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Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

The Camp manuscript collection contains the field notes of Walter Mason Camp (l867-l925). Camp worked for the railroad and spent many summers traveling throughout the country interviewing various participants and survivors of the Indian wars. The collection contains literally thousands of his pencilled notes, mostly on small bits of paper. The notes arrived in over 80 envelopes and this arrangement has been preserved. Denver Public Library and Brigham Young University Library also received some of Camp's field notes. A transcript of Camp's field notes from all three institutions was made by Professor Kenneth Hammer for his book Custer in 76 (Brigham Young University Press, l976). A copy of the transcript is available for on site use, however no photocopies will be made without the permission of Professor Hammer.

Selected field notes may be photocopied with the approval of the Curator of Manuscripts. The collection has not been microfilmed and there are no plans at this time to do so.

In addition, the collection contains 15 photographs (see: Appendix 1) and 17 maps (see: Appendix 2).


(Page numbers refer to the Kenneth Hammer transcript.)


Box 1: Pages:  
f.1 843-853 Baldwin Indian Territory Expedition
f.2 854-863 General Baldwin's scout in panhandle of Texas, 1874
f.3 863-865 How Big Horse planned to massacre Darlington
f.4 882-918 The Indians of yesterday and today
f.5 866-874 U.S. Cavalry, 7th Regt. rosters for Companies A, B, C, D, E, F (Transcript pages only. Originals filed in Ellison correspondence, May 11, 1935)
  874-881 U.S. Cavalry, 7th Regt. rosters for Companies G, H, I, K, L, M

Field notes. Topics

Box 2:       Pages:  
f.1 1-6 Bell, James Montgomery
f.2 6-9 Bozeman Expedition of 1874
f.3 9-10 Cheyenne Indian wars
f.4 10-23 Clark, Ben
f.5 23 Crook, George
f.6 24-31 Custer, George Armstrong
f.7 31-32 Far West (ship)
f.8 32-51 Knipe, Daniel A.
f.9 51-63 Little Big Horn, Battle of, 1876, I
f.10 63-79 Little Big Horn, Battle of, 1876, II
f.11 79-113 Little Big Horn, Battle of, 1876, III
f.12 113-117 Littman, Max
Box 3:    
f.1 118-121 Map data
f.2 122-128 Marsh, Grant
f.3 129-137 Martin, John
f.4 128-151 Nez Perce Indian wars, I
f.5 151-170 Nez Perce Indian wars, II
f.6 170 Photographs (see appendix)
f.7 170-175 Preface
f.8 176-178 Rosebud, Battle of, 1874
f.9 178-187 Scott, Hugh Lenox
f.10 187-189 Sundance Creek and Divide
f.11 190-206 Washita, Battle of, and Ben Clark interview on
f.12 207-208 Yellowhair
f.13 209-210 Yellowstone Campaign, 1873

Field Notes. Unclassified

(Information taken from front of envelopes. Names in boldface are interviewees)

