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Chronology 1924

Date Event Historical Background
January 6, 1924 Restoration of Catholic Property The French government gave the Catholic Church the right to reoccupy its former property under the "diocesan associations" system. This policy marked an improvement in Franco-Vatican relations.
January 9, 1924 Assassination of Heinz Heinz, the president of the autonomous Rheinland government, was assassinated
January 21, 1924 Death of Lenin Vladimir Lenin died under mysterious circumstances, which led to a struggle for power in the Soviet Union between Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky.
January 21, 1924 Anglo-French Agreement on the Sudan The British and French governments definitively defined the border between French Sudan and Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (Wadai and Darfur).
January 21, 1924 First Kuo Min Tang National Congress Sun Yat-sen led the first Kuo Min Tang National Congress in Canton as president, admitting Communists as members and accepting Russian advisors, notably Michael Borodin, who reorganized the party for a political offensive.
January 25, 1924 French Alliance with Czechoslovakia The French government signed a treaty of mutual aid with Czechoslovakia in the event of an unprovoked attack by a third party.
January 27, 1924 Italian-Serb-Croat-Slovene Treaty of Friendship The governments of Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes signed a five-year treaty of friendship and reached an agreement on Fiume. The Italian government received the city while the Serbs-Croats-Slovenes gained Porto Barros and special facilities in Fiume. The treaty of friendship was not renewed in 1929.
January 31, 1924 Collapse of Rheinland Government Heinz's assassination led to the fall of the separatist Rhineland movement and the restoration of German authority.
February 1, 1924 British de jure Recognition of Russia The new Labour government extended de jure recognition of the Soviet Union. The British were the first major Allied government to recognize the Bolshevik regime.
February 1, 1924 Honduran Civil War Rafael Lopez Gutierrez, a Liberal and president of Honduras, established a dictatorship. The Conservatives began a revolt and the U.S. severed relations with Gutierrez.
February 2, 1924 Turkish Assembly Abolishment of the Caliphate The Turkish National Assembly formally abolished the Caliphate ending the empire.
February 3, 1924 Death of Wilson Woodrow Wilson, framer of the League of Nations, died after a long illness.
February 3, 1924 German-Turkish Treaty of Friendship The German and Turkish governments signed a Treaty of Friendship establishing post-war relationships.
February 7, 1924 Tangier Convention British, French, and Spanish delegates met and agreed to the permanent neutralization of the Tangier zone and government by an international commission.
February 7, 1924 Italian de jure Recognition of Russia The Italian government extended de jure recognition to the Soviet government.
February 23, 1924 British Reduction of Reparations Duties The British government decided to reduce Reparation Recovery duties on German imports to five percent.
February 28, 1924 U.S. Intervention in Honduras The U.S. government landed additional troops in Honduras in response to the civil war. Rafael Lopez Gutierrez was killed in March and the civil war ended in May.
March 9, 1924 Fiume Incorporated into Italy The Italian government officially incorporated the Free City of Fiume into Italy.
March 10, 1924 Japanese-Siamese Treaty The Japanese government agreed to surrender its extraterritorial and tariff rights in Siam.
March 10-15, 1924 Twenty-Eighth League Council Session The League of Nations Council held its twenty-eighth session in Geneva.
March 21, 1924 Canadian-American Liquor Treaty In response to Prohibition in the United States, American and British delegates negotiated the Liquor Treaty which was approved by the Dominion House of Commons.
April-June 1924 Japanese Anti-American Demonstrations In response to the U.S. government's decision to abrogate the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907, resulting in the total exclusion of Japanese immigrants, the Japanese responded with demonstrations and a boycott of American goods.
April 1924 Russian-Romanian Conference Romanian and Russian officials met to discuss the Bessarabian question. The conference collapsed when the Romanian government refused to hold a plebiscite in the region.
April 9, 1924 Dawes Plan A committee, under the direction of U.S. General Charles G. Dawes, presented a plan to reorganize the German banking system under Allied supervision. German reparations were set at one billion gold marks annually, gradually increasing over five years to over two billion gold marks. In return, Germany would receive a foreign loan of 800 million gold marks to stabilize its economy.
April 16, 1924 German Acceptance of Dawes Plan The German government accepted the Dawes Plan which helped restore the German economy.
April 18, 1924 Hungarian Financial Reorganization To help restore the faltering Hungarian economy, the League of Nations agreed to intervene in reorganizing the country's financial system.
May 8, 1924 Memel Statute Representatives of the British, French, Italian, and Japanese governments signed the Memel Statute, establishing Memel as an autonomous region under Lithuanian sovereignty.
May 14-18, 1924 Cancer Conference The League of Nations sponsored a major health conference in Rome on the treatment of cancer.
May 21, 1924 U.S. Remission of Boxer Indemnity The U.S. government returned the balance of the Boxer indemnity to China for the establishment of the China Foundation for the Promotion of Education and Culture.
May 26, 1924 U.S. Immigration Act President Calvin Coolidge signed the Immigration Bill which limited annual immigration from a country to 2 percent of the nationals of that country in the United States in the 1890 census. Beginning on July 1, 1927, annual immigration was limited to a total of 150,000 immigrants apportioned on the basis of foreign populations in the U.S. in 1920. The act also excluded Japanese immigration, abrogating the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907.
