LATIN AMERICAN MSS.--MEXICO II
The Latin American mss. Mexico II span the years 1560-1940 and complement the materials in the Latin American mss. Mexico collection.
The colonial period of Mexican history is covered extensively in the collection. There is a large number of land grants, land transfers, and title and boundary disputes, as well as documents referring to various other legal disputes. The many royal directives and cedulas and vice- regal documents contain information on the administration of the colony. Several manuscripts are concerned with inheritances and descendants' estates. There are many documents pertaining to the administration, finances, and missions--particularly those of the Jesuits and Franciscans-- of the Catholic Church. Among these is a group of 102 documents from the Catedral of Mexico City from 1563-1604.
A small group of manuscripts from Atlixco (then Villa de Carrion) has several items of interest, including a Libro de entradas de la carsel publica desta villa de carion for the period Jan. 8, 1644-Nov. 29, 1646.
Other documents from the colonial period include manuscripts about slavery, the prevention of smallpox, the internal politics of Spain, military notarial archives from Nuevo Santander in the mid-eighteenth century, and a Relacion Yndividual y substancial de la Caussa que se formo a los Omicidas de Dn. Joaquin Dongo y 10 familiares suyos ... of 1789.
The struggle for independence is covered in some depth. There is correspondence and documents by many of the leaders of the movement, among them Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Ignacio Maria de Allende y Unzaga, Jose Maria Teclo Morelos y Pavon, Leonardo Bravo, Juan Nepomuceno Rosians, and Ignacio Lopez Rayon. There are several manuscripts dealing with the capture and trials of Hidalgo.
This era was strongly influenced by Spain's internal politics, as several of the documents testify. A non- governmental point of view of the period after the defeat of Morelos and before independence was actually achieved is presented in the correspondence between the businessman Francisco de Llano y Chavarri and Jose Parache. The fifty- seven letters in this group range from Nov. 6, 1816 to Sept. 16, 1818.
The culmination of the independence movement is illustrated in two contemporary documents issued within a few days of each other. The first is by Juan O'Donoju, last viceroy of Mexico, addressed to Havitantes de Nueva Espana on Sept. 17, 1821. The second is Agustin de Iturbide's El Primer Gefe del Ejercito Ymperial a los havitantes de Mexico, issued on Sept. 20.
The period immediately following independence, 1821-1861, has a few items concerned mainly with honors and rewards to the veterans and heroes of the independence and continuing hostilities with the Spanish at the castle of San Juan de Ulua and Veracruz. This early national period is represented by military and governmental appointments, the move for colonization in Texas, and more land and inheritance disputes. A number of government circulars contain information on a variety of subjects such as the Catholic Church, commerce and taxation, and the Congress. A series of twenty-six manuscripts relating to the Mexican consulate in New Orleans shed light on some of the problems in foreign relations with the U.S.
A number of items concern Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and his role in Mexican history. Two of the more interesting are his Confesion y arrepentimiento ... of Jan. 8, 1830, and a bando containing his account of the siege and fall of the Alamo.
The materials in this period also include several sonnets by the poet Francisco Gonzalez Bocanegra; a Constitucion politica del Estado de Jalisco, dated Nov. 26, 1857; Sesiones del dia of the Congreso of Jalisco for six days in January of 1858; one of the Leyes de reforma signed by Benito Juarez on July 12, 1859; and a number of documents concerned with the suppression of the Colegio de la Caridad.
The European intervention and the reign of Maximilian, 1861-1867, are represented by a letter from Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna to Napoleon III, offering his services; several laws and appointments by Maximilian; extensive correspondence between Maximilian and his government officials, some of it in code; and several other items.
The materials in the collection after the European intervention are primarily correspondence and governmental awards and appointments. Among the manuscripts of the period are one hundred and seventeen items from the years 1882-1894 concerning the Banco Nacional de Mexico; a large number of mine titles granted by Porfirio Diaz; a document by Venustiano Carranza concerning the installation of deputies to the Congreso Constituyente in 1916; and a group of twenty- nine letters and sketches by Jose de Leon Toral, assassin of Alvaro Obregon, shortly before his execution.
