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Grolier, or, 'Tis sixty years since:

A reconstruction of the exhibit of 100 books famous in English literature, originally held in New York, 1903, on the occasion of the club's visit to the Lilly Library, Indiana University, May 1, 1963

Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)

Transcribed from:

Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington). Grolier, or, 'Tis sixty years since: A reconstruction of the exhibit of 100 books famous in English literature, originally held in New York, 1903, on the occasion of the club's visit to the Lilly Library, Indiana University, May 1, 1963. Lilly Library Bloomington, IN. 1963 48 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.

Lilly Library call number: Z2014.E5 I39

'Tis Sixty Years Since

A Reconstruction of the Exhibit of
100 Books Famous in English Literature
Originally held in New York, 1903
on the
Occasion of the Club's Visit to
the Lilly Library, Indiana University
May 1, 1963

Published by Indiana University Library

About the Cover

The cover of Heliodori Aethiopicae historiae libri decem : nunc primùm è Gr[a]eco sermone in Latinum translati

The binding on the cover of this catalogue served as frontispiece to William Loring Andrews': Jean Grolier de Servier, Viscount d'Aguisy. Some Account of his Life and of his Famous Library (New York, 1892). Writing of Grolier in general and this book in particular, he states, "the prices brought by books from Grolier's library when first offered for sale—and for many years thereafter—were far from excessive; in fact, they were extremely moderate . . . the price per volume (at Count Hoym's sale in 1769) rarely exceeded twenty francs.

"(However) the enhancement in price since the middle of this century has been rapid. £300 was the highest price realized at the Duke of Hamilton's sale in 1883; but at the Techener sale, in 1887, 12,000 francs was paid for the Heliodori AEthiopicae Historiae—American competition then making its appearance as an important factor for the first time. Undoubtedly the establishment of the Grolier Club in New York three years previously influenced prices at this sale, for members of that organization outbid the French collectors for all the choicest numbers.

"Grolier's copy of Heliodorus, of which a reproduction is given, belonged formerly to the library of Balesdens, and has passed through the well-known Libri and Double collections, selling for 2650 francs in the Libri sale, and for 3505 francs in the Double sale. The decoration is elaborate and beautiful in the extreme, and it is undeniably one of the finest examples in existence, not excepting those in the great Paris libraries." It was acquired by Robert Hoe and sold in his sale, 1911, for $5500, then and for a long time to come, the record price for a Grolier binding.

The Lilly Library's other Grolier is his dedication copy, of the first Aldine edition of Terence (Venice, 1517), a book, says Dibdin, "of very extraordinary rarity. The Grolier copy of it, in the most beautiful condition and binding was sold at Mr. Croft's sale (1783) for £7. 10s. The purchaser was the late Sir John Thorold." Andrews reproduces the dedication page with the initial capital, "Q," in gold. Sir John rebound it!

"Few [excoriates William Loring Andrews] have violated good taste to the extent of the Syston Park collector, whose coarse design of an admiralty anchor defaces so many of the beautiful bindings which unfortunately fell into his possession. We are at a loss which to criticize more unsparingly—Sir John Thorold, or his binder of unenviable notoriety, R. Storrs of Grantham, who appears to have bound books, not by any rules of taste or with any knowledge of his craft, but simply by main force . . . The Syston Park anchor in gold is surrounded by a coil of rope heavy and stout enough to warp an ocean steamship into her dock.

Funds for the publication of this Catalogue were donated by a friend of the University.

The front facade of the Lilly Library in 1963

The Lilly Library
has been named to honor the family of Eli Lilly
pioneer Indiana pharmaceutical manufacturer.
The generosity of the Lilly family has advanced
the welfare of society throughout the state and nation.
The gift by Josiah Kirby Lilly, Jr.,
of his incomparable rare book collection
to Indiana University, is gratefully acknowledged.
His love of books, his discriminating taste,
and his interest in this building as a permanent home
for the university’s priceless books and manuscripts
have enriched the cause of learning
and provided a heritage of the best
that has been thought and written through the ages.

(This inscription appears on the plaque in the Lilly Library)


The first influential list of "One Hundred Books" was compiled by Sir John Lubbock (later Right Hon. Lord Avebury, P.C.) as Chapter IV, "The Choice of Books," in his charming series of essays, The Pleasures of Life (London, 1887). Quoting from the 1921 edition, Sir John wrote:

Our ancestors had great difficulty in procuring books. Ours now is what to select. We must be careful what we read, and not, like the sailors of Ulysses, take bags of wind for sacks of treasure . . . lest, as too often happens, we should waste time over trash. . . .

I have often wished some one would recommend a list of a hundred good books. If we had such lists drawn up by a few good guides they would be most useful. . . .

In the absence of such lists I have picked out the books most frequently mentioned with approval by those who have referred directly or indirectly to the pleasure of reading, and have ventured to include some which, though less frequently mentioned, are especial favourites of my own. . . .

I have abstained, for obvious reasons, from mentioning works by living authors . . . and I have omitted works on science, with one or two exceptions, because the subject is so progressive.

Sir John's famous list, which was first delivered as a lecture to the London Working Men's College, started a trend. Contemporary interest was so great that the London Pall Mall Gazette issued as "Extra" No. 24, "The Best Hundred Books by the Best Judges. " Contributors included Lord Bryce, John Ruskin, and Wilkie Collins. Soon other "Hundred" lists were compiled by Lord Acton and Mr. Shorter. Sir John was not impressed. In the Preface to his latest edition available to me (London, 1921, "41st Edition —273rd Thousand"), he states: "Neither Lord Acton nor Mr. Shorter has convinced me that I should drop any of the books from my list." Mr. Shorter's list is condemned because "it is too light, too merely amusing . . . . He prefers Rasselas to Molière and finds a place for Rousseau's Confessions, Boccaccio, and Tom Jones."

Admitting Lord Acton's list does not suffer from levity, he complains that, though "of sterling worth, some [inclusions] seem to me too technical, some too special."

Modern taste would seem to agree with this, considering that Lord Acton includes Mignet's Négociations Relatives a la Succession d'Espagna, Carte's Histoire du Mouvement Religieux dans le Canton de Vaud, Schneckenburger's Vergleichende Darstellung, Hundeshagen's Kirchenverfassungsgeschichte, and similar reading. I had imagined until recently that it was from reading of this nature that Acton drew his famous statement: "Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely." But that was an earlier Acton.

Still, there is on Sir John's list at least one work, St. Hilaire's Le Bouddha et sa religion, which is not in one library I know of which has over a million and a half volumes, in any edition. Sir John's list is overloaded with Orientalia, and who today reads Samuel Smiles? Also, he fudged a little in his hundred on the works of Scott "which indeed, constitute a library in themselves, but which I must ask, in return for my trouble, to be allowed, as a special favour, to count as one."

He was a man of strong convictions. He lists Smith's Wealth of Nations, "part of"; Plato's Dialogues, "at any rate, the Apology, Crito, and Phaedo," and adds that, though he includes the Sheking and the Analects of Confucius for their influence, "I must humbly confess I do not greatly admire either. . . . I may add that both works are quite short."

So far as I know, he made only two changes in his original list. In 1890 he added Kālidāsa's Sakuntala and Schiller's William Tell, "omitting, in consequence, Lucretius and Miss Austen: Lucretius because, though his work is most remarkable, it is perhaps too difficult and therefore less generally suitable than most of the others on the list; and Miss Austen because English novelists were somewhat overrepresented." Ten were included.

List-makers of the "Best," "Good," "Influential," etc. still continue, one of the latest being by Somerset Maugham, and their compilers include such figures as Arnold Bennett and Sir Winston Churchill.

These lists were aimed, primarily, at self-education; remember Eliot's "Harvard Five Foot Shelf" (fifteen minutes reading a day equals a college education)? His list, by the way, admitted but one novel, Alessandro Manzois' I Promissi Sposi, (Milan, 1825). The Grolier exhibition of One Hundred Books Famous in English Literature (New York, 1903), was not of this ilk. Nor was it intended to be a guide to collectors in the sense that A. Edward Newton's One Hundred Good Novels certainly was. A private exhibition, put on purely for the pleasure of the members, it was not planned as a collector's Vade Mecum.

Its influence, however, was considerable; whether for good or evil is moot and will not be argued here. To the degree that it stereotyped collecting habits, it was bad . But it was also a catalyst, stimulating many who might not else have collected at all, or at least as ardently. Mr. Lilly was one of these, though his interests rapidly widened. He acquired ninety-four per cent of the Grolier Hundred, ninety-nine per cent of Newton's. He is also the only collector I know of to have the temerity to tackle that distillation of all lists—Asa Don Dickinson's One Thousand Best Books. Acquiring them in first editions, in their original languages, he was within sighting distance of ninety per cent completion when he retired from "this book-collecting game."

It seems unlikely that the members viewing the original exhibit on the Club's premises, then at 29 East 32nd Street, could possibly conceive of its reconstruction here, six decades later and nine hundred miles west. Nor could they have imagined the Club's migrating to Cincinnati, Ohio; Lexington, Kentucky; Bloomington, Indiana; and Ann Arbor, Michigan, to visit rare book libraries. There were, at that time, very few books west of the Hudson worth their getting their feet wet to examine.

Yet, as John T. Winterich says in his Informal History of the Club: "The Founders were men alike of vision and of affairs; they had some conception of the potentialities of their city and, very likely, of their Club." He also notes (how truly), "Bookmen long to go on pilgrimages, provided there are suitable shrines."

The present exhibition, based, of course, on J. K. Lilly's ninety-four per cent completion of the "100," has been generously fleshed out by the loans of many friends.

Though the exhibition misses perfection by one per cent, this is somewhat offset by the inclusion of a number of books earlier than those in the original show. That contained Howard's Songes and Sonettes in the 1567 edition. We are privileged to display two variant editions of 1559, one Walpole's, the other Bishop Percy's. Of Lyly's Euphues, they had the edition of 1581: here is that and a unique one of 1580. Their Lyrical Ballads was London; our exhibit has two variants of the Bristol issue. And there are many other such examples. These books were not in the original Grolier show simply because there were probably none in America at that time, a vivid example of the rapid growth of our literary resources.

In the notes which follow, original publication in America is recorded when known. The census of known copies, occasionally given, is from standard sources and. probably already obsolete. The cooperation of Grolier members, and others, and of Yale, Harvard, the University of Virginia, the Boston Public Library, and the American Antiquarian Society in lending their books for this occasion is warmly appreciated.

A few books arrived too late to be fully described, printers' dead lines being what they are. The undersigned would like to express his gratitude for the help given him by the Lilly staff, and especially Keith C. Kern and John A. Neu, Lilly Fellows, in the preparation of this catalogue.

All books not otherwise located are from J. K. Lilly, Jr.'s own collection.

David A. Randall
Lilly Librarian


GEOFFREY CHAUCER The Canterbury Tales. (Westminster, William Caxton, c. 1478).

(a) 356 of 374 leaves. Folio, full morocco by Riviere. 11 ³⁄₁₆ x 8 inches, the largest (though only slightly) measurements recorded. The Heber-Bright-Ashburnham-Bennett-Pierpont Morgan-Poole copy. Of twelve copies recorded, there are three others in American libraries: Folger, Huntington, and Morgan and one privately owned—all imperfect. In England only the British Museum and Oxford are perfect.

Lilly Library call number: PR1865 1478 Vault

(b) (Westminster, William Caxton, c. 1484).

234 of 312 leaves. Second (first illustrated) edition. Folio, full calf, restored by the Lakeside Press. 10 ½ x 7 ½ inches. The St. Martin's-le-grand-Ashburnham-Fitzwilliam-Bell-Poole copy. The only other copies in America are the Morgan, Yale, and one privately owned, all imperfect.

Lilly Library call number: PR1865 1484 Vault

(c) (London, Richard Pynson, c. 1490-92).

238 of 323 leaves. Third (first London) edition. Folio, full modern morocco by the Lakeside Press. 9 ¾ x 6 inches. This, the Poole copy, is one of six in America.

Lilly Library call number: PR1865 1492 Vault

On November 8, 1962, the Lilly Library sold at the Parke-Bernet Galleries a selection of its duplicates in the hope that, as President Elvis J. Stahr, jr. stated in the foreword: ". . .disposing of these books will serve to advance the art of book collecting. Many college and university libraries count great resources today because of the generosity of the book collector and the labor of the bookseller. This sale is a slight recompense to that noble fraternity." At this sale Lot 18 was the Lilly duplicate of the first Canterbury Tales, formerly the E. V. Utterson-Michael-Tomkinson-Frank J. Hogan copy. 290 leaves (of 374), it brought $47,500, as against $13,000 in the Hogan sale, 1945.

First printing in America, New York, 1855.


JOHN GOWER Confessio Amantis. (Westminster, William Caxton, 1483).

Folio, full yellow morocco by Herring. Devonshire arms in gold on side, coronet and monogram on back. 11 ⅝ x 7 ¾ inches. The Roxburghe-Devonshire-Huntington-Clawson copy. One of seven perfect copies known; the others in America are at Huntington and Pierpont Morgan. Penciled inside the front cover by A. S. W. Rosenbach is the statement, "The finest copy known of this great volume." It brought $20,000 in the Clawson sale in 1926.

Lilly Library call number: PR1984 .C7 1483 Vault

First printing in America untraced.


SIR THOMAS MALORY Le Morte d'Arthur. (Westminster, William Caxton, 1485).

Photograph of page one exhibited. The only perfect copy known is in the Pierpont Morgan Library; an imperfect one is in the John Rylands, Manchester. Neither was available, regrettably, for this exhibit. There is supposed to be a single leaf at Lincoln, England, in the Cathedral Library, but the authorities report that they can find no trace of it and think the entry must have been a mistake.

When originally exhibited, the Malory was owned by one of the Grolier founders, Robert Hoe, Jr. It sold in his sale, April, 1911, to Morgan, for $42,800, then and for a long time to come, the highest price ever brought by a Caxton imprint, and a price for any book exceeded only, then, by the $50,000 Huntington paid for Hoe's Gutenberg Bible.

The first American edition seems to be The Boy's King Arthur, with a preface by Sidney Lanier (New York, 1880).


CHURCH OF ENGLAND The booke of the common prayer and administration of the Sacramentes. (London, 1549).

(a) First issue. Folio, Brown morocco. 11 x 7 inches. With the colophon reading in part, "Imprinted at London—by Edvvarde VVhitchurche, the seventh daye of Marche, the yeare of our Lorde. 1549." The Doctor John Gott-Boston Public Library copy, through whose courtesy this is exhibited.

There are only the Huntington-Pierpont Morgan-Arthur A. Houghton, Jr. copies in America besides this.

