Access Today, Spring 2002
(PDF version -
Inside this issue:
NCA Celebrates 10th Anniversary Promoting
Access to Parks, Recreation & Tourism for People with Disabilities
"The National Center on Accessibility has for over ten years been
committed to providing national level leadership in making park, recreation
and tourism venues and programs accessible to people with disabilities.
Through our research, technical assistance and training we have directly
touched the lives of thousands of professionals, consumers and students.
We believe that through these efforts, we have also indirectly benefited
thousands more who now have better access to our nation's vast array
of leisure opportunities. We extend our sincere appreciation to our
colleagues for all of your support over the last 10 years and look
forward to the next 10 years."
|Participants of NCA's Retrofitting for Accessibility
training course study trail access on a site visit to Lake Pueblo
State Park, Colorado.
-Gary Robb, Executive Director
The Spring of 2002 marks the 10th anniversary of the National Center
on Accessibility, one of the nation's premiere resource centers
promoting access for people with disabilities. Over the last decade,
NCA has played a critical role in increasing awareness of inclusion
of people with disabilities in parks, recreation and tourism while
advancing the spirit and intent of the Americans with Disabilities
Act, Rehabilitation Act and other disability legislation.
A collaborative program of Indiana University and the National Park
Service, NCA focuses on research, training and technical assistance
to link the preferences and needs of people with disabilities to
those of practitioners designing facilities and planning programs.
Since the Center's inception in 1992, NCA has trained over 20,000
professionals and answered over 19,000 requests for technical assistance.
NCA research findings have been instrumental in the development
of national accessibility guidelines for swimming pools, trails,
beaches, golf, and other recreation environments.
Current projects underway at the National Center on Accessibility include
the development of a series of distance learning programs for the
National Park Service, research on park visitor expectations, playgrounds
and ticketing policies and the kick-off of a community golf program
initiative with the National Alliance for Accessible Golf. Read
more about NCA's milestones and current activities inside this special
edition of Access Today.
From the Editor's Desk
Accessiologist by Trade,
Advocate at Heart
In January the staff of the National Center Accessibility began team-teaching
R270: Inclusive Recreation Services, a required class of all recreation
majors at Indiana University. To past NCA training course participants,
the curriculum will look very familiar: attitudes, terminology, accessibility
standards, principles of universal design, program access. Many of
the class discussions have also followed the same direction as in
NCA training courses: debate about the use of the word "handicapped"
vs. "people first language;" discussion about Casey Martin
and limited funding--how do we make accessibility improvements with
limited or diminishing budgets? What has been truly interesting throughout
the semester, has been the evolution or shift from "student"
to "accessiologist." Over the years, a couple of our colleagues
have coined the term "accessiologist" or "one who studies
or advances accessibility." An accessiologist doesn't just go
to a program, they look for all of the accessible elements and barriers
along the way. Where is the accessible parking, entrance, restrooms?
Does the program provide auxiliary aids or services? Are staff trained
at serving patrons with disabilities? As the semester progresses,
students make the shift to accessiologists. This evolution is the
same "lightbulb moment" we hope to spark with NCA training
course participants; the moment when students make the realization
that equal access is not a privilege but a civil right, incorporating
accessibility into programs and facilities doesn't have to be difficult,
and we should do it--not because it is the law, but because it is
the right thing to do. This semester will culminate with students
conducting accessibility assessments of programs and facilities on
the IU campus. They will identify barriers and make recommendations
to university administration for improving access to students, staff,
faculty and visitors with disabilities. Already we have heard comments
like "I don't just go to the library or sports complex anymore,
now I look for all the things that are either accessible or not to
people with disabilities." Perhaps their practice as accessiologists
will carry through to the "real world" too when they take
their first jobs in parks and recreation. Get ready, here they come!
|R270 students discuss accessible stadium seating in Assembly
In parks and recreation,
Jennifer K. Bowerman-Skulski, Editor - Access Today
NCA Gears Up for Another Busy Summer
|NCA Staff from left: Anahit Behijou, Susan Otsby,
Amy Patrick, Ray Bloomer, Gary Robb, Nan Smith, Jennifer Skulski.
Absent: Trudy Butrum and Linda Heerdink.
NCA staff might be 10 years older and wiser, but the years certainly
haven't slowed them down at all. The NCA team is gearing up for
another busy summer of research, technical assistance and training
to assist colleagues in the field do what they do best even better,
that is providing inclusive recreation opportunities for everyone.
