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Indiana
University Bloomington

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The modern age begins with European 'discovery' of America, which enormously expanded the known world and encouraged exploration, colonization, navigation, the knowledge of a new flora and fauna, and of meteorology, quite apart from its political and economic consequences. The voyage was prepared with great scientific method, and during it the variation of the compass needle was first observed.…

Various woodcuts in incunabula, notably those in Brant's Narrenschiff (Basel, 1494), have been attributed on stylistic grounds to Dürer's earliest period. The great full-page woodcuts of the Apocalypse, with their apocalyptic power and sublimity, are his first masterworks. The two tall columns of the text make an excellent balance to the cuts, being printed in each case on the verso of a cut,…

The modern age begins with the 'discovery' of America, which enormously expanded the known world and encouraged exploration, colonization, navigation, the knowledge of a new flora and fauna, and of meteorology, quite apart from its political and economic consequences. The voyage was prepared with great scientific method, and during it the variation of the compass needle was first observed.…