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College of Arts and Sciences

Chen-Yu Liu

Chen-Yu Liu Associate Professor
Nuclear Physics (Experimental)

B.S., National Taiwan University, 1997.
Ph.D,, Princeton University, 2002.
Director Funded Postdoctoral Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 2002-2005.

Office: SW338; CEEM 110A
Phone: 812-856-5806
Email: CL21 at

Curriculum Vitae
Personal Webpage
Group Webpage

My research group focuses primarily on experimental tests of fundamental symmetries. Other than using high energy colliders to directly create new particles, we search for the footprints of exotic particles in low temperature, low energy systems. These searches look for the parity violating, CP violating, or time reverseal violating features in the systems of interest.

Currently, we concentrate on two areas of low-energy particle physics. The first is the development of ultra-cold neutron (UCN) sources for fundamental physics experiments, the other is a search for the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron in solid state system and EDM of the neutron.

UCN is a new tool available only in the past two decades. UCN can be trapped in material bottles or magnetic traps, and allows for precision measurements on various observables of neutrons. UCN has been applied to high precisioin measurements on the beta-decay lifetime, decay asymmetries, and the search for its intrinsic EDM. In light of these potentials, our group is developing the next generation of UCN source using the magnetic scattering in low temperature solid oxygen. We plan to build a university based UCN source coupled to the low energy neutron source (LENS) which is in operation at IUCF.

The search of EDM has a high discovery potential to shed lights into the sources of CP violation required to produce the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe. We are pursuing the search of EDM of electron using a solid-state system at sub-Kelvin temperatures. The experiment is designed to measure a Stark induced magnetization (through EDM interaction) using state-of-the-art SQUID magnetometry. A (cryogen-free) dilution refrigerator will be used to further enhance the sensitivity of EDM at low temperatures. We are also doing R&D for the SNS neutron EDM experiment, especially in the subsystem involving the SQUID magnetometers.

Selected Publications

  • A. Esler, J.C. Peng, D. Chandler, D. Howell, S.K. Lamoreaux, C.Y. Liu, J.R. Torgerson, "Dressed Spin of Helium-3," accepted by Phys. Rev. B, 2007.
  • F. Atchinson, et. al., "Cold Neutron Energy Dependent Production of Ultracold Neutronsin solid deDeuterium", accepted by Phys. Rev. Lett. 2007.
  • R. E. Hill and C.-Y. Liu, "Temperature Dependent Neutron Scattering Cross Sections for Polyethylene," Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 538, 686 (2005).
  • C.-Y. Liu and S.K. Lamoreaux, "A New Search for a Permanent Electric Dipole Moment of the Electron in a Solid State System", Mod. Phys. Lett. A 19, 1235 (2004).
  • UCN collaboration, A. Saunders, et al., "Demonstration of a Solid Deuterium Source of Ultracold Neutrons," Phys. Lett. B, 593, 55 (2003).
  • C.-Y. Liu et al., "An Apparatus to Control and Monitor the Para-D2 Concentration in a Solid Deuterium, Superthermal Source of Ultra-cold Neutrons," Nucl. Instr. Meth. A 508, 257 (2003).
  • UCN collaboration, C. L. Morris et al., "Measurements of Ultra-cold Neutron Lifetimes in Solid Deuterium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 272501 (2002).