NPS Distance Learning Program
The National Park Service has awarded NCA two contracts to develop
distance learning programs in FY2002. The "Learning at Your
Desktop" program will include a series of webcasts and an interactive
CD-Rom on access to outdoor recreation environments.
NCA's fourth year of collaboration with the University of Illinois
at Chicago begins this season. UIC partnered with NCA and the Rehabilitation
Institute of Chicago to establish a National Center on Physical
Activity and Disability (NCPAD). NCA has developed a series of fact
sheets and monographs for NCPAD while also providing technical assistance
for consumers. NCA and NCPAD will sponsor a webcast "Recreation
Access: Research to Practice" on June 20.
Ticket Policies Survey
NCA has partnered with the ADA/504 Coordinators for the Arts, John
F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and the Indiana Institute
on Disability and Community to conduct a survey of facility operators
of performing arts venues and sports arenas. The survey explores
how facility operators accommodate patrons with disabilities, from
accessible seating to auxiliary aids and services.
Visitor Expectations Study
Research continues this season with the University of Tennessee.
The perceptions of people with disabilities relative to program
and physical access were studied at five National Park Service units:
the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Blue Ridge Parkway,
Shenandoah National Park, Mammoth Cave National Park and Hot Spring
National Park. This summer, researchers will interview park visitors
with physical disabilities at the Great Smoky Mountains National
Park to explore their perceptions on access to the park and expectations
as a park visitor.
Research will also continue this summer in Lombard, IL where NCA
is studying the preferences of children with disabilities accessing
a playground specifically designed by the minimum accessibility
guidelines. Is the playground not only accessible, is it usable?
Inclusive? And most importantly, FUN!?
Research Subject Pool
People with disabilities are encouraged to join NCA's research subject.
When NCA is conducting research in various regions of the country,
the volunteer subject pool enables NCA to draw from a group of people
with disabilities that also have similar interest in the research
subject matter. NCA research volunteers have tested various products,
surfaces and designs. Most notably, people with disabilities volunteering
for the NCA research subject pool contributed to the development
of accessibility guidelines for swimming pools soon to be released
by the U.S. Access Board. People with disabilities interested in
volunteering for research can send a letter of interest to NCA or
e-mail to email@example.com.
New NCA Beach Report & Tech Sheets Available
The National Center on Accessibility has issued the results of research
on temporary beach surfaces. Seven temporary surfaces were tested
on ease of use by people with mobility impairments. In addition, the
research study analyzed installation, weekly maintenance and cost.
The executive summary is available on the NCA website, www.ncaonline.org.
The full 78-page report is available through NCA for $20 (includes
|Volusia County Beach Patrol staff install one
of the surfaces to be tested in the NCA research study.
NCA has also authored a series of technical assistance sheets on
access to outdoor recreation environments. The tech sheets are available
for download in PDF format.
- Trail Surfaces: What do I need to know now?
- What is an Accessible Trail
- Picnic Elements
- Campgrounds (coming soon)
- Beaches (coming soon)
Sign the NCA Guestbook
Have you participated in an NCA training course, used NCA research
findings or received NCA technical assistance over the last 10 years?
Send NCA staff a note of congratulations on 10 years of service
promoting access and inclusion for people with disabilities. Sign
the NCA 10th anniversary guestbook on the web at www.ncaonline.org.
Access Board Votes on Recreation Rule
On Wednesday, March 13, the U.S. Access Board voted unanimously to approve
the recreation facilities accessibility guidelines. The recreation
facilities guidelines address:
- Recreation facilities:
sports facilities & swimming pools
- Places of Amusement
- Boating and Fishing
Eventually the recreation facilities guidelines will be incorporated
into the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines
(ADAAG). The Access Board has been working on the multi-phased development
of accessibility guidelines specific to recreation facilities since
1993 with the coordination of a national advisory committee of stakeholders
who provided preliminary recommendations. Access Board staff will
make final preparations to the recreation facilities guidelines
and then submit the final guidelines, along with other material
such as a regulatory assessment (i.e. cost-benefit analysis) to
the Office of Management and Budget for review and clearance. OMB
then has 90 days for its review. Upon completion of review, the
recreation facilities guidelines will be issued as a Final Rule
by the U.S. Access Board sometime in late summer/early fall 2002.