(b) Folio, eighteenth-century morocco. 11 x 7 inches. The June 16th issue with the reading "Thy kingdom come" on Folio I, 1. 2 and with the last leaf listing the prices at which the volume may be sold. With the bookplate of A. Gifford, assistant librarian in the British Museum (1756-84), and of the Bristol Baptist College Library. This issue is the issue exhibited at the original Grolier show.

Lilly Library call number: BX5145.A4 1549 Vault

The first American edition was published in Philadelphia by William Bradford, 1706, but no copy has survived. It is uncertain whether Bradford's 1710 edition, of which there is a copy in The Historical Society of Philadelphia, is a new printing, or a re-issue of the original sheets with a new title page. (BSA, Second Quarter, 1949. Beverly McAnear, William Bradford and the Book of Common Prayer.)

In a most interesting Anglo-American collaboration, Francis Dashwood, Lord Le Despencer, and his friend and houseguest, Benjamin Franklin, edited an Abridgement of the Book of Common Prayer (London, 1773), Franklin writing the preface. They shortened it by half, hoping thus to help the pious whose minds wander, the aged and infirm who could not remain for hours in a cold church, and "the younger sort." The Nicene and Athanasian Creeds were omitted and the Ten Commandments were "unaccountably forgot to be printed." Franklin's supposition that the bulk became waste paper seems likely for the book is very rare, with no one, least of all the authors, taking it very seriously.


WILLIAM LANGLAND The Vision of Pierce Plowman. (London, 1550).

(a) Quarto, full blue morocco by Riviere. 7 ⅜ x 4 ⅞ inches. With the Miller arms on the side and the seventeenth-century bookplate of Thomas Barrett of Lee, which closely resembles that of C. Waller Barrett.

First of the three editions published in 1550. The date 1505 on the title page is an error, corrected in ink in this copy. Of the other two editions of 1550, one reads "seconde time" in the title, the other "second tyme." Precedence has not been established, although Hayward (English Poetry Catalogue) says the "time" reading "is perhaps the earlier of the two."

Lilly Library call number: PR2010 .A1 Vault

(b) The same. Printed on vellum. (Lacking sig I, four leaves). One of four copies known: British Museum, Rylands, New York Public Library, and the present—the Greenhill-H. Bradley Martin copy, through whose courtesy this is exhibited. The only book of the "Grolier Hundred" which was printed on vellum in its original first edition. The copy in the Grolier exhibit was on vellum and must have been the Owen D. Young-Berg copy, now in the New York Public Library.

The present copy has, in several places, the signatures of the original owners, Wylliam and June Fitzwyllym.

No American publication traced.


RAPHAEL HOLINSHED The Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland. (London, 1577).

Folio, two volumes, four parts, full brown crushed levant morocco, by Riviere. 11 ⅜ x 7 ¼ inches. The Lucas Harrison imprint. This copy contains the canceled leaves, E6-8, in the last alphabet of Volume I, as well as quire F, which was to have been substituted for it, with F7 uncanceled. Only a few other copies, Grenville, Copell, and Clawson are known thus. This copy also contains the genuine blank leaf, pp. 23-24, at the end of the "Description of Scotland," and an untrimmed folding plate of the view of Edinburg between pp. 1868 and 1869. The collation agrees with the Pforzheimer Catalogue, No. 494, except for the placement of the dedication leaves. The unsigned leaf of errata, present in the Hogan copy, is absent.

Lilly Library call number: DA130 .H73 v.1-2 Vault

The library also has a copy with the variant imprint of George Bishop and without the canceled leaves, the imprint shown at the original Grolier exhibit. Copies are also known with the imprints of John Harrison and John Hunne.

No American publication traced.


WILLIAM BALDWIN, THOMAS SACKVILLE, AND OTHERS A Myrroure for Magistrates. (London, 1559).

(a) Quarto, old calf. 7 ¼ x 5 inches. The Christie-Miller-Chalmers-Britwell­Clawson-Bemis copy; one of eight known. According to the Pforzheimer Catalogue, it, Huntington, and this are the only copies in America.

Lilly Library call number: PR2199 .M5 Vault

(b) (London, 1563).

Second edition. Quarto, eighteenth-century red morocco, g.e. 7 ⅛ x 4 ⅞ inches. First issue, Baldwin's editorial address ending at the foot of leaf A2, recto, the verso being blank, agreeing with Hayward, English Poetry Catalogue, 15. With the "Contes" and "Faults Escaped" leaves, cc3-4. The edition shown at the Grolier Club exhibition was this of 1563. With the bookplate of H. D. Seymour.

Lilly Library call number: PR2199 .M5 1563 Vault

The Lilly gift also included the editions of 1571-74-75- 78-87 and 1610. There are eleven contemporary editions of the various parts of this series. The British Museum and Huntington sets are complete; the Bodleian lacks one; Pforzheimer, two; the present, three.

No American publication traced.


HENRY HOWARD, AND OTHERS Songes and Sonettes. (London, 1559).

(a) Fourth edition. Quarto, with the dated title page. Imperfect. 6 ³⁄₁₆ x 4 ¾ inches. One of two recorded copies, the other, British Museum, also imperfect.

The Thomas Astle-Bishop Percy (annotated)-Thomas Park-Rosenbach-Greenhill­ H. Bradley Martin copy through whose courtesy it is exhibited.

(b) Fifth edition. Eighteenth-century calf with the dated title page. 6 ⁵⁄₁₆ x 4 inches. The Walpole (annotated)-Vernon-Holford-Rosenbach copy. This brought £10 at Walpole's sale in 1842. When resold in the Holford sale in 1928, it made £5000.

Lilly Library call number: PR2370 .A1 1559 Vault

(a) has the reading 'Desctiption' at folio 5, second sonnet and a period before the numeral on leaf L1; (b) the reading 'Descripcion,' as in the Hogan and Lord Harlech undated editions; no period before the numeral leaf L1.

For a full account of both these copies, see Rollins' Tottel's Miscellany (Cambridge, 1929). All early editions are very rare; of the first (June, 1557), one copy survives; of the second (July, 1557), two copies; of the third (1557), two; of the fourth, two, both imperfect; of the fifth, with the dated title page, only the copy exhibited.

No American publication traced.


THOMAS NORTON AND THOMAS SACKVILLE The Tragidie of Ferrex and Porrex. (London, 1570).

Second edition. Complete with blank leaf H4. Quarto, old russia. 5 ½ x 3 ⅜ inches. Of the first edition, published under the title Gorboduc (1565), only the Bridgewater­Huntington copy is known. Though not a particularly rare book, Pforzheimer locating eleven copies, this has a distinguished provenance, Ireland-Bindley-Jolley­Corser-Crawford-White-Rosenbach, and bears the signature of S. W. H. Ireland, the father of the celebrated Shakespearean forger, on the title page. This is the edition shown at the original Grolier exhibition.

Lilly Library call number: PR2729.N7 A7 1570 Vault

No American publication traced.


JOHN LYLY Euphues. The Anatomy of Wit. (London, 1580).

(a) Fourth edition. Quarto, original vellum. 7 ⁵⁄₁₆ x 5 ⅜ inches. Bound with Eupheus and His England. (London, 1580).

The Anatomy is a completely unknown issue differing from STC 17053-54. It is not often that a unique edition of so important a work is discovered in these times. Exhibited courtesy Robert H. Taylor. His England is STC 17070.

(b) (London, 1581).

Fifth edition. Quarto, full red morocco by Bedford. 7 x 4 ¾ inches. This was the edition shown in the Grolier Club exhibition, and, as only two copies of the book are recorded, the other being the British Museum's, this must have been the very copy exhibited, W. A. White's with his signature and the date, "13 March '88" penciled on the flyleaf. All early editions are excessively rare.

Lilly Library call number: PR2302 .E8 1581

No American publication traced.


SIR PHILIP SIDNEY The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia. (London, 1590).

Quarto, contemporary calf, rebacked. 6 ⅞ x 5 inches. The issue with William Ponsonby's imprint alone and the editor's note in italic on the verso of sig [A4]. The Pforzheimer Catalogue traces only four copies with the Windet for Ponsonby imprint and eleven copies with the Ponsonby imprint alone. Bent Juel-Jensen in The Book Collector, Winter, 1962, extends the census of copies with the Ponsonby imprint alone to sixteen, one untraced. Seven of these, including one of the two British Museum copies, are imperfect. Juel-Jensen further states:

The comparatively long list may convey a false impression of the frequency with which the book occurs. Very few additional copies will probably now be located. It is very strange that this book should be so rare whilst the Faerie Queene, published in the same year, by the same stationer, in the same format and of approximately the same length, by comparison is a common book. The list of copies of the first Arcadia also provides some salutary information about the frequency with which a famous book is rebound and tampered with in various ways, and it should be a warning to those in search of reliable bibliographical evidence.

Though the present copy is rebacked and there has probably been some restoration, the book is, as Jackson notes, and as the census proves, "a great rarity in unsophisticated condition." With the Bemis bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR2342 .A5 Vault

No American publication traced.


EDMUND SPENSER The Faerie Queene. (London, 1590-96).

Quarto, two volumes, Volume I in full original calf, Tudor roses on side. 7 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 5 ¹¹⁄₁₆ inches. Volume II rebound to match. 7 ½ x 5 ½ inches. Volume I has the dedication to Queen Elizabeth on the verso of the title page, the blank spaces for the Welsh words in lines 4 and 5 of page 332, the signatures [Pp6] and [Pp7] which were intended to be canceled, and the cancellans of four leaves at the end, Q3- Q4. With the Seth Terry bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR2358 1590 Vault

Spenser's Works were published in Boston in 1839. The first separate edition of The Faerie Queene may be New York, 1847.


SIR FRANCIS BACON Essaies. (London, 1598).

Third edition. Duodecimo, full contemporary limp vellum with ties. 5 x 2 ¾ inches. The earliest edition to contain the Meditationes sacrae in English. Of the first edition (octavo, 1597), only nine copies are known; of the second (duodecimo, 1597), but two; of the third, eleven. Bound with this is the first edition of the first part of Cornwallis' Essayes (London, 1600), as in the Harmsworth copy. This is the edition exhibited at the original Grolier show. It was the Huth copy of this edition which was lost with Harry E. Widener on the Titanic in 1912.

Lilly Library call number: PR2206 .A3 1598 Vault

This copy appeared at auction, Sotheby, 13 February 1928 (Lot 306), "Catalogue of Valuable Printed Books," listed among "Other Properties," and as "Second Edition." Nothing further of its provenance is known.

The first American edition, of two Essays only, was printed by William Bradford, Philadelphia, 1688, with other works. Only the New York Public Library and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania copies are recorded. The first complete edition is Boston, 1807.


RICHARD HAKLUYT The Principal Navigations, Voiages, Traffiques and Discoveries. (London, 1598-1600).

Folio, three volumes bound in two, full contemporary calf. 11 ½ x 7 inches.

Lilly Library call number: G240 .H14 1598 v.1/2-3 Vault

According to Charles E. Armstrong (BSA, Third Quarter, 1955), Volume I has the original issue A title page, dated 1598, with "these 1500 yeeres," not "these 1600 yeeres," in the eighth line, in reference to the "famous victorie atchieved at . . . Cadiz, 1596." According to both Armstrong and Church, 322, Volume I is first issue, with the voyage to Cadiz in the first state, with the seven-line engraved initial A, the voyage on pp. 607-619, p. 608 misnumbered 605, the tailpiece of two cupids holding a wreath on p. 619, and p. 607 with 53 lines of text in eight paragraphs. The famous so-called Molineaux-Wright map in Volume III is first state, without the long inscription concerning Magellan's Straits. This is the first map of the world engraved in England on Wright's (mercator) projection. Among 121 sets examined, Armstrong locates only fourteen sets of the Voyages, not counting the present, that contain the map, five first state, and nine second state. In addition to the present copy, first state maps are found only in the Princeton; Clements; Huntington; Cambridge, England; and British Museum copies.

No American publication traced.


GEORGE CHAPMAN The Whole Works of Homer. (London, 1616).

Folio, full contemporary calf, partially rebacked. 11 ⅛ x 6 ¼ inches. John Ruskin's copy, with his book label and some marginalia. This copy has the portrait of Chapman on the verso of the general title page with the date "M.DC.XVI" on the circular frame, the added dedication leaf, and the "Faults Escaped" leaf.

Lilly Library call number: PA4025.A1 C46 1616 Vault

The first American printing of Homer was in Pope's translation of The Iliad, New York, 1795.


The Holy Bible. (London, 1611).

Folio, old suede, rebacked, lacking the first title page. 15 ¼ x 10 ¼ inches. The "Royal" version ("He" issue) usually known as the King James Version or, erroneously, as the Pforzheimer Catalogue says, as the "Authorized" Version.

Lilly Library call number: BS185 1611 Vault

There are two issues of the first edition, commonly designated the "Great He" and "Great She" versions, so called from a difference in the printing of the last clause in the fifteenth verse of the third chapter of the Book of Ruth. The earliest impression reads: "He measured five measures of barley. . . and HE went into the citie . . ."; the revised version becomes "SHE went into the citie."

Other errors in what has become known as Smith's "A" text are:
1. Exodus XIV, 10: Three lines repeated.
2. Genesis X, 16: "Emorite" for "Amorite"
3. Exodus XXXVIII, 11: "hoopes" for "hookes"
4. Leviticus XIII, 56: "plaine" for "plague"
5. Headline Iiii6: "Anocrynha" for "Apocrypha"

It should be noted that this book is not from Mr. Lilly's library, he having, as he once said, "an intense aversion to books lacking title pages."

The first Bible in English published in America, and the only one ever authorized by Congress, was printed in Philadelphia, 1782, by R. Aitken and is known by his name. The first Bible printed in the New World was John Eliot's famed "Indian Bible" (Cambridge, Mass., 1661-63, 2nd edition, 1685). The Sauers published three editions of the Bible in German, Germantown, Pa., 1743-63-76. The Lilly Library possesses all the above mentioned, the Eliots being in original bindings as is the Aitken and two of the Sauers.


BEN JONSON The Workes. (London, 1616).

Folio, full eighteenth-century calf. Large paper, measuring 13 ⅞ x 7 ¾ inches, with the engraved title page proper for this issue. Pforzheimer Catalogue locates ten copies, of which this is the copy in Robinson's Catalogue 55 (1935). Even Jackson finds "the bibliographical variations . . . bewildering." A portrait of Jonson, issued as a separate print, has since been inserted in this copy and is in the first state. On the inside cover is the stamp of Peregrine Langton, the uncle of Bennet Langton, friend of Dr. Johnson. On the title is the name of "Sam Woodforde," who was, perhaps, the painter, 1763-1801.

Lilly Library call number: PR2600 .C16 Vault

Volpone alone was issued in New York in 1761, probably the only printing of Jonson in America before the nineteenth century.


ROBERT BURTON The Anatomy of Melancholy. (Oxford, 1621).

