Social Change: The Life History of Wendy Priesnitz." University of Toronto, 2008.


Last updated: 21-Sep-2012