Lilly Library Manuscript Collections

BOWERS MSS. II

The Bowers mss. II, 1893-1960, are the papers of Claude Gernade Bowers, 1878-1958, ambassador. They consist of correspondence with diplomats politicians, literary figures, artist, high ranking government officials, historians, orators, journalists, editors, publishers, lawyers, bankers, and educators; diaries, speeches, and newspaper clippings.

As a very young man he found his two greatest interests in life, politics and history. In 1891 the family moved to Indianapolis and in Tomlinson Hall he heard the greatest American orators. The earliest letters in the collection are from prominent orators in answer to letters he had written asking for advice on oratory. The correspondence for the first thirty years of the twentieth century relates primarily to Indiana and United States politics. During his ambassadorship to Spain and Chile he was also kept well informed of the political situation in the United States through letters from friends.

Between 1933 and 1939, the correspondence deals with events in Spain. At the time of the Spanish Civil war, Bowers wrote long and detailed letters to Cordell Hull about the situation in Spain.

From 1939 to 1953, he was ambassador to Chile. Soon after his arrival war was declared in Europe and "South America became a diplomatic battlefield." The letters during this period reveal the activities of the Germans and communists in South America, the influence Juan Domingo Peron exerted in the Latin American countries, the demands of the laboring classes, the problems of the copper industry, as well as the economic and political situation in Chile.

After Bowers returned to the United States in 1953, most of the letters are requests for speeches.