Box 4: Pages:  
f.1 210-216 Envelope 2: Killing of Hoover boy by Cheyenne at Lamedeer Agency; Baker's battlefield, Pease Bottom, Torn Pension, LeForge, Paul McCormick
f.2 217-225 Envelope 3: Guerrier, Hancock burning village, Sand Creek, Lt. Kidder
f.3 225-233 Envelope 4: V.T. McGillycuddy, 1915: Battle White Clay Creek, Slim Butter, Wounded Knee, Indian police, California Joe, Red Cloud
f.4 233-243 Envelope 5: Cheyenne River Reservation, Sept. 1915; Slim Butter, Wounded Knee about Indian photos, etc.
f.5 243-254 Envelope 6: Barkley statement of 1874, gold expedition from Bozeman; odometer on Rosebud River, Sept. 1913; Bozeman expedition, 1874; Custer's camp, night of 6/24; Barkley; Wagon Box site
f.6 255-264 Envelope 8: biographical sketch of John Hunton; biographical sketch of John Richard; Fort Laramie, June 1918
f.7 264-269 Envelope 9: Garnett, Yellow Hand, Sioux names, etc.; Pine Ridge, June 1918
f.8 269-281 Envelope 10: Misc. interesting if not important; Interior and Crow Creek, 1917; Farnham, John Davidson, He Dog (1915); Calico; Joe Claymore
f.9 282-295
Envelope 11: Pine Ridge (includes map); chronology of Ogallala Sioux
f.10 296-297 Envelope 13: Gordon's train party of 76 men; Sioux City, Yankton, Pierre, Mo. River Points, Winnebago, Omaha
f.11 298-300 Envelope 14: Sappa Creek fight site, Apr. 23, 1875 (includes map); Inquiries: Omaha, Lincoln, Columbus, Neb., Ainsworth, Neb., Grand Island, Neb., Humboldt, Neb., Bern, Kan., Oberlin, Kan., Sappa Creek, Kan., Ash Hollow
f.12 300-301 Envelope 33: Misc. inquiries at...St. Paul, Milwaukee; little importance
f.13 301-306 Envelope 34: Routes etc. in Wyoming and Montana
f.14 307-314 Envelope 35: Cheyenne River Reservation; Wounded Knee
f.15 321 Envelope 36: Notes from Jacob Fry about killing of Black Bear by Capt. H.G. Nickerson's party; Clark's Bridge and over N. Platte, etc.
f.16 322-328 Envelope 37: Misc. notes...: Cheyenne, Wyo, Ft. Bridges, Salt Lake City, Denver, Bent's Fort, Sand Creek (includes map), Summit Springs
f.17 329-334 Envelope 38: Misc. notes and data about several Indian fights (includes map); also paragraphs for preface of book
Box 5:
f.1 335-358 Envelope 41: Killing of Sitting Bull; Little Big Horn, Lame Deer, Sibley Scout, Fetterman, etc.
f.2 359-360 Envelope 42: Killing of McGee by Johnny Brughier, Louis Le Gore, etc.; E.H. Allison
f.3 360-362 Envelope 43: Three men Terry sent to Crook; assisting wounded of Reno to Far West, etc.; William Moran, 7th Infantry
f.4 362-363 Envelope 44: Bob Jackson and family by Harvey A. Fox and John A. Bailey. Not at Little Big Horn
f.5 363-365 Envelope 46: Notes from Bismarck Tribune and Indian Affairs reports; Surrender of Hostiles
f.6 365-368 Envelope 47: Beecher Island, Little Big Horn, Dull Knife, etc.; Bull Hump and White Bird, 1912
f.7 368-380 Envelope 48: Notes of Smith F. Foster re: Major Price, Miles, Buffalo Wallow, German girls, adobe walls, etc.; Washington trip, 1921
f.8 381-386 Envelope 49: Misc. notes re: books, papers, etc. to check at Congressional Library
f.9 387-389 Envelope 50: Two references - two memos of Camp's thought on Whites and Indians
Envelope 60: General thought of Camp - Whites and Indians
f.10 390-394 Envelope 62: Misc. notes re: Spotted Tail, Lieut. Kidder, Mrs. Eubank, Two Strike, etc.; Antoine Bordeaux, Little Hawk
f.11 395-412 Envelope 64: Crow war 1887; Maj. Burkhardt, 1/16/13; Beecher Island; Mrs. Eubank; capture of Sitting Bull; Gen. Frank Baldwin, 1/20/13; I.H.P. Wiggins, 1/20/13; Eli Zigler, 1/25/13; Col. Geo. S. Young; Running Wolf, 2/6/13; Rees, Walter S. Sterland, 2/5/13; Howard Morton, Chalmers Smith, 1/18/13
f.12 412-416 Envelope 65: W.B. Jordon; Surrender of Sitting Bull and his death by De Loria, grave and monument
f.13 416-417 Envelope 67: Sitting Bull in Canada: notes from letter in Regina Leader, 3-17-85; comment of court on surrender because starved out
f.14 417 Envelope 68: Location of Old Red Cloud Agency, west of Crawford, Neb.
f.15 418-422 Envelope 69: Deaths of Head Chief and Young Mule per William Rowland, 9/26/13; Two Moons 9/26/13, Fetterman and Reynolds fights, etc.; Crook's fight 3/17/76, site of Wolf Mountain Battlefield
f.16 434-440 Envelope 70: Curly interview, 9/30/13, per Thomas LeForge, interpreter, etc.; Notes Crow: Cut Ear, Hairy Moccasin; Lt. C.F. Smith, Fetterman fight
f.17 440-450 Envelope 71: 1918: Lt. Fetterman, Bozeman Trail, Killing of Sioux messengers by Crows Gen. E.S. Godfrey, Antoine Bordeaux & Mrs. Bettelyon, Big Bat, Utah campaign 1857 & Ft. Bridges, Clarence Three Stars, George Little Dog