Quarto, full original calf, partially rebacked. 7 ½ x 5 ½ inches. With the three unpaged leaves at the end, "The Conclusion of the Author to the Reader" and the leaf of Errata.

Lilly Library call number: PR2223 .A1 Vault

The first American edition, "From the 13th English," was published in Philadelphia, 1836.


WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. (London, 1623-32- 64-85).

Folios, uniformly bound in full red crushed levant morocco by Pratt. Purchased privately in 1928 by Gabriel Wells from Mrs. Rylands, this is not, as has been previously stated, "a dup1icate from the John Rylands Library." It has a romantic history between Wells' purchase in 1928 and eventual sale to J. K. Lilly, 1934.

(a) (London, 1623).

The first folio. Laid in it is a letter from the late Seymour De Ricci, reading in part:

The verses, the title and the preliminary leaves [of the 1623 edition] are remargined but no portion is in facsimile. The lower margin of the last leaf is extended. It compares very favorably with nearly all others still existing in private hands and is worthy of an honored place in any library of the first rank.

Although De Ricci's analysis is on the charitable side, this folio (which measures 12 ⁷⁄₁₆ x 8 ³⁄₁₆ inches) would rank in Lee's census (it was unknown to him) as "I, class B" and is in the top rank of university-owned copies.

Lilly Library call number: PR2751 .A1 Vault

(b) (London, 1632).

Second folio. Smith's "Allot 5" title page and "Effigies C" leaf. Size 13 ⅛ x 8 ³⁄₁₆ inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR2751 .A2 Vault

(c) (London, 1664).

Third folio. With the seven added plays. Signature "Thomas Powell Peckham 1809" on title page. Size 12 ⁷⁄₁₆ x 8 ⁷⁄₁₆ inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR2751 .A3 Vault

(d) (London, 1885).

The fourth folio. "Herringman, Brewster and Bentley" imprint. Size 14 ½ x 9 ¼.

Lilly Library call number: PR2751 .A4 Vault

The first complete American Shakespeare was Philadelphia, 1795- 96, in eight volumes. The portrait, engraved by R. Field, has long been claimed the first of Shakespeare done in America. However, a portrait engraving, unsigned, appears in the Columbian Magazine, March, 1787. The first play of Shakespeare's printed in America, Boston, 1794, is Twelfth Night. . . with Notes Critical and Illustrative. Carroll A. Wilson states, "the notes are most interesting, obviously for a public which knew nothing about Shakespeare, and are at times really critical; e.g., at p. 5: 'But when Shakespeare wanted to push on his plot, he was not ceremonious with probability.'" Hamlet was also published separately (Boston, 1794) with two variant imprints, priority not established.


JOHN WEBSTER The Tragedy of the Dutchesse of Malfy. (London, 1623).

Quarto, full red morocco by Riviere. 7 ⅛ x 4 ⅞ inches. The Paine-White copy, purchased in 1891 by William A. White at the sale of the collection of Cornelius Paine. The book has since been rebound.

Lilly Library call number: PR3184 .D8 Vault

No American publication traced.


PHILIP MASSINGER A New Way to Pay Old Debts. (London, 1633).

Quarto, full old calf. 7 ¹⁄₁₆ x 4 ⅝ inches. The Bridgewater-Clawson copy, with the Bridgewater arms and bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR2704 .N3 Vault

It is interesting to note that this, as well as the four following works, were all published in 1633, which should give that year a higher rank in English literature than is generally accorded it.

Editions were published at New York and Philadelphia in 18101810, priority unknown.


JOHN FORD The Broken Heart. A Tragedy—Fide Honor. (London, 1633).

Quarto, old calf. 6 ¹⁵⁄₁₆ x 5 inches. The McKee-Chew-Jones-Greenhill-H. Bradley Martin copy through whose courtesy it is exhibited.

Lilly Library call number: PR2524 .B86

The words "Fide Honor" on the title page are an anagram for Ford's name.

First published in America in Dramatic Works, two volumes, New York, 1831.


CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Jew of Malta. (London, 1633).

Quarto, old half-calf. 7 ⅜ x 5 ⅛ inches. The Perkins-White copy, with the book­plate of Frederic Perkins and signature and date "1 May 93" of W. A. White.

Lilly Library call number: PR2666 .A1 Vault

No American publication traced.


GEORGE HERBERT The Temple. (Cambridge, 1633).

(a) Duodecimo, full contemporary (original?) gilt-tooled paneled vellum, gilt edges, with unidentified arms on the sides. 5 ⅝ x 3 ⅜ inches. The dated state of the title page. Inscribed on the flyleaf, "Catherine Cotton the gift of her father," in an early hand. In all probability, this is the second daughter of Izaak Walton's friend, Charles Cotton, by his first wife Isabella. With the Edward B. King-Whitall bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR3507 .T5 Vault

(b) Duodecimo, full contemporary morocco, probably by the "Queen's Binder." The undated state of the title page, which is a cancel and much rarer than the above, only four copies being recorded. Louis H. Silver copy, through whose courtesy it is exhibited.

The first American edition is, implausibly, Lowell, Mass., 1834.


JOHN DONNE Poems. (London, 1633).

Quarto, full gilt-tooled original calf. 7 ⅜ x 5 inches. Bound with the first edition of Juvenilia (London, 1633), in which the verso of sig F is blank as in the Keynes, Harvard, and one other copy. The two extra leaves of "The Printer to the Understanders," signed A1 and A2 and usually bound in the Poems, are inserted in this copy after the title page of the Juvenilia.

Lilly Library call number: PR2245 .A2 1633 Vault

The first American edition is Boston, 1855, edited by James Russell Lowell, reprinted by the Grolier Club, with a Preface, etc. by Charles Eliot Norton, 1895. It has been claimed some of the poems were printed earlier in an anthology, but, if so, it has not been traced.


SIR THOMAS BROWN Religio Medici. (London, 1642).

Duodecimo, full original calf. 5 ½ x 2 ⅞ inches. The unauthorized edition of 190 pages (96 leaves, the last a blank and present in this copy). The edition exhibited at the original Grolier show. The Cox-Adam-Terry copy, with bookplates. There is also an unauthorized edition the same year, also printed by Andrew Crooke, of 159 pages, the priority of which Geoffrey Keynes upholds and which is exhibited here, courtesy H. Bradley Martin. The authorized edition, also by Crooke the following year, sometimes lacks leaves A2- A7 but is not, says Keynes, "necessarily imperfect" on that account.

Lilly Library call number: PR3327 .A73 1642 Vault

The first American edition was in Miscellaneous Works. Library of Old English Writers, III. Cambridge, Mass., 1831.


EDMUND WALLER The Workes. (London, 1645).

Octavo, full original sheep. 6 ⅞ x 3 ⅝ inches. The state with the strip of printer's ornaments and without the "Imprimature" on the title page. Bemis bookplate.

The copy in the original Grolier exhibit had the "Imprimature" and not the printer's ornaments on the title page. Wise's copy was the same and he argues (Ashley Catalogue, Volume VII, p. 185) for its primacy: "Doubtless the license was withdrawn upon representation being made by Waller's friends in London that the work was unauthorized, and the title amended accordingly." Doubtless this is so, but Wise's guess is not bibliographical evidence, and one can't help wondering what he doubtless would have come up with had his copy been the other variant. All commentators, Grolier list, De Ricci, Wise, and Hayward, comment on the book's rarity.

Lilly Library call number: PR3750 .A1 Vault

Poems &c. (London, 1645).

Octavo, old calf. 6 ½ x 3 ¾ inches. Second issue. The sheets of the original, described above, with a new title page and the addition of preliminary matter, 'Epistle To my Lady,' publishers' 'Advertisement to the Reader,' 'The Table' and six new poems added. Britwell-A. E. Newton-Allerton C. Hickmott bookplates.

Lilly Library call number: PR3750 .A1 1645b

Poems . . . Printed by a copy of his own hand-writing. (London, 1645).

Octavo, old calf. 5 ¹¹⁄₁₆ x 3 ⅝ inches. First authorized edition. E. M. Cox-Bemis bookplates. Copies also exist on large paper. Both copies of the Poems are Robert H. Taylor's and exhibited by his courtesy.

No American publication traced.


FRANCIS BEAUMONT AND JOHN FLETCHER Comedies and Tragedies. (London, 1647).

Folio, full old-paneled calf. 13 ¾ x 7 ¾ inches. The portrait of Fletcher is in the first state before the last words of the fourth line, "vates duplex," were changed to "Vates Duplex." The signature "J. Berkenhead" measures 1 ³⁄₁₆ inches in length. When re-engraved in smaller letters it measures 13/16 of an inch. The fifth line of the heading of sig. A, verso, has the misprint "Wild Chase Chase," with, as in most copies, a correction slip, "Goose," pasted over the first "Chase."

Lilly Library call number: PR2420 1647 Vault

The first American edition seems to be Boston, 1854.


ROBERT HERRICK Hesperides. (London, 1648).

(a) Octavo, full original calf. 6 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 3 ¾ inches. The usual imprint without the name "Tho. Hunt" added, as in the copy exhibited in the original Grolier show. Leaf M8 is uncanceled, leaves C7 and O8 are cancels. With the bookplates of the Bridgewater Library and John Camp Williams.

Lilly Library call number: PR3512 .H4 1648 Vault

(b) (Boston, 1856).

16mo, two volumes, original cloth. The first American edition, and a long time coming, this reprints the Pickering edition of 1846.

Lilly Library call number: PR3512 .H4 1856


JEREMY TAYLOR The Rule and Exercise of Holy Living. (London , 1650).

Duodecimo, modern suede, marbled edges. 5 ⁷⁄₁₆ x 2 ¾ inches. Both the engraved and printed titles bear the imprint of Richard Royston. There is a variant printed title without imprint. With the final imprint leaf. Greenhill bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: BX5037.T25 H7 1650 Vault

First American edition, "From the 27th London," Philadelphia, 1810.


IZAAK WALTON The Compleat Angler or the Contemplative Man's Recreation. (London, 1653).

(a) First edition. With the original blank leaves including R4 which is part of the collation. The musical note on page 216 (usually cropped) is absolutely intact. Peter Oliver, in his New Chronicle of the Compleat Angler (New York, 1936), lists variations in the text of the first edition: "no copy has all . . . nor do we know any copy without some." Of his listed 42 eccentricities, the present copy exhibits 31, including the well-publicized "Contention" for "Contentment," p. 245, 1. 17. Size 5 ⅝ x 3 ¾ inches.

Lilly Library call number: SH433 .A1 1653 Vault

(b) (London, 1655).

Second edition. Pforzheimer Catalogue remarks: "long reputed rarer than the first edition but no one seems to have verified this by actual count." Most, if not all, copies have suffered some depredations from the guillotine, but in this copy the music has been saved by the forethought of the original binder who turned the fore-edges in to prevent cropping. Size 5 ¾ x 3 ⅛ inches.

Lilly Library call number: SH433 .A1 1655 Vault

(c) (London, 1661).

Third edition. Presentation from the author (unsigned) "For Mrs. Ann King"—but one other inscribed Angler is recorded. Size 5 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 3 ½ inches.

Lilly Library call number: SH433 .A1 1661 Vault

(d) (London, 1668).

Fourth edition. This does not bear the Cotton bookplate and seems to have been replaced by Gilbey to secure a set in uniform original bindings. Size 5 ¹¹⁄₁₆ x 3 ⅝. The fourth edition in the Ashburnham sale was in a Gosden binding with the Cotton bookplate. This copy is noticeably less fine compared with the astonishing freshness of the others.

Lilly Library call number: SH433 .A1 1668

(e) (London, 1676).

Fifth edition. Bound with Charles Cotton's The Compleat Angler (Part II), first edition (London, 1676) and Col. Robert Venable's, The Experienced Angler, fourth edition (London, 1676). The three books assembled in one volume with a general title: The Universal Angler, made so by Three Books on Fishing—which may be bound Together or sold each of them severally. Size 5 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 3 ⅝ inches.

Lilly Library call number: SH433 .A1 1676 Vault

The matchless and celebrated Cotton-Corser-Ashburnham-Gilbey-Lilly set of all the editions published during the author's life, all in original bindings. With the bookplate of the Rev. H. S. Cotton in each volume except the fourth. From him they passed to the Rev. Thomas Corser in 1838 for £56.17s. At Corser's first sale in July, 1868, they figured as Lot 97 and were bought by the fourth Earl of Ashburnham for £140, the first edition even then being called "the finest copy known."

In the Ashburnham sale of 1898, Arthur H. Gilbey paid the then record price of £800 for what had become the pedigree set. At his sale in 1940, they were purchased by Scribners and later sold to Mr. Lilly. The London Times Literary Supplement remarked (May 4, 1940): "Certain it is that no finer set, nor any set nearer in condition to the editions as Walton saw them can have survived.— They have gone to America for £1600 and somebody has bought a great bargain."

There is also exhibited the first American edition (New York and London, Wiley and Putnam, 1847), two volumes, with separate titles and pagination, bound as one, original cloth, plain edges, as issued. The Van Winkle-Randall Bibliography of Henry William Herbert (Portland, Maine, 1936) lists a large paper copy, uncut, measuring 11 ¹⁄₁₆ x 7 ¼ inches, of which but fifty copies were done, and also as "noted in an elaborately gilt-tooled cloth binding, all edges gilt and also in two volumes, wrappers, forming numbers 101 and 102 of Wiley and Putnam's series, 'Library of Choice Reading.'"


SAMUEL BUTLER Hudibras. (London, 1663-78).

Large octavos, three parts in two volumes, contemporary calf, sprinkled edges. 6 ⅞ x 4 inches. Parts One and Two (1663-64) bound together, partially rebacked. All first issues.

Lilly Library call number: PR3338 .A7 1663

Vol. I is the earliest of the three genuine editions published in 1663 (there are also several unauthorized editions). It is large octavo (collating A-R8) with the License facing the title page, the word 'Saint' in the imprint spelled out and the four lines of errata on the last leaf. Of the other genuine editions, the second, small octavo, collates A-H8 and the third, a duodecimo, A-G12, F6.

First American edition, Troy, New York, 1806.


JOHN MILTON Paradise Lost. (London, 1667).

(a) Quarto, full original calf. 7 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 5 inches. The first issue, with Milton's name in large capitals on the title page.

The McMillan-Norton-Breaker copy, in superlative condition. Sold in the Norton sale, November, 1918, Lot 99, for $2000. Purchased by J. K. Lilly from David A. Randall, at their first meeting, June 1, 1932, for $5,000. In the Seth Terry sale, December 5, 1935, a copy, Lot 292, in equal, though not superior, condition (though encased "in covers from wood of a rafter in Milton's house at Westminster, with brass clasps") brought $17,500, then and still a record for this book.

Lilly Library call number: PR3560 .A1 Vault

(b) Quarto, full brown morocco. The second issue with Milton's name in small capitals. The Foote-White-Greenhill-H. Bradley Martin copy through whose courtesy this is exhibited.

