German Language Electronic Texts


Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Getting Started
  3. Basic Commands
  4. Word Searches
  5. Output

Introduction

Presently, two German electronic text collections are available at LETRS, The Complete Works of Goethe and The Complete Works of Kant. The electronic version of The Complete Works of Goethe is based on the 1949 Hamburg edition, generally taken as the definitive text in modern scholarship. The electronic Complete Works of Kant is based on the nine-volume 1910-1923 edition published by the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences. As configured, these two texts are useful for scholars of German culture, linguistics, and literature, particularly those interested in content analysis of these major works in Classicist letters and philosophy.

Both text collections have been prepared for use with WordCruncher - an easy to learn retrieval system that supports a growing number of electronic texts. In WordCruncher, these texts reside on their own electronic bookshelves. The two bookshelves are in dexed differently. Goethe is indexed by title - you can call up every work by Goethe separately. On the bookshelf for Kant, however, are indexed simply Volumes 1-9 of the Royal Prussian Academy edition. In Kant, you cannot call up a specific work - only the volume where that item is found with other works. The whole volume is taken as a single text by WordCruncher. As a reference to the contents of each volume in Kant, the paper edition is available in the IU Main Library under call number B2753 1910.

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Getting Started

1. German Texts are available on the IBM PC at LETRS. LETRS consultants will direct you to the appropriate workstation and guide you through the preliminary LETRS menu to access German Texts.

2. You will have a choice of Complete Works of Goethe, or Complete Works of Kant. Highlight your choice and press ENTER. (NOTE: there is no way to shift between Goethe and Kant once you are within WordCruncher. You must exit a particular work, and then re-enter the next work.)

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Basic Commands

To move forward through WordCruncher, press ENTER after making a command or selection. To return to earlier screens, press ESC. To exit WordCruncher (and the German texts), press SHIFT/F10, then after the prompt, press ENTER.)

1. You are now in the WordCruncher bookshelf screen for your chosen author.

2. On the upper left is a bookshelf with the works indexed.(see Introduction for details). Highlight a work and press ENTER.

3. Once a work is selected, you come to the WordCruncher Main Menu screen. From here, WordCruncher prompts you for a selection:

Make a selection from these three, then press ENTER. Proceed to the appropriate section below.

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Word Searches

You are now in the Select Word screen. Words can be searched individually, or in various combinations.

  1. Individual Word Searches
  2. Combination Word Searches
  3. Example Word Search
  4. Reference Word Searches with example
  5. Further Help
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Individual Word Searches

Worcruncher disregards all diacritical marks used in languages written in the Roman alphabet. In this case, ignore umlauts and use ss for ß. With appropriate changes, the general rules for displaying results of single-word searches also apply to co mbination searches (see Combination Word Searches below).

1. Type in a word or choose from the list of words in the Select Word box that appears on the upper right.

2. Press ENTER. For every occurrence of a word, you will first see it in a three line context - the sentence where the word occurs, and the sentences before and after it.

3. Pressing ENTER after this will show you the highlighted occurrence on a full page. For all results screens in Wordcruncher, there will be section, page and line references above the occurrence.

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Combination Word Searches

Combination searches involve the principle of creating a list of two or more words to be found in some sort of relationship to each other. The following instructions show the various commands that are based on the different relationships of the words to be found.

To look up an exact phrase:

Type the first word, press SPACEBAR, type the next, then press SPACEBAR again, and so on until the last word of the phrase. Then press ENTER to see results (there must be no missing words).

To look up parts of a phrase: Type the first word you remember, press ALT/SPACEBAR, type the next, press ALT/SPACEBAR again, and so on until the last word you remember. Then press ENTER to see results (while it is not necessary to remember and include nall words of a phrase, the words to be searched for must be in proper order).

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Example Word Search

To find the word "Wesen" in Goethe's Faust: 1. Select Faust from Goethe's bookshelf. Press ENTER. Select 1.) Words from the Wordcruncher Menu.

2. In the Select Word screen, type in "wesen". There will be twenty-one occurences. Press ENTER.

3 The first six occurrences will be displayed in three-line format. Highlight the third occurrence and press ENTER.

4 You will see the full text of page 47 of Faust Book 1, with "Wesen" highlighted in line 1338.

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Reference Searches

After making this selection, you will be prompted by the screen successively to enter (1) the WERK (some titles in Goethe are further subdivided into works, or the preface is separated as a WERK in itself), (2) the SEITE (page in the work) and (3) the ZEI LE (line on a page).

Example reference search:

To find a line from Goethe's Die Leiden des Jungen Werthers :

1. Select Werther from Goethe's bookshelf. Press ENTER. Select 2). Reference from the Wordcruncher Menu.

2. In the Select Reference screen, you will be offered a choice between Werther itself and the Preface, indexed as a separate WERK. Highlight Werther, and press ENTER.

3. The SEITE Box will appear, offering a choice from p.7 to p.124. Type in 40 and press ENTER.

4. The ZEILE Box for p.40 will appear, offering a choice from lines 1-36 on that page.Type in 3 and press ENTER to get to the third line on that page.

5. You will find the cursor on the full-page display of p.40 at line 3, ...Weile bei Nacht leutet...

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Further Help

In addition to the basic commands listed above, WordCruncher has an online HELP function showing various commands for complex word combination searches, combining searches, etc. Press F9 for Help when you are in the WordCruncher bookshelf menu, or (WORD) screens. However, you cannot call up HELP from the REFERENCE screen. Beginning users are also advised to refer to the WordCruncher Manual, the WordCruncher Quick Guide, or to a LETRS consultant.

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Output

Printing:

The general command is F6. WordCruncher dialog boxes will prompt you to choose certain options. For shorter results, printing the screen will be appropriate. For longer text, highlighting the text block and following the print dialog box is needed. Se e the WordCruncher Manual, LETRS WordCruncher QuickGuide or a LETRS consultant if you need help with the dialog boxes.

Saving to a file:

The general command is SHIFT/F6. See WordCruncher Manual or QuicGuide, or a consultant to verify proper disk formatting and for help with the dialog boxes.

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Last Updated: 09/17/96
URL: http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/index.html
Comments: Library Electronic Text Resource Service / LETRS@indiana.edu.
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