f.18 422-433 Envelope 72: Gen. John W. Bubb (Slim Butter), 11/19/15, Lt. Phil Kearney veterans, J.G. Tritten, Dennis Duffy, Hayfield fight, Lt. C.F. Smith, Frank Ruland, Killian Innes
Box 6:
f.1 450-466 Envelope 75: Lamedeer fight, Charles Reynolds, Fetterman and Wagon Box, Gen. Miles, Powder River fight, 3/17/76; Gen. Morton, 1/27/14, Crook's starvation; Battle of the Rosebud, 6/17/76; Gen. Andrew F. Burt, Lt. C.F. Smith; Gen. Fred C. Ainsworth, 1/25/14, Gen. Howard, Bannock War of 1878
f.2 466-471 Envelope 77: Notes re: Little Big Horn from Young Hawk and Two Strikes who did not recall scout Baker; Rees
f.3 471-480 Envelope 78: Miss Collins, 1/15/13, re: Sitting Bull and Ghost Dance, etc.
f.4 480-483 Envelope 79: Col C.A. Booth, 9/7/12, at Pease Bottom with Co. B, 6/25/76, saw Curly after Little Big Horn kill buffalo (includes map)
f.5 483-485 Envelope 80: at Little Eagle, Goose, 7/26/11, Rev. Reed, etc., Sitting Bull's house
f.6 485-487 Envelope 81: Cheyenne River Reservation, July 1912, Little Crow, Lamedeer fight; misc. notes re: Hump, Little Big Horn, Bears Paw and Big Foot's band,
f.7 488-489 Envelope 82: William E. Morris, notes on Reno fight and escape to hill[?], names of men shot with or near Morris
f.8 489-494 Envelope 83: W.H. Norton, 1911, re: Muggins Taylor's dispatch of Little Big Horn from Gibbs; Mitch Bowyer, Mrs. Sloan, Countryman
f.9 494-495 Envelope 85: Col. R.E. Thompson saw bodies at Little Big Horn; Col. C.W. Taylor at Wounded Knee surrender, etc.
f.10 496-503 Envelope 86: Killing of Hugh Boyle and death of Head Chief and Young Uncle Lamedeer, Sept.13, 1890; from inquest and St. Paul Pioneer, 9/20/90
f.11 504-509 Envelope 87: Washita--Fort Cobb--from reports and letters in Missouri Repub. (St. Louis, Dec.-Jan. 68-69. Sheridan's Official Reports in Indian Territory.
f.12 517-520 Envelope 88: Data from Roe and his report re: Custer Little Big Horn monument; re: fight, 8/11/73.
f.13 510-516 Envelope 89: Wounded Knee: Data on monument and notes of battlefield and fight from Indian side (1910).
f.14 521-532, 536 Envelope 90: Interviews re: Wounded Knee with Andrew Good Thunder, Little Hawk, No Flesh; Louis Bordeaux re: Beecher Island, etc., very important; Rosebud Reservation, Interviews, etc., Summer 1912.
f.15 537-542 Envelope 91: Notes re: Howard, Joseph, etc. from Felix Corbett, James Stewart, J.G. Rowton, and Mr. Stites.
f.16 543-549 Envelope 92: Barnitz re: Washita; Col. E.J. McClernand after Little Big Horn; Garlington and McCormick.
f.17 550-551 Envelope 115: Miscellaneous map data re: Little Big Horn.
f.18 552-558 Envelope 116: Notes of surveys for Little Big Horn map; survey of trail.
f.19 559-560 Envelope 121: Notes re: locations of bodies of Sergeant Butler and Corporal Foley at Little Big Horn.
f.20 560 Envelope 122: Notes re: Ford A as identified by Roy.
Box 7:
f.1 560-575 Envelope 127: Notes re: Nez Perce, Bridger, Shoshones, Ben Clark. Names on picture of White Antelope, Shot in the Eye and Roman Nose; important.
f.2 572
Envelope 129: Notes re: Indians and whites, Preface, Little Big Horn, Nez Perce, scouts, mules, and Dakota agencies, etc.
f.3 533-535
Envelope 130: Notes re: Preface, whites and Indians, Little Big Horn, Wounded Knee, Canyon Creek, Bears Paw, etc. (Lynch, Ryan, Scott, Barnitz, Knife, Garlington, etc.)
f.4 618-629
Envelope 131: Notes re: whites and Indians, preface, Little Big Horn, Washita, Beecher Island, references Minnesota Historical Society, etc., Billy Jackson, Keirn[?], Mrs. Custer, etc.
f.5 630-633, 636 Envelope 132: Interviews with Little Wolf, Broken Foot, daughter of Dull Knife; Location of Fort Reno, Lamedeer, and Dull Knife fights; 1918 trip: Nor Cheyenne Reservation, Bozeman Trail, Little Wolf, Mrs. Flying
f.6 637-650 Envelope 133: Miscellaneous questions (unanswered) at many places re: Nez Perce, etc.; books, articles, etc.
f.7 650-666 Envelope 134: Notes re: whites and Indians, Preface, Little Big Horn, Nez Perce, etc.; Reference to Maguire's reports, etc.; Ben Clark biography by Mooney.
f.8 666-684 Envelope 135: Notes, clippings, references, etc.; Notes from Herendeen, Ray, Gerard, W.B. Jordan, James Boyle, Creighton, etc.; and nothing important except references
f.9 684-704 Envelope 136: Notes re: Whites and Indians, Preface, Little Big Horn, Fetterman, Crook, etc. fights. Death of Left Hand.

