2

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

2

1.1 Manipulate an object to obtain info

2.1 Give estimates of numerical answers, then check.

M2.5.1

Measure and estimate length to the nearest inch, foot, yard, centimeter, and meter.

3.1 Observe/describe events w/a repeating pattern in nature

M.2.1.2

Identify the pattern of numbers in each group of ten, from tens through nineties.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

 

 

4.1 Observe/identify helpful external features of plants/animals from different environments

5.1 Recognize & explain that measurements are not always whole numbers

M2.1.8

Recognize fractions as parts of a whole or parts of a group (up to 12 parts).

M.2.1.9

Recognize, name, & compare the unit fractions: ½, 1/3, ¼, 1/5, 1/6, 1/8, 1/10, and 1/12.

6.1 Investigate that most objects are made of parts.

M2.4.3

Investigate and predict the result of putting together and taking apart two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes.

 

2

1.2 Use tools to gain info

M2.1.11

Collect & record numerical data in systematic ways.

2.2 Make quantitative estimates, then check.

M.2.2.5

Use estimation to decide whether answers are reasonable in addition problems.

M2.5.1

Measure and estimate length to the nearest inch, foot, yard, centimeter, and meter.

3.2 Compare/describe/recognize/chart daily & seasonal weather changes. 

M2.1.12

Represent, compare, and interpret data using tables, tally charts, and bar graphs.

M2.5.8

Estimate temperature. Read a thermometer in Celsius and Fahrenheit.

E.2.2.7

Interpret information from diagrams, charts, and graphs.

4.2 Observe/describe how animals use animals/plants for shelter & nesting.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

5.2 Recognize & explain that it is often useful to estimate.

M.2.2.5

Use estimation to decide whether answers are reasonable in addition problems.

6.2 Observe/explain that models may not be the same size, missing detail, and may not be completely functional.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

 

 

2

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

2

1.3 Describe (written & verbal) & compare w/others

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

E.2.5.6

Write for different purposes and to a specific audience or person.

2.3 Estimate/measure w/cups & pints

M2.5.5

Estimate and measure capacity using cups and pints.

3.3 Observe/describe rocks…sizes, shapes-  tiny to large

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

4.3 Observe/explain water, food and/light needs of plants & animals.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

5.3 Observe & describe how changing one thing can cause change in something else, e.g., exercise & heart rate

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

H.2.3.4  Explain why sleep and exercise are necessary for proper growth.

H.2.6.3.  Explain that exercise increases heart rate and that it is a good thing for your body.

6.3 Describe that things can change in different ways & small changes may be detected by taking measurements.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

 

 

 

2

1.4 Make new observations after disagreement among initial observations

2.4 Assemble, describe, take apart, &/or reassemble w/or w/o a reference

M.2.4.3

Investigate and predict the result of putting together and taking apart two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes.

3.4 Observe/describe how animals & plants can cause change in their surroundings.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

4.4 Recognize/explain that living things are almost everywhere- different kinds in different places.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

5.4 Recognize & explain that ideas are more likely to be believed with good reasons for them.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

 

 

2

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

2

1.5 Work in a team & still communicate one’s own conclusions

 

2.5 Draw pictures w/brief descriptions of a key feature of an object.

3.5 Investigate freezing, mixing, cutting, heating or wetting …changing properties vary per material.

4.5 Recognize/explain that natural materials can be recycled & used again in nature.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

H.2.7.2  Name sources of pollution and why it creates an unhealthy environment.

H.2.7.3  Explain the 3 R’s.  Re-use, reduce and recycle.

5.5 Explain that some events can be predicted w/certainty & some cannot.

H.2.6.3 Predict the outcomes of health behavior.  Sunscreen/sunburn; helmets/head-injuries,

 

 

2

1.6 Use tools-investigate, observe, measure, design, build

 

3.6 Discuss energy as a means to cook & heat homes.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

4.6 Observe/describe different external features of people.

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

H.2.4.1  Give examples of different family features, family structures and family roles.

5.6 Explain that one can study a group by observing a few specimens.  (May not tell us everything…)

 

 

2

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

2

1.7 Recognize & describe recycling

E2.5.5

Use descriptive words when writing.

 

3.7 Investigate/observe movement affected by pushing/pulling.

 

4.7 Recognize/discuss that people are more like each other than other animals.

 

 

 

2

 

 

3.8 Demonstrate/observe movement w/magnets.

4.8 Examples of different roles in families & communities.

H.2.4.1  Give examples of different family features, family structures and family roles.

 

 

 

 

3

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

E

E3.5.2

Write descriptive pieces about people, places, things, or experiences that:  -develop a unified main idea

-use details to support the main idea.

E3.5.5

Write for different purposes and to a specific audience or person.

