Lilly Library Manuscript Collections

FINLAY MSS.

The Finlay mss., 1953-1972, consist of the correspondence and writings of Ian Hamilton Finlay, 1925- , poet of Stonypath, Dunsyre, Lanarkshire, Scotland, where he published works from The Wild Hawthorn Press and of material sent to Finlay for inclusion into issues of Poor. Old. Tired. Horse.

An influential proponent of concrete poetry, Finlay moved from solely literary forms of poetry, drama, and short stories in the 1950's to kinetic forms of poetry expressed in stone, wood, neon and other tangible structures in the 1960's. Boats and boating, sails and the sea were used by Finlay to suggest poetic ideas in many of his poems such as "Archangel of Archangel," "Boatyard," "Four Sails," "The Four Seasons...," "Homage to Gomringer," "Little Drummer Boy," "The Old Nobby," "Seashells," "Sepia Barge" and others. Sundials were used in like manner as in "Arcadian Sundials," "Biggar Sundial," and "Land/Sea Indoor Sundial." Letters exchanged with woodcarvers, stone carvers, photographers, typographers, printers, and artists give the instructions for the creation of many of his works. A book of poems, Poems to See and Hear, was prepared especially to introduce to children Finlay's poetic concepts. During 1968 to 1971 there was much work by Films of Scotland in the preparation of the films Ocean Stripe 5 and KY 365 based on Finlay's life and poetry.

Following an agreement with the Fulcrum Press in June 1968 to publish an edition of The Dancers Inherit the Party, a controversy developed over the next several years concerning the first appearance of the work. This involved lengthy correspondence with solicitors, members of parliament, librarians, staffs of magazines, newspapers, arts councils, and literary organizations as well as close friends and poets.

The collection is organized into the following series: I. Correspondence; II. Writings; III. Drawings and Photographs; IV. Printed.

Among the correspondents are Robin Acland, Wolfgang Ainberger, George Albon, James Allan, Maxwell Allan, Roberrto Altmann, Diane Amussen, David Angus, Alain Arias-Misson, G.Aroul, Arthur Hunt & Hunt, solicitors, Dana Atchley, Martha Baird, Janet D. Bane, Stephen Bann, Mary Elizabeth Barber, Douglas Barbour, Harry Jefferson Barnes, Harry Barrett, William Beattie, Heinz Rudolf Beck, Donald Bell, Asa Benveniste, John Betjeman, Arthur Bickerton, Charles Joseph Biederman, Max Bill, A.N. Blackwood, Margaret Blyth, Alan Bold, Jerry Bowles, Edward Brandabur, Lesley Bratton, Christian J. Braun, Udo Breger, Jürgen Brenner, Tom Bridge, Coburn Britton, British Broadcasting Corporation, G.F. Brown, George Mackay Brown, Ernst Brücher, William Buchanan, Basil Bunting, Vincent Butler, David A. Button, John Mackenzie Calder, Lyn Calwell, Augusto de Campos, Alistair Cant, Christopher Carrell, Patrick Caulfield, Douglas Chambers, Julia L. Cherne, Susan Chernow, Shiomi Chieko, JoAnne Chittick, Ulf Christensen, Elizabeth T. Clark, Thomas A. Clark, Alan Clodd, Henry Clyne, Bob Cobbing, Harold Cohen, Mary C. Cohen, Barry Cole, William Rossa Cole, Sir Edmund Gerald Compton, Margaret Conn, John Stewart Conn, Seamus Cooney, Michael Cormack, Sidney Corman, Ron Costley, John Cotton, Tom Leadbetter Cottrell, Kenelm Cox, Margaret Cox, Robert Creeley, J. Elisabeth Crommelin, Arthur Charles William Crook, Robin Crozier, Helen Burness Cruickshank, Edward W. Curtis, Simon Cutts, Audrey Daly, Tam Dalyell, Jose Antonio Da Silva, Guy Davenport, Hervé Delagrave, Richard Demarco, Stephen W. Dennis, Stanislaw Drózdz, Kenneth Duffy, Alexander Arbuthnot Dunbar, Robert Edward Duncan, Douglas Eadie, David McAdam Eccles, 1st viscount Eccles, Jim Ede, Larry Eigner, Richard England, Theodore Enslin, Amelia Etlinger, Susan Finlay, William Ian Robertson Finlay, Roy Fisher, Maurice Fleming, James Allan Ford, Renate Froehlich, Robin Fulton, John Furnival, Robert E. Galen, Heinz Gappmayr, Ian Gardner, John Gardner, George Garson, Rod Gathercole, K.C. Gay, Tony Gill, Elizabeth L. Glazebrook, Duncan Munro Glen, Hamish Glen, Sydney McK. Glen, Sue Glover, David Godwin, Mathias Goeritz, Eugen Gomringer, Stephen Goode, Arnold Abraham Goodman, baron Goodman, Goodman, Derrick & Co., solicitors, Giles Alexander Esme Gordon, Nigel Gosling, Jennifer Gough-Cooper, R.C. Gowers, Peter Grant, Douglas Gray, Mrs. Ann (Giffard) Greenhill, Basil Jack Greenhill, Christopher Murray Grieve, Murray Grigor, Ronald Gunn, Daniel J. Haberman, Hagart & Burn-Murdoch, W.S., solicitors, George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig, 2nd earl Haig, Barry L. Hall, Douglas Hall Myles D.G. Hardie, H. Forsyth Hardy, P.R. Harris, Judith Constance Mary (Ridehalgh) Hart, Michael Harvey, Oliver Hawkins, Vaughn Hay, Michael Heller, Hamish Henderson, James Findlay Hendry, J. N. Herbert, John Herdman, Richard C. Higgins, Hugh Creighton Hill, Mark Hill, Mary Cranford (Coates) Hitchens, Sydney Ivon Hitchens, Philip Welsby Holland, Stephen Holland, Sally Holman, Michael Horovitz, Pierre Sylvester Houédard, Libby Houston, W.J. Hummerstone, Gordon Huntley, H.C. Huntley, T. & W. Ide, A.C. Ijenberg, Charles d'Orville Pilkington Jackson, Ruth L. Jacoby, Ernest Jandl, John MacLane Johansen, Ronald Johnson, Bernard

