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Geographic Names
Name Changes

Name changes present two major problems: When the name of a city changes, separate headings are established.

NAFL9310450
151 0 Nizhnii Novgorod (Russia)
451 0 ‡wnne‡aNizhnii Novgorod (R.S.F.S.R.)
551 0 Gorkii (R.S.F.S.R.)

In this example, Gorkii (R.S.F.S.R.) and Nizhnii Novgorod (R.S.F.S.R.) are not valid for use as subjects. (The name of Gorkii was changed before the breakup of the Soviet Union ).

All subjects use Nizhnii Novgorod (Russia).

Gorkii (R.S.F.S.R.) and Nizhnii Novgorod (R.S.F.S.R.) are used only as name headings.

A relatively clear example resulting in an earlier/later name change:

NAFL79139217
151 0 Frunze (Kirghiz S.S.R.)
551 0 ‡wb‡aBishkek (Kyrgyzstan)

NAFL91129719 151 0 Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)
551 0 ‡wa‡aFrunze (Kirghiz S.S.R.)

When a change in the official language of a country results in a change of name, LC practice seems inconsistent.
For example, a change in the name of a Belarusian town:

NAFL8159011
151 0 Homel (Belarus)
451 0 Gomel (Byelorussian S.S.R.)

This heading was changed after a question from Princeton University. The name of the town has not changed, the change has been in LC policy concerning languages. The superceded record was:

151 0 Gomel (Byelorussian S.S.R.)
551 0 ‡wb‡aHomyel (Belarus)

This inconsistency occurs even for relatively well-known cities. For example:

NAFL8093608
151 0 Kishinev (Moldavian S.S.R.)
551 0 ‡wb‡a Chisinau (Moldova)

and

NAFL9249520
151 0 Chisinau (Moldova)
551 0 ‡wa‡aKishinev (Moldavian S.S.R.)

LC has determined that the change of the heading from Russian to Moldavian constitutes an earlier/later name change.

NAFL79104307
151 0 T'bilisi (Georgia)
451 0 ‡wnne‡aTbilisi (Georgian S.S.R.)

Here, LC has opted to establish the name in Georgian and as a simple name change.

NAFL79139057
151 0 Odesa (Ukraine)
451 0 ‡wnne‡aOdessa (Ukraine)
670 BGN, 03-10-93‡b(Odesa [Ukrainian spelling]; variant: Odessa [Russian spelling])
670 Nat. Geog. Soc. Europe [MAP] Dec. 1992:‡b (Odesa)

LC has established the heading in Ukrainian in spite of its well-known English form, presumably because of the BGN ruling.

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