The last step will include adoption by the U.S. Department of Justice
for inclusion within the Americans with Disabilities Act regulations.
Once the final rule is issued, it will be available on the U.S. Access Board
web site at www.access-board.gov
Accessibility guidelines for outdoor recreation environments including trails,
campgrounds, picnic areas and beaches are still under development
by the Access Board.
NCA Surveys Clients on Impact & Future
"Hello. This is the Indiana University Center for Survey Research calling.
We would like to ask you a few questions about your experience with
the National Center on Accessibility."
|Gary Robb talks with NCA training course participants about
conditions for departure from the proposed trail provisions
during a field visit to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park."
You may have received this call over the winter. NCA recently contracted
the IU Center for Survey Research to survey past training course
participants on the impact of NCA services. A total of 362 professionals
who attended NCA training courses participated in the survey. This
is what some of you had to say:
97% of respondents shared information on accessibility with colleagues and
staff after attending an NCA training course
84% of respondents reported they were able to improve staff attitudes about
accessibility issues after attending an NCA training course
84% of respondents report they were able to improve staff attitudes about
services for people with disabilities after attending an NCA training
76% of respondents have been able to initiate physical access improvements
to their facilities such as providing new or additional accessible
parking, entrances, restrooms, trails or picnic areas
52% of respondents have been able to make programmatic accessibility improvements
such as providing caption videos, assistive listening systems, sign
language interpreters, tactile maps, alternative format brochures,
and making exhibits accessible since attending an NCA training course
69% of respondents reported that their training from NCA helped to bring
about new accessibility plans or improvements at their facility
70% of respondents reported that lack of funding was a barrier to implementing
accessibility improvements at their facilities
Here is what some of you had to say about improvements you have been able
to make after attending an NCA training course:
"We have initiated a series of programs to replace old bathrooms using
an accessible design with the walkways to and from them; we have
also worked with concessionaires to build accessible campgrounds."
"We installed a $20 million aerial tramway (gondola) that has a mid-station
viewing deck that is totally accessible. In addition, we just built
an RV park campground and a 12-person rental accommodation on the
lake shore of Lake Tahoe that is totally accessible."
"We purchased four beach wheelchairs. People are amazed that we have
them, and very thrilled that they are available."
"I've been able to make sure that our print products are accessible.
I've also had input on designing exhibits and making sure our videos
"We've recently established an accessibility team to go throughout
the state inspecting facilities, making recommendations, and spending
"We contracted with a vendor to create a tactile model of
the grounds and we are currently working on our tactile exhibits.
We have a large-print brochure. We made an audio presentation for
the tactile model and exhibit we have on slavery. We also have a
captioned video in the works."
A note of thanks to all of you who participated in the survey. Your feedback
has always been very important to NCA. We look forward to using
your comments to continue to improve the quality of NCA services.
NCA Milestones Pave Accessible Route to Parks,
Recreation & Tourism
When the U.S. Access Board's national recreation access advisory
committee made preliminary recommendations for accessibility guidelines
in recreation environments back in 1994, access to swimming pools
was still questionable. The advisory committee stated that there
was not enough information on how people with disabilities access
swimming pools and thus called for more research.
NCA was awarded that research contract by the U.S. Access Board in 1995 and
went on to study the preferences of people with disabilities as
they enter and exit swimming pools and spas. NCA surveyed pool operators
to examine the prevalence of designs and devices used to provide
pool access, related policies and procedures, as well as safety
and maintenance concerns. In addition, NCA tested a variety of equipment
and designs including swimming pool lifts, transfer systems, ramps,
moveable floors and zero depth entries to measure the appropriateness,
independent use and safety of each. Later this summer, the U.S.
Access Board will issue a final rule for accessibility guidelines
for recreation facilities including swimming pools and spas. NCA's
research findings serve as the basis for the new accessibility guidelines.
|A volunteer enters the pool of the Indiana University
Natatorium at Indianapolis using a transfer system. Research
assistant Kathy Mispagel provides guidance while principle investigator
Dr. Edward J. Hamilton looks on.
"NCA made a significant contribution to the Access Board
through the implementation of it's Swimming Pool Accessibility
Research Project. The results of this project formed the basis for
ADA accessibility guidelines for swimming pools and spas."
-Larry Roffee, Executive Director,
U.S. Access Board
|The Volusia County Beach Patrol provide daily
maintenance to temporary beach surfaces in preparation for use
during research subject testing.
practical solutions for beach access has long been a priority of
NCA. One of the first research studies undertaken by NCA was a comprehensive
look at assistive devices for beach access including wheeled beach
chairs and surface applications to create accessible routes on beaches.