Karpel, Graham Keen, Robert Kelly, Robert C. Kennedy, X.J. Kennedy, Hugh Kenner, Irena Kenod, Alexander Kerr, Nick Kimberley, David Kindersley, M.J. King, Melanie Kingdon, Dorothy Koppelman, Richard Kostelanetz, Ferdinand Kriwet, Zeljko D. Kujundzic, John Lambert, Brian Lambie, Barry Lane, Phyllis Larkin, James Laughlin, George L. Lawson, Robert Lax, Jennie Lee, David Leigh, Theodore Ferdinand Lentz, D.A. Levy, Jill Liddington, Nicholas Logsdail, Else B. Lorch, R.L.C. Lorimer, Andrew Lothian, John W. Lucas, Edward Lucie-Smith, Jack Lunam-Cowan, A. McBean, Patrick McCormack, Thomas McGrath, David Roy MacGregor, Eric B. Mackay, J.A. Mackenzie, Michael S. Mackenzie, Alastair Mackintosh, Hamish McLaren, J.N. McLaurin, Ruari McLean, John MacQueen, David Jackson McWilliams, Marvin Herbert Malone, Anthony Richards Manser, Edgar James March, Linda Dorothy (Bowman) March, Helen Marley, Fred R. Martin, John Kenneth Martin, John Edward Matthias, Charles Matz, Ronald Mavor, Hansjörg Mayer, Roger Russell Maylone, Freiderike Mayröcker, G. Ropen Mead, William Moelwyn Merchant, Christopher Middleton, Amado Ramón Millán, Stuart Mills, Deidre B. Montgomery, Stuart Montgomery, A. Doyle Moore, Edwin Morgan, Pete Morgan, Alfred Morris, James Munro, Edward Nairn, Julia Newman, H. Alleyne Nicholson, James Nicholson, D.H. Nielsen, Seiichi Niikuni, Gunter Nolte, Robert Nye, Philip Oakes, George A. Oliver, Betty O'Looney, Miles D. Orvell, Charles Osborne, Alicia (Suskin) Ostriker, Derek Parker, James Edmund Neil Paterson, George Paterson, John Pauker, Noël Strange Paul, Octavio Paz, David Peace, M.A. Pegg, Paul N. Perrot, Edward Phelps, Anthony Phillips, Omar Shakespear Pound, Ian Douglas Ben Procter, John Whitely Purser, Michael Pye, Geoffrey Rans, David Raphael, Walter M. Reid, Robert Reiss, Alan Riddell, Ann Ridley, Bridget Riley, Francis Warren Roberts, John Roberts, Lewis Findlay Robertson, Duncan Robinson, Pamela Robinson, William T. Rodgers, Herbert M. Rosenthal, Macha Louis Rosenthal, Ian G. Ross, Ian Simpson Ross, Bertram Rota, Jerome Rothenberg, Trevor Royle, Rubinstein, Nash & Co., solicitors, Regina Ryan, John Ryder, Christopher Rye, Magda Salvesen, Margot Sandeman, Oscar Sandner, Aram Saroyan, Robert Crombie Saunders, Estella Schmid, John Scholfield, Stephen Scobie, James Robert Seaton, A.J. Seely, Annabel Seidler, Martin Seymour-Smith, Arnold Shaw, Jessie (McGuffie) Sheeler, Michael R. Shepherd, Elizabeth Shub, Eli Siegel, Stanley M. Simpson, James Simson, Leif Sjoberg, Joan Skalley, Philip Sked, Alisdair Skinner, Christopher Small, Barbara (Brodo) Herrnstein Smith, John L. Smith, Hans Sohm, Mary Ellen (Bottom) Solt, Kaim Spalte, John Hanbury Angus Sparrow, Charles Spencer, Juliet Standing, Derek Stanford, Margaret (Holdsworth) Stanford, Philip Steadman, Jeffrey Steele, Jeremy V. Steele, Mary Stevens, F.R. Stevenson, Donald James Stewart, Peter Stitt, Constance Stungo, Andrew Suknaski, Geoffrey Summerfield, John T. Sutherland, Michael F. Sydenham, Robert Tait, Diane Tamnes, Eric Taylor, Eyvind S. Tew, John R. Thorpe, Ian Tinwell, Karl Torok, John Hugh Tuohy, Gael Turnbull, Charles Turner, Enrique Uribe Valdivielso, Jirí Valoch, Franz Vanderlinden, Victor de Vasarely, David Vaughan, Paul de Vree, Herman de Vries, Frank W. Weatherhead, Mike Weaver, Peter Weibel, Steve Whealton, Charlene H. White, Eric Walter White, John William Mills Willett, Ann (Stevenson) Williams, Emmett Williams, Jonathan Chamberlain Williams, Angus Frank Johnstone Wilson, Astrid Wilson, Gloria Wilson, Trevor Winkfield, Melinda Winters, Joyce Wittenborn, Woodford & Ackroyd, solicitors, Howard Woolmer, Edward Wright, Kit Wright, Pedro Xisto, Alan Young, Bill Zavatsky, and Nicholas Zurbrugg. Consult the Manuscripts Index in the Library for dates of letters of individual correspondents.

