By the end of the twentieth century, scholars had already devoted more space to the works of James Joyce than to any other author except Shakespeare, and Ulysses
was widely regarded as the most important novel of the modern age. The entire action of Ulysses
, in which Leopold Bloom serves as a modern day Odysseus traversing the streets of Dublin, takes place on a single day: June 16, 1904 (now known as "Bloomsday"). In 2004, in honor of the 100th anniversary of that day, the Lilly Library displayed a selection from its rich collection of Joycean materials, including first editions of all his major texts. On the 101st anniversary of Bloomsday, the Lilly Library presents this electronic version of the exhibition.
||Photograph of Joyce by Man Ray, signed by Joyce and dated Paris, March 17, 1922, just a month after publication of Ulysses. Born in Philadelphia in 1890, Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitsky) was one of the most innovative photographers of his time. Considered a founder of the Dada movement in New York and Paris, and a leading surrealist, he would have found Joyce's reputation as a revolutionary artist congenial, although it is unlikely he ever read the novel.