Experience : (1970 - 1975)
A.L.M.A.-Alianza Latina del Midoeste de America was founded. The group
was formerly known as S.A.S.A.-Spanish American Student Association.
I.U. junior Vernon A. Williams offered a call-to-action for tolerance
in his IDS column. Adressing the observation that "all minorities
have opression in common," Williams urged for a better understanding
of the Spanish-American community.
Santiago Garcia, senior president of the Spanish-American Students Association
was in the midst of an effort to secure better minority representation
on campus. Joining with fellow I.U. student Dolly Manns, Garcia pressured
the administration for a newly structured Office of Minority Affairs.
Lewis was hired by I.U. to serve as the first Director
of Latino Affairs and as an Assistant Dean in the University
The Office of Latino Affairs at
Indiana University-Bloomington was created to help serve the
academic, social, and cultural needs of Latino students. This office
provides a mix of programming which contributes toward academic
excellence and cultural pride.
The Latinoestadounidense Studies Advisory Committee was established.
A precursor to the Latinos Studies Program, this group consisted
of student representatives, faculty, and staff at Indiana University.
At a summer assembly at the IMU, Horacio Lewis announced the donation
of a house at 410 South Park Avenue to serve as the first
Latino Cultural Center.
A parade and festival celebration of the upcoming Mexican Independence
Day was more rainy than the student organizers would have liked.
Despite the abbreviated parade, there were opportunities to exchange
cultural understanding. In the dryness of the Wildermuth Intramural
Center, participants were treated to a performance by a mariachi
band, as well as a Latino rock band from Gary, Indiana: Free Verse.
The Latino Cultural Center, La Casa, hosted lecturer Julian
Nava. Recently opened, La Casa welcomed Nava's opinions
and guidance for creating and maintaining beneficial multicultural
studies at the university.
Jorge Wehby, a Cuban immigrant
and doctoral student of Latin American History at I.U., was chosen
by Horacio Lewis to serve as coordinator of La Casa and assistant
to the director of Latino Affairs. Wehby completed a B.A. at I.U.
Fort Wayne, and earned an M.A. in Latin American Studies from Bloomington.
||Early in the month, Latino Sociology professor Samuel
Betances visited I.U. to give a lecture in Myers Hall. Originally
born in Harlem, Betances grew-up in Puerto Rico before returning to
the United States. He then taught at Northeastern Illinois State University.
His speech focused on the need to increase educational opportunities
for Latinos at institutions of higher learning.
The college of the
Arts and Sciences Policy Committee recommended a special study committee
to consider how to implement new Latino-based courses being recommended
by Horacio Lewis. The administrative delays in formalizing the changes
were concerning to Lewis since he first began developing the new curriculum
Law Student Association was organized and launched. They concentrated
their first recruitment efforts for more Latino law students.
Chicano-Riqueño Studies established; the first
director was Luis
Funded largely with federal grants from the department of Health, Education,
and Welfare, the Latin American Studies Library had accumulated over 3,000
books about Latino culture. The collection consisted mainly of education
and sociology works.
The touring version of the National Ballet of Mexico, Fiesta Folklorico,
visited the IMU auditorium for an evening performance.
A group from the United Farm Workers support committee picketed at Eisner
food store to protest the exploitation of migrant farm workers for the
production of certain produce products.
Opposing what they felt was a discriminatory restaurant sign at Pancho's
Villa, 1600 North Walnut, a group of Latino students sought a working
relationship with owner Dan Pavelich to address the problem. Led by graduate
student Carolyn Hulsing, the students hoped to convince Pavelich to change
the sign and other advertising practices.
A referendum on the
I.U. Student Association (I.U.S.A.) election ballot offered students a
chance to send a message to the administration concerning the plight of
migrant farm workers. The United Farm Workers (U.F.W.) had been raising
awareness on campus about the origin of specific agricultural products
consumed by I.U.: head-lettuce and grapes. Many colleges and universities
across the country had already agreed to boycott non-U.F.W. versions of
such produce, while I.U. still purchased from these sources. The official
opinion of the IDS, as represented by the Daily Student opinion board,
supported the boycott and urged students to vote likewise.
A support rally for
the U.F.W. was held at Dunn Meadow. Union representatives Ray Olivas and
Marcos Munios addressed the progress of boycott efforts around the region,
as well as many of the underlying reasons for the boycotts. The rally
began with a fundraising auction of U.F.W.-picked produce.
A week-long awareness
program about the state of Latinos, organized by Horacio Lewis, was conducted
on campus. The three lectures were presented at the Glenn Black Laboratory
of Archaeology and included talks by a variety of scholars. Dr. Anthony
G. Lozano of the University of Colorado addressed concerns of Chicanos
in institutions of higher education. I.U. doctoral student Carmen C. Berrios
gave a presentation about the cultural legacy of Puerto Rico. The last
lecture of the series was given by Dr. Juan Orrego-Salas of the I.U. Latin
American Music Center on the history of music in Latin America.
The first edition of LATCA (Latino Affairs La Casa) was
published by the Office of Latino Affairs and Editor Henry Sánchez
for the university community. The publication was intended to represent
a voice for Latino culture and ideology that was rarely portrayed in traditional
media outlets; the content included poems, articles, and stories. By February
of 1976, the magazine/newsletter had a circulation of 1,000 copies that
reached as far away as Puerto Rico and Mexico.
The first edition of the student newsletter HOLA was
circulated. The first editor was Teresa Puente, and the newsletter was
supported by the Office of Latino Affairs. The newsletter was published
until 1988 when it was replaced by La Voz.
Instructor Ray Leal
directed a performance by Teatro Libre at the Monroe County Library. The
unorthodox, non-scripted skits addressed topical Latino themes, and formed
a requirement for a class taught by Leal: Chicano Teatro and Social Awareness.
The course was part of the Chicano-Riqueño Studies curriculum.