Experience : (1976 - 1979)
Horacio Lewis, Latino faculty and students, and I.U. Vice President Robert
O'Neal met to discuss reform progress in the university's efforts to improve
Latino programs and resources. Included in the meeting was discussion
about the fate of La Casa: students expressed the need for a new facility.
H.B. 1324, the Bilingual/Bicultural Act, was signed into law by Governor
Otis Bowen in Indianapolis. Co-written by I.U.-Northwest assistant professor
of Spanish Nicolas Kanellos, the law was developed to address bilingual
and bicultural education needs in districts where there was a predominance
of non-English speakers.
Guadalupe Anaya was appointed as the new Director of Latino Affairs. Moving
over from the University Division's Groups Program where she served as
a counselor, Anaya indicated that she intended to continue two initiatives:
freshmen orientation week-end for Latino students, and improvements to
the Latino Cultural Center. Anaya earned a Bachelor's degree in Psychology
in 1974, and a Master's degree in Education in 1976, both from I.U.
I.U.S.A. administrators continued to deliver on their pledge to bring
greater minority representation to the student government process. Their
plans included adding two minority students to the student advisory committee
in the Office of the Dean of Student Services.
I.U.S.A. passed a formal resolution in support of the plight of migrant
farmworkers in Indiana. I.U.S.A. Vice President, senior Dave Campos, acknowledged
the need to improve employment and living conditions among the labor group.
The Latino Cultural Center was moved from its location at 410 South Park
St. to a new home at 715 East Seventh St. The new location afforded an
additional 1200 square feet of space, part of which was intended to house
a Chicano-Riqueño Studies research library.
La Hermandad Panamerica (The Panamerican Brotherhood), a group of I.U.
faculty and students who made monthly visits to the Terre Haute federal
penitentiary to visit Latino prisoners, was expelled after marijuana residue
was detected by the prison staff in an inmates-only restroom.
first issue in spring. The graduate student publication focussed on
scholarly essays, book reviews, folklore material, poetry, a public
forum, and art published in English, Spanish, and Portuguese.
The Latino Project, a program designed to introduce
student teachers to Latino education situations, entered its third year
at I.U. It included semester-long placements in one of four systems: Chicago,
IL, East Chicago, IN, Gary, IN, Nogales, AZ, and Mercedes, TX.
I.U. Vice President Robert O'Neal formed a committee to respond
to concerns raised by Latino students and faculty. The concerns
included the administrative structure of Latino representation in
the university. Norma Alarcon, a graduate student in Spanish and
Portuguese, served as the committee chairperson.
Rodolfo Acuna, professor of Chicano Studies at California State
University-Northridge, gave a lecture at Ballantine Hall. Addressing
a largely student audience, Acuna focused on the implications of
the 1976 California Supreme Court Bakke decision. In addition, he
addressed current trends in Latino social life, including income
The Latino Affairs advisory committee, formed in
January, presented its recommendations to Robert O'Neal. The committee
urged for the creation of a new Dean of Latino Affairs who would
report directly to O'Neal, instead of through the Dean of the University
Division. Furthermore, the committee suggested allocating more budgetary
resources to the operation of La Casa.
Jorge Huerta, assistant professor of drama at
the University of California at San Diego, gave a lecture about
the development of Teatro Chicano (Chicano Theatre). Director of
El Teatro Nacional de Aztlan, Huerta indicated that a modern theatre
movement began among Chicanos in California in the mid-1960s. The
content of those worker-based performances focused on the injustices
of the migrant agricultural system. Huerta also directed a theatre
workshop at La Casa after his lecture.
Third-year law student Eduardo Lerma gave testimony
to the I.U. Police Department (I.U.P.D.) Advisory Committee concerning
the treatment of minorities by officers. Lerma claimed that blacks
and Latinos had been the victims of discriminatory conduct on the
part of the officers. I.U.P.D. Director George Huntington indicated
a willingness to meet and discuss the grievances.
Vice President Robert O'Neal appointed Carlos Bakota,
the director of Chicano-Riqueño Studies and an associate
professor of history, to an administrative position in charge of
the administrative restructuring process for the Office of Latino
Affairs and La Casa.
