Lilly Library Manuscript Collections


The Martin, T.H. mss., 1862-1929, consist of correspondence and military documents of Civil War soldier Thomas H. Martin, 1836-1918. Born in Campbell County, Kentucky in 1836, Martin moved to Indiana with his family two years later. He attended Franklin College, studied dentistry in Greensburg, and established a dental practice in Covington, Indiana in 1859.

In August 1862, Martin joined Company E of the 63rd Indiana Volunteers. Elected a Second Lieutenant, he was granted a commission by Governor Oliver P. Morton on August 14, 1862. He was promoted to Captain on February 20, 1864 and transferred to Company H of the 123rd Regiment, mustering in on March 17. The 123rd took part in a number of important actions, including Kenesaw Mountain, Nashville, and the campaign to capture Atlanta. Martin remained with the 123rd until the Regiment was mustered out of service on August 25, 1865. After the war, he returned to Greensburg and resumed his dental practice. He relocated to Lebanon, Indiana in April 1866 and married Ella Jackson of Greensburg, Pennsylvania in 1870. Following the death of his second wife, Emma, in 1915, Martin went to live with his children in Martinsville where he died on September 22, 1918 at the home of his son.

The correspondence in the collection dates mostly from his years in the Army. Correspondents include his sister, Maggie; his parents, Jacob and Miriam; Jacob Cook; J.G. Greenwalt; Leonard Wilson Arnold Luckey; M.V. McKinney; and Francis M. Milliken. A number of documents related to Martin's military career are also found in the collection, including orders from Assistant Adjutant General E.D. Townsend; invoices for clothing, equipage, and additional service; and Martin's discharge, signed by Benjamin F. Briscoe.

Other items in the collection are three copy photographs of soldiers; five copies of In Memoriam, Companion Captain Thomas H. Martin published in 1918 by the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Commandery of the State of Indiana; and one copy of Golden Encampment, Indiana Department, Grand Army of the Republic published in 1929. An oversize folder containing Martin's commissions, muster rolls for the 63rd and 123rd Regiments, abstracts of provisions for the 123rd Regiment, and a Statement of Amounts Due United States from Officers of the 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps completes the collection.

Gift. Sylvan Tackitt. Bloomington, IN 1999.

Collection size: 48 items

For more information about this collection and any related materials contact the Public Services Department, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405. Call (812) 855-2452 or send an email using our Ask a Question form.