Inserted are two engraved portraits of Milton by George Vertue, with autograph notes. Both notes are reproduced in the Grolier Club's Exhibition Commemorative of the Tercentenary of the Birth of John Milton (New York, 1908), where this copy was exhibited.

Lilly Library call number: PR3560 .A1 1674

First American edition, two volumes, Philadelphia, 1777.


JOHN BUNYAN The Pilgrim's Progress. (London, 1678).

8vo, old calf. 5 ⅜ x 3 ⅜ inches. Eleven copies are recorded, five of which, including this, are imperfect. The Rosenbach-Greenhill-H. Bradley Martin copy, through whose courtesy this is shown. The finest copy extant is John H. Scheide, Jr.'s, which will be shown in London in July at the International Printing Exhibition, as will a number of Lilly books, some now in this exhibit. It is opened to "The Author's Apology for His Book," displaying the famous lines: "Some said JOHN, print it; others said, Not so; Some said, It might do good; others said, No."

Lilly Library call number: PR3330 .A1 1678

On June 30, 1921, there was sold at Sotheby's, carefully and accurately described, Lots 498-9, two imperfect copies of the first edition of Pilgrim's Progress, both in original calf and one with the original blank leaves, which, put together, would make a perfect copy. They were bought by Quaritch for £2,500. The price apparently flushed out another imperfect copy (lacking six leaves of sig. M), sold also at Sotheby's, June 20, 1922, also to Quaritch, for £2,010. A fourth, very imperfect, appears as Lot 115, Sotheby, July 22, 1921, sold to Meredith for £500. Imagine four copies at public sale within thirteen months!

In the fall of 1921 the Rosenbach company held an exhibition of rare books at their New York offices, 273 Madison Avenue, and issued a catalogue which included two firsts of Pilgrim's Progress. One, "original calf, perfect with all blanks"; another, "original calf, lacking five leaves. The only copy known of a variant issue of the First Edition." No further details.

The "perfect(ed)" copy passed eventually to Frank J. Hogan and the rest is shown here. John T. Winterich has put this problem of "perfecting" copies very neatly in the Winterich-Randall A Primer of Book-collecting. Says Dr. Winterich:

The substitution or insertion of a signature or a page is in most cases frowned upon by the cognoscente, and properly, yet the grafting of wanting leaves from a hopelessly imperfect copy has the sanction of long tradition, and is certainly as respectable a procedure as the patching of a Tudor bedstead. But the book has to be rare and costly to lend the procedure the dignity it has acquired, and the fact of substitution must, of course, be proclaimed and not concealed.

And thereby what would be at worst a fraud and at best a total destruction of sentimental and commercial value in the instance of a Scarlet Letter or a Raven or a Way of all Flesh becomes an accepted bibliophilic convention where a Caxton or a Shakespeare folio or a Pilgrim's Progress is concerned. It all sounds suspiciously like class legislation and it is.

Hogan paid a reputed $32,000 for his copy. It came up in his sale, April 23, 1945, as Lot 14. It had been originally catalogued as "perfect," but, objections having been raised when proofs were circulated, it was recatalogued correctly (which will explain, to those curious about such things, the odd appearance and the white space of the pages which carry the description). It brought the disappointing price of $8,000, to Rosenbach, and is now at the Library of Congress.

By a curious irony, Lilly acquired, from the Hogan sale on the advice of David A. Randall, the first Canterbury Tales, in preference to Pilgrim's Progress. Eventually, with the purchase of the George Poole collection, the Lilly Library wound up with two Canterbury Tales and no Pilgrim's Progress!

Mr. Randall also advised Mr. Lilly not to buy the Frank Capra copy of the first edition of Dante's Divina commedia (Foligno, 1472) but to "wait for a better copy." That will be a long wait. It is true the book was miscatalogued, no mention being made of two facsimile leaves (Parke-Bernet, April 26, 1949, Lot 131, $9,000) but the full gravity of this deplorable misjudgment was never fully brought home to the writer of these notes until the Grolier's trip, last year, to Italy.

The first American edition (Boston, Samuel Green, 1681) is known by the perfect Huntington copy and the imperfect copy shown in this exhibition, courtesy of the American Antiquarian Society.


JOHN DRYDEN Absalom and Achitophel and [The Second Part]. (London, 1681-82).

Folio, two parts in two volumes, half-crimson crushed morocco; top-edge gilt, others uncut, measuring 12 ¼ x 7 ½ inches. The Leo-Cox-Adam-Bemis copy with bookplates.

Lilly Library call number: PR3416 .A2 1682

Both Hayward and Macdonald call for the following points in a first issue of the first part: misprints 'and serv'd' for 'as serv'd' (p. 5, l. 10); 'cuold' for 'could' (p. 6, l. 4); 'Kold' for 'Bold' (p. 6, l. 8); 'Kody' for 'Body' (p. 6, l. 12); 'Patron's' for 'Patriott's' (p. 6, l. 34); catchword, p. 6, 'Not' for 'Oh'.

The present copy has all these corrected except 'and serv'd' and 'Patron's'. Also the leaf "To the Reader" has been signed "A". This is, then, the issue listed third by Macdonald. The Second Part of the Lilly copy is Macdonald's probable second issue, with the Fleet-Street imprint and twelve lines on the last page. It is not recorded what issue was in the original Grolier exhibit.

First American printing traced is the two-volume Works, New York, 1836.


JOHN LOCKE An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. (London, 1690).

(a) Folio, full original calf. 12 ½ x 7 ½ inches. "SS's" regular on title page. Imprint "By Eliz. Holt, for Thomas Basset."

Lilly Library call number: B1290 .L8 1690 Vault

(b) Folio, contemporary half-calf, marbled boards. 12 ¹⁄₁₆ x 6 ⅞ inches. "SS's" inverted; imprint, a cancel leaf, "For Tho. Basset, and sold by Edw. Mory." The Pforzheimer Catalogue lists (a) as first issue, and (b) as second, with which we agree. There are contrary opinions. In any event (b) copies are uncommon. The E. B. Holden copy was at one time thought to be unique, but there are others, e.g., the W. A. Clark and the British Museum. The (a) issue was in the original Grolier exhibit, there described as the probable second issue.

Lilly Library call number: B1290 .L8 1690a

(c) Abridgement of Locke's . . . Human Understanding. (Boston, 1794).

The first American edition.

Lilly Library call number: B1292 1794


WILLIAM CONGREVE The Way of the World. (London, 1700).

Quarto, new wrappers. 8 ½ x 6 ⅛ inches. With the half title.

Lilly Library call number: PR3364 .W3 1700

No American printing has been traced.


EDWARD HYDE, FIRST EARL OF CLARENDON The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England. (Oxford, 1702-03-04).

Folio, three volumes, old calf, large paper, measuring 18 ¼ x 11 inches. The Library's small paper copy measures 15 ¼ x 9 ½ inches.

Lilly Library call number: DA415 .C46 1702

There are half titles to all three volumes. The first two volumes have an engraved frontispiece signed "P. Lely pinx R. White sculp. 1700." The last line of the inscription under the portrait ends "Ano Dni 1667." The portrait in the third volume, re-engraved, is signed "P. Lely pinx M Burg. sculp." and reading corrected to "Ano Doni 1667."

Bibliographical information as to "Large Paper" copies and other details is scanty. An inquiry to Harry Carter of the Oxford Press brought the following letter (26 March 1963), printed here in full for possible use by some future investigator.

I do not know of any study of Clarendon's History, 1702 -04, and all I can tell you comes from the accounts rendered to the Delegates by the warehouseman.
In 1703 they printed 1,300 small and 250 large of Vol. 2 upon 479 reams of small paper and 92 reams of large. 152 signatures.
In 1702 they bought 146 reams of Demy and 300 reams of Medium besides 50 reams of Royal and 49 reams of large Royal for the book, presumably for Vol. i, but they do not give the number of copies printed. There were 150 signatures.
In the account for 1703 they charge for reprinting Vol. 1, 500 small and 10 large on 225 reams of 'paper' and 4 reams of large.
In the account for 1704-05 there are these charges:
Third impression of Vol. 1, 270 reams of small paper. Vol. 3, 164 signatures, 2,000 small copies, 350 large. Second impression of Vol. 2, 700 small, 100 large.
The second and third impressions were reset, the charge for composition being 6s. a sheet as against 8s. for the first impressions.
The large or Royal or Large Royal paper cost 33s. a ream, and the small 14s. or 16s. Bargemasters were paid £14. 9s. for carrying a total of 1,723 reams (I suppose from London).
I do not know whether you have access to Gibson's and Johnson's edition of the First Minute Book of the Delegates (Oxford Bib. Soc., 1943). It shows that in 1703 it was decided that 1,300 copies of Vol. 2 on small paper should be sold for 15s. and 250 on Royal paper for £1. 4s., and that 700 of Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 should be printed on small paper 'and to make up the defect of the large paper printed short the time before'. In 1704 it was decided that small paper copies of Vol. 3 should sell for 16s. and large for £1. 5s.
I am afraid this does not answer your question about large and special paper, but I cannot find that there was this distinction.

A "New Edition" (American First?) was published in Boston in 1827.


SIR RICHARD STEELE The Lucubrations of Isaac Bickerstaff. [The Tatler]. (London, 1710-11).

Folio, two volumes in one, original issue of each number, full contemporary morocco. 13 ⅞ x 7 ⅝ inches. With both title pages and indexes. Henry Drummond and Leeds bookplates and "Leeds 1796" on the title page.

Lilly Library call number: PR1365 .T2 1710

First published in America in 1803 in both Boston and Newburyport; priority not determined.


SIR RICHARD STEELE AND JOSEPH ADDISON The Spectator. (London, 1711-12).

Folio, two volumes, old half-calf, totally uncut, 13 x 8 ¼ inches. With the Harold Murdock bookplate. Opened at the issue for Saturday, August 23, 1712, displaying the first printing, of course anonymously, of Addison's "The Spacious Firmament on High." It also displays the halfpenny stamp which, on August 1, St. John's Stamp Act had imposed on all newspapers, more successfully than one later imposed on tea. It raised the price of The Spectator from one penny to twopence.

Lilly Library call number: PR1365 .S7 1711

The first edition published in America was Boston, 1801.


DANIEL DEFOE The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner. (London, 1719). (a)

Octavo, full original paneled calf. 7 ¾ x 4 ½ inches. First issue. Inscribed on the flyleaf: "Dudley Ward his book January 1st 1719."

The correct title page according to Hutchens, with a colon after "London" in the imprint; the preface with the catchword "always" on the recto of A2 and "apyling" for "apply" on the verso. With the second state readings, "Pilot" and "Portuguese" and the slipped type at the end of lines 9-12 on page 343.

Together with both issues of the second part, the first with the verso of A4 of the preface blank; the second, printed.

A. S. W. Rosenbach said of this set: "No copy like it has been sold at auction in seventy-five years. This is probably the finest copy in existence." The compiler of these notes would add that, in his experience with books Dr. R. handled, he invariably meant such statements when he wrote them.

Lilly Library call number: PR3403 .A1 Vault

The Original London Post, or Heathcot's Intelligence. Nos. 125-289, inclusive, Oct. 17, 1719 to Oct. 19, 1720. Lacking No. 257, supplied in facsimile. (London, 1719-20).

Serial publication, being issued as a leaf of the thrice-weekly Post. "Only three copies are known: the Grenville copy, in the British Museum, which is very imperfect; my own copy, which has but one leaf in facsimile (by Harris?); and one which was sold at auction (Lt. Col. Sir George Holford collection) in Sotheby's, in March, 1928." A. E. Newton, This Book-Collecting Game. The Newton-Louis H. Silver copy, exhibited by his courtesy.

The first American printing was New York, 1774. A single copy only is known, according to Winterich.


JONATHAN SWIFT. Travels Into Several Remote Nations of The World. (London, 1726).

Octavo, two volumes, original calf. 7 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 4 ½ inches. Small paper copy with the first state of the portrait, no legend around the oval frame, and the title, "Captain Lemuel Gulliver, of Redriff Actat suae 58," beneath. In the second (and usual) state this legend is engraved around the frame with a Latin quotation below. In this copy, Vol. II, G6, Part III, and E8, Part IV are cancels. Chapter VII is misnumbered V, page 52, line 1, "but his" is misprinted "buth is"; page 90, lines 12-13, "conspiricies" and "turbulancy" so misspelled. With the bookplate of The Right Hon. Henry, Earl of Shannon, "King of the Irish Commons."

Lilly Library call number: PR3724 .G7 1726 v. 1-2 Vault

Large paper copies, states the Rothschild Catalogue, "were probably issued later than those on ordinary paper." The Rothschild copy, uncut, measures 9 ⅝ x 7 ⅝ inches.

The first American edition is New York, 1793.


ALEXANDER POPE An Essay On Man. Address'd to a Friend. Part I. An Essay On Man. In Epistles to a Friend. Epistle II. (III-IV). (London, 1733-34).

Folio, four parts bound in one, contemporary marbled boards, calf back, totally uncut. Part I, 12 x 7 ½ inches; the others, 14 ¼ x 9 ½ inches. With the Frank Brewer Bemis bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR3627 .A1

A penciled note inside the front cover reads, "1st Edition with all parts 1st issue with all points according to Wise. F.B.B." Griffith disagrees with Wise, making this the 2nd issue, the text ending on page 20 and the lines correctly numbered to 286. In his first issue the text ends on page 19 and the lines end, erroneously, with 281. Wilson comments, "the Griffith first issue clearly antedates Thomas Wise's candidate for primacy," while the Hayward states that Griffith "argues with skill and conviction."

The first American edition was published by William Bradford, Philadelphia, 1747.


JOSEPH BUTLER The Analogy of Religion. (London, 1736).

Quarto, full original calf. 10 ¼ x 7 ⅝ inches. With the Seth Terry bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: BT1100 .B9

The first American edition is Boston, 1793.


THOMAS PERCY, BISHOP OF DROMORE Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. (London, 1765).

Octavo, three volumes, full original calf.

Lilly Library call number: PR1181 .P4 1765 v.1-3

The bibliography of this work is very complex due to the many canceled leaves. Both L. F. Powell in The Library, September, 1928, and Allen T. Hazen in his Samuel Johnson's Prefaces and Dedications (New Haven, 1937) have given accounts of it, sadly inadequate, as the present unique copy (which has many leaves in both states) was not available for their examination. Some rather airily arrived-at conclusions are disposed of by examination of this copy, which is Greenhill-H. Bradley Martin, shown by his courtesy. An account of it is given by David A. Randall in The New Colophon, Vol. I, Part Four, October, 1948.

The Lilly copy is of the standard variety, the advertisement leaf bearing on the verso the note "To the Binder," reading, in part: "the sheets marked Vol. I are to be bound up as Volume the Third and those noted as Volume III as Volume the First." Troubles started here. With the errata leaf, and the page of music at the end of Volume II. Volumes II and III have half titles. Volume I was issued without one but has a frontispiece.

