Citing Sources & Avoiding Plagiarism

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Read the scenarios and answer the questions. Your answers will only be seen by you.

Whatís the difference between summary and paraphrasing, and what requires citation?

Ethan to his Religious Studies professor: Iím writing my research paper on Jung's attitude toward Catholicism, and I want to summarize the position this 250-page book, Religion and the Spiritual in Carl Jung, by Ann Belford Ulanov, takes on Jungís religious beliefs. Iím not citing directly from the book--I just want to include a sentence or two in my own words. I donít think this counts as paraphrasing, so do I have to cite this?


What should Ethanís professorís response be?

A Summary does not have to be cited, and paraphrasing does.

B This is summary, which requires citation because it is still a version of the original, even if itís much shorter than paraphrasing.

C Summary is putting othersí ideas into your own words, and paraphrasing is not. This is summary and you do not have to cite it.

D Summary indicates common knowledge, and therefore does not require citation. So, this does not require citation.



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