Writings by Ian Hamilton Finlay include both his literary efforts and instructions for his creative works as well as photographs of some of them.

Writings by other authors include works by Pierre Albert-Birot, Stephen Bann, Edgard Braga, Maurice CarÃŖme, Henri Chopin, Elizabeth T. Clark, Barry Cole, Simon Cutts, Larry Eigner, James Findlay Hendry, Richard C. Higgins, Hugh Creighton Hill, Anselm Hollo, Pierre Sylvester Houédard, Ruth L. Jacoby, Ernst Jandl, Ronald Johnson, Ferdinand Kriwet, Zeljko D. Kujundzic, Robert Lax, Norman MacCaig, John D. McDowell, Ann McGarrell, Marvin Herbert Malone, Friederike Mayröcker, Ernest Manuel Melo e Castro, Edwin Morgan, Barrie Phillip Nichol, Seiichi Niikuni, Ladislav Novák, Alicia (Suskin) Ostriker, Alan Riddell, Herbert M. Rosenthal, Karl Heinz Roth, Jerome Rothenberg, Erkki Salmenhaara, Remko J.H. Scha, Stephen Scobie, Eli Siegel, Robert Simmons, Barbara (Brodo) Herrnstein Smith, Mary Ellen (Bottom) Solt, John Hanbury Angus Sparrow, Derek Stanford, Jules Supervielle, Robert Garioch Sutherland, Gael Turnbull, Enrique Uribe Valdivielso, Jirí Valoch, Paul de Vree, Jonathan Chamberlain Williams, Pedro Xisto, and Louis Zukofsky.

Other items in the collection include drawings by Robert Frame, Roland Kempes, Zeljko D. Kunjundzic, John Picking, and Margo Sandeman; photographs of Finlay, his boat, and garden; and printed pieces by Finlay, by other writers, and of a miscellaneous nature.

Completing the collection are materials for POTH ( Poor. Old. Tired. Horse. ), a poetry periodical edited by Ian Hamilton Finlay for several years which provided an opportunity for collaboration by artist and poet. These include poems, proofs, and layouts, but not complete in every instance, for issues no. 7, 9, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 23 and 25. Projected issues by Jerome Rothenberg and Victor de Vasarely are designated as POTH Miscellaneous 1 and 2.

Purchase. 1973

Collection size: 4,011 items

Related manuscripts: Finlay mss. II

For more information about this collection and any related materials contact the Public Services Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Call (812) 855-2452 or send an email using our Ask a Question form.