The "First American" from the 5th London edition was Philadelphia, 1823.


WILLIAM COLLINS Odes on Several Descriptive and Allegoric Subjects. (London, 1747).

Octavo, full contemporary calf, rebacked, 8 ³⁄₁₆ x 5 ⅛ inches. A wholly uncut copy, Lord Rothschild's, measures 9 ⁵⁄₁₆ x 5 ¾ inches. "One thousand copies were printed in December 1746, but failed to sell. It is recorded that the poet, on inheriting £2000 a year later from his uncle, bought up and destroyed the remaining stock." (Hayward).

Lilly Library call number: PR3352 .O4 1747

The Odes were first published in America in Collins' Poetical Works, Philadelphia, 1788.


SAMUEL RICHARDSON Clarissa. Or, the History of a Young Lady. (London, 1748).

Duodecimo, seven volumes, full contemporary calf. 6 ½ x 3 ⅜ inches. Volumes III and IV are first state, as described by Sale: Volume III is without the preface, or "The Editor to the Reader," and C2, C11, and E2 are cancels, as usual. Volume IV has the preface and the one leaf of R. In addition, Volume I has the offset of the recto of the title page on the verso of 011, as in the Morgan, Tinker, and Lowell copies. The folding plate of music bound to face page 50 in Volume II, frequently missing or damaged, is perfect in this copy.

Lilly Library call number: PR3664 .C7 1748 v. 1-7 Vault

The first edition published in America was Philadelphia, 1786. It is not generally known that Benjamin Franklin printed Pamela, Philadelphia, 1748, thus adding to his many honors that of being the printer of the first novel to be issued in America. Long known only from newspaper advertisements, and by some thought a "ghost," about 2 1/2 copies are now known.


HENRY FIELDING The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. (London, 1749).

Duodecimo, six volumes, original calf and boards, completely uncut, unique thus. 7 ⅛ x 4 ¼ inches. The noted and notorious Jerome Kern copy, exhibited through the courtesy of Louis H. Silver. Copies in calf measure 6 ½ x 4 inches, the copy exhibited having B9-B10, Vol. 1 in uncanceled state. Other volumes have cancels as usual. Vide: Rothschild's Library, pp. 205-06.

Lilly Library call number: PR3454 .T6 v. 1-6 Vault

This work was reprinted in six volumes the year of publication, without change of title pages in a page-for-page but not line-for-line reprint. In the first edition (Vol. I, page lxiii) there are Errata for the first five volumes. In the second edition the Errata are removed and the errors corrected, making identification simple. But as no Errata are given for Vol. VI (which also exists in two 1749 editions with identical title pages), some sets exist in mixed editions.

The editions can be identified by the following readings, among others:

First Edition Second Edition
page 17, catchword 'dle cradle
page 183, catchword Gen Gentleman
pages 212-22-26 running --
head Book XVII Book XVIII

The story of this famous Jerome Kern copy is told in Wolfe-Fleming's Rosenbach, pp. 509-11, more fully in The History of Tom Jones, A Changeling (privately printed for Lord Rothschild, 1951).

It appeared in his sale, Part I, January, 1929, Lot 511, described as "A beautiful copy in rare uncut condition, and in sound original binding. Such another copy cannot exist." (The cataloguer was right about that!) It brought $29,000 to Dr. R., for stock. Later he sold it to Owen D. Young for cost plus ten per cent.

In 1937 Young began disposing of some of his books, and Gabriel Wells sold to Lord Rothschild this Tom Jones as well as a portion of the manuscript of Pope's Essay on Man which Young had bought in the same Kern sale for the same price, $29,000, in one deal.

In 1940, John Hayward, examining the set, discovered it was a "doctored" copy, a "made-up" set. There were about a dozen substituted leaves from a second edition. Rothschild eventually entered suit against Gabriel Wells and Owen D. Young for having sold him a fake copy.

This put everyone involved, particularly "Dr. R.," in an indefensible position. He had to admit either that: (a), he had never examined the book and was, hence, pretty careless about $29,000 purchases and sold books without collating them or, (b), he had examined and collated it and didn't detect the fraud.

John Carter and Percy Muir, writing in The Bookseller, neatly summed up the dilemma:

If this book is half as bad as Lord Rothschild's complaint alleges, might it not be held to have been somebody's duty to uncover its defects during the past thirteen years? The newspaper reports make no reference to its provenance before 1929, though it is understood that Mr. Kern purchased it from a Philadelphia dealer who, in turn, had acquired it from a prominent dealer in London. But wherever Mr. Kern got it, it has since passed under a battery of expert eyes. It was a star item in the most publicised sale of our generation. It was catalogued by a famous auction house, the Anderson Galleries. It was purchased by the most prominent rare book dealer in America, Dr. Rosenbach, for a prominent collector, Mr. Young. On his behalf it was sold by a hardly less prominent dealer, Mr. Wells, to Lord Rothschild, who apparently had it on his fastidious shelves for three years before its alleged faults were detected. It is true that 'pedigree' books are customarily collated with less care than windfalls. Dealers and collectors love (and perhaps are insufficiently suspicious of) "the Smith-Jones-Brown-Robinson copy" of such-and-such. But seldom has so publicised a book passed through such a succession of distinguished hands, to be accused of such glaring imperfections at the end.

Eventually a settlement was made. I have always felt it a pity that the case didn't come to court. The responsibilities of a dealer to a collector, as agent, or seller, and the role of an auction house, with its ridiculous disclaimer of responsibility, printed (at least in America) in the "Conditions of Sale," have never been tested in law to my knowledge. Condition 2, in, for example, the Parke-Bernet Catalogue, reads: "The Galleries has endeavored to catalogue and describe the property correctly, but all property is sold 'as is' and neither the Galleries nor its consignor warrants or represents, and they shall in no event be responsible for, the correctness of description, genuineness, authorship, provenience or condition of the property, and no statement contained in the catalogue or made orally at the sale or elsewhere shall be deemed to be such a warranty or representation, or an assumption of liability." Imagine such conditions printed in a bookdealer's catalogue! It has not been too long ago that the "Conditions of Sale" read, reasonably: "All books are sold as catalogued and assumed to be in good second-hand condition. If material defects are found not mentioned in the catalogue the lot may be returned . . . within ten days." What happened?

The earliest American printing of Tom Jones was in abridged form, Philadelphia, 1786.


THOMAS GRAY An Elegy Wrote in a Country Church Yard. (London, 1751).

Quarto, full brown morocco, by Sangorski and Sutcliffe. 10 ¹⁄₁₆ x 7 inches. An uncut copy (Bemis-Rothschild), measures 10 ⅞ x 8 ¾ inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR3502 .E5 1751 Vault

The first American appearance is at the end of the seventh edition of Robert Blair's The Grave, Boston, 1772, a copy of which is exhibited courtesy H. Bacon Collamore.


SAMUEL JOHNSON A Dictionary of the English Language. (London, 1755).

Folio, two volumes, contemporary boards, calf back, completely uncut. 17 x 10 inches.

Lilly Library call number: PE1620 .J6 1755 v. 1-2 Vault

The first American edition is Philadelphia, 1818.


BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Poor Richard Improved: Being an Almanack . . . for . . . 1758. (Philadelphia, 1757).

Stitched, uncut, as issued. 6 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 4 inches. The concluding volume of Poor Richard's Almanacs, collecting all the scattered proverbs, aphorisms, and witty sayings of the former issues.

Lilly Library call number: PS749 .A2 1757 Vault

Possibly first issued in England as The Way to Wealth, as clearly shewn in the Preface of An Old Pennsylvania Almanack, Intituled Poor Richard Improved. London, 1774.


SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE Commentaries on the Law of England. (Oxford, 1765-69).

Bound at the end of Volume I is the Supplement to the First Edition; Containing the most material Corrections and Additions to the Second. This four-page Supplement refers to Volume I only. Quarto, full contemporary calf. 10 ⁵⁄₁₆ x 8 inches. Uncut copies (as Seth Terry) measure 11 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 9 ½ inches. Thick paper copies are known to exist.

Lilly Library call number: JN117 .B5

The Commentaries, with Appendix, were issued in Philadelphia, 1771-72, in five volumes; "some copies," states Evans, "were printed on large paper."


OLIVER GOLDSMITH The Vicar of Wakefield. A Tale Supposed to have been written by Himself. (Salisbury, 1766).

Duodecimo, full original calf. 6 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 4 inches. Four variants of the first edition are recorded.

(a) Vol. I, no catchword on page 213. Vol. II, p. 39, catchword "was" for "him"; page 159 misnumbered 165.

(b) Vol. I as (a). Vol. II, pp. 39 and 159 correctly printed.

(c) None of the above errors present.

(d) Vol. II as (c), except p. 159 misnumbered 165.

Lilly Library call number: PR3490 1766a Vault

The present copy is variant (d). Other misprints seem common to all first-edition copies. Also exhibited is the first surviving edition issued in America, Philadelphia, 1772. John Meine printed an edition in Boston in 1767 but no copy is known. (See John Alden, BSA, Third Quarter, 1942.)


LAURENCE STERNE A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy. By Mr. Yorick. (London, 1768).

(a) 12mo, two volumes, original paneled calf. 7 x 3 ¾ inches. Large paper copy with the list of Subscribers present and Advertisement leaf inserted.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1768d Vault

(b) Small paper with the list of Subscribers. 6 ¹⁄₁₆ x 3 ⅜ inches. The edition exhibited at the original Grolier show.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1768 v.1-2 Vault

(c) Second Edition, same date.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1768a v.1-2

(d) Continued By Eugenius. The Second Edition, corrected, with Additions. (London, 1769).

Four volumes, original mottled calf. The "Continuation" was by John Hall-Stevenson.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1768a v.3-4

(e) (n. p., 1768).

12mo, two volumes in one, stitched, uncut, as issued. 6 ¾ x 3 ¾ inches. The first American edition, imperfect, but the only copy known in original state and one of only two recorded, the other being at Harvard. (See John Alden's article referred to in previous note.)

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1768c

(f) (North-America, i.e., Philadelphia, 1770).

12mo, two volumes in one, original marbled boards, calf back. Itself a rarity, this was considered to be the first American edition until displaced by the above.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1770

(g) (Worcester, Mass., 1793).

12mo, two volumes in one, as issued, contemporary calf. Printed by Isaiah Thomas, and his copy, with his bookplate, engraved by Paul Revere.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1793

(h) (New York, Printed for the Booksellers, 1795).

12mo, two volumes in one, contemporary calf, as issued.

"Ornamented with Elegant Engravings," i.e., with ribald illustrations by an anonymous (for obvious reasons) artist. The first work of this type done in America by at least thirty years. The book is understandably scarce.

Lilly Library call number: PR3714 .S4 1795 Vault

(i) (New York, 1885).

12mo, full and straight-grained morocco, by Mathews. One of four copies done on vellum by De Vinne.

Lilly Library call number: 7-1621

These books are all from the Laurence Sterne collection recently presented to the Lilly Library by H. Bacon Collamore of West Hartford, Conn.


ALEXANDER HAMILTON, JOHN JAY, AND JAMES MADISON The Federalist: a Collection of Essays Written in Favour of the New Constitution. (New York, 1788).

(a) Two volumes, 12mo, full mottled calf, gilt-tooled, red and green lettering pieces on backstrip. Ticket in each volume, "Printed and Bound at Franklin's Head, No. 41, Hanover Square." Thick paper copy. 6 ½ x 3 ¾ inches.

Lilly Library call number: JK154 1788 v.1-2 Vault

(b) Two volumes, 12mo, original boards, uncut. Volume I, 6 3/4 x 4 ½ inches; Volume II, 7 ½ x 4 ½ inches, as always. Inscribed "The Gift of Alex Hamilton to Jos. Strong."

(c) The original newspaper appearances of the first thirty-six numbers in The Independent Journal, The New York Packet, etc. Collected by William Cushing, famed jurist, who (in the absence of Jay, in England) administered the oath to Washington, at his second inaugural. Exhibited, as is the copy in boards, courtesy of Rudy Ruggles.

There has been surprisingly little bibliographical research done on this important work. It is not known if the thick paper copies were produced for presentation only or were for general sale. The great copies, Jefferson's (Rudy Ruggles); Hamilton's (Huntington); Washington's (H. Bradley Martin), are all of this state. Thick paper copies, despite Whitman Bennett to the contrary, were never issued in boards.

Nor is it known why copies in boards, on thinner paper, were issued in two variant sizes. A substantial "remainder" of Volume II only was uncovered a generation ago, but complete sets in boards are rare. There are no half titles, but there should be a genuine blank leaf preceding each title. The thin paper copies were also issued in calf. In all copies seen by the compiler in any state, page 256 of Volume II is misnumbered 156.


TOBIAS SMOLLETT The Expedition of Humphry Clinker. (London, 1771).

Duodecimo, three volumes, full contemporary calf. 7 x 4 inches. With the bookplate of John Walker Heneage.

Lilly Library call number: PR3694 .H9 1771a

The bibliographical problems concerning Humphry Clinker are complex and unsettled. The clearest comprehensive statement of the difficulties involved is given by Franklin B. Newman in BSA, Fourth Quarter, 1950:

In the February, 1950 issue of The New Colophon David Randall calls attention to the early editions of Humphry Clinker. He points out that the main problem in connection with the book involves the fact that there are two distinct editions, both with the identical imprint (London, Printed for W. Johnston in Ludgate-Street; and B. Collins in Salisbury), both labeled the first edition, and both with the misdate 1671 (for 1771) on the title page of Vol. I. Otherwise the two editions are from distinctly different settings of type, except for the C gathering in the second volume of the two sets of copies. The two editions have the same collations, and they are page for page identical, though not line for line so. Their ornaments differ at the head of the various letters. Their relationship is further confused by the fact that the one edition also occurs in the Wells copy at Harvard with the second edition title page.

Newman's state A, which is the one preferred by the compiler of these notes, can be most easily identified by the readings: Volume I, p. 111, line 9, "compassi," not "compassion"; Volume II, p. 98, letter signed "Yours," not "yours"; and Volume III, p. 69, line 8, "Knihgt," not "Knight."

No American publication traced.


ADAM SMITH An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. (London, 1776).

Quarto, full contemporary calf. 11 ⅛ x 8 ⅜ inches. With the necessary blank leaf [3T4] following the last page of text (p. 510, Vol. I) and the half title to Volume II. Volume I was issued without a half title except for the Edinburgh portion of the edition, where half titles were supplied for both volumes, according to F. B. Adams, Jr., The New Colophon, Vol. I, Part Two, April, 1948, who also lists the cancel leaves, none of which appear yet to have been discovered in original state.