Correspondents represented in the collection include: Dean Gooderham Acheson, Carl William Ackerman, Alva Blanchard, James Truslow Adams, Jose Antonio Aguirre, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Louis John Alber, Niceto Alcala Zamora y Torres, Edwin Anderson Alderman, Winthrop Williams Aldrich, Arturo Alessandri, Fernando Alessandri Rodriguez, George Venable Allen, Jay Cooke Allen, Salvador Allende Gossens, Julio Alvarez del Vayo, Maxwell Anderson, George Davis Andrews, Marietta (Minnigerode) Andrews, Matthew Page Andrews, Katharine Susan Anthony, Carlos Aristimuno Coll, Norman Armour, Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Lewis Eldon Atherton, Rollin Salisbury Atwood, Frank Aydelotte, Manuel Azana, BoÃľko J. BabaroviÃľ, Newton Diehl Baker, Ray Stannard Baker, William Brockman Bankhead, Willard Foster Barber, Augusto Barcia Trelles, Alben William Barkley, Harry Barnard, Joseph Barnes, Ernesto Barros Jarpa, Bernard Mannes Baruch, George Gordon Battle, Willard L. Beaulac, James Montgomery Beck, Joseph David Beck, Sosthenes Behn, Emilio Bello Codesido, Perry Belmont, Samuel Flagg Bemis, William Tapley Bennett, Sir Charles Henry Bentinck, William Benton, Jacobo Maria del Pilar Carlos Manuel Stuart Fitz-James, 10th duque de Berwick, Romulo Betancourt, Albert Jeremiah Beveridge, Catherine (Eddy) Beveridge, John Harrie Beveridge, Manuel Bianchi Guandian, Robert Worth Bingham, Hugo Lafayette Black, Emily (Newell) Blair, Albert MacQueen Bledsoe, Herbert Laurence Block, Pierre de Lagarde Boal, Homer Truett Bone, Philip Wilson Bonsal, William Edgar Borah, John Joseph Boylan, William Marshall Boyle, Spruille Braden, Joseph August Brandt, Charles Franklin Brannan, William Campbell Preston Breckenridge, George Howard Brett, George Platt Brett, Ellis O. Briggs, Russell Briney, Edward Hale Brooks, Francis Brown, Hilton Ultimus Brown, Walter Lindsey Brown, William Jennings Bryan, Richard Twells Buchanan, William Christian Bullitt, Ellsworth Bunker, Franklin L. Burdette, Joseph F. Burt, Nicholas Murray Butler, Paul Mulholland Butler, Richard Porter Butrick, Cecil Kash Byrd, Harry Flood Byrd, Richard Evelyn Byrd, James Francis Byrnes, Joseph Wellington Byrns, John M. Cabot, Jefferson Caffery, Robert Granville Caldwell, Robert J. Caldwell, Ned Calmer, Richard Campbell, Enrique Canas Flores, Henry Seidel Canby, Arthur Capper, Jose Maria Caro Rodriguez, Wilbur John Carr, Enrique del Castillo, Emanuel Celler, Anton Joseph Cermak, Carlos Manuel Cespedes y Quesada, John Rensselaer Chamberlain, David Laurance Chambers, Percy Milton Chandler, P'eng Ch'un Chang, Joaquin Chapaprieta, Dennis Chavez, Ben Mark Cherrington, Marquis William Childs, Sir Henry Getty Chilton, Warwick Fielding Chipman, Brice Clagett, Champ Clark, Genevieve (Bennett) Clark, Thomas Dionysius Clark, Grace Giddings (Julian) Clarke, Joseph Ignatius Constantine Clarke, Heriot Clarkson, Alma (Lachenbruch Clayburgh, Frank Irving Cobb, Daniel Florence Cohalan, Margaret Louise Coit, Bainbridge Colby, Thomas Terry Connally, Edmund Vance Cooke, Calvin Coolidge, Robert Muldrow Cooper, Royal Samuel Copeland, William Warwick Corcoran, Parker Corning, Francis Patrick Corrigan, Claude W. Courand, James Middleton Cox, Earl Thomas Crain, Richard Crane, Drusilla Lanier Cravens, Charles Robert Crisp, Willis Dale Crittenberger, Abraham Cronbach, Miguel Cruchaga Tocornal, Eduardo Cruz Coke Lassabe, Homer Stille Cummings, William A. Curley, Jonathan Worth Daniels, Josephus Daniels, 1862-1948, Josephus Daniels, 1894-1964, Paul Clement Daniels, Colgate Whitehead Darden, Clarence Seward Darrow, Jo Davidson, Joseph Edward Davies, Marjorie (Post) Davies, Carlos Davila, Elmer Holmes Davis, James John Davis, John William Davis, Monnett Bain Davis, Norman Hezekiah Davis, Charles Gates Dawes, Eugene