In 2001, NCA partnered with Action Disability Advocates and the
Volusia (FL) County Beach Patrol to investigate seven different
temporary surface products that may provide easier access for people
with mobility impairments across the sand to the water's edge. The
study focused on consumer perceptions, costs, installation and maintenance.
The research findings provide objective information to managers
of beach areas allowing them to compare options for temporary surfaces
used to create beach access.
NCA has hosted two national symposia on playground access. In
1995, before there were accessibility guidelines for playgrounds,
NCA developed "Access to Play Areas," a resource packet
for playground owners. This spring, NCA will continue work on a
research study in the Chicago-suburbs on the preferences of children
with disabilities accessing play equipment. The objective of the
study is to provide playground owners and designers with information
on the preferences of children with disabilities so that they may
design and install playgrounds that are inclusive, accessible, usable
and preferred by children with disabilities.
|Friends chat while examining the functional usability of picnic
|An NCA researcher poses questions on the ease of use of different
Creating trails that are accessible, inviting and challenging
without fundamentally altering the nature of the environment has
been a challenge for outdoor recreation planners and designers.
NCA has conducted research on proposed technical provisions for
accessible trails and surface stabilizing applications. In addition,
NCA has hosted a series of trail access symposia to highlight creative
design and programming including the demonstration of the Universal
Trail Assessment Process developed by Beneficial Designs.
Access to outdoor recreation environments has always been a
top priority for NCA. NCA has been represented on both the U.S.
Access Board's 1993 Recreation Access Advisory Committee and 1998
Regulatory Negotiating Committee on Outdoor Developed Areas. NCA
research has included a profile of people with disabilities in the
National Survey on Recreation and the Environment. In addition,
NCA has collaborated with the University of Minnesota to study the
functional aspects of accessible picnic elements and develop practical
recommendations for park planners. Currently research includes a
study with the University of Tennessee on the perceptions and expectations
of visitors with disabilities in five national parks. Over the last
10 years, NCA staff have worked closely to link volunteers from
the Telephone Pioneers of America to national parks in need of volunteers
for accessibility improvement projects. NCA staff have also traveled
nationally to conduct accessibility assessments and provide consultation
to Alcatraz Island, Fort McHenry, Gateway National Recreation Area,
Castillo De San Marcos National Monument, Indianapolis Parks Department,
Wildlife Prairie State Park, and the Trail of Tears National Historic
Trail.....just to name a few!
For The Good of the Game:
Golf Access Proves to Be A Challenge
Access to the game of
golf for people with disabilities has been one of the greatest challenges
of all the recreational pursuits. The challenges don't lie so much
in the physical, structural or landscape architecture of making
golf courses accessible. Moreso the challenges are where golf course
management policies and procedures meet the golfer with a disability
head on at the first tee.
|A golfer participates in a community tourney.
"While there have been a number of organizations and individuals
involved in making the game of golf both more accessible and inclusive,
the tireless contributions of the National Center on Accessibility
have been at the forefront of this effort. Nevertheless, there is
still much work to be done. In that regard, it is comforting to
know that the NCA has committed its expertise to help insure the
future success of this particular initiative, and, even more importantly,
to promote the inclusion of all disabled individuals into the social
fabric of society as a whole."
-Trey Holland, President
United States Golf Association
Long before Casey Martin had dreams of playing on the pro tour, the National
Center on Accessibility and Clemson University had formed a unique
partnership focused on increasing awareness of access issues within
the golf industry. Together, NCA and Clemson have sponsored six
National Forums on Accessible Golf. In 2001, as a direct result
of the sixth annual Forum, NCA facilitated the establishment of
the National Alliance for Accessible Golf, a collaboration of agencies,
institutions, corporations and individuals committed to the inclusion
of golfers with disabilities in the game of golf. Member organizations
of the Alliance Leadership Council include: PGA of America, LPGA,
USGA, Golf Course Superintendents Association of America, National
Golf Course Owners Association, Clemson University, Indiana University,
University of Utah, National Therapeutic Recreation Society and
American Therapeutic Recreation Association.