Ranging over both the colonial and national periods of Mexican history is a large number of manuscripts from Coahuila. This group includes extensive government correspondence and circulars concerning both local and national matters; statistics; legal disputes; a letter copybook of the governor of Coahuila for July 23-Dec. 31, 1820; two mid-nineteenth century copybooks of officials of Muzquiz; and an Ynventario del archivo de Govierno de la Provincia de Coahuila from June 15, 1705 to Apr. 18, 1708. The Coleccion de notas del Coronel D. Francisco Castaneda y otros is a bound volume containing correspondence and other documents addressed principally to various officials of the government of the Valle de Santa Rosa (later Muzquiz) in Coahuila, covering the years 1802 to 1860. The majority of the manuscripts are concerned with Indian relations in the area.
Among the more than twenty-five bound volumes in the collection are the third and fourth parts of the Noticias de la verdad, y luz de los diuinos Artributos ... dated circa 1629 and 1647. This lengthy Catholic work apparently has not been published. Covering the century from 1695 to 1795 is the volume Titulos del meson y demas posesiones que pertenezen þ Juan Matz de la escalera vezino de queretaro. Two religious works from the eighteenth century are the Discalced Carmelite nuns' Regla, Y Constituciones de las Religiosas Descalzas de la Orden de la Gloriosissima Virgen Maria del Monte Carmelo, a copy of the published work of the same title reprinted in Mexico, En La Imprenta rl. del superior govierno de dona Maria de Rivera, en el Empedradillo, ano de 1733; and Joaquin de Albalate's Doctrina Christiana Regular del Frayle Menor, Que para instrucion de los Novicios de la Sta. Provincia de la Ymmaculada concepcion de Franciscos Descalzos, en Castilla la Nueva, on the last leaf of which is what appears to be the autograph of Maximilian, emperor of Mexico.
A curious item is a volume containing privilegios and a pleito. This work, done on vellum, is probably dated Apr. 28, 1589. However, the names of the original beneficiaries have been removed and the names of some Tlascalan caciques inserted in their places.
Three eighteenth century works in the collection concern medical topics. El Promotor de la salud de los Hombres sin dispendio el menor de sus caudales ... written by Vicente Perez, was published in Toledo in 1752 (Palau, 219568) and discusses the practice of hydrotherapy. Anton de Haen's Dysertacyon Medyca Que contiene el Examen del muy usado Proverbio La Medicina es una doctrina mala o vergonzosa was translated from the Latin version Dissertatio medica sistens examen tristissimi proverbii, medicina turpis disciplina, Neapoli, typ. J.M. Porcelli, 1778. El Onanismo Disertacion sobre las Enfermedades producidas por la Masturbacion by Samuel Auguste Andre David Tissot, translated from the French L'onanisme, dissertation sur les maladies produites par la masturbation, Lausanne, F. Grasset, 1764, is a treatise on the bad effects of masturbation.
Ramon Zazo y Ortega's genealogy of Francisco Antonio de Goytia y Bulqua was completed in Madrid on May 11, 1776. This work, done in vellum, has several illuminated coats of arms and uncials. Folded in at the end of the work is Goytia's family tree, in colors, traced back four generations. Also from the eighteenth century is the Methodo, Con Que deben mandarse los Exercicios Generales Que hagan los cuerpos de Ynfanteria quando el Rey, þ los Gefes quieran verlos egecutar. This is dated Jan. 10, 1787, in Puebla.
Four works pertain to the independence period of Mexican history. The Visitas de Apolo, y de las Musas þ M. Dogast en su prision de Queretaro is a volume of poetry written in 1811. In the Advertencia the author gives the information that he enlisted with Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla on Oct. 17, 1810, and was captured on Nov. 7 of the same year. Gregorio Melero y Pina, also known as Fray Gregorio de la Concepcion, wrote Apuntes para la Historia de la revolucion del Ano de 1810, escritos por un companero del Senor J., in 1832. A copy of this work with an appendix written in 1852, an 1832 draft of the work, and several appended documents are all in the collection. Two disbound volumes of Autografos contain a large number of documents relating to Francisco Primo de verdad y Ramos and cover the years 1776 to 1836. This group of manuscripts needs indexing to reveal the full extent of their worth.
