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Indiana
University Bloomington

Portuguese-Speaking Diaspora

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Gesta proxime p[er] Portugalen[ses] in India. Ethiopia [et] alijs orie[n]talibus terris. a serenissimo Emanuele Portugalie rege ad R.d.d.G. Ep[iscopu]m Portuen[?] sacros[an]cte[m] Ro. eccl[es]i[a]e cardinale[m] Portugalen[ses?]. missa. et de eiusde[m] d[omi]ni Cardinalis ma[n]dato honorabilis viri Petri Alfonsi Malherio decretoru[m] doctoris ac eiusde[m] d[omi]ni cardinalis prefati capellani industria [et] correctio[n]e in urbe edita

Gesta proxime p[er] Portugalen[ses] in India. Ethiopia [et] alijs orie[n]talibus terris. a serenissimo Emanuele portugalie rege ad R.d.d.G. Ep[iscopu]m Portuen[?] sacros[an]cte[m] Ro. eccl[es]i[a]e cardinale[m] Portugalen[ses?]. missa. et de eiusde[m] d[omi]ni Cardinalis ma[n]dato honorabilis viri Petri Alfonsi Malherio decretoru[m] doctoris ac eiusde[m] d[omi]ni cardinalis prefati capellani industria [et] correctio[n]e in urbe edita. By Manuel I, King of Portugal. Nuremburg: Johannem Weyssenburger, 1507. [Recent deeds of the Portuguese in India, Ethiopia and other eastern lands, sent by Manuel, Most Serene King of Portugal, to the Reverend Lord by the grace of God Bishop of Oporto, sacrosanct Cardinal of the Roman Church of Portugal; published in the city at the command of the same lord Cardinal, with the diligent corrections of the honorable Petrus Alfonsis Malherius, Doctor of Canon Law and chaplain of the same lord Cardinal mentioned above.]

Portuguese and other European artists often had to imagine how non-Europeans looked since they often times never left Portugal. The Indian represented on the cover of this ordinance is obviously based on woodcuts of the indigenous male in Brazil, who was often erroneously represented as bearded, as opposed to an Indian from India. Note that the couple is designed along classic European lines, which was also in keeping with images of inhabitants of the colonial empire. The shield and the crown are symbols of the Portuguese monarchy.