Lilly Library Manuscript Collections


The Hapgood, M.D., mss., 1912-1975, are the correspondence and writings of Mary (Donovan) Hapgood, 1890-1973, socialist leader, and those of her husband, Powers Hapgood, 1899-1949, labor leader. The daughter of Dennis Donovan, an Irish emigrant interested in the Fenian movement who settled in North Brookfield, Massachusetts, she attended the University of Michigan at intervals, beginning in 1906, and graduating in 1912 "with cap and bells." After teaching school for a year in Massachusetts, she became one of the representatives of the employees to the Corset Wage Board in Boston. In the 1920's she made a trip to Ireland to investigate labor conditions. By 1927 she was the representative of the Stenographers, Bookkeepers, Accountants, and Office Employees Union, A.F. of L., affiliated with the Boston Central Labor Union. At this time she also served as recording secretary for the Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Fund and was arrested at the bier of the two men. In December of 1927 she married Powers Hapgood and both continued their activities in organizing labor unions, principally in the coal fields. Both were arrested in March of 1928 for labor agitation while attempting to raise defense funds for union officials held on murder charges. In June Mary Donovan was nominated for the office of governor of Massachusetts by the Socialist Party. In 1935 her application to be appointed as Senior Industrial Economist was rejected by the United States Civil Service Commission. Throughout this time and later she wrote several short stories, collected material regarding the Molly Maguires, and prepared an autobiographical account.

In the thirties she with her husband and two children, Barta and Donovan, moved to Riverbrook Farm near Indianapolis, Indiana. After her husband's death in 1949 she continued to manage the family farm. In 1959 she attended the posthumous pardon of Sacco and Vanzetti wearing a death mask. She died in June of 1973 in Indianapolis.

Materials in collection include: Autograph book with inscriptions to Powers Hapgood, March 1, 1948; correspondence and papers, 1912-1975; Membership cards of Mary Donovan, 1917-1949; Membership cards of Powers Hapgood, 1926-1950; Memorandum books of Powers and Mary (Donovan) Hapgood, 1928- 1939, and 1937; Photographs: tintype of unidentified couple and photograph of unidentified man; University notebooks of Mary Donovan while attending the University of Michigan, 1906-1912 (12 vols.).

Writings of Mary Donovan: As far back as I can recall, an important teaching of my religion was...[first line], A.D., 6pp., enclosed with Hapgood to Joe, Dec. 14, 1950; Big Tim's Daughter, n.d., T.D. (carbon), 9pp.; The Finals, n.d., T.D., 2pp.; Grandma Thomas, T.D. (carbon), 3pp.; I must write as I remember. [Retrospective notes, 1948, Feb. 21-1954, Oct.], A.D., 36pp.; I Remember - I Remember, n.d., T.D.S., 5pp., Jerry the Mind Mule, n.d., T.D. (carbon), 6pp.; [Molly Maguires: collected notes], 1939-1968, A.T.,& Printed D., ca. 200pp., Mother's Day, n.d., T.D., 12pp.; No Tears for my Youth: autobiography [including chapters on the Sacco- Vanzetti story], n.d., A.& T.D., ca. 300pp.; Orpha, n.d., T.Ds., two drafts, 26pp.; Ragged Hill, n.d., T.D.S., 8pp; Red Jacket, n.d., A.D., [16]pp.; Review: Jim Larkin, Irish Labor Leader by R.M. Fox, n.d., T.D. (carbon), 3pp.; [Seventeen papers concerning labor, 1924, Feb. 17-1925, Feb. 22, A.&T.Ds.S., 29pp., including Minutes of the Executive Committee for Feb. 17, 1925; Shawn O'Hopeen, n.d., T.D., (carbon), 7pp.; The Tableau, n.d., T.D.S., 5pp.; The Vanishing Virtue, n.d., T.D.S., 6pp.; Why Do Intelligent Women Marry, n.d., A.&T.D., 5pp.

Writings of Powers Hapgood: Diary, 1920, Sept. 28-1921, Jan., T.D. (carbon), 141pp.; Men and Coal [Or: Coal and Men]: Outline, 2 drafts, n.d., A.Ds., 1 & 4pp., Prologue, n.d., T.D., 25pp., The Black Diamond, n.d., A.D., 69pp., The Carbide Lamp, n.d., A.D., 55pp., No Agitators Wanted, n.d., A.D., 35pp.

The correspondents are: Dean Gooderham Acheson, Saul David Alinsky, Allan Angoff, Charles Angoff, Samuel E. Angoff, Roger Nash Baldwin, James Barnett, Whilhelm Bartels, Otto Bauerle, Simon Michael Bessie, Ellitt Blackiston, Bruce Ormsby Bliven, John Brophy, Cecil Kash Byrd, Blanche J. Hudec Campbell, Richard Edward Cauger, Jacques Chambrun, McAlister Coleman, Frank Allyn Edwards, George Edwards, Aldino Felicani, Barthod Fles, William Trowbridge Forbes, Mabel Gillespie, Warren Franklin Goodell, Charles Hutchins Hapgood, Donovan Hapgood, Elizabeth Kempley (Reynolds) Hapgood, Mary (Donovan) Hapgood, Powers Hapgood, William Powers Hapgood, Allan Shaw Haywood, Amy Hewes, John Haynes Holmes, Rose Hudec, William C. Hull, Catharine Huntington, Andrew Jacobs, George Louis Joughin, Thomas Stilwell Lamont, Virginia (Pierce) Lansner, Leo Leopold, Isador Lubin, Edward Francis McGrady, James Higginson Manning, James Hudson Maurer, Morris Milgram, Emil Mazey, Taulman Allaire Miller, James Myers, Ernest Carl Oberholtzer, George J. Papcun, Edith Patterson, Rose Pesotta, George Palmer Putnam, George Reid, Victor George Reuther, Walter Philip Reuther, Eugene Francis Saxton, Ben Barush Seligman, Mary (Nolan) Tobin, Miriam (Hapgood) Trivanovitch, Willard Edwin Uphaus, William S. Warford, Colston Estey Warne, Edward Converse Wilson, Alice L. (Dodge) Wolfson, Royal J. Wright.

Printed materials include news clippings and/or brochures regarding Mary (Donovan) Hapgood, Powers Hapgood, William Powers Hapgood, Rose Hudec, the Sacco-Vanzetti case and miscellaneous items; maps of Rainy Lake Islands in Minnesota.

Collection size: 359 items

For more information about this collection and any related materials contact the Public Services Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Call (812) 855-2452 or send an email using our Ask a Question form.