Inside this issue:
Access Today, Spring 2000
The NCA is moving
In order to better provide our services, NCA is relocating to the Indiana
University Campus within a few months. Look for our new address
and phone numbers in our next issue of "Access Today" coming out
The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability: Our
by Brent Williams, Ph.D.
There is a clear consensus among experts in the field that physical activity
is a key element in optimal health, and that inactivity is a serious
public health concern. The Surgeon General's Report on Physical
Activity and Health (1996) emphasized that physical inactivity is
a major contributor to heart disease, adult onset diabetes, and
colon cancer, and compared the public health risks resulting from
inactivity to those resulting from smoking. Healthy People 2000:
National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives and
the draft document, Healthy People 2010 Objectives list physical
activity and fitness as major objectives for promoting healthy behaviors
among the Nation's citizens. The Healthy People 2000 Objectives
also noted that a clear opportunity exists for health promotion
and disease prevention efforts to improve the health prospects and
functional independence of people with disabilities.
Despite this consensus concerning the health promotion benefits of physical
activity and fitness, people with disabilities have received little
consideration. Commensurately, people with disabilities are likely
to be at greater risk than the general population for developing
secondary health conditions due to sedentary lifestyles.
A major constraint to creating specific exercise guidelines for persons with
disabilities is the lack of scientific literature on this topic.
A second major barrier is the fact that many health professionals
currently do not associate terms such as wellness, exercise, and
health promotion with persons with disabilities. There is a severe
lack of data available on ways of adapting physical activity and
exercise programs to meet the needs of persons with specific disabilities.
Similarly, there is very little available information concerning
how to integrate persons with moderate and severe disabilities into
community-based fitness programs.
The situation is exacerbated by the fact that the scientific and practical
information that does exist is poorly organized and spread over
a wide range of scientific disciplines. As a result, researchers,
practitioners, and consumers seeking information on physical activity
and exercise for persons with disabilities have great difficulty
finding the resources that they require.
To combat this problem, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
has awarded a four-year grant to the University of Illinois at Chicago
(UIC) - an internationally recognized leader in promoting health
through research,education, and physical activity programs for people
with disabilities - to develop the National Center on Physical Activity
and Disability (NCPAD).
The new National Center on Physical Activity and Disability has established
strong, collaborative relationships between the two constellations
of individuals and organizations central to its mission: those that
are focused on physical activity and exercise, and those that are
focused on disability. To accomplish this end, NCPAD has established
a strong cross-disability presence with a national representation
of persons with all types of disabilities through participation
with the Nation's leading disability organizations.
Funded and unfunded collaborative agreements with these organizations have
been established to assure achievement of all the Center's goals
and objectives. These partnerships include an ongoing collaboration
with The National Center on Accessibility (NCA) at Indiana University,
the Nation's leading information, training, and technical assistance
center for accessibility to parks, trails, nature areas, recreation
facilities, and related indoor and outdoor areas associated with
physical activity and exercise. The enormous collective wisdom and
experience of the organizations collaborating in this project guide
the information gathering, synthesizing, and dissemination activities.
The Collaborating Partners assist NCPAD in producing Fact Sheets,
Bibliographies and White Papers and distributing this information
through partnering organizations, as well as through NCPAD's own
distance education programs.
As a clearinghouse for research and practical information, NCPAD's mission
is to promote healthy lifestyles for persons with disabilities.
NCPAD is, at present, busy gathering, organizing and synthesizing
information related to fitness, physical activity, and disability.
NCPAD has created and maintains a searchable, on-line database of
information regarding all aspects of physical activity and disability.
Our website, www.ncpad.org,
features this database as well as immediate access to NCPAD's Fact
Sheets and Bibliographies on topics relating to specific disabilities
and physical activity. Visitors to the website can conduct searches
of the database by using our search engine, similar to other internet
search engines such as Yahoo, Lycos, or Metacrawler. The database
contains contact information for agencies and organizations, references
to articles, books, and videos, as well as hyperlinks to websites
and internet forums that provide information on physical activity
NCPAD's website also provides a national resource directory of facilities,
programs, and events concerned with physical activity and disability.
These directories contain listings of upcoming events and conferences,
accessible recreation areas, organizations or groups offering accessible
facilities for health and fitness activities, as well as suppliers
of adapted equipment. NCPAD is, by design, responsible to the consumers
it serves; so, whether you are looking for general information,
have a specific request or a suggestion for our website, don't hesitate
to call us and/or drop us an e-mail.
NCA Expanding Distance
Making accessibility information and training more available to more people
is the goal of new distance learning initiatives currently underway.
On April 7, NCA presented a half-day session over closed circuit
satellite on; "What Recreation Therapists Need to Know About the
ADA." The program was transmitted to seven sites over the Indiana
Higher Education Television System. A total of fifty people participated.
The transmission included the use of Power Point presentations,
teleconference call, videos, and interactive presenter-participant
On September 27, 2000, NCA will be conducting a full day Satellite video
telecast that will focus on the status and interpretation of the
newly proposed accessibility standards for outdoor developed areas.
This program is being sponsored and funded by the Employee Development
Division of the National Park Service and will be transmitted to
six to eight sites throughout the USA. The sites currently under
consideration will be located within driving distance of thousands
of NPS employees. The program will be by registration and space
is limited to the capacity of each receiving site (generally twenty
to thirty per site).
The day-long program will include both live telecast and on-site activities
that will be facilitated by NPS accessibility facilitators. The
program will consist of presentations by U.S. Access Board representatives
and several individuals who were heavily involved in developing
the standards. A combination of video, computer generated presentations,
and discussions will be included. Problem solving activities and
case studies will be presented and participants will have the opportunity
to ask specific questions relative to the impact of specific proposed
standards on their area of work.
