## Module 3: Concept Classification

 Home Basic Methods of Instruction 1.Kinds of Learning 2.Invariant Tasks 3.Concept Classification 4.Procedure Using 5.Principle Using 6.Understanding 7.Generic Skills 8.Attitudes Comments Site Map Print it! - Copyright 1999 by Charles M. Reigeluth. All rights reserved - Why Is Concept Classification Important? Concept classification is one of the most common types of learning. Robert Gagné (1985) has shown that concepts are the building blocks for most of the cognitive capabilities we possess. Let's look at how concepts are involved in rule-using (principle-using and procedure-using) capabilities.  Principles describe changes in things. Those "things" are concepts which are simpler components of the principle and must be mastered before it is possible for a learner to master the principle. For example, the law of supply and demand describes relationships among changes in price, supply, and demand. Those three concepts must be mastered before the law of supply and demand can be mastered.  Procedures describe how to change things (to achieve a goal). Those "things" are also concepts which are simpler components of the procedure and must be mastered before the procedure can be learned. For example, the procedure for dividing fractions indicates that the divisor must be inverted, the resulting numerators must be multiplied to form the new numerator, and the denominators must be multiplied to form the new denominator. The three conceptsódivisor, numerator, and denominatorómust be mastered before it is possible to master the procedure (although it is not necessary to learn those labels). Also, procedures often require the use of tools to perform a step, and those tools are concepts.  Given the importance of concept classification, it is essential that we know how to teach it well. Fortunately, much research has been done in this area, so we understand much about how concept classification is learned and what features instruction should have to best help learners learn it. Search     Comments    Print it    Site Map  Home  Green Book I  Green Book II  Basic Methods of Instruction  EPSS  Other Sites  This file was last updated on March 10, 1999 by Byungro Lim Copyright 1999, Charles M. Reigeluth Credit