Pandora:
Macintosh Search Program For The Packard Humanities Institute & Thesaurus Linguae Graecae CD-ROMS.


Table of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. I. Setting Search Parameters
  3. II. Beginning a Simple Search
  4. III. Complex Searches

  5. Exporting The Search Results
  6. Using the Browser
  7. Exiting Pandora
  8. Additional Help


Introduction

Pandora is a Macintosh HyperCard search program designed by the Perseus Project at Harvard University to access the Packard Humanities Institue (PHI) and Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG) CD-ROMs. Pandora allows users to conduct searches for words, phrases, or specific grammatical forms as used by individual or multiple authors, in any number of works. Search results may be displayed as citations, or on screen in context, and may also be exported to a floppy disk. Pandora's Browser allows users to read any of the texts contained on the PHI and TLG disks as well as the TLG Canon of Greek Authors -Bibliography, the PHI Canon of Latin Authors , and other bibliographical references.

For more information about the PHI, TLG, and Perseus projects consult the LETRS Classical Studies Databases: Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, Packard Humanities Institute, and The Perseus Project pamphlet.

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Contents of the PHI and TLG CD-ROMS.

The PHI CD-ROM #5.3 (Latin Texts, Bible Versions) contains original Latin texts of Classical authors, based upon the Oxford Classical Texts, as well as the Latin Vulgate Bible, Milton's essays, and the PHI canon. It also includes several English works such as The King James Bible and Milton's Paradise Lost. Approximately 370 authors are represented.

The PHI CD-ROM #6 contains the Cornell, Ohio, and IAS inscriptions,the Duke and Michigan Papyri, and Coptic texts. PHI #6 also contains a number of bibliographical documents related to the inscriptions contained on the disk.

The TLG CD-ROM contains the TLG data bank of Greek texts from the period between the 8th century B.C. and A.D. 600, plus historiographical, lexicographical, and scholastic texts from the period 600-1453. It also includes the TLG data bank index, and the TLG canon.

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I. Setting Search Parameters

Since Pandora runs with Apple's HyperCard application, Pandora's individual screens appear to the user as a collection of cards. The first card you see upon starting Pandora is the Table of Contents card (TOC), which displays the program options and a lists search results saved by previous users.

To begin a new search first load the appropriate CD-ROM (TLG, PHI #5.3, PHI#6) in the CD-ROM drive. Then select "New Search" from the list of options along the right side of the TOC card. This takes you to a new Search Card. (You can easily access previous search results by clicking on any search from the list in the TOC, and then clicking "Go To Search.")

Once in a new Search Card click the "Select Works" menu button. This takes you to the Works Selection card. Pandora will read the CD-ROM and present a list of authors whose names begin with the letter 'A'. Use the alphabet keys along the lower portion of the Works Selection card to access other alphabetical listings of authors. If you wish to search the entire contents of the CD-ROM click the "Select Works" menu button -- don't realease the mouse button -- scroll down the menu until you reach Full Corpus and release the mouse button. All the works on the disk will then be selected.

If you wish to search the works of an entire author, for instance Cicero in the case of the PHI disc 5.3 , or Plato in the case of the TLG, simply click on the name once to highlight, then click "Add Author." The author's name will then appear in the "Selected Texts" field. If you wish to search individual titles of Cicero or Plato, highlight the author and click on "Show Works." Pandora will list Cicero's or Plato's works under the "Works" field. Then, to add titles to the "Selected Texts" field, click once on the desired title to highlight, for instance Epistulae ad Atticum, or Phaedrus, then click "Add Work." Repeat these steps if you need to add other authors and titles.

You may delete an author or individual works from the "Selected Texts" field by clicking once on the author or title in question so that it becomes highlighted, and then clicking once on "Delete Text." When finished, click once on "Done" to return to the Search Card.

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II. Beginning A Simple Search

You may now type the word or sequence of words you wish to search for in the authors and titles you have selected. Click the mouse once in the "Simple Search" field so that the text cursor appears. Use the keyboard to type the word or phrase.

Some Useful Search Options:

A. If you would like to search for a case sensitive word, such as "veritatem," or for a syntax-sensitive phrase such as "armo virumque cano" click the "Whole Words or Phrases" button. If you would like to search for all forms of a word, type the root of the word, such as "verit" and click on the "Fragments" button.