The Causa criminal formada en la comandancia militar de Chihuagua contra el Senor D. Miguel Ydalgo y Costilla Cura del Pueblo de Dolores, por haver dado la primera vos de Yndependencia de la America Mexicana de la Nacion Espanola ... is restricted and may be used only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts. This is a contemporary copy of the trial of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and is dated May 6-July 11, 1811. The bulk of the document has been published by Antonio Pompa y Pompa as Procesos inquisitorial y militar seguidos a D. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. [Documentos] M'xico, Instituo Nacional de Antropolgia e Historia, 1960 (F1232 .H59 P96); however, it appears that there are some documents that have never been published.
Carlos Maria de Bustamante's La Sombra Moctheuzoma Xocoyotzin ... is an essay about pre-Colombian governments and is bound with several other items written from 1832 to 1835. It is followed by a Discurso en la camara de Diputados and then a Diario exacto de Zacatecas remitido por un curioso a un amigo de esta capital for the days May 8-30 of 1835. The volume is continued by both a manuscript and a printed version of Invasion de Mexico por d. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna [Mexico, Impr. del ciudadano A. Valdes, 1832].
The Actas Originales del Comite Electoral del Estado de Mexico of the Circulo nacional profirista from the year 1903 provides information about the personal and political machinery of Porfirian Mexico.
La Pasion Y La Muerte De Nuestro Senor Jesucristo ... was excerpted from Luis Malanco's Viaje a Oriente ... Mexico, Impr. agricola-Commercial, 1883 (G490 .M237). The Verdadero Camino Del Espiritv, written by Martin de Ballarta, is another piece of Catholic literature, probably dating from the eighteenth or early nineteenth century.
Other bound volumes in the collection include the undated Historia de Napoleon Bonaparte; Curioso Manuscrito, an undated work on [Matematicas y fisica] attributed to Fray Jose Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega y Guerra, and Miscelanea. Manuscritos de principios del siglo XIX, a miscellaneous collection of autographs, and letters primarily from the nineteenth century.
The correspondents in the collection are Jose Mariano de Abasolo; Manuel de Agreda; Victoriano Agueros; Lucas Alaman; Miguel Alaman; Juana Allende; Juana Maria Allende; Ignacio Maria de Allende y Unzaga; Juan Nepomuceno Almonte; Ignacio Altamirano; Juan Alvarez; Jos' Vicente de Anda; Manuel Andapia; Anonymous; Mariano Arista; Jose Miguel Arroyo; Miguel Barragan; Jose Francisco de la Barreda y Cos; Manuel G. Bejar; Felipe Berriozabal; Victor Blanco; Nicolas Bravo; Ramon Bravo; Carlos Maria de Bustamante; Manuel Joaquin Bustamante; Juan Manuel Caballero; Jose Maria Cadena y Trevino; Felix Maria Calleja, conde de Calderon; J. Maria Cantide; Carlos II, king of Spain; Carlos III, king of Spain; J. Esteban del Castillo; Jose Maria Catalan; Charlotte, consort of Maximilian, emperor of Mexico; Jose del Collado y Bocanegra; Ignacio Comonfort; Antonio Cordero y Bustamante; Ramon Corona; Aurelio Correa; Jose Antonio Correa y Nieto; Antonio Crespo; Carlos Francisco de Croix, marques de Croix; Jose de la Cruz; Lope de Cuellar; Porfirio Diaz; Benito Dominguez; Enrique T. Dominguez; Miguel Dominguez; Alphonse Dubois de Saligny; Jose Ignacio Duran; Santiago Jose de Echavarria y Elguezua; Jose