The Latino student population elected four fellow students to
serve on an advisory committee created by Carlos Bakota in his restructuring
efforts. Along with senior Olga Cruz, three graduate students were
elected: Daniel Simonsohn, Jose Gonzalez, and Norma Alarcon.
Carlos Bakota appointed two Assistant Directors to the evolving
Office of Latino Affairs. Former Director Guadalupe Anaya was put
in charge of cultural and student services. Former La Casa Director
Jack Needham was put in charge of a broad range of initiatives,
including publication of LATCA (the Latino Affairs newsletter),
grant proposals, and summer programs.
The Latino student organization ALMA sent a letter to all department
chairmen encouraging consideration of Latino scholars for new faculty
positions. ALMA member Mario Caballero indicated a need for more
aggressive recruitment of qualified Latino professors.
Members of ALMA and other Latino students continued their efforts
to increase Latino representation, meeting with I.U. Groups program
Director Rozelle Boyd. The Groups program, started in 1968, was
intended to provide an introduction to college life for disadvantaged
students during the summer prior to their first college semester.
The Latino students expressed concern that the program was excluding
Latino participants, resulting in a ratio that didn't reflect the
statewide Latino population. Specifically, the students were seeking
an increase in the number of Latino recruiters, Resident Assistants,
The first day of the Latino
Film Festival began with a presentation of Spanish director Jose Luis
Borau's "Camada Negra". After the presentation, Borau led a
discussion of the film at La Casa. The festival, intended to expose the
Latino community to aspects of its culture, was sponsored by the Office
of Latino Affairs, the departments of Spanish and Portuguese, Political
Science, Afro-American Studies, Western European Studies, and the Ford
Foundation. It also included the films "Macunaima", "El
Otro Francisco", and "The People are Rising".
||I.U. Mahlon Powell professor of Philosophy,
Castañeda, was appointed as the first Dean of Latino Affairs.
A native of San Vicente, Zacapa, Guatemala, Castañeda had plans
to begin a newsletter portraying the achievements of Latino faculty
at I.U., as well as a tutoring program for Latino students.
The Office of Latino Affairs held its second annual celebration of Mexican
Independence Day in the Frangipani Room of the IMU. The program included
a mariachi band and dancers from the Ballet Folklorico Mexicano. The evening's
keynote speech was delivered by state assistant superintendent for public
affairs in the Indianapolis-based Department of Federal Instruction, Fausto
Dean of Latino Affairs, Hector-Neri Castañeda established a task
force charged with increasing the number of Latino students at I.U. Joined
by the student group ALMA, the effort targeted Latino students and high-school
students. Senior David Marrero indicated three major priorities for the
effort: recruitment of new students, retention, and increased financial
The Office of Latino Affairs and the Latin American Music Center sponsored
a performance at the School of Music Recital Hall. The program featured
works by Latin American composers, including I.U. faculty members Juan
Orrego-Salas and Alfonso Montecino. A reception followed the performance
at La Casa.
Latinos Unidos of Indiana University (LUIU) was founded
by Denny Berrones, Tony Gomez, Albert Lerma, and David Cordova. LUIU replaced
ALMA which had become primarily a cultural organization and did not serve
as an advocacy group.
The Latino Scholar Certificate Program (for high school students) was
initiated by David Marrero, Assistant Director of Latino Affairs. The
purpose of the certificate program was to recognize the academic achievement
of Latino students and to motivate them to continue working hard to further
their education. The Latino Scholar Certificate Program was part of the
Office of Latino Affairs' attempt to establish closer ties with Latino
communities throughout Indiana.
||The first annual Latin Week at Indiana University was held in
the Spring semester and sponsored by the Office of Latino Affairs
and ALMA. The Latin Queen Pageant was held on the 7th and Carmen Martínez was crowned queen.
The First Annual Latino Student Recognition Banquet was held.
The Office of Latino Affairs sponsored this banquet to recognize
students for both outstanding academic achievement and service
to the Latino community at Indiana University and in Bloomington.