Lilly Library Manuscript Collections


The Jackson mss., 1781-1832, are letters and papers of John George Jackson, 1777-1825, U. S. congressman and jurist.

Career: born September 2, 1777, near Buckhannon, Virginia (now West Virginia); eldest son of George and Elizabeth (von Brake) Jackson; moved with parents to Clarksburg, Virginia, 1784; appointed surveyor of public lands in what is now Ohio, 1797; represented Harrison County in Virginia House of Burgesses, 1798-1801; married Mary Payne, a daughter of John Payne and sister of Dolly Madison, 1801; U. S. congressman, March 4, 1803-September 28, 1810, and March 4, 1813-March 3, 1817; fought a duel with Joseph Pearson, U. S. congressman from North Carolina, December 4, 1809; following death of first wife Mary Meigs, daughter of Return Jonathan Meigs, Jr., September 13, 1810; member, Virginia House of Delegates, 1811-1812; appointed brigadier general, Virginia Militia, 1812; appointed first U. S. district judge for western Virginia, 1819, and served until his death; died, March 28, 1825.

The collection contains correspondence with prominent political figures, relatives, and friends relating to the Virginia courts and to subjects of national interest, including politics, foreign relations, the embargo, 1807- 1809, the currency question, slavery, the Whiskey Insurrection, 1794, and the election of 1824. Some of Jackson's law office papers and his commissions as presidential elector, June 1, 1804, as brigadier general, Jan. 9, 1812, and as judge, February 24, 1819, are also included, as is a page of notes of testimony in Aaron Burr's trial.

Writers of letters and authors and signers of documents include John Quincy Adams, Theodorus Bailey, James Barbour, John Brown, Aaron Burr, John Caldwell Calhoun, Henry Clay, Richard Cutts, Philip Doddridge, John Wayles Eppes, Albert Gallatin, Claiborne W. Gooch, Stanley Griswold, William Waller Hening, Patrick Henry, Samuel Delucenna Ingham, Nathaniel Irish, John George Jackson, Thomas Jefferson, Joseph Johnson, Richard Mentor Johnson, William McKinley, Mrs. Dorothea (Payne) Madison, James Madison, John Marshall, Return Jonathan Meigs, James Monroe, Daniel Morgan, Hugh Nelson, John Page, John Payne, Joseph Pearson, Bernard Peyton, James Pindall, Rufus Putnam, Beverley Randolph, Edmund Randolph, John Randolph, Thomas Mann Randolph, Archibald Stuart, John Tyler, 1747-1813, John Tyler, 1792- 1862, George Washington, Robert White, William Wirt.

Part of the collection is in folio folder. Positive and negative microfilm (one reel of each) containing most of the letters and some of the papers in the collection are filed with the Meigs mss.

Collection size: 143 items

For more information about this collection and any related materials contact the Public Services Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Call (812) 855-2452 or send an email using our Ask a Question form.