Phonotactic selectional restrictions in Russian diminutives
Time: Tuesday, November 06, 2012, 05:30pm - 07:00pm
Place: Swain East 240
|Maria Gouskova (New York University)|
Some affixes impose selectional restrictions on the phonological shape of the base: an affix can fail to attach to words that have certain phonological characteristics (e.g., in English, the verbalizing suffix -n attaches only to obstruent-final monosyllabic adjectives: stiff-en, black-en vs. *full-en, *calm-en, *aloof-en; Siegel 1974), or it might be realized as one of several allomorphs depending on the phonological context (e.g., the English indefinite determiner is "a" before consonant-initial words vs. "an" before vowel-initial ones; Paster 2004, Bye 2007, Wolf 2008). The exact formulation and role of selectional restrictions at the morphology-phonology interface has been controversial. How are selectional restrictions stated in the grammar? Are they enforced in parallel or derivationally, and if they are enforced derivationally, do they apply before affix realization or after? How exactly does blocking and allomorph selection work?
In this talk, I develop the idea that selectional restrictions are phonotactic generalizations about the morphemes in the lexicon that can combine with an affix (Becker and Gouskova 2012). Unlike approaches using Generalized Alignment, this phonotactic approach predicts that properties not local to the affix can affect the choice or realization of the affix. I will also argue that selectional restrictions can be enforced both on the bases of affixation and on the words that result from affixation--that is, selectional restrictions can apply both before and after affixation has taken place. This approach will be tested on the case study of Russian diminutive suffixes, which impose a range of phonotactic constraints on the stress, syllable structure, and segmental makeup of the bases (Polivanova 1967, Kapatsinski 2011). The claims will be supported with evidence from an elicitation study.
|In category: Phonetics and phonology|
JEvents v3.0.9 Stable Copyright © 2006-2013