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Page Title Ancient

Map of Anatolia

Jug

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The Indiana University Art Museum has an outstanding collection of ancient Greek pottery from the time of Homer, the famous Greek epic poet of the 8th century BC, to the Roman conquest. This olpe, or jug, is encircled by animal images and colorful designs. This vessel comes from the area around Corinth, one of the most important Greek cities for trade and business. Here, we see images that the Corinthians “borrowed” from Near Eastern art, such as small flower-like shapes and some of the animals, including the lions. This process of borrowing styles, designs, forms, and ideas is called cultural diffusion.

 

 

There are many different shapes of Greek pottery, such as water pitchers, bowls, storage vessels, oil containers, and so forth. We see designs with gods and goddesses, animals, and mythological creatures. From these images, we learn how the Greeks dressed, behaved, and what they thought and/or felt was important.