Three Themes of Memory
- Selective Encoding and
An event can be encoded and processed different ways. We remember
our selective, interpreted encoding of the event, not the "pure"
external event itself.
- Chunking in STM.
- Depth of processing experiments.
- Jacoby '83 experiment on implicit memory and indirect tests.
- Transfer appropriate processing.
- Blocking of associative learning, in Homework 2.
Bound to Context.
Memory tends to associate events with their external context and
with our internal state, but this link to context can be weak or lost.
- Encoding specificity experiments.
- The cognitive interview.
Retrieval is Inferential
Memory is reconstructive: It uses context and knowledge structures
(schemas) to reconstruct the seemingly most likely event from an
imperfect and ambiguous trace in memory.
- False memories of words in lists.
- Suggested or induced memories of being kidnapped, therapy-induced
memories of abuse, etc.
- Memories affected by subsequent information; e.g. E. Loftus
- Schematization of memories (this might also take place at encoding).
Copyright © 1998 John K. Kruschke