One of the main characteristics of effective online courses is the implementation of active learning. While in traditional lecture-based classrooms students are mostly listening passively to the instructor, through active learning in online courses students are actually doing and creating artifacts, as well as externalizing their thinking and self-reflection processes.
While the selection of course activities should not be guided by a specific technology, it is convenient to become familiar with the different instructional attributes provided by several online technologies to get a better idea about ways in which they can fit within your course.
This section describes some of the common activities used in online courses. It is recommended, however, not to rely on just one single type of activity for the entire course. By including different types of activities, students are given the opportunity to demonstrate their talents and skills in a variety of ways while addressing at the same time a broader range of learning styles.