Victor Debs, Katherine (Metzel) Debs, Theodore Debs, Drake de Kay, Richard Marmaduke deLambert, Edward Joseph Dempsey, Alfred Pearce Dennis, John Devoy, Clarence Cleveland Dill, Isaura de Dinator de Guxman, Sir Pierson John Dixon, William Edward Dodd, Cleveland E. Dodge, Laura Donnan, Walter Joseph Donnelly, Henry Williamson Dooley, John Dos Passos, Martin Francis Douglas, William Orville Douglas, Michael Francis Doyle, John C. Dreier, Theodore Dreiser, Laurence Duggan, Jacob Piatt Dunn, James Clement Dunn, William Joseph Dwyer, Agustin Edwards, Agustin Roberto Edwards, Chavela Edwards, Joaquin Edwards Bello, Max Ehrmann, Dwight David Eisenhower, Milton Stover Eisenhower, Allen Joseph Ellender, Lewis Glendale Ellingham, Colin Fraser Elliott, Aymar Embury, William Everett, Alexandre Everts, Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Arthur Philip Fairfield, James Aloysius Farley, William Morrow Fechteler, Herbert Feis, Edward Webster Felt, Joaquin Fernandez y Fernandez, Lawrence A. Fernsworth, Manuel de Figuerola Ferretti Marti y Sallent, marques de Rialp, Ramon Dina, Thomas Knight Finletter, John Huston Finley, Duncan Upshaw Fletcher, Thomas Brooks Fletcher, Edward Joseph Flynn, James A. Foley, Herbert Willard Foltz, Peyton Ford, Worthington Chauncey Ford, James Forrestal, Ramon Franco Bahamonde, Waldo David Frank, Felix Frankfurter, Wesley Frost, Claude Moore Fuess, Stephen Ogden Fuqua, James Ambrose Gallivan, Harry Augustus Garfield, John Nance Garner, Christopher Browne Garnett, Finis James Garrett, James Louis Garvin, Walter Franklin George, Peter Goelet Gerry, Hugh Gibson, Carter Glass, Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, Francisco de Gomez Jordana, Gabriel Gonzales Videla, Nathan Gerson Goodman, Thomas Harper Goodspeed, Samuel de SouzaLeÃľo Gracie, Horace Reynolds Graham, Sir George Dixon Grahame, John Temple Graves, Francis Calley Gray, Cary Travers Grayson, Charles A. Greathouse, Evarts Boutell greene, Frank Lester Greene, Ferris Greenslet, Joseph Clark Grew, Moses Henry Grossman, Joseph Finch Guffey, Carlos Giraldes, Franklin Mott Gunther, John Gunther, Leonardo Guzman Cortes Frank Hague, Carlos Clark Hall, William Frederick Halsey, Thomas Ray Hamer, Holman Hamilton, James Franklin Hanly, Norman Hapgood, Alfred Harcourt, Donald Harper, Byron Patton Harrison, Francis Burton Harrison, Joseph Manuel Hartfield, Jacob I. Hartstein, Carl Haverlin, Jan Havlasa, Harry Bartow Hawes, Carl Trumbull Hayden, Carlton Joseph Huntley Hayes, Frank B. Hayne, William Averell Harriman, William Harrison Hays, Donald R. Heath, James Thomas Heflin, Archibald Henderson, Francis Joseph Heney, Antonio Hermosilla Rodriguez, Ramiro Hernandez Portela, Paxton Hibben, Diego Hidalgo, Sanford Wilson Higginbotham, Alvin McCaslin Higgins, Lister Hill, Francis Wrigley Hirst, James J. Hoey, Herbert Hoover, John Edgar Hoover, Henry Horner, Frank Kittrell Houston, Findley Burtch Howard, Clark Howell, Hewitt Hanson Howland, Frank McKinney Hubbard, Charles Evans Hughes, James Peter Hughes, Cordell Hull, John Edwin Hull, Carlisle Hubbard Humelsine, Lewis Craig Humphrey, Antonio Huneeus Gana, Patrick Jay Hurley, Fannie Hurst, Harold Le Clair Ickes, Robert Green Ingersoll, Samuel Guy Inman, Kenneth Ross Iverson, Ed Jackson, Samuel Dillon Jackson, Thornwell Jacobs, Anibal Jara Letelier, Peter Jarman, Virginia (Ellis) Jenckes, Charles Francis Jenkins, Douglas Jenkins, Sir Cecil Bertrand Jerram, Jay Winston Johns, Gerald White Johnson, Henry Underwood Johnson, Herschel V. Johnson, Hiram Warren Johnson, Henry Alan Johnston, Frederick A. Joss, Herman Kahn, Rockwell Kent, William Squire Kenyon, Araminta (Cooper) Kern, John Worth Kern, 1849-1917, John Worth Kern, 1900- , George Killion, Rollin Kirby, Freda Kirchwey, Grayson Louis Kirk, Alfred A. Knopf, Charles