Field Notes. Unclassified--Miscellaneous I-IX

Box 8:       Pages:  
f.1 705-739
f.2 740-751
f.3 751-763
f.4 763-783
f.5 784-798
f.6 799-811
f.7 811-821
f.8 822-826
f.9 826-842

Appendix 1: Photographs

(Box 3, folder 6)

1. Camp, Walter Mason. n.d. "Photographed by [Rivkin?] in 1934 from photo by Gibson, Sykes & Fowler, McVickers Theater Bldg., Chicago, Ill..." 2 copies.

2. Summer trip among Indians, 1912: Grand River, Rosebud Reservation, Arickarees, One Bull. Photographs taken by Walter Mason Camp

a. Group scene of people seated on benches and chairs, listening to an Indian speak

b. Six Indians, including a young boy, seated in a tent

c. Indian in traditional dress; wagons and tents in background

d. Indian in traditional dress near doorway of log structure

e. Indian man and woman in traditional dress

f. Formal portrait of Indian in traditional dress

g. Formal portrait of seven male Indians in traditional dress

h. Group of Indians of various ages in traditional dress and one white male (W.M. Camp?)

i. Group of Indians and white male clergyman in church

j. Group of 16 people (white and Indian) posed in front of teepee and U.S. flag (Negative only)

k. Four white males posed in front of teepee (Negative only)

l. Copy of photograph of Indian in traditional dress, by A. Bogardus, 872 Broadway, cor. 18th St., N.Y.

3. DeSmet, Rev. Pierre Jean, S.J., Fort Berthold, North Dakota. n.d. Calling card photograph by Nichols & Howard, Photographers, 60 North Fourth St., St. Louis, Mo.