Lilly Library call number: HB161 .S6 1776 v.1-2 Vault

The first American edition, three volumes, is Philadelphia, 1789.


EDWARD GIBBON The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. (London, 1776-88).

Quarto, six volumes, original boards, rebacked, uncut. 11 ⅝ x 9 ¼ inches. Volume I, of which only 500 copies were printed, is first variant, according to Norton: the errata uncorrected as far as p. 183 of the text and in pp. i-xv of the notes. Each volume contains a half title and the errata leaves are present for Volumes I, II, III, VI, as they should be ; the leaf in VI covers the errata in Volumes IV, V, and VI . Cancels as usual.

Lilly Library call number: DG311 .G4 v.1-6 Vault

The first American edition, 8 volumes, is Philadelphia, 1804-05.


RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN The School for Scandal. (Dublin, 1780).

(a) Duodecimo, nineteenth-century half-calf, bound with five other plays. 6 ¼ x 3 ⅜ inches. First edition.

The letter "B" of DUBLIN in the imprint is reversed and out of alignment and there is the misprint "Scandel" in the headlines of pp. 19 and 49. The advertisement, leaf H4, is present. With the bookplate of Thomas Gaisford.

Lilly Library call number: PR3392 .C6 1775c Vault

(b) (Dublin, J. Ewling, no date).

Octavo, full morocco by Riviere. 8 ³⁄₁₆ x 4 ⅝ inches. Formerly considered the first edition and so exhibited in the original Grolier show.

Lilly Library call number: PR3682 .S3 1780a

Both of these editions were pirated and unauthorized (as Sheridan refused to part with the copyright) and represent a corrupt and inaccurate text, as does the first American edition (Philadelphia, Bell, 1782). The first authentic text is claimed to be that issued in Dublin in 1799, printed from the prompt book of the Theatre­Royal which Sheridan had given his sister and which she sold for £100. It seems likely, however, that the first printing of the authentic text from the Author's manuscript may be American (New York, Hugh Gaine, 1786). Only two copies are known of this very rare book, which is not listed in Ford's Hugh Gaine Bibliography, one in the Library of Congress. The copy exhibited (courtesy Yale University Library) was listed in Scribner Catalogue 103, Lot 402, as follows:

Printed eleven years before the Theatre-Royal prompt-book saw light, this is indisputably the earliest version of its authentic text.

There remains the problem of how the text could have been printed in America over a decade before it appeared abroad. The answer lies in the printed title-page, where it is stated that the play is printed from 'a manuscript copy in the possession of John Henry, Esq., joint manager of the American company, given him by the Author.'

John Henry (DAB, Vol. VIII, p. 548) was reputed to have trained under Sheridan's father and he certainly played at Drury Lane while Sheridan himself was manager, and knew him then. So what more natural than, when coming to America, to get from Sheridan a manuscript of the famous London hit, to stage abroad.

That Henry knew the texts being circulated (including the Philadelphia, Bell, 1782, First American Edition, a reprint of the Dublin pirated editions) were incorrect, witness his advertisement on page 5: 'So many spurious copies of The School for Scandal having been obtruded on the Publick, has induced the Editor to lay before them in its proper garb, this most excellent comedy presented to him by Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Esq., the justly admired Congreve of the present times.'


WILLIAM COWPER Poems. (London, 1782). The Task. (London, 1785).

(a) Two volumes, original calf. 7 ½ x 5 inches. The Rothschild copy, blue-grey paper bounds, labels, uncut, measures 8 x 5 ⅛ inches.

With the "Preface" by John Newton in Volume I, found only in a few copies. Page 162 is misnumbered 161, and 343, 344. E6 and I6 are cancels. Volume I was issued without a half title; The Task has a half title reading: "Poems by William Cowper, Esq. Vol.-11."

Lilly Library call number: PR3380 .A2 1782

(b) (Philadelphia, 1787).

12mo, original calf, complete with the final leaf of advertisements, Bb2.

Lilly Library call number: PR3382 .T3 1787


ROBERT BURNS Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. (Kilmarnock, 1786).

Octavo, completely uncut, the boards are probably not original. 8 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 5 ½ inches. "Mary Heaton's book 1807" inscribed on flyleaf. Only five copies are recorded uncut, two, at least, imperfect.

Lilly Library call number: PR4300 1786 .K48 Vault

The 612 copies originally printed were advertised as "Price, stitched, Three Shillings." At the auction of A. C. Lamb, of Dundee, February, 1898, a copy brought £572. 5s., "the most amazing price ever realized for a modern book."

Two editions were printed in America in 1788, the Philadelphia edition preceding the New York by six months.


GILBERT WHITE The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. (London, 1789).

(a) Quarto, original boards, calf back, uncut. 10 ½ x 8 ½ inches. Fifty copies were printed on large paper.

Lilly Library call number: QH138.S4 W5 1789

(b) (Philadelphia, 1832).

16mo, boards, cloth back, paper label. 6 x 3 ½ inches. Quite a contrast.

Lilly Library call number: QH138.S4 W5 1832


EDMUND BURKE Reflections on the Revolution in France. (London, 1790).

Octavo, contemporary boards, rebacked in nineteenth-century calf. 8 ⅜ x 5 ⅛ inches. Issued without a half title. Mixed sheets, though corresponding most closely to Gathorne-Hardy's variant "c." See Bibliographical Notes and Queries, January, 1935. With the bookplate of William Patrick Adam. Uncut copies, as Frank Hogan's, measure 9 x 5 ½ inches.

Lilly Library call number: DC150 .B819

The first American edition is New York, 1791.


THOMAS PAINE Rights of Man. Being an Answer to Mr. Burke's Attack on the French Revolution. (London, Printed for J. Johnson, 1791).

(a) First issue. Octavo, new boards, calf back. 8 ¼ x 4 ⅝ inches. Half title reads: "Price Half-a-crown." Signature of "Capel Lofft, 1791," who also wrote on Burke's Reflections.

Lilly Library call number: JC177 .C1 Vault

(b) (London, Printed for J. S. Jordan, 1791).

Second issue. Octavo, new mottled calf. 8 ¼ x 4 ⅝ inches. Half title reads: "Price three shillings." With a two-leaf "Preface to the English Edition" following the dedication leaf.

Lilly Library call number: JC177 .C11

Johnson, the original publisher, withdrew from the project and turned the sheets over to J. S. Jordan. About a dozen copies with the original Johnson imprint are known.

The first American edition is Baltimore, 1791.


JAMES BOSWELL The Life of Samuel Johnson. (London, 1791).

(a) Quarto, two volumes, original blue-grey boards and paper labels, entirely uncut. Leaves measure 11 ½ x 9 inches. With all of the seven cancels, Mm4 and Nn1 in volume I; E3, Oo4, Qq3, Zz1, and Eee2 in Volume II, and with all of the textual points, with the second state reading "give," substituted for "gve," on p. 135, line 10, of Volume I, as described by Pottle 79, Rothschild 463, and by Herbert Liebert in AN&Q, Vol. I, No. 1 (Sept., 1962). With the bookplates of Harold Murdock.

Lilly Library call number: PR3533 .B6 1791 v. 1-2 Vault

(b) Quarto, two volumes, contemporary calf. With leaf Qq3, pages 301-02, in Volume II in uncanceled state. This contains Johnson's ideas of conjugal fidelity. At the time of the A. Edward Newton sale, 1941, his copy containing it was supposed to be one of two extant, although four others are now known. The John Fleming copy, through whose courtesy this is exhibited.

The first American edition, Boston, 1807, three volumes, is also the first to contain an index.


WILLIAM WORDSWORTH AND SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE Lyrical Ballads, With a Few other Poems. (Bristol, 1798).

(a) 12mo, cloth, roan back. Bound with other works. 6 x 3 ¾ inches. Bookplate of Robert A. Rockleff. With Coleridge's poem, Lewti, pages 63-67, suppressed before publication and with the poem listed on the contents leaf. Only four copies have survived thus, British Museum, New York Public Library, Yale, and Robert H. Taylor through whose courtesy this is exhibited.

(b) (Bristol, 1798).

12mo, contemporary boards, calf back. 6 x 3 ½ inches. Frank J. Hogan bookplate. With Coleridge's The Nightingale, replacing Lewti and the contents leaf changed accordingly. Nine copies are recorded thus.

Lilly Library call number: PR5869 .L93 1798 Vault

(c) (London, 1798).

Original calf. 6 ¼ x 3 ¾ inches. With G1 uncanceled as is correct. The edition in the original Grolier show. The Ashley copy, with this leaf a cancel, was sophisticated.

Lilly Library call number: PR5869 .L93 1798a Vault

(d) (Philadelphia, 1802).

Two copies with variant imprints in Volume II.

Lilly Library call number: PR5869 .L93 1802a

The bibliographical complexities of this book are fully described in Healy's The Cornell Wordsworth Collection, 1957.


WASHINGTON IRVING A History of New York. (New York, 1809).

Duodecimo, two volumes, full original calf, with the folding plate in Volume I. 7 x 4 ⅛ inches. It was also issued in boards uncut and is very rare thus. The New York Public Library copy is described as "grey boards, cream back, no labels, spine bearing Nos. 1 and 2 in ink (?)." Size 7 ¹⁄₁₆ x 4 ¾ inches.

Lilly Library call number: F122 .I7 v.1-2

The first English edition is sometimes considered that of John Murray, London, 1820. However, an edition was also published by W. Wright in 1820, two issues being known. This was pirated; Murray's was not. Priority undetermined.


GEORGE GORDON BYRON, SIXTH BARON Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. [Cantos I and II]. (London, 1812).

Quarto, full modern polished calf. 10 x 7 ½ inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR4357 .A1 1812

First issue with leaf Bb3 uncanceled, the title of the poem being "Written beneath a picture of J-V-D." In the canceled state, "Written beneath a picture." Only two copies are known (Wise-British Museum) and the present (Spoor-Yale University), through whose courtesy this is exhibited.

Shown with the Lilly copy, in boards, paper label, Bb3 canceled, 11 x 8 ½ inches, with the final leaf of ads GG4.

The first American edition was Philadelphia, 1812.


JANE AUSTEN Pride and Prejudice. (London, 1813).

(a) Duodecimo, three volumes, original boards uncut and portions of the paper labels. 7 ½ x 4 ½ inches. With the correct half titles. Bookplates of Jerome Kern.

Lilly Library call number: PR4034 .P7 v. 1-3 Vault

(b) Elizabeth Bennett; or, Pride and Prejudice.

First American from the Third London Edition. Two volumes, boards uncut, labels

(Philadelphia, 1832).

Lilly Library call number: PR4034 .P7 1832 v. 1-2


SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE Christabel: Kubla Khan, Vision; the Pains of Sleep. (London, 1816).

Octavo, original wrappers, uncut, with two leaves of advertisements dated Feb. 1816 inserted. 8 ¾ x 5 ¼ inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR4480 .C55 1816b Vault

First published in America (Philadelphia, 1832) in The Poetical Works of Coleridge, Shelley and Keats.


SIR WALTER SCOTT Ivanhoe. (London, 1820).

Octavo, three volumes, original boards and paper labels, uncut. 7 ¾ x 4 ¾ inches. With all of the 243 "points" of the first edition, as called for by Worthington, with the exception that the "P" in the word "Pope's" after the quotation is not below the "e" in the word "ungrateful" in the last line of the quotation; and with all of the 13 "points" of the first state present in the Introduction in Volume I, with the exception that the second word on p. v, line 12, is "which" (not the third word, as Worthington says). Well, one can't always have everything.

Lilly Library call number: PR5318 .A1 v.1-3

Scott was a great American favorite and his works were pirated here in great numbers, some being from proof sheets stolen from Ballantyne. Vide David A. Randall, "Waverley in America," The Colophon, Summer, 1935. It is probable, though not certain, that the Philadelphia edition of 1820 was the printed first in America, and the New York and Boston editions of the same date pirated from it.


JOHN KEATS Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems. (London, 1820).

Duodecimo, original boards, paper label, with the half title. No inserted ads. Size 7 x 4 inches.

Lilly Library call number: PR4834 .L2 Vault

The first American edition as (70). The first separate appearance was New York, 1846.


PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY Adonais. (Pisa, 1821).

Quarto, full tan calf, by Bedford. 10 ⅛ x 6 ¹⁵⁄₁₆ inches. Originally issued in blue printed wrappers, 10 ¼ x 7 ½ inches. With the Huth bookplate. Also from the Breaker collection.

Lilly Library call number: PR5406 .A1 1821 Vault

First American edition as (70). No separate appearance in the nineteenth century seems recorded. This is surprising. As for the "First American" Queen Mab, New York, 1821, George T. Goodspeed argues convincingly for its English origin. Vide: The Colophon. New Graphic Series, Number 1, 1939.


CHARLES LAMB Elia. (London, 1823).

Octavo, original boards, paper label, uncut. 7 ½ x 4 ½ inches. First issue with the Fleet Street address only. Three leaves of advertisements at the end (the first being leaf Z4 and necessary for collation) and without half title, as is correct. With the bookplate of Edward Hooker Gilbert.

Lilly Library call number: PR4861 .A1 pt.1

The first American edition is Philadelphia, 1828, together with the Second Series which antedates the first English edition by five years.


SAMUEL PEPYS Memoirs . . . Comprising His Diary. (London, 1825).

Quarto, two volumes, original grey boards and paper labels, uncut. 12 ½ x 9 ¾ inches.

Lilly Library call number: DA447.P4 A4 v.1-2

Twelve copies were printed in royal quarto, for presentation, exhibited courtesy Robert H. Taylor, and three copies were done in folio.

The first American edition was four volumes, Philadelphia, 1855.


JAMES FENIMORE COOPER The Last of the Mohicans. (Philadelphia, 1826).

Duodecimo, two volumes, original boards and portions of the paper labels. 7 ¾ x 4 ⅝ inches. Volume I has pages vii and 71 so numbered. Volume II has the reading "a book" in the fifth line of the copyright notice. The title page of Volume II and its conjugate, a blank leaf, are generally, as in the present copy, on different, thinner stock from the rest of the book, and smaller in size. No adequate reason for this has ever been advanced. It may well have had something to do with Cooper's switch of publishers just at this time.

Lilly Library call number: PS1408 .A1 v.1-2 Vault

Though all known copies have the Philadelphia imprint of Carey and Lea, 1826, the title page (only) originally filed for copyright, now in the Library of Congress, reads: New York, Clayton & Van Norden, Printers, 1826.

First English edition, three volumes, was London, John Miller, 1826.


WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR Pericles and Aspasia. (London, 1836).

Duodecimo, two volumes, original boards, half-maroon morocco, and gray paper labels. No errata. 7 ⅞ x 4 ½ inches. With advertisement leaves (Q5-6). Seth Terry bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR4872 .P44 copy 2

The first American edition was two volumes, Philadelphia, 1839.


CHARLES DICKENS The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. (London, 1836-37).

