Kate Greenaway was one of the most popular British book illustrators of the Victorian era. A contemporary of Randolph Caldecott and Walter Crane, she attracted a wide audience in the United States and England. Mother Goose, or the Old Nursery Rhymes, was one of Greenaway's early successes, featuring such favorite poems as "Little Jack Horner," "Little Bo Peep," and "Jack and Jill" paired with enchanting illustrations of children playing in an idyllic English countryside. In this illustration, the artist has created a variation on the rhyme "To Market To Market To Buy a Fat Pig", found on card E5 above.
Already known as an artist working with Elbert Hubbard's Roycroft Press, Denslow is best remembered as the illustrator of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. A previous collaboration with Baum was the children's book of verse Father Goose, His Book. This version of Mother Goose is Denslow's follow–up to that publication. Illustrated with four bold colors, the large scale of the pages and whimsical images made this a great success, and it is one of the first major American picture books, utilizing the image as an essential narrative device.