May 31, 1924 Soviets Repudiation of Extraterritoriality in China The Soviet government officially repudiated tsarist gains, surrendered extraterritorial rights, gave up their concessions at Tientsin and Hankow, and returned the remainder of the Boxer Indemnity for educational purposes to China. In return, the Chinese placed the Chinese Eastern Railroad under joint administration with the Russians. Despite an agreement with the Japanese, the Chinese constructed two new railroad lines in southern Manchuria.
June 6, 1924 U.S.-Canadian Anti-Smuggling Agreement The U.S. and Canadian governments signed an agreement to provide for mutual assistance in preventing smuggling operations between the two countries.
June 10, 1924 Albanian Revolution With the support of Italy, Bishop Fan Noli led a revolution in Albania, which forced the premier, Ahmed Bey Zogu, to flee to Italy.
June 11, 1924 Iraqi Ratification of Anglo-Iraqi Agreement The Iraqi assembly ratified the Anglo-Iraqi Agreement of 1924, which transformed the mandate into an alliance.
June 11-17, 1924 Twenty-Ninth League Council Session The League of Nations Council held its twenty-ninth session in Geneva.
June 16-July 5, 1924 Sixth Session of the International Labor Conference The International Labor Organization (BIT) held its sixth session in Geneva, under the chairmanship of Hjalmar Brantling (Sweden). The major issue considered during this session was labor's utilization of spare time.
June 16-September 24, 1924 Fifth Session of the Permanent Court of International Justice The Permanent Court of International Justice held its fifth session in the Hague.
June 19, 1924 Liberian-Firestone Agreement The Liberian government signed an agreement with the Firestone Rubber Plantation Company for the lease of one million acres of land for 99 years in return for a $5 million loan (40 years at 7 percent interest) by the company.
June 21, 1924 Peru-Ecuador Protocol Delegates from Ecuador and Peru signed a protocol which called for negotiations to settle border disputes between the two countries and to provide for arbitration if these talks failed to reach an agreement.
June 24-25, 1924 Egyptian Riots Widespread rioting erupted in Egypt against British rule.
June 25-September 24, 1924 Procedure Chamber Summary of the Permanent Court of International Justice The Permanent Court of International Justice held a procedure chamber summary in the Hague.
June 30, 1924 Riffian Uprising in Morocco The Riffians began another revolt in Morocco against Spanish colonial rule.
July 1924 Suppression of Kurdish Insurrection in Iraq The British finally suppressed the Kurdish autonomy insurrection in Iraq led by Sheikh Mahmud.
July 1924 Dominican Republic Elections A provisional Dominican government supervised national elections which resulted in a victory for General Horacio Vasquez. His inauguration as the constitutional president of the Dominican Republic fulfilled the final requirement for the withdrawal of U.S. Marines from the country.
July 15, 1924 Anglo-Italian Juba River Agreement The British and Italian governments agreed to the British cession of territory on northern side of the Juba River to Italian control.
July 16-August 16, 1924 London Reparation Conference The Allied governments adopted the Dawes Plan and the German government passed the necessary legislation to enact the economic plan. The United States extended $110 million in support of the German loan.
July 17-19, 1924 Conference of Experts for the Exchange of Official Information The League of Nations hosted a conference in Geneva to promote the exchange of official information between member states.
August 6, 1924 Anglo-Turkish Mosul Dispute The British and Turkish governments agreed to submit the question of control over the Mosul region, left opened by the Treaty of Lausanne, to the League of Nations for resolution.
August 7, 1924 Russo-Japanese Negotiations Soviet and Japanese negotiators began meeting in Beijing on the issue of resuming diplomatic relations and addressing outstanding issues between the two countries.
August 8, 1924 British Commercial Treaty with Russia The British government negotiated a commercial treaty with Russia which gave British exports most-favored-nation status. In return, the British offered the Russian government a loan when the Soviets settled their former tsarist government debts.
August 18, 1924 French Evacuation of Offenburg and Appenweier In response to progress at the London Reparations Conference, the French government withdrew occupation forces from Offenburg and Appenweier in Germany.
August 24, 1924 Nejd Advances in Hejaz The Wahabis, under Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, launched an attack on Taif in the Hejaz.
August 29, 1924 Reichstag Approval of the Dawes Plan The German government officially ratified the Dawes Plan to restore the German economy and improve relations with the Allied governments.
August 29-October 3, 1924 Thirtieth League Council Session The League of Nations Council held its thirtieth session in Geneva.
September 1, 1924 Dawes Plan Starts The Dawes Plan, designed to help Germany meet its reparations obligations, went into effect.
September 1-October 2, 1924 Fifth League Assembly Session The League of Nations Assembly held its fifth session in Geneva under Giuseppe Motta (Switzerland).
September 5, 1925 Nejd Capture of Taif Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud seized control of Taif, giving the Wahabis control of the region.
September 24, 1924 Withdrawal of U.S. Troops from the Dominican Republic The last U.S. Marines withdrew from the Dominican Republic.