Octavo, twenty parts in nineteen, original light-green printed wrappers. 8 ⅞ x 5 ½ inches. A "Prime Pickwick," the best of the many copies once owned by George Barr McCutcheon, though not the one sold in his sale. The bibliography is complicated, as witness the 88 pages devoted to the collation by Hatton and Cleaver. There is no intention of summarizing it here.

Lilly Library call number: PR4569 .A1 Vault

The first American edition of Pickwick was Philadelphia, 1836 -37, 5 volumes, 12mo, boards, paper labels. The first issue of Volume I does not have the volume number on the title page. The label reads "The Pickwick Club. Edited by Boz." Later states have the volume number added to the title page and the label. Obviously, when the publishers, Carey, Lea & Blanchard, began publishing, they did not know how many volumes would be required. The first American edition in parts (26), New York, 1837-38, is very uncommon. Both the first issue of the Philadelphia edition, Volume I, and New York edition in parts are exhibited by courtesy of Richard Gimbel.


THOMAS CARLYLE Sartor Resartus. In Three Books. Reprinted for Friends from Frazers Magazine. (London, 1834).

(a) 8vo, contemporary calf. 8 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 5 ⅞ inches. Inscribed: "To George Moir Esq. from his friend T. Carlyle." Fifty-eight copies were struck off from the magazine type.

Lilly Library call number: PR4429 .A1 1834 Vault

(b) (Boston, 1836).

12mo, cloth, 7 ⅜ x 4 ½ inches. First published edition, with (unsigned) preface by Ralph Waldo Emerson. 500 copies were issued. A presentation copy, "R. W. Emerson to D. Darnon." The Barrett-University of Virginia copy exhibited by their courtesy. A second edition has a curious imprint, Boston-Philadelphia­Pittsburgh, 1837. Of 500 copies, 50 were sent to England and sold for the benefit of Carlyle.

Lilly Library call number: PR4429 .A1 1836

(c) (London, 1838).

8vo, boards, paper label, uncut. 7 ⅞ x 4 ¾ inches. The first published English edition. 500 copies of these "dingy ill-managed" volumes were issued.

Lilly Library call number: PR4429 .A1 1838

(d) (London, 1849).

The third London edition, inscribed: "Jane M. Carlyle, First Patroness of this Book, against the whole world once—thanks so much. T.C. 25 Dec'r, 1848." With the Carlyle bookplate.

Lilly Library call number: PR4429 .A1 1849 Vault

Carlyle, unable to find a publisher in England, was welcomed in America, while his friend Emerson had exactly the opposite experience: it took Nature twelve years to achieve a second edition in America; meanwhile it had several printings in London.


RALPH WALDO EMERSON Nature. (Boston, 1836).

(a) Duodecimo, original dark-brown cloth. 7 ⅜ x 4 ¼: inches. First state, with page 94 misnumbered 92. Inscribed: "George B. Emerson, from his affectionate cousin, R.W.E." With the bookplate of the First Congregational Parish of Kennebunk and a note that it was the gift of George B. Emerson.

Lilly Library call number: PS1613 .A1 1836

(b) The same.

Duodecimo, original brown cloth. 7 ⁹⁄₁₆ x 4 ¼: inches. Second state, with page 94 numbered correctly.

Lilly Library call number: PS1613 .A1 1836a

The first English edition, Nature, an Essay. And Lectures on the Times (London, 1844), is known in its first and second issues, wrappers, only by the Carroll A. Wilson copies, now at Drake. This work also contains the first printing anywhere of much Emerson material which could not find American publication.


WILLIAM HICKLING PRESCOTT History of the Conquest of Peru. (New York, 1847).

Octavo, two volumes, original green cloth. 9 ¼ x 5 ⁹⁄₁₆ inches.

Lilly Library call number: F3442 .P9 1847

The English edition preceded the American by at least a month, being advertised as for sale "May 15th" in the Athenaeum, and as "published this day" in the Publisher's Circular, May 15th. It was not deposited for copyright in New York until June 26, and advertised for sale the same date.

I. R. Brussell, three decades ago, did pioneer work on the priority of "Anglo­American First Editions"—East to West and vice versa. Much research in this field remains to be done.


EDGAR ALLAN POE The Raven and Other Poems. [In Wiley and Putnam's Library of American Books. No. VIII]. (New York, 1845).

(a) 12mo, original buff printed wrappers. 7 ¼ x 5 inches. This is the immaculate copy referred to by Charles Goodspeed in his Yankee Bookseller, page 211. The back wrapper lists the IXth volume in the series, W. G. Simm's Views and Reviews, etc. as "Just Ready." With six leaves of ads, the first two being part of the last signature. These two leaves, the first of "German Romance,'' are duplicated in the following four leaves. Remaining sheets were later bound with Poe's Tales in cloth. Sheets were also sent to London and issued, with a cancel title page, dated 1846, in cloth. Sometimes the half title was preserved in this form; more often it was not. The Raven was never issued separately by the publisher in America in cloth, nor were any others in this series before Typee, which came out in both wrappers and cloth in March, 1846.

Lilly Library call number: PS2609 .A1 1845 Vault

(b) The Raven. By—Quarles [In The American Review: A Whig Journal. No. II, Feb. 1845).].

8vo, original printed wrappers.

Lilly Library call number: PS2609 .A1 1845a

(c) The Raven. By Edgar A. Poe [In The New York Evening Mirror, Jan. 29, 1845].

The poem is here introduced with a famous paragraph beginning: "We are permitted to copy (in advance of publication) from the 2nd No. of the American Review the following remarkable poem by Edgar A. Poe."

Lilly Library call number: PS2602 .N53

There are a number of unresolved problems concerning contemporary printings of The Raven. When did it actually first appear to the public in print? And why the use of a pseudonym, especially the one used? And what about the Dedication copy? And (hypothetically) Poe's own imperfect copy? Exactly what did the Mirror copy from? Hervey Allen in his Israfel (pp. 631-33), says, "Probably from an advance proof," which seems as likely as anything. But it may have been from the magazine itself; the Mirror says so in the notice quoted above. And it must be considered that the correction from "wondering" to "startled," first word, eleventh stanza, was made in the Mirror but not in the Review as if the latter were already irrevocably in type. So, unless, as is quite possible, the Review was circulated before the date assigned to it, as Richard Gimbel claims, it seems that, although it deserves the credit of first purchasing (for $10) and first printing The Raven, it was in the Mirror that people first read it.

The book is dedicated to "Miss Elizabeth Barrett Barrett." The dedication copy, inscribed "To Miss Elizabeth Barrett Barrett with the Respects of Edgar A. Poe," appeared in the Wakeman sale, 1924, Lot 947 and brought $4,200, the highest price in the sale. It was bought by Walter Hill of Chicago for W. T. H. Howe and is now in the New York Public Library. However, the copy was misdescribed in the c atalogue as bound in "original cloth, uncut." As has been stated above, the first edition of The Raven never appeared, in America, in cloth. Actually it is a copy bound with Tales (New York, 1845) in cloth, a usual form in which both were issued sometime after their separate publications.

The Tales was issued in June, and The Raven in November, of 1845. The date of their conjunctive issuance is not known, but it is definitely later than The Raven alone. Why Poe did not send Miss Barrett a dedication copy in wrappers when the work first appeared is an unanswered question. In any event, no copy in any state appeared in the Browning sales, and no provenance before Wakeman's is known. It is certain, however, that Poe did send Miss Barrett a copy of the Tales and Raven bound together, for the New York Public Library has her letter of thanks for the dedication, including a sentence, "Then there is a tale of yours I do not find in this volume."

Also exhibited is the last leaf, page 91, verso blank, containing the famous poem, "To Helen," in its revised and much superior version which Poe tore out of a copy of the first edition and sent to Helen Whitman during their brief, violent courtship. Both parties were often alternately or jointly hysterical during this period. Mrs. Whitman was given to low-cut dresses, enhancing a bosom of which she was quite proud. At one time Poe clung to her dress so tightly whilst he pleaded with her as an angel sent to save him from perdition that the two were separated with a piece of dress in Poe's hand.

It is conceivable that there is, somewhere, a copy of The Raven, "imperfect, final leaf lacking," which was Poe's own! But before a copy is mutilated to produce same, it had better have the torn leaf matching the jagged edges of the Lilly leaf exactly.


CHARLOTTE BRONTË Jane Eyre. (London, 1847).

Octavo, three volumes, original purple cloth. 7 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 4 ½ inches. Volume I has Smith, Elders, 32-page catalogue dated "October, 1847" inserted. In some copies, as Sadleir's, this is preceded by an inset flytitle dated June, 1847, and followed by an inset leaf on thicker paper advertising The Calcutta Review.

Lilly Library call number: PR4167 .J2 v. 1-3 Vault

The first American edition was New York, Harper, 1848, wrappers. It was the enormous American popularity of this work which lead to the "unmasking" of the Brontës. Early in 1848, Charlotte Brontë had a letter from her publishers, Smith, Elder, saying that Jane Eyre had had a great run in America and that a publisher there had consequently bid high for the sheets of a new novel by Currer Bell, which they promised to let him have. Presently came another letter from Smith, Elder saying that their American correspondent had written them complaining that the sheets of a new work by Currer Bell had been received—by another publisher—and asking the meaning of such false play. Newbury, not Smith, Elder, had sent these.

It was to clear up this misunderstanding that the Brontës made their dramatic visit to their publishers and revealed their true identity.


HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW Evangeline, a Tale of Acadie. (Boston, 1847).

(a) 8vo, original brown boards, reinforced cloth backstrip. 7 ¼ x 4 ⅜ inches. Reading "lo," page 61, first line. Inscribed: "N. Hawthorne from his friend the Author. November 1, 1847." No advertisements. With the Bemis bookplate. Hawthorne gave Longfellow the story and plot.

Lilly Library call number: PS2263 .A1 1847 copy 2 Vault

(b) 8vo, original yellow boards and paper label. 7 ³⁄₁₆ x 4 ¼ inches. Reading "lo," page 61, first line. Inscribed: "Jas. R. Lowell from his friend the Author. November 1, 1847." No advertisements.

Lilly Library call number: PS2263 .A1 1847 copy 3 Vault

(c) 8vo, original yellow boards and paper label. 7 ³⁄₁₆ x 4 ¼ inches. Reading "Long," page 61, first line. Two leaves of ads dated "Oct. 1, 1847" pasted in the front. Occasionally they are sewn in. A contemporary presentation copy from James Field, partner in the firm of Ticknor, the publisher, to Sarah M. Adams, dated Nov. 1st, 1847.

Lilly Library call number: PS2263 .A1 1847a

The bibliography of Evangeline has probably caused more controversy than any other American nineteenth-century book with the possible exception of Huck Finn. The description of it in the Wakeman sale (1924), Lot 682, read: "First issue of the First Edition, with 'Lo' page 61, line 1, which was changed to 'Long' in later issues." This had been the accepted standard for many years.

The first person I know of to challenge the order of issues was Richard Curle in his Collecting American First Editions (Indianapolis, 1930), which is dedicated, incidentally, to W. T. H. Howe. It was the late Carroll A. Wilson, I am morally certain, who urged Curle to his challenge and pointed out the forgeries which were then current. At any rate, a furor occurred.

Discussing the case later (in his last published article, BSA Papers, Third Quarter, 1947), Wilson states the matter thus:

It did not take much investigation in the early days to show that the Long copies must be the earliest printed, since the Lo error continued through subsequent editions, but the owners of Lo copies—constituting 98 to 99 percent of the first edition—had paid good money for something now being relegated to a secondary position, and they became noisy about it. [So bitter did proponents become that an unfortunate and lasting coolness sprung up between Carroll A. Wilson and that other great American collector of the time, W. T. H. Howe. D.A.R.] Their argument had two branches, first, that it was impossible for so glaring an error to have persisted for so many months, and, second, that all of Longfellow's early presentations were Lo copies, which clinched the matter. These are weighty arguments, not to be dismissed lightly.

As so often, in these cases, forgery had got into the matter. Wilson owned two such copies (now in the Barrett collection), one the Henry W. Poor copy, which had been sold at his sale as genuine.

Now the correction replacing the missing "ng" was not made until the fifth and sixth editions. No other changes at all were made in the text. The later editions are identical until the seventh. In the early '30's, largely perhaps through Wilson's influence, "Long" issues became much sought after—the going price at the time was around $1500—and "Lo" issues became correspondingly depressed. Curle explains what happened:

What could be more promising for the scoundrel. Let us suppose that he owns a much­battered "Lo" first edition, and seeks its improvement. How simple for him, in the process of repair or reconstruction to remove from his first edition signature 4, containing the "Lo" reading, and substitute for it the same signature from the fifth or sixth edition, reading "Long." The books are the same size, and the text is identical except at this one point. And, while inserted pages will tell their own story, an inserted signature, particularly in a repaired book, will defy any but the closest inspection.

And so he could pursue his course undetected, if it were not for the condition of the typefaces. In the later editions the 'g' of 'Long' is perfect; in the true first issue of the first edition, as well as in the proof-sheets which preceded it, that letter has a minute break—probably resulting from the same defect that so speedily caused these two letters to drop out entirely. And thus a petty type-defect, utterly unimportant in itself, would serve the very useful purpose of completely exposing the swindle.

Of course the forgers sometimes took the fifth and sixth editions and altered or faked the title page. Whitman Bennett, Practical Guide to American Book Collecting (New York, 1941), says, "Many copies have been seen with forged title pages; but these can generally be distinguished by failure to reproduce the tiny diamond in the center of the dash below the name of the author and above the word 'Boston' on the title page." There are also other things the would-be forger needs to beware of, but they need not be mentioned here.

Wilson gives a lengthy analysis of all known contemporary presentation copies, including that to Hawthorne, "the most desirable presentation of all"; to Lowell, "the first Longfellow copy presented in yellow boards"; and the copy the publisher, Fields, gave Sarah M. Adams (all exhibited here). His conclusion (giving due credit to Norman L. Dodge, of Goodspeed's, who first made the suggestion) is that "The copies of the first edition of Evangeline reading 'Long' were the first printed, but copies reading 'Lo' and 'Long' were published at the same time." That this simple and correct solution did not appear obvious to the best bibliographical brains of the time who wrangled for years about it is discouraging, given world conditions as they are.

The first English edition is a 32mo, wrappers, London, H. S. Clarke, 1848, and very scarce, Wilson only having a rebound copy, now Barrett-University of Virginia through whose courtesy it is exhibited.


ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING Sonnets. (Reading, 1847).

(a) Octavo, full blue morocco, by Riviere. 6 ⅞ x 4 inches. The famed Wise forgery, which was exhibited by the Grolier Club as the first edition.

Lilly Library call number: PR4189 .A1 1880 Vault

(b) Poems. (London, 1850).

