On section 32, township 2, range 3, the subconglomerate coal A is
opened by Mr. Hays, where the following section is exposed:
Brown, ferruginous, friable shale, - 20 ft. 0 in.
Black, bituminous, hard shale, - 10 ft. 0 in.
Black, cannel-like, bituminous shale, 3 ft. 0 in.
Coal A, semi-block, - - - 2 ft. 6 in.
Coal rash, - - - - 1 ft. 0 in.
Covered slope to valley below, - - 30 ft. 0 in.
The same seam was opened by Mr. Kelser on section 27, township 2,
range 4, just in the edge of the village of St. Vincent. The roof of
this mine had caved in and I was
unable to see the face of the coal. Mr. Kesler informed me that it was
four feet thick; the character of the coal is the same as that seen at
Coal A underlies quite a large district of country in this part of
Dubois county, and is generally a good blast furnace coal.
About eight miles to the south, in the north edge of Spencer county,
coal A is eminently suited to the manufacture of iron. At the Staab
bank, in the latter county, it is from three, to three and a half feet
thick. An analysis of this coal will be found in the table of analyses
given at the end of this report.
Coal A is also found in the neighborhood of Jasper, the county seat
Between St. Vincent and Celestine are beds of good mineral paint --
red oxide of iron and clay.
At Ferdinand, in the south part of the county, mineral paint is found
in great abundance. A company, under the name of "Anderson Valley Paint
Mining Company," have established a mill at Ferdinand for crushing oxide
of iron and grinding and preparing the paints; which are highly esteemed
for their beauty of color and durability, by those who have tried them.
The following is a list of the colors manufactured by the company: Light
and dark butternut, maroon and light red metallic fire-proof , brown and
red Bismark, and light and dark slate, for cars, steamboats, bridges,
roofing, etc., etc.
Light and dark yellow ochre, drab, Dubois stone, and raw and burnt
sienna are recommended for house painting, wagons, plows, etc., etc.
When the excellence of this cheap paint is better known to the
public, its manufacture will prove to be quite remunerative.
The fine stone church at Ferdinand is built of a heavy bedded
sandstone which lies just above the paint beds. Its color is white, with
streaks of grayish brown and redish brown, though somewhat odd, it is no
doubt durable and the appearance is rather agreeable to the eye. In a
ten feet beneath this sandstone there are two bands of ferruginous
stone, each about four inches thick, from which the paint is made.
Intervening between the two, is a bed of ferruginous limestone, two and a
half feet thick, and containing the usual carboniferous fossils;
superimposing the upper band is a bed of soft white clay-shale, about one
foot thick, that is used for making the stone color; beneath the lower
band is a bed of fire clay, and, in places, I saw immediately under the
limestone, about eight inches of good "Kidney" ore.
Near Pikeville, in Pike county, on Dr. De Tar's place, section 32,
township 2, range 6, is a coal which I believe to be referable to K.
The following section was obtained:
Sandstone, - - - - 15 ft.
Gray shale, - - - - 10 ft.
Fossiliferous limestone, - - 1 ft.
Black bituminous sheety shale with fish
scales and fins. - - - 1 ft.
Cannel coal, - - - - 0 ft. 8 in.
Block coal K ? - - - 2 ft. 8 in.
Fire clay in bed of creek, - ? ft.
The roof at this opening had fallen in and I had a poor opportunity
to examine the seam, but, I believe it is a good quality of block coal,
with a little cannel coal at the top of the seam. Coal seams, said to be
two and a half to three feet thick, have been opened and worked for
neighborhood use, at a number of places near Pikeville, but the mines had
been lying idle for some time and the openings were more or less filled
with mud, so that I was unable to measure the seams. Samples of the coal
were seen at blacksmith shops and at the mouths of the mines which
enabled me to determine that it was block and semi-block coal.
In the west part of the county, along the line of the road, there is
a seam of good caking coal, that is probably referable to L. This coal
seam is opened at a number of places
near Winslow. At Whitman & Wells' mine, one and a half miles southwest
of Winslow, I saw the following section:
Covered slope, - - - - 10 ft.
Gray siliceous shale, with bands of flag-stone, 8 ft.
Bituminous shale, - - - - 1 ft.
Coal, - - - - - 4 ft. 6. in.
Fire clay, - - - - 0 ft.
The upper six inches of this seam is a jet black, hard, ringing coal;
the lower part is more friable, with some bands of pyrites, but
altogether it is a good quality of caking coal. One and a half miles
northeast of Winslow, on the land of Mr. Lewis Hecock, another opening
was visited where the seam was five feet thick. At. Dr. Posey's mine, in
the vicinity of Petersburg, it attains the mammoth dimensions of a ten
Four miles west of Winslow, on George W. Massey's land, section 4,
township 2, range 8, this coal out-crops in the bank of Patoka river,
where it was formerly mined and sent down the stream to markets on the
Wabash river. It is here nine feet thick. The following section was
obtained at this locality:
Argillaceous shale, with false bedding
in places, - - - - 25 ft.
Tough, bluish, argillaceous shale, con-
taining fossil plants, - - 4 ft.
Coal, - 4 ft. 6 in. }
Clay parting, 0 ft. 9 in. }- 9 ft. 9 in.
Coal, - 4 ft. 6 in. }
Fire clay, - - - - 0 ft. 0 in.
Bed of Patoka river.
The same seam is seen at Martin's mine, west of south from Massey's,
on the northwestern quarter of section 1, township 2, range 8; it is
worked by stripping, in a valley, sixty feet below the top of the ridge:
Coal, 3 ft. }
Clay, 4 in. }- - - - 6 ft. 4 in.
Coal, 3 ft. }
This is, also, a good quality of caking coal. The mine is
near the Gibson county line, and is the last workable seam of coal seen
in the State, going west on the line of the road.
From the above hasty examination, it will be seen that the New Albany
and St. Louis Air-Line Railway runs through a district of country that
will furnish a great amount of mineral freight, consisting of coal,
building stone, salt, iron ore, mineral paint, and potters' clay. A
portion of the country is rich in agricultural resources, and excellent
timber abounds along the entire route.
For favors and aid in making this trip along the route of the New
Albany and St. Louis Air-Line Railway, I am greatly obliged to Mr.
Washington Depaw, Augustus Bradley, President, and George Lyman,
Secretary and Treasurer of the road, Mr. Cannon, and Dr. J. Sloan.
1870 Table of Contents
Geology Library, Indiana