4. Reynolds, Joseph Jones. n.d. Photograph from The Collection of Americana of Frederick H. Meserve, New York

Appendix 2: Maps

1. Camp, W[alter] M[ason]. "Surveyed by W. M. Camp, September, 1908." Indicates Reno's Advance to Attack Village, and other details including Ford A. Blueprint. 40.5x45cm. Notes in pencil with red pencilled heading: "Interview with McDougall, 6/26/09"

2. [Camp, Walter Mason]. Surveyed by [W. M. Camp? Date? (information torn off but matches above Survey)]. Indicates Reno's Advance to Attack Village, and other details including Ford B. Blueprint. 40.5x45cm. Notes in pencil with red pencilled heading: "Interview with Rees, 8/24/09"

3. Maguire, Lt. Edward, Corp of Engineers. "Custer's Battlefield, June 25, 1876." Drawn by Sergeant Charles Becker, Co. D, Battalion of Engineers, under Maguire's supervision. Blackprint. 38x52cm.

4. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Map of the Line of March of the Troops serving in the Department of Dakota in the campaign against Hostile Sioux, 1876." Drawn by James E. Wilson, Sergeant, U.S. Engineers, under Maguire's supervision. Blueprint. 48x124cm. Two copies, one with notes in red pencil.

5. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Plan of the Battlefield on the Little Big Horn Creek, Dakota Territory, June 25, 1876. to accompany his preliminary Report to the Chief of Engineers, Dated July 2, 1876." Blueprint. 22.5x27.3cm.

6. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Plan of the Battlefield of the 7th Regt. Cav. (June 25, 1876). Lt. Col. Custer, Maj. Reno, Capt. Benteen, 7th Cav., Commanding." Blackprint. 33x44.2cm.

7. "Map of parts of Kansas, Indian Ter., Texas and New Mexico." In 4 parts, each 35x47.5cm. Photostats. Pencilled note reads: This four-sheet manuscript map is undoubtedly the one which accompanied Gen Miles Report of Mar. 4 1875 on the Indian Ter. Expn of 1874. W[illiam] C[arey] B[rown]." See: Hammer, page xi.

8. Mills, Capt. Anson, 3rd Cav. "Map of the Battle of Powder River between Companies E, I, & K, 2nd E, F, & M, 3rd Cavalry, under command of Col. J. J. Reynolds, 3rd Cavalry, and the hostile Band of Ogallala Sioux under Crazy Horse, March 17, 1876. A true transcription from the original by me submitted Apr 21, 76, Anson Mills." Blueprint. 34x43cm.

9. Morton, Charles, 2d Lt., 3rd Cav. "Map of the Route of the Big Horn Expedition Commanded by Brig. General Crook, March 1st to 26th, 1876." Stamped May 7, 1876, a true tracing, W. S. Stanton, Capt. of Engineers. Blueprint. 44.5x87cm.

10. Morton, Charles. "Sketch of Crazy Horse's village and vicinity." Stamped May 7, 1876, a true tracing, W. S. Stanton, Capt. of Engineers. Blueprint. 33.3x36cm. Notes in pencil

11. Red Cloud Agency. Map of Red Cloud Agency in Dawes County, T31N-R52W. 1913. Oilskin. 33x66.5cm. In pencil. Accompanied by notes entitled: Levels from River to the Monument. 2 pages. 10.5x13.5cm. In pencil

12. Oilskin map of an unidentified area. 29x37.5 cm. In pencil

13. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Big Horn National Forest, Wyoming, 1917. 52x51cm. Printed.

14. U. S. Dept. of Interior. Crow Indian Reservation, Montana, 1910. 78x105cm. Printed.

15. U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map. Montana (Rosebud County), Rosebud Quadrangle. Surveyed 1891-92. 52x39.5cm. Printed. Notes in blue and black pencil

16. [U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map.] [Montana], St. Xavier Quadrangle, and [Wyoming], Bald Mountain Quadrangle. Cut out and pasted together. 40x32cm. Printed. Notes in pencil

17. U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map. Wyoming-Montana, Sheridan Quadrangle. Surveyed in 1898 and 1909. 50.4x42cm. Printed. Notes in pencil

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