B. The ? character is a wild card and will match any one character. For example, pai? will match pais or paid.

C. Leaving the "Accents Important" button unchecked tells Pandora to ignore accents, breathing marks, and case distictions. For a complete listing of search options please consult the Pandora user's guide.

Since Pandora searches both Greek and Latin characters, you may have to change the font from Greek to English or vice versa. To do so, first delete what you have typed. Use the mouse to scroll through the Apple menu bar window "Font" at the top of the monitor screen. Scroll through until the appropriate Greek or English font becomes highlighted (Geneva works well for English, Sparta for Greek), and then release the mouse button. Return to the "Simple Search," and retype the word or phrase.

To begin the search, click on "Do Search." To cancel a search in progress press the open Apple key and the period on the keyboard simultaneously. Then use the "Next" and "Previous" buttons to search between result cards.

When the search is completed, the results will appear in the Results field. You may scroll through the field using the mouse and the arrow buttons. If you wish to view the result in context, highlight the citation and click on"Show Text." To return to the Search Card click on "Hide Text."

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III. Complex Searches

Complex searches are multiple word searches in which you may search for two, or three words or phrases and specify a distance between those words or phrases. To set up a complex search instead of a simple search, click the "Complex Search..." button on a new Search Card. Pandora will then display a Complex Search card with three search fields in which you may enter search words.

For example, you may want to look for the occurrences of Love or Cupid along with arrows. To do so, enter "arrows" in the upper field, and "Love" and "Cupid" in the lower fields respectively. If you wish to look for all occurrences of the word or phrase, remember to enter roots of words (i.e. "sagitt," "Amor," and "Cupid") rather than declined words.

Pandora will search first for the word in the topmost field, in our case "arrow(s)." By selecting the "Near" button in the top most field, "arrow(s)" must be near the words "Love" and "Cupid" in order to be recognized during the search. By selecting "Not Near," "arrow(s)" will be ignored during the search if it is near the word "Love" or "Cupid." By selecting "Then," only occurrences of the word "arrow(s)"followed by the words "Love" and "Cupid" will be recognized by the search. Note that any word entered into the third field shares the same relationship to the first as does the second.

Pandora defines "Near" by a specific number of lines or characters. You can choose whether Pandora searches for words on the basis of lines or characters by clicking on the "Lines" or "Chars" box below the last search text box. Change the number directly to the left of the "Lines" or "Chars" box to specify the number of lines or characters within which Pandora will locate your search words. Note that two words are only "Near" if they are in the same book, section, verse, etc. of the work in question. In other words, if two words are written four lines apart, but in different verses, they will not be found in a search.

When you have set up your complex search, click the "Done" button to return to your Search Card and search parameters. The display at the top of the screen will reflect your complex search. If you want to return to the complex search card, click on the "Edit Search" Button. Click the "Do Search" button to execute your complex search.

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Exporting The Search Results:

At any point after a simple or complex search you may export the results to a disk- either the citations, or the citations along with the context (the number of lines of context may be set by clicking on the "Setup" button prior to beginning a search). There are three options for exporting: "This Citation + Text," "All Citations + Text," and "All Citations." To export specific citations and the surrounding text, highlight each individually, use the mouse to click on "Export" and choose "This Citation + Text." To export all the search results in context, select "All Citations + Text." To export only the list of citations, select "All Citations." Pandora will not export entire texts from the TLG and PHI disks.

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Using The Browser:

You can browse through the entire text of any highlighted search result by pressing the "Other" button next to the "Search Results" field and then highlighting "Browse." You can also return to the Table of Contents card by pressing the "TOC" button at the bottom of any card and then choose"Browse." You may then select a work to view in the same way you select an author and work for your search parameters.

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Exiting Pandora:

To exit from Pandora, click the "TOC" button on the Search Card. This takes you back to the Table of Contents. From here you may either begin a new search, go to an old search, or quit.

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Additional Help:

Online help is available from within Pandora by selecting the "?" button on a Search Card. Descriptions of a number of additional useful search options, such as using the TLG Word Index, can also be found in the Pandora user's manual located on the Literary, Linguistics Analysis, and Study Tools documentation shelf to the left of the consultant's desk.

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Last Updated: 06/15/96
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