Module 3: Concept Classification
Basic Methods of Instruction
1.Kinds of Learning
Skill Builder 1: Practice on Individual Tactics
The following is a sample lesson that shows the use of the strategies
and tactics you have just studied.
1. Working alone or preferably with some someone else, study the lesson carefully and label all tactics in the margin. See if you can spot any weaknesses or ways to improve the effectiveness of the lesson, and discuss them. Also try to identify what you think contributes most to the effectiveness and appeal of the lesson.
2. For each tactic you identify, think up a different way that tactic could have been implemented, and discuss it.
3. Look at the test and compare it to the practice. Are the two sets of items interchangeable? Would there be any problems with repeating an item from the practice in the test? Would there be anything wrong with asking the learners to state the definition as a test item? Would there be any problems with using an example as a practice item? Were all the important dimensions of divergence included? Try to reach consensus on these issues.
4. Discuss what instructional tactics could be deleted if the difficulty level was a 1 instead of a 3 (i.e., if the students' prior knowledge and ability were such that the concept was very easy for them to learn).
To learn more about teaching skills, seeLeshin, C.B., Pollock, J., & Reigeluth, C.M. (1992). Instructional Design Strategies and Tactics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.
Lesson on Alliteration
One of the techniques you may want to use when you write poetry is
It provides a powerful way of communicating with your reader. Before you
can use alliteration, you have to know what it is. The following lesson
will make that easy for you.
Alliteration is the repetition of the initial soundof a word in one or more closely following words.
In other words, it has two or more closely following words with the
same beginning sound.
Now you try it! Which of the following are examples of alliteration? Put an "A" next to each. After you answer the first one, slide this sheet of paper down the sheet behind it until you can see if you were right. BUT DON'T PEEK AT THE ANSWER TO THE NEXT ONE!!
Then answer the next one, and slide the paper down a bit more.
See if you can score 11 correct out of the 12!
____ 1. silly Milly
____ 2. a drunk driver
____ 3. many miles of mucky mud
____ 4. stopping to buy stamps
____ 5. six or seven celery stalks
____ 6. a happy group of hippos
____ 7. climbing the clever klondike
____ 8. the great gray grocery group
____ 9. flying a large American flag
____ 10. Cecilia singing a central song
____ 11. several cut-up chickens
____ 12. a pretty phase of pneumonia
DON'T PEEK AT ONES YOU HAVEN'T ANSWERED YET!!!
1. silly Milly. This is not an example of alliteration. Even though the ending sounds are the same, the initial sounds are not the same.
2. a drunk driver. This is one. There is the repetition of the initial sound, "druh", in one or more closely following words.
3. many miles of mucky mud. This is one. There is the repetition of the initial sound, "muh", in three closely following words.
4. stopping to buy stamps. This is not one. Although the initial sound, "stuh", is repeated, stamps does not closely follow stopping.
5. six or seven celery stalks. This is one. The words six, seven, celery and stalks all have the same initial sound and closely follow each other.
6. a happy group of hippos. This is not one. Although happy and hippos contain the same initial sound, they do not closely follow each other.
7. climbing the clever klondike. This is one. Climbing, clever and klondike all have the same initial sound and closely follow each other.
8. the great gray grocery group. This is one. The initial sound, "gruh", is repeated in three closely following words.
9. flying a large American flag. This is not one. Even though flying and flag have the same initial sound, they do not closely follow each other.
10. Cecilia singing a central song. This is one. Cecilia, singing, central and song all have an initial "s" sound and closely follow each other.
11. several cut-up chickens. This is not one. None of the words have the same initial sound.
12. a pretty phase of pneumonia. This is not one. None of the words
have the same initial sound, even though pretty, phase and pneumonia
all begin with the same letter.
(This is a part of a larger test given at a later point in time.)
In the phrases below, underline those that are examples of alliteration.
1. a shiny, ship-shape shoe shop
2. a fine, finished photo
3. Sour Citrus Society
4. trying to trip Tracy
5. bringing a new bridge
6. a giant gray gypsy moth
7. double trouble
8. slipping slowly
9. rich, ripe raspberries
10. a heavy hour of hot gossip
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