Module 5: Principle Using

 Home Basic Methods of Instruction 1.Kinds of Learning 2.Invariant Tasks 3.Concept Classification 4.Procedure Using 5.Principle Using 6.Understanding 7.Generic Skills 8.Attitudes Comments Site Map Print it! Development Procedure for Designing a Principle-Using Lesson   Identify all the changes involved in the principle, and write a generality that includes the label (if any), the changes, and the relationship among the changes (causal or natural process). To do this, you should observe or ask your SME about the nature of the post-instructional requirements for using the principle.  Identify and list all dimensions of divergence (equivalence classes) for the principle. Make sure the generality deals with all of them.  Assess the difficulty level of the principle for the target learners (on, say, a scale of 1-5).  Create an instance pool that contains roughly x items representing each dimension of divergence, where x = the difficulty level times 2. But note that a single item will usually represent more than one dimension of divergence.  Create a test, using at least one item representing each dimension of divergence. If the principle is a difficult one, increase the number of items per dimension.*  Create practice items, using at least two items representing each dimension of divergence. If the principle is a difficult one, increase the number of items per dimension.*  Create examples, having at least one item representing each dimension of divergence. If the principle is a difficult one, increase the number of items per dimension.* Include appropriate power components, depending on the difficulty level of the principle.  Create the feedback for the practice items so as to be virtually identical to the enhanced examples.  Think about motivational needs and media selection, and modify the instruction as appropriate to each. (This should be done throughout the process, not just after all else is done.) * Note: In general, the number of examples and test items should be about the same, and there should be at least twice as many practice items as examples. Search    Comments   Print it    Site Map Home Green Book I Green Book II Basic Methods of Instruction EPSS Other Sites This file was last updated on March 10, 1999 by Byungro Lim Copyright 1999, Charles M. ReigeluthCredit