NCA has conducted research on the Pace of Play and attitudes of golf course
operators. In addition, the USGA sponsored NCA research "For
the good of the game" leading to the development of the booklet
"From the Bag Drop to the 19th Hole: Tips on Accommodating
Golfers with Disabilities at Your Golf Course or Facility."
This booklet has been distributed to all USGA members and is the
leading resource for golf course operators as to strategies to successfully
include people with disabilities in the game of golf.
The newly formed Alliance is physically housed at NCA, where NCA staff provide
start-up support. This summer the Alliance will introduce Project
GAIN (Golf: Accessible and Inclusive Networks). The project will
develop and test a community model for advancing and sustaining
golf for people with disabilities. Project GAIN will utilize a local
steering committee of golf professionals, advocates, people with
disabilities and others. Instructional programs, adapted activities,
information resources and materials, technical assistance, and inclusive
services will be offered as a strategy for meeting the needs of
people with disabilities, regardless of their level of ability,
living arrangement, or knowledge of the game of golf.
NCA: A Ten Year Success Story
|Dave Park (right) talks with NCA training course participants
about access to picnic areas during a field visit at the Great
Smoky Mountains National Park.
by David C. Park, guest columnist
Accessibility Management Program
National Park Service
Jonathan Swift once said "Necessity is the mother of invention!"
This can certainly be said for the relationship between the National
Park Service (NPS) and Indiana University's Department of Park and
Recreation Administration that created the National Center on Accessibility
(NCA). The cooperative relationship between NPS and Indiana University
was initiated as a direct result of the federal cutbacks in training
funds that reduced the availability of training in the area of how
to make the parks more accessible to people with disabilities. These
reductions in training opportunities happen to coincide with the
passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, which had correspondingly
increased the demand for greater access. In an effort to continue
and to expand training, the NPS Accessibility Management Program
sought the assistance of Indiana University, which already had an
outstanding reputation in the area of education and in accessibility.
The initial agreement was to share resources in order to provide
on-going training opportunities in the area of making park and recreation
environments accessible to individuals with disabilities. Due to
the success of the training programs the agreement was quickly expanded
to create what is now know as the National Center on Accessibility.
And, as they say, "The rest is history!"
NCA was established to assist the NPS in providing continuing education,
technical assistance, and research and demonstration projects to
park managers and their staff in providing equal access for visitors
with disabilities. In addition, one of the original goals was to
expand these opportunities beyond the NPS to park and recreation
professionals throughout the country. Over the ten years of its
existence NCA has far exceeded its original intent and expectations
and has emerged as a national and international leader in this important
area of service. In recent years, the NCA accomplishments have included:
(1) providing training in accessibility to over 20,000 park and
recreation professionals (2) providing special seminars on critical
issues such as trail access, historic site access, beach access,
boating access and access to playgrounds, (3) providing direct technical
assistance through telephone requests and through the NCA website,
(4) conducting research on the methods and techniques for improving
access to trails, beaches, historic sites and other outdoor areas,
and (5) providing specialized training and technical assistance
for other agencies including the Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, Tennessee
Valley Authority, NASA, the U.S. Forest Service, and state departments
of natural resources.
It has also provided a mechanism for greater collaboration among
park and recreation professionals around the world. Thanks NCA for
a very productive and exciting partnership. We look forward to the
next ten years!
Happy Birthday NCA, from BLM
Kay Ellis, guest columnist
|Kay Ellis, guest columnist.
National Accessibility Program Manager
Bureau of Land Management
Happy birthday, NCA!!!! It's hard to believe it's been ten years since that
first training course held at Bradford Woods. Ten years and several
thousand students later, the NCA has certainly made its mark as
a national leader in the field of access to parks and outdoor recreation
opportunities. I'm happy to say many of those students have been
field staff from the Bureau of Land Management, a Bureau of the
U.S. Department of the Interior, because that makes my job as the
BLM National Accessibility Program Manager much easier. We are all
working hard to make our programs and facilities accessible to people
with disabilities, and that task is pretty difficult if the field
staff don't know anything about disabilities or accessibility. The
BLM has recently begun a large scale re-evaluation of our recreation
programs and facilities using the Bureau of Reclamation Technical
Service Center and the Accessibility Data Management System (ADMS).
The field staff who attended NCA training have been extremely helpful
in the smooth completion of the assessments using the knowledge
they learned in the classroom and applying it in the field.