Nicolas Elizondo; Antonio Elosua; Miguel Maria Espinosa de los Monteros; Jesus Estada; Jose Agustin de Estrada; Jose Maria Felan; Bonifacio Fernandez; Vicente Filisola; Jose Leonardo Flores; Manuel Flores; Manuel de Flores; Manuel Antonio Flores Maldonaldo y Martinez de Angulo y Bodquin; Jose Antonio Fraile; Jesus Fuente; Jose de la Fuente; Jesus Fuentes y Muniz; Ignacio Galindo; Antonio Galvan; Anna Rita de Gaona; Juan Francisco de la Garza; Jacinto de la Garza Falcon; Juan Garza Gonzalez; Juan M. de la Garza Sanudo; Lazaro de la Garza y Ballesteros; Luis Gomez; Valentin Gomez Farias; Manuel Gomez Pedraza; Antonio Gonzalez; Laureano Gonzalez; Manuel Gonzalez; Rafael Gonzalez; Mariano Gonzalez Calderon; Fermin Gonzalez Riestra; Rita de las Granjas; Matias Guadiana; Vicente Guerrero; Jose Francisco Gutierrez; Manuel Guzman; Rosa Z.B. de Guzman; Francisco Hernandez; Juan Hernandez; Marcos Hernandez; Francisco Herrera; Jose Joaquin de Herrera; Jose Manuel de Herrera; Anacleto Herrera y Cairo; Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla; Antonio de Icaza; Mariano Icaza y Mora; Agustin de Iturbide; Jose de Iturrigaray y Arostegui; Antonio de Labastida y Davalos; Jose Joaquin de Lacunza; Teodosio Lares; Gertrudis Larilla; Sebastian Vicente de Legorguru; Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada; Felipe de Leyba; Jose Maria Liceaga; Francisco Javier de Lizana y Beaumont; Cipriana Llorente; Carlos Lodiza; Manuel Maria Lombardini; Felipe Lopez; Jose Lopez; Ignacio Lopez Rayon; Jose Lujan; Juan N. Margain; Felix Berenguer de Marquina; Ignacio Martinez; Jose Martinez; Ramon Martinez de Arellano; Jose Maria Martinez Sotomayor; Pedro Marzal; Maximilian, emperor of Mexico; Lorenzo Medina; Francisco Mejia; Jose Guadalupe de Messa; Mexico. Administrador de bienes nacionalizados; Mexico (Viceroyalty) Direccion General de Aduanas; Marin Rafael del Michelena; Gregorio de Mier y Teran; Francisco Javier Mina; Miguel Miramon; Juan Montufar; Jose Maria Teclo Morelos y Pavon; Pedro Munoz; Jose Maria de Murguia Galardi; Miguel Negrete; Alonso Nunez de Haro y Peralta; Melchor Ocampo; Tomas O'Haran y Escurdero; Juan Antonio Olavarrieta; Pascual Orozco; Alejandro Ortega; Jose Maria Ortiz Monasterio; Jose Francisco Osorno; Laureano Palma; Manuel Pardo; Jose Maria Paredes; Jose Ignacio Pavon; Manuel Payno; Jose Perdiz; Jose Manuel Perez de Anguello; Jose Pillado; Jose Andres Pimentel; Fernando Poucel; Guillermo Prieto; Miguel Antonio de Quesada; Francisco Quintero; J. Raigosa; Jose Fernando Ramirez; Vicente Ramirez; Miguel Ramos Arizpe; Francisco de Asis Ravana; Mariano Riva Palacio; Vicente Riva Palacio; Jose Maria de la Riva y Rada; Domingo Rodriguez; Jose Maria Rodriguez Gomez; Francisco Romero; Matias Romero; Juan Nepomuceno Rosains; Victor Rosales; Vicente Rueda; Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, conde de Venadito; Juan Cruz Ruiz de Cabanas y Crespo; Saganta; Nemsio Salcedo; Francisco Saldivar; Jose de San Camilo; Pedro A. de San Martin; Jose Sandoval; Miguel Sevillano de Paredes; Juan Alberto Tavares; Felipe Tellez Geron; Jose Antonio Tijerina; Toncerrada; Jose Antonio Torres; J. Serapio Traqueo; Juan Ugalde; Jose Joaquin de Ugarte; Juan del Valle; Manuel del Valle; Manuel de la Vega; Francisco Javier Venegas de Saavedra, marques de la Reunion y de Nueva Espana; Jose Sixto Verduzco; Guadalupe Victoria; Jose Maria Viesca; Juan F. Villalobos; and Francisco Zarco.
Collection size: 1,756 items