September 25-October 3, 1924 Anglo-Egyptian Conference Negotiations between Egyptian Premier Saad Zaghlul and British representative Ramsey MacDonald failed to reach an agreement on the reserved questions regarding British rule.
September 29, 1924 Dominican Republic Admission to the League of Nations With the departure of the last American troops, the League of Nations admitted the Dominican Republic as a member state in the organization.
September 30, 1924 End of Naval Control in Germany The Allied Powers relaxed controls on the German navy in response to improved relations between the Weimar republic and the Western Allies.
October 1924 Persian Suppression of Bakhtiari Chiefs The Persian government launched a military offensive against Sheikh Khazal of Mohammerah and the Bakhtiari chiefs of southwestern Persia who had received extensive support from the Anglo-Persian Oil Company and the British government and had nearly gained independence. The Persian army defeated the chiefs and established Persian government rule over most of the country.
October 2, 1924 Geneva Protocol Also known as the Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, the drafters sought to strengthen the international machinery of the League of Nations resulting from the absence of Germany, Russia, and the U.S. The protocol required compulsory arbitration of all disputes and defined the aggressor as a nation unwilling to submit its case to arbitration.
October 13, 1924 Nejd Capture of Mecca The Wahabis gained control of Mecca, the religious center of Islam.
October 20, 1924 Belgian Acceptance of East African Mandate The Belgian government accepted the League of Nations mandate over the provinces of Ruanda and Urundi, which had been part of former German East Africa.
October 25, 1924 Zinoviev Letter A letter from the Third International to the Soviet ambassador in Britain, calling for a workers' revolution in Britain, was released to the press. This incident contributed to a great Conservative victory in the general election held four days later.
October 27-31, 1924 Thirty-First League Council Session The League of Nations Council held its thirty-first (extraordinary) session in Brussels.
October 28, 1924 French de jure Recognition of Russia The French government extended de jure recognition of the Soviet Union.
October 29, 1924 Preliminary Mosul Award The League Council declared a provisional line (Brussels Line) delineating the frontier between Iraq and Turkey, assigning most of the territory to Iraq.
October 30, 1924 Franco-Swiss Frontier Dispute The League of Nations conducted a legal investigation of the customs dispute between France and Switzerland.
November 3, 1924-February 11, 1925 First Session of the First Opium Conference The League of Nations held the first session of organization's first conference on opium smoking and addiction in Geneva.
November 5, 1924 Chinese Civil War Civil war erupted in China marking the beginning of war lord rule and political instability.
November 17, 1924 U.S. Participation in International Opium Conference Although the United States was not a member state of the League of Nations, the U.S. government sent a delegation to participate in the League's International Opium Conference.
November 18, 1924 Franco-Belgian Evacuation of the Ruhr The last French and Belgian troops evacuated the Ruhr restoring German control over this strategic industrial region.
November 19, 1924 Philippine Independence Resolution The Philippine legislature passed a resolution demanding full and complete independence from the United States.
November 19-28, 1924 Spanish Royal Visit to Rome King Alfonso XIII of Spain conducted an official visit to Italy, which was designed to establish a closer understanding with Fascist Italy.
November 20, 1924 Assassination of Stack An Egyptian fanatic assassinated Sir Lee Stack, British commander of the Egyptian army and Governor-General of the Sudan. The Egyptian government expressed its regret and promised to punish those responsible.
November 21, 1924 British Denouncement of Soviet Treaties The new Conservative government rejected the commercial treaties signed by the Labour government with Soviet Russia.
November 22, 1924 British Ultimatum to Egypt The British government demanded punishment of the assassins of Sir Lee Stack, a formal apology by the Egyptian government, suppression of anti-British political demonstrations, and the withdrawal of Egyptian forces from the Sudan. Egyptian Premier Zaghlul accepted all of these terms except for the withdrawal of Egyptian forces from the Sudan.
November 24, 1924 Egyptian Withdrawal from the Sudan As a result of British pressure, Zaghlul resigned as premier of Egypt and his successor yielded to British demands for the withdrawal of Egyptian troops from the Sudan.
November 24, 1924-February 19, 1925 Second Session of First Opium Conference The League of Nations began the second session of the first conference on opium smoking and addiction in Geneva.
December 1924 Spanish Retreat in Morocco After suffering a series of defeats, Spanish forces withdrew from the interior of Morocco and focused on the suppression of the rebellion on the Moroccan coast.
December 1, 1924 Failed Communist Revolt in Estonia After the conviction of 150 supporters, the Communists in Estonia staged an uprising. The Estonian government successfully suppressed the revolt which led to rise of conservative political movements in the republic and continued tensions with the Soviet Union.
December 2, 1924 Anglo-German Commercial Treaty The German and British governments signed a new commercial agreement to foster trade between the two countries.
December 8-13, 1924 Thirty-Second League Council Session The League of Nations Council held its thirty-second session in Rome.
December 12, 1924 Albanian Counter-Revolution Ahmed Zogu led a counter-revolution with the support of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes and regained control of the Albanian government. Bishop Fan Noli fled to Italy.

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Last updated:  October, 2002 -  Send Comments to:
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