Octavo, two volumes, original dark-brown cloth (normally blue). 6 ¾ x 3 ⅞ inches. A "New Edition," or second edition, of the Poems, 1844, but the true first appearance of the Sonnets from the Portuguese, in addition to other pieces. Variant, one of three recorded, with the imprint "Chapman & Hall, 186, Strand," normally "Chapman & Hall, 193, Piccadilly (Late 186, Strand)."

Lilly Library call number: PR4180 .E50 v.1-2

The status of these variants was discussed on their first announcement by John Carter, London Times Literary Supplement, May 30, 1936, but whether they are issues or states, the present is undoubtedly the earlier of the two. Pierpont Morgan has the only recorded presentation copy.


JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL Meliboeus-Hipponax. The Biglow Papers. (Cambridge, 1848).

Duodecimo, original brown cloth. 7 ³⁄₁₆ x 4 ⅛ inches. With the Cambridge imprint only. "The alleged first issue (sed quare). 1500 copies were printed with the Cambridge imprint alone; 500 with the imprint 'Cambridge and New York'; 100 only with the imprint 'Cambridge and London,' all at Cambridge, Mass." Carroll A. Wilson, Thirteen Author Collections, edited by Jean Wilson and David Randall (P.P. for Charles Scribners, 1950).

Lilly Library call number: PS2306 .A1

There probably was no separate London printing of this work; however, The Biglow Papers. Second Series. had three London editions before any American (Boston, 1867). Of the first issue, Trübner, 1862, only the Wilson-Barrett and P. D. Howe copies are known. Wakeman's and the British Museum's are second issues, in pink, not grey-green wrappers, and with a price and mention of the Atlantic Monthly printed on them.


WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY Vanity Fair. (London, 1847-48).

Octavo, twenty parts in nineteen, original printed wrappers. 9 x 5 ¾ inches. First state text and wrappers throughout with the following "points" preferred by David A. Randall, at least: (Vide: BSA, Second Quarter, 1848, Notes Toward a Correct Collation of Vanity Fair). Part I, page 29 with 19 lines of text, not 20; last four wrappers dated, the final double part, XIX-XX, having "Thos. Murray," not "T. Murray" in the imprint; fifth line of the printed title page reading: "With Illustrations on Steel and Wood," not "With Illustrations on Wood and Steel"; and with the dedication leaf set in small type (the last line measuring 2 ⅛ inches), not large type (the last line measuring 2 ⁹⁄₁₆ inches). The classic point, "Mr. Pitt, later changed to Sir Pitt, Part XV, page 453," has no bibliographical significance as the reading, "Mr. Pitt," was retained in the second edition.

Lilly Library call number: PR5618 .A1 Vault

The first American edition was published in two parts, wrappers (New York, Harper, 1848). Cloth copies were later. It was never issued in America in numbers.


THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY, FIRST BARON MACAULAY The History of England. (London, 1849-61).

Octavo, five volumes, original purple cloth. 8 ¾ x 5 ¼ inches. Volume I, half title and leaf of ads, Vv8. Volume II, no half title, leaf Vv8 blank, inserted ten leaves of ads dated December 5, 1948. Volumes I and II have plain yellow, glazed endpapers. Volume III, no half title, 24 page catalogue inserted at end, dated "November, 1855," red endpapers, pasted-down halves having printed advertisements. Vol. IV, half title, brown endpapers, pasted-down halves having printed advertisements. Volume V, half title, thirteen leaves of advertisements which are part of the book, not inserted, dated "March, 1861," brown endpapers, pasted-down halves having printed advertisements.

Lilly Library call number: DA435 .M14 v. 1-5

As there seems to be no description readily available, this is given of the Lilly copy only.

The work was very popular in America, and, by April, 1849, at least four publishers had issued Volume I, Harpers probably being first. They were severely criticized for changing Macaulay's spelling to suit Webster's dictionary.


ALFRED LORD TENNYSON In Memoriam. (London, 1850).

12mo, original green cloth. 6 ¾ x 3 ⅞ inches. Eight-page advertisements, dated "February, 1850," in front. The alleged first issue. Simon Nowell-Smith in The Book Collector, Spring, 1960, effectively disposes of the claims made, from Wise to Hayward, that there are two issues of the first edition, distinguished by the misprints, "the" for "thee" at p. 2, line 13, and "baseness" for "bareness" at p. 198, line 3.

Lilly Library call number: PR5562 .A1 1850

The Grolier Club Bibliographical Notes states, "In May of the year 1850, In Memoriam was privately printed for the use of friends." Apparently only one copy of this private issue has survived (another known copy has disappeared), described in the Tinker Library Catalogue, item 2065. This is exhibited here, courtesy Yale University Library.


NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE The Scarlet Letter. (Boston, 1850).

Octavo, original brown cloth. 7 ⅛ x 4 inches. Inserted advertisements in front dated "March 1, 1850." The inserted advertisements in the second edition are dated "October 1, 1849." Inscribed: "Mr. L. W. Mansfield with the regards of Nathel. Hawthorne," and with Mansfield's signature and words, "Up Country," on the back endpaper.

Lilly Library call number: PS1868 .A1 1850b Vault

"Within the first-edition text no alterations have been observed in the collated copies that can be attributed with certainty to correction of the type during the course of printing." — The Centenary Edition of the Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Vol. 1, p. li. The present copy has the following variants due to loosened type, as noted by the collation of the Hinman Machine: Page 102, line 22, has the words "tobelieve" thus, without spacing; page 142, line 8, has the word "contained" with the "c" and the "o" spaced apart; page 228, line 2, is without the exclamation mark (!) after the word "time"; page 305, line 31, has the words "brought its" regularly spaced; and page 320, line 28, has the word "burden" with all its letters regularly spaced. Without owning, or intending to own, a collating machine, it must be admitted by the compiler of these notes that this analysis is pretty impressive evidence that a lot of searching by a lot of collectors working without machines never uncovered.

The first English edition (London, 1851) has a large scarlet "A" at the base of the spine instead of a publisher's imprint. The Wilson-Barrett-University of Virginia copy exhibited by their courtesy.


HARRIET BEECHER STOWE Uncle Tom's Cabin. (Boston, 1852).

(a) Octavo, two volumes, original black cloth. 7 ½ x 4 ¾ inches. With the stereotyper's notice on the copyright page; later editions carry a printer's notice below this, or omit it altogether. Imprint at foot of backstrip: "J. P. Jewett & Co" (without a period), as is correct.

The first edition exists in three type bindings: (a) brown or black cloth, all edges plain; (b) green, red, lavender, blue, and black cloth, four heavy gilt-border rules on front cover, all edges gilt; (c) straw-buff paper wrappers. It has been claimed that (b) was a "gift binding" and (c) issued later than clothbound copies.

This is not so. All were available on publication date, March 15, 1852, as contemporary ads state: "Paper cover for $1.00; cloth, $1.50; cloth, full gilt, $2.00." Wrappered copies are the rarest form.

Lilly Library call number: PS2954 .U5 v. 1-2 Vault

(b) Shown with The National Era, Washington, D.C., June 1851- April, 1852, of which Whittier was associate editor, in which the work was first serialized.

Lilly Library call number: PS2954 .U499 v. 1-2 Vault

The book was immensely popular in England and, according to Sabin, the first English edition was by Clarke & Co., and "within twelve months of its first appearance eighteen different London publishing houses were engaged in supplying the demand."


JOHN RUSKIN The Stones of Venice. (London, 1851-53).

(a) Octavo, three volumes, original dark-brown cloth. Gilt-stamped design on front and back covers. 10 ⅛ x 6 ⅝ inches. Volume I is inscribed: "Rawdon Brown Esq. With the author's best thanks and sincere regards. March 1, 1855."

Lilly Library call number: NA1121 .V4R9 1851 copy 1

(b) The same.

Octavo, three volumes in six, original dark-brown cloth. 10 ¼ x 6 ¾ inches. The Grolier catalogue says: "A few copies of both volumes one and two were issued in two parts." Wise says the same for Volumes II and III, as is correct. The three volumes bound in six parts differ from the three volumes in the lettering on the backstrips, which indicates the parts under each subtitle, and the central design appears on the front cover only. Uncommon thus, and why so issued is unknown.

Lilly Library call number: NA1121 .V4R9 1851 copy 2

An American edition of Volume I was issued, Philadelphia, 1851, and others followed.


ROBERT BROWNING Men and Women. (London, 1855).

Octavo, two volumes, original green cloth. 6 ¾ x 3 ¾ inches. Carter's "A" binding, readily distinguished from his "B," which is distinctly secondary, by the words "Robert Browning," not simply "Browning," on the backstrip.

Lilly Library call number: PR4214 .A1 v.1-2

First American publication was Boston, 1856.


JOHN LOTHROP MOTLEY The Rise of the Dutch Republic. (New York, 1856).

Octavo, three volumes, original black cloth. 9 ⅝ x 5 ½ inches. This was published first in England by Chapman, in 1856, and sold 17,000 copies in the first year, according to the notes in the original Grolier exhibition catalogue: "in America, where it was issued by the Harpers, just long enough after the English edition to fulfill all the demands of the copyright law, it was equally popular." Copies were advertised as "cloth, $6.00; Sheep, $6.75."

Lilly Library call number: DH186.5 .M7 v.1-3


GEORGE ELIOT, i.e. MARY ANN or MARIAN CROSS Adam Bede. (Edinburgh, 1859).

Octavo, three volumes, original brown cloth, smaller ornament on binding. 7 ⅞ x 4 ⅝ inches. John Carter has recorded (Bibliographical Notes and Queries, Vol. II, No. 12):

Two bindings are known to occur on copies of the first edition. A has a deep triangular floral ornament below the titling on the spine and a smaller similar one rising from a band above the imprint. B has a tiny shallow ornament above and none below. The variations are similar to those on the two bindings of The Mill on the Floss, which are illustrated in Plate VIII of my book Binding Variants.

A copy of A has been noted with a binder's ticket of Burn, Kirby Street; and a copy of B with a ticket of Edmonds & Remnants. The B.M. copy is rebound. The publishers are unable to say whether the original binding order was divided between two binders or whether these tickets reflect successive binding orders: but it is possible that evidence might be collected which would at least identify the variants with the two binderies and possibly lead to the final verdict on the priority, if any.

Would any subscribers who own copies report:
(1) Whether they are of A or B variant.
(2) Whether they have a binder's ticket.
(3) Whether fly-leaf or title page carries an inscription dated in the year of publication.

As this was the last issue of B.N. and Q., killed as were so many things by Hitler, no answer was forthcoming.

Lilly Library call number: PR4656 .A1 v.1-3

The first American edition was New York, 1859.


CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN On the Origin of Species. (London, 1859).

(a) Duodecimo, original green cloth. 7 ⅞ x 4 ⅜ inches. Thirty-two-page inserted catalogue dated, "June, 1859," the binder's ticket of Edmonds & Remnants inside the back cover.

Lilly Library call number: QH365 .O2 1859 Vault

(b) On the Tendency of Species to form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection. By Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace. [In Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Vol. III, No. 9, pp. 45-62]. (London, 1858).

Octavo, original blue printed wrappers. The first printing of the Darwin-Wallace paper. "The first issue, in blue wrappers, is excessively rare—much more so than a first edition of The Origin of Species. The second issue, in white wrappers, with minor differences in the wording of the cover title, is only less rare." —Paul B. Victorius, "A Sketch of The Origin of Species," The Colophon, Part 9 (1932). In the Houghton Acquisitions Report, 1955-56, Professor Jackson announced the discovery of a true offprint of this classic paper. It bears, on the plain brown wrapper, in Darwin's hand, "CD & Wallace." Exhibited here through the courtesy of the Harvard College Libraries. Only the Bern Dibner copy is otherwise known.

Lilly Library call number: QH365 .O15 1859

The first American edition of The Origin of Species was issued in January, 1860; a later "Revised Edition" appeared later in the year.


EDWARD FITZGERALD, translator Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. (London, 1859).

(a) Octavo, original printed wrappers. 6 ⅜ x 8 ¹⁄₁₆ inches. A presentation copy inscribed, "To Max Müller with the Translator's best respects." No other presensentation copy is known to the compiler. This copy was later in the collection of Sir William Osler. The Colby College Library census locates seventeen copies in America.

Lilly Library call number: PK6513 .A1 1859 Vault

(b) (Columbus, Ohio, 1870-73?).

"Second Edition." Octavo, full contemporary dark-blue morocco. The First American edition, after the second English edition. From the De Witt Miller collection. Originally issued in printed wrappers and very scarce thus.

Lilly Library call number: PK6513 .A1 1870

Osgood, Boston, published in 1878 what they labeled the "First American from the Third London Edition." The Lilly Library has a noted collection of Omars, in the hundreds of volumes, the gift of the late George Ball, of Muncie, Indiana.


JOHN HENRY NEWMAN Apologia Pro Vita Sua. (London, 1864).

Octavo, eight parts, original grey printed wrappers, as issued. 8 ¾ x 5 ¼ inches.

Lilly Library call number: BX4705.N5 A3

A title page and "Contents" were issued with the eighth part, Appendix, for binding the parts.

The first American edition was New York, 1865.


MATTHEW ARNOLD Essays In Criticism. (London, 1865).

Octavo, original brown cloth. 6 ¹³⁄₁₆ x 4 ⁵⁄₁₆ inches. Last leaf (V8), advertisements. With the binder's (Burns) ticket inside back cover.

Lilly Library call number: PR4022 .E7 Ser. 1 1865

The first American edition was Boston, 1865.


JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER Snow-Bound. (Boston, 1866).

(a) Duodecimo, original green cloth. 7 ¹⁄₁₆ x 4 inches. First state with page 52 numbered.

Lilly Library call number: PS3266 .A1 1866

(b) Duodecimo, original blue cloth. 7 ¹⁄₁₆ x 4 ⅛ inches. Second state with page 52 unnumbered. With the bookplate of Charles E. Rickes. Noted in various colored cloths, of no bibliographical significance. Small paper copies in white cloth are the rarest form. Fifty large paper copies, though dated 1866, were printed after the regular edition.

Lilly Library call number: PS3266 .A1 1866a

The first English edition was issued, according to the Publishers Circular, by Bennett, London, Dec. 1866, though postdated on the title page, as was customary.


"Learned Homer sometime sleepeth, and the fastest foote sometime slyppeth, the wysest tongue may catch a tryp, and the wariest penne commit a fault, errour is as naturall, as the correction thereof commendable. Wherefore that which remaineth is, I commit my selfe and my labour to thy good lyking, if thou lyke it, commend it, and vse it, if thou dyslike it, amend it."

Foure notable Histories (1590).

"You should keep a wider eye open for misprints, inaccuracies, errors, etc. in material you publish . . . There's been a certain amount of head-nodding and eyebrow raising over them by the pundits!" —From the compiler's recent private correspondence with an amicable and learned bibliographer.
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