Additionally, the NCA Internet site will add several activities associated
with the September training program. These activities will be designed
for self-learning and will be interactive to increase usability
and to provide immediate feedback to the learner.
NCA is also in the process of seeking funding for further Internet site development,
including the use of video streaming technology that will provide
visual support for written learning activities related to recreation
Department of the Interior to Convene Disability Rights Summit
By Dave Park, Chief, Accessibility Management Program, National Park Service
The Department of the Interior will convene a Summit Meeting to discuss the
status of its efforts to provide equal accessibility for individuals
with disabilities in all of its facilities, programs, and services.
The meeting, entitled, "Beyond Awareness: Equal Opportunity for
People with Disabilities in the Department of the Interior in the
New Millennium," was held at the National Conservation Training
Center in Shepherdstown, West Virginia on April 25-27. The purpose
of this meeting was to identify the current status of accessibility
for individuals with disabilities within the Department, determine
desirable accessibility goals, and develop recommendations for how
to more effectively attain those goals. The expected outcome will
be the beginning of a Departmental Action plan that will outline
strategies to address the issues identified.
In a memorandum to all of the Assistant Secretaries, Heads of Offices, and
Bureau Directors, Minnejean Brown-Trickey, Deputy Assistant Secretary
for Workforce Diversity, stated:
"We are required by Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and the Americans
with Disabilities Act of 1990, to ensure that our facilities, programs,
and services are accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.
We are also required to affirmatively recruit, retain, and develop
individuals with disabilities and to provide reasonable accommodations
to the known disabilities of our employees. All of our offices have
taken steps over the past several years to accomplish these goals.
However, we must continue to reach out to the estimated 54 million
citizens who have a disability."
This meeting focused on four specific issues that relate to ensuring equal
- Employment Practices
- Architectural Accessibility of DOI buildings and facilities
- Programmatic Access to DOI programs, services and opportunities
- Access to information resources such as web sites and other electronic
Each Bureau and Office Director has been asked to identify two individuals
in each of the four issue areas outlined above to participate in
this important meeting. Their role will be to help identify barriers
and challenges that inhibit DOI's ability to provide optimum levels
of access, and to help in the development of potential solutions
to those challenges. During the course of the meeting, participants
heard presentations about the four issue areas from top level experts
from the Department of Justice, the United States Architectural
Barriers Compliance Board, The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission,
The Residents Commission on Employment of Persons with Disabilities,
and the Presidential Taskforce on Employment of Adults with Disabilities.
Following the presentations the participants met in small work groups
to outline the issues and challenges that hinder the Department
from providing optimum access and to outline action steps that need
to be taken to ensure greater progress.
Disability Awareness Course
By Lynn Boone, USDA Forest Service
The National Center on Accessibility presented a one-day course in partnership
with the USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Region. The course
was held in Roseville, California with fifty-three participants
attending. This course was coordinated by the USDA Forest Service
for Forest Service Commercial Special Use Permit Holders to address
attitudes towards people with disabilities and correct terminology
to use when speaking with or about people with disabilities. Session
- Attitudes and Terminology
- Understanding the needs of people with visual impairments, people who
are deaf or hard of hearing, and people with physical impairments
- Legislation summary of the ABA, the 1973 rehabilitation Act, the role
of the ATBCB, and a summary of Americans with Disabilities Act
- Accessibility Standards Overview
In January of 1999, NCA had previously hosted a three-day educational program
for Forest Service employees who had accessibility responsibilities
in their forest. Session topics included those listed above, with
the addition of:
- Discussion of the principles of universal design, state-of-the-art designs,
and issues tied to retrofitting for accessibility
- Discussion of current proposed accessibility guidelines for outdoor developed
areas, unique recreation environments and options for provisions
for historic site access
- Considerations for comprehensive planning for accessibility improvements
In order to provide quality customer service to all users, it is the Forest
Service's responsibility to ensure that partners are knowledgeable
about current issues and laws pertinent to people with disabilities.
Both of these sessions were well-received. Two more one-day sessions are
scheduled for concessionaires and special use permit holders. The
first is scheduled for October of 2000 in Reno, Nevada. The second
will be in March of 2001 in the Los Angeles, California area. Contact
Lynn Boone of the Forest Service (lboone/r5) at 707-562-8843 for
Principles of Accessibility
Location: Hastings Conference Center
Address: 85 Sigourney St.
Address: Hartford, CT 06105
Hotel Cost: $85 per night
Dates: June 19-21, 2000
Course Cost: $325.00 per person
Class Size: 50 people
Registration: Deadline for registration is May 22nd. Late
registrations will be accepted as space allows. A $150 fee will
be assessed for all cancellations after June 5th.
Registration forms can be:
faxed to 765-342-6658,
emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org
in to 765- 349-9240 or
access our website at:
This course is designed to introduce park and recreation professionals
to the fundamentals of physical and programmatic accessibility.
Principles of Accessibility will provide the foundation for understanding
the characteristics and needs of people with disabilities. This
course will be particularly useful for accessibility coordinators
or other professionals whose primary responsibility is the support
of accessibility programs.
In addition, there were be discussion of accessibility compliance responsibility,
including regulations and standards.
- Attitudes and Terminology
- Understanding the Needs of:
- people with visual impairments
- people who are deaf or hard of hearing
- people with physical impairments
- Principles of Universal Design
- Accessibility Standards and Guidelines
- Access to Historic Sites
- Program Access
- Recreation Products and Resources
- Overview of Guidelines:
1) Recreation: fishing and boating, campgrounds, picnic areas, trails,
golf, sports facilities, play areas
2) Standards: Revision of ADAAG/UFAS