Frederick Know, Franklin Knox, Charles Alexander Korbly, Arthur Krock, Santiago Labarca Labarca, Amanda Labarca Hubertson, Guillermo Labarca Hubertson, Eduardo Labougle, Robert Marion La Follette, Aldo Laghi, Fiorello Henry La Guardia, John Edgar Lamb, Alfred Mossman Landon, Frances H. Langlois, Robert Lansing, Henry Alexander Laughlin, Luke Lea, William Daniel Leahy, Sturgis Elleno Leavitt, Sir John Hurleston Leche, Herbert Henry Lehman, Vincent L. Leibell, Alejandro Lerroux, Sir Shane Leslie, Lawrence Fishel Levenburg, James Hamilton Lewis, Walter Lippmann, John Alexander Livingstone, John E. Lockwood, Prince Hubertus Loewenstein, Boaz Walton Long, Breckinridge Long, Fernando Lorca Cortinez, Thomas Bell Love, Frank Orren Lowden, Isador Lubin, Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena y Garcia de Torres, marques de Luca de Tena, John F. Lucey, Fin Lund, Philip Lutz, Cecil Burton Lyon, William Gibbs McAdoo, Douglas MacArthur, Harry Alexander McBride, Charles Weller McCarthy, John Chamberlain McClintock, Warren Terry McCray, Carleton Buel McCulloch, Geoffrey Lyster McDermott, John S. McFaddin, Jack Kirkham McFall, George McGill, Laurence Joseph McGinley, James Howard McGrath, Marvin Hunter McIntyre, Oscar Odd McIntyre, Frank E. McKinney, Edward Daniel McLaughlin, Archibald MacLeish, Lucille (Foster) McMillin, Paul Vories McNutt, Carey McWilliams, Salvador de Madariaga, Ramiro de Maeztu, Lester De Witt Mallory, Thomas Clifton Mann, Michael Joseph Mansfield, Gregorio Maranon y Posadillo, Elisabeth Marbury, Isaac Frederick Marosson, Theodore Marriner, Lois I. (Kimsey) Marshall, James Edgar Martine, Luis Martinez de Irujoly Caro del Alcazar, Edgar Lee Masters, H. Greeman Matthews, Herbert Lionel Matthews, Andre Maurois, Jeanette (West) Maury, Maury Maverick, Burnet Rhett Maybank, Herbert R. Mengert, George Strausser Messersmith, Eugene Meyer, Rodolfo Michels, Hugh Millard, Edward Godfrey Miller, Sherman Minton, Langdon Elwyn Mitchell, Stephen Arnold Mitchell, Jay Pierrepont Moffat, Duque De Montellano, Fernando Montes de Oca y Gomez, Thomas J. Mooney, Arthur Harry Moore, John Trotwood Moore,Robert Walton Moore, Marcial Mora Miranda, Ra£l Morales Beltrami, Henry Morgenthau, Dave Hennen Morris, Belle (Lindner) Moskowitz, Ralph Wilbur Moss, Arthur Francis Mullen, Dana Gardner Munro, Frank Murphy, Robert Daniel Murphy, William Francis Murray, Juan Negrin, Allan Nevins, Albert Ray Newsom, Meredith Nicholson, James William Noel, George William Norris, Raymond Henry Norweb, Albert F. Nufer, John Patrick O'Brien, James Francis Thaddeus O'Connor, William O'Dwyer, James Aloysius O'Gorman, William Allan Oldfield, Frank Oliver, Evarts Walton Opie, Sir Charles William Oliver, Evarts Walton Opie, Sir Charles William Orde, Shaemas O'Sheel, Alberto Ostria Gutierrez, Robert Latham Owen, Ruth (Bryan) Owen, Alvin Mansfield Owsley, Alejandro Padilla y Bell, Alexander Mitchell Palmer, Charles Forest Palmer, Margaret Palmer, John Johnston Parker, Geoffrey Parsons, George Henry Payne, George Foster Peabody, Austin Peavy, Herbert Claiborne Pell, Claude Denson Pepper, Eugenio Pereira Salas, Diomedes de Pereyra, Hofman Philip, William Phillips, Amos Richard Eno Pinchot, Key Pittman, John Garland Pollard, Atlee Pomerene, Ezra Loomis Pound, Richard Roy Belden Powell, Raul Prebisch, Indalecio Prieto, Joseph M. Proskauer, Mariano Puga Vega, Alfred Puhan, Ralph Pulitzer, Oliver A. Quayle, Luis Quintanilla, Henry Thomas Rainey, Jennie (Craven) Ralston, Samuel Moffett Ralston, Enrique R. Ramos, Samuel Haverstick Ranck, Forney Anderson Rankin, Christian Magelssen Ravndal, Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn, James Alexander Reed, Frederick D. G. Ribble, John Gardiner Richards, Donald Wayne Riddle, German Riesco Errazuriz, Juan Antonio Rios, Fernanado de los Rios y Urruti, Albert Cabell Ritchie, Cipriano Rivas Cherif, A. Willis Robertson, Joseph Taylor Robinson, Juan Jose Rocha y Garcia, Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, Virgilio Rodriguez Beteta, Anna Eleanor (Roosevelt) Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1882-1945, Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1914- , Nicholas Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, 1887-1944, Elihu Root, Daniel Calhoun Roper, Samnuel Irving Rosenman, Juan Bautista Rossetti, Leo Stanton Rowe, Jose Ruiz de Arana Bauer Ossorio de Moscoso, duque de Baena, William Fletcher Russell, Leo R. Sack, Augusto Salinas, Everett Sanders, Jose Antonio de Sangroniz, Louis Sartigas, Willard Saulsbury, Francis Bowes Sayre, Roger Livingston Scaife, Charles Henry Schlacks, Arthur Meier Schlesinger, Oscar Schnake Vergara, Mrs. Meier Schlesinger, Oscar Schnake Vergara, Anna (Johnston) Schoellkopf, Henry Frederick Schricker, Karl Schriftgiesser, Max Lincoln Schuster, Walter Dill Scott, Robert McGregor Scotten, Ellery Sedgwick, Louis Seibold, John Charles Shaffer, John Franklin Shafroth, Clement Lawrence Shaver, Albert Shaw, Gardiner Howland Shaw, William Lawrence Shirer, Jouett Shouse, Richard Harrison Shryock, Maurilio Silvani, James Wesley Silver, John Farr Simmons, Sir Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair, Upton Beall Sinclair, Campbell Bascom Slemp, Laurence Henry Sloan, Alfred Emanuel Smith, Julius Clarence Smith, Rex Smith, Rodrigo Soriano, Henry N. Spaan, Edward John Sparks, E. Tappan Stannard, Laurence Adolph Steinhardt, Herbert Lee Stetson, Edward Reilly Stettinius, Adlai Ewing Stevenson, Wesley Winans Stout, Jesse Isidor Straus, Lloyd Paul Stryker, Horacio Suarez, Leon Subercaseaux, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, Claude Augustus Swanson, Herbert Bayard Swope, Thomas Taggert, Pao-liu Tai, Ida Minerva Tarbell, Harold Taylor, Maxwell Davenport Taylor, William Lamborn Taylor, Mark Thistlethwaite, Norman Mattoon Thomas, Sir Geoffrey Harington Thompson, Charles Alexander Thomson, James McIlhany Thomson, Walter C. Thurston, Richard Handfield Titherington, M. Clifford Townsend, Edward Gatewood Trueblood, Harry S. Truman, Jim Tully, Joseph Patrick Tumulty, Millard Evelyn Tydings, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Oscar Wilder Underwood, Thomas Rust Underwood, Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg, Mark Van Doren, Frederick Van Nuys, Roberto Vergara, German Vergara Donoso, Ramon Vergara Montero, Henri Vergnaud, Oswald Garrison Villard, Anton Vonnegut, Robert Ferdinand Wagner, 1877-1953, Robert Ferdinand Wagner, Jr., James John Walker, Horacio Walker Larrain, Henry Agard Wallace, Francis Patrick Walsh, Robert LeGrow Walsh, Thomas James Walsh, Justus S. Wardell, Thomas Richard Waring, Fletcher Warren, Everett C. Watkins, James Eli Watson, Thomas John Watson, Count Johannes Welczeck, Sumner Welles, Herman B. Wells, Burton Kendall Wheeler, George White, John W. White, William Allen White, James Russell Wiggins, John Cooper Wiley, Louis Wiley, Charles Warren Wilkins, Dixon C. Williams, John Sharp Williams, Wendell Lewis Willkie, Edith (Bolling) Galt Wilson, Edwin Carleton Wilson, Hugh Robert Wilson, James Southall Wilson, Woodrow Wilson, Napier Wilt, Stephen Samuel Wise, James Albert Woodburn, William Edward Woodward, James Harris Wright, Margarita Xirgu, Owen D. Young, Eduardo Yrarrazaval, Belle Zeller, Count Zontana, and Friderike Maria (Burger) von Winternitz Zweig.

Collection size: 17,019 items

Related manuscripts: Bowers mss., Bowers mss. III

For more information about this collection and any related materials contact the Public Services Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Call (812) 855-2452 or send an email using our Ask a Question form.