The NCA courses provide our field staff with the tools and resources necessary
to make sure our programs are accessible. Hands-on exercises using
the tools of the trade, e.g., smart levels, tape measures, and inclinometers,
open up a whole new world and significantly raise awareness levels
which is the first, and most important, step in understanding accessibility
issues. One of our recreation planners recently commented that the
class made her more aware of accessibility issues on a daily basis
as she planned outdoor recreation programs. As a result of the training,
she is also more insistent on being involved in reviewing projects
planned by other disciplines such as engineering and maintenance
or interpretation and making recommendations to include accessibility.
Another staffer felt the course he took was tremendously beneficial
to him as a planner, since he now has the knowledge and resources
to tell the engineers exactly what he wants accomplished on a project.
Other staff have also commented they are now including accessibility
in their workshops and meetings, making good use of their "clickers."
Don't know what a "clicker" is? Well, you'll just have
to take a NCA course to find out.
"Have NCA training courses impacted on the BLM's accessibility efforts?
You betcha! Not only have the staff who have been trained contributed
significantly to increasing the level of access at BLM sites, everyone
also now knows that accessibility is a shared responsibility, cutting
across all disciplines and staff. It's not just one person's job
to ensure people with disabilities can enjoy the public lands, it's
There might be one downside to the training as students are forever changed,
unconsciously looking for accessibility wherever they go. I often
hear the statement "I can't even go to a restaurant without
"checking out" the restroom!" Of course, that is
actually a positive as the courses plant tiny seeds of knowledge
that are in turn spread by the students. Who knows, with this growing
knowledge base, maybe there will eventually come a day when the
word "challenge" means something with which the designer,
not the person with a disability, deals.
Happy Birthday again, NCA, and thank you for your knowledge, availability,
advocacy, and willingness to share as we try to make the world a
better place for everyone, including someone who happens to have
a disability. Now, where did I put that tape measure......
Talking Signs: Infrared Communications Provides Audio Information
Talking Signs is a remote infrared communication system designed at the Smith-Kettlewell
Eye Research Institute, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center
in San Francisco.
Infrared technology is utilized to transmit and receive audio messages; allowing
the system to convey environmental information to a person who is
blind or has low vision. The infrared technology uses line of sight;
which means that the infrared signal is transmitted from the transmitter
in a line, similar to a laser. When the receiver comes into contact
with this line, the audio message is received and is audible to
the user through the receiver speakers. The closer the user gets
to the point of interest, the stronger and clearer the message will
become. Labels, locations, room names and numbers, and exhibit text
can be recorded and transmitted via Talking Signs. The infrared
transmitter is permanently mounted in the specific area where information
is to be conveyed, such as an intersection, an interpretive display
or an office. The receiver is approximately the size of a Walkman
and is hand-held or attached to a thread worn around the user's
San Francisco, California has the nation's largest population of Talking
Signs transmitters mounted for public use. Select transit platforms,
busy intersections, public buildings, bus shelters, newsstands,
and public toilets use Talking Signs transmitters to convey location
"They work very well," offers Donna Kazanjian, Orientation and
Mobility Specialist at the Rose Resnick Lighthouse for the Blind
in San Francisco. Ms. Kazanjian emphasizes that the system does
not replace mobility skills, but enriches the information received
by the user. Tony Candela, a resident of San Francisco who is blind
and the National Program Associate for the American Foundation for
the Blind, offers his personal opinion on the Talking Signs System,
"The burden of carrying the receiver is minimal compared to
being able to locate yourself within the environment."
The city of San Francisco is currently installing 66 transmitters for use
in a city park, testing the potential for the use of Talking Signs
in interpretive environments such as museums and nature trails.
The signs can be programmed with descriptive information about an
attraction. For more information on Talking Signs, contact: Talking
Signs, toll free (800) 339-0117. www.talkingsigns.com
The National Center on Accessibility is a program of Indiana University's
Department of Recreation and Park Administration and is funded in
part by the U.S. Congress through the National Park Service. NCA
focuses primarily on accessibility as it relates to parks, recreation,
and tourism industries. Major objectives include: conducting research,
providing technical assistance, developing resources and training
materials, and conducting educational programs.
Director of Education & Technical Assistance
Dir. Marketing & Special Projects
Training Logistics Coordinator
Laura Roney, NCA Department
Access Today is a free publication distributed by NCA with the purpose
of updating and informing people in the recreation field of current
developments in the area of accessibility. Access Today is available
in alternative formats, back issues are also posted on the NCA web
site. For more information: