Born in Lisbon, António Vieira received a Jesuit education in Brazil and returned to Portugal at the behest of Montalvão following the acclamation of Dom João IV at the end of the (Spanish-controlled) dual monarchy in 1640. A talented linguist with exceptional skill at the pulpit, Vieira became the King’s royal preacher and a diplomatic force. Following the death of João IV, he returned to Brazil to continue his mission of converting the Indians and African slaves. He is regarded as the best Portuguese prose writer of his day.
Simão de Vasconcelos
Vasconcelos was born in Portugal and received a Jesuit education in humanities, philosophy and religion. He spent time in Brazil as a youngster and returned there as a member of the Society of Jesuits in 1641 alongside António Vieira and the son of the Marquis of Montalvão. Vasconcelos' history of the Jesuits in Brazil bears the distinction of being one of the most beautifully printed books of its time. It was also a subject of some controversy because Vasconcelos hypothesized that the earthly paradise was located in Brazil.
Luís Gomes Ferreira
This is volume two of the book’s second edition. The Lilly Library also owns volume one as well as the single-volume first edition that appeared in 1735. Charles R. Boxer wrote of the second edition: “This book about Brazilian medicine during the colonial period is extremely rare.” Published in Lisbon, the 1755 edition was revised and enlarged; with the exception of this one and perhaps one or two others, all second editions were destroyed shortly after printing by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The work is a compilation of medical practices described by the barber-surgeon Ferreira based on his twenty-year residence and practice of medicine in Minas Gerais. Apart from its value as a source for the history of tropical medicine and, more particularly, the state of surgery and medicine in eighteenth-century Brazil, the book is a fascinating source for the social history of Minas Gerais. The pages displayed describe the author’s own throat sores.
Domingos Caldas Barbosa
Son of a Portuguese and a freed Angolan slave woman, Domingos Caldas Barbosa was educated in a Jesuit school in Rio, where he showed an early talent for rhymes that often got him into trouble. After being conscripted and sent to the Portuguese colony of Sacramento, he returned to Rio and from there traveled to Lisbon, where he came under noble patronage. A frequent guest and entertainer in high society, he was widely known by his literary name, Lereno. The first Brazilian music to be heard in Portugal, his lively African-inspired lunduns and modinhas, with musical accompaniment on his guitar, were extremely popular in Portugal—so popular, in fact, that he was a source of aggravation for Bocage, Portugal’s most distinguished poet at the time. The book on display is a collection of pamphlets that were published during his lifetime. The poem displayed is about the coita or suffering at the hands of love. According to bibliographic sources, there are few copies of this first edition in existence.
On loan from the library of Professor Emeritus Heitor Martins.
Correrio do Porto
Official newspaper from July 6, 1821, that announced King João VI’s return to Lisbon from Rio de Janeiro, where he resided for many years as a result of the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal in 1807. Dom João left his son, Prince Pedro, to govern Brazil in his absence. After corresponding with his father over his own decision not to return to Portugal, Pedro declared Brazil’s independence in 1822.