E3.7.1

Retell, paraphrase, and explain what a speaker has said.

E3.7.2

Connect and relate experiences and ideas to those of a speaker.

E3.7.5

Organize ideas chronologically (in the order that they happened) or around major points of information.

E3.7.8

Clarify and enhance oral presentations through the use of appropriate props, including objects, pictures, and charts.

E3.7.14

Make descriptive presentations that use concrete sensory details to set forth and support unified impressions of people, places, things, or experiences.

3

1.1 Recognize/explain that we expect similar results for repeated investigations.

2.1 + & - whole numbers mentally, on paper & w/a calculator

M.3.1.1

Count, read, and write whole numbers up to 1,000.

3.1 Observe/describe the apparent motion of the sun & moon over a time span of one day.

4.1 Sort (by features, habitat, behavior, etc) a variety of living things into groups.

5.1 Select & use appropriate measuring units (cm, m, g, kg, & Co)

M.3.5.12

Carry out simple unit conversions within a measurement system (e.g., centimeters to meters, hours to minutes).

6.1 Investigate how & describe that when parts are put together, they can do things that they could not do by themselves.

 

 

3

1.2 Participate in dif. types of guided scientific investigations. (use senses to observe objects & events, collect specimens for analysis)

E3.2.7

Follow simple multiple-step written instructions.

2.2 Measure/mix dry & liquid materials in prescribed amts. safely.

M3.5.6

Estimate & measure capacity using quarts, gallons, & liters.

M.3.5.7

Estimate and measure weight using pounds and kilograms.

3.2 Observe/describe that there are more stars than one can count and they are not scattered evenly.

4.2 Explain that features used for grouping depend on the reason for grouping.

5.2 Observe that & describe how some measurements will be slightly different for the same object.

6.2 Investigate how & describe that something may not work if some of its parts are missing.

 

 

3

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

3

1.3 Keep/report records (journals, charts, graphs computers) for the previous indicator. (above)

2.3 Keep a notebook that describes observations in enough detail so it can make sense months later.

3.3 Observe/describe that the sun can be seen only in the daytime.

4.3 Observe/describe how offspring are similar to each other & their parents but still unique.

H.3.4.1  Describe how the family influences personal health behavior.  How offspring are similar to each other and their parents yet still unique.

5.3 Construct tables & graphs to show how values of 1 quantity are related to values of another.

M3.1.13

Interpret data displayed in a circle graph & answer questions about the situation.

6.3 Explain how a model of something is different from the real thing but can be used to learn something about the real thing.

 

 

3

1.4 Discuss investigation results, consider explanations of others

2.4 Use simple tools & technology (clamps, rulers, scissors, hand lenses, calculators, computers) to solve problems.

3.4 Observe/describe that the moon looks dif. every day, but is the same every 4 weeks

4.4 Describe that almost all kinds of animals’ food can be traced back to plants.

5.4 Illustrate that if 0 & 1 are located on a line, any other number can be depicted as a position on the line.

6.4 Take, record, & display counts & simple measurements of things over time, such as plant or student growth.

 

 

3

1.5 Work cooperatively, while respecting the ideas of others & communicating one’s own conclusions.

2.5 Construct something out of paper, cardboard, wood, plastic, metal or existing object that can be used for performing a task.

3.5 Give ex’s how change is a continual process on Earth (ex. Weather patterns)

4.5 Give ex’s of organisms that are extinct & how these organisms are similar to those living today.

5.5 Explain that one way to make sense of something is to think of how it relates to something more familiar.

6.5 Observe that & describe how some changes are very slow, some are very fast & that some of these changes may be hard to see and/or record.

 

 

3

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

3

1.6 Give examples of how tools have affected our lives (automobiles, computers, etc.)

H.3.4.4  Describe how the internet can be a good thing or risky influence.  Information source or a place for strangers to engage young people inappropriately.  

2.6 Make sketches & write descriptions to aid in explaining procedures or ideas.

3.6 Describe ways human beings protect themselves from the weather.

H.3.3.6  Discuss safety considerations for bad weather (tornado, heat, freezing, blizzard)

4.6 Explain (like other animals) that people need water, food, air, waste removal, & temp. range.

H.3.1.5 Explain how the major body systems (circulatory, digestive, skelatal, nervous, respt) take care of above water, food, air, waste etc.

 

 

 

3

1.7 Recognize/explain how an invention can have multiple uses. (Radio = info. & entertainment)

2.7 Ask & answer “How do you know?” in appropriate situations.

3.7 Identify/explain some effects human activities have on weather.

4.7 Explain that eating a variety of healthful foods, exercise and rest help people stay healthy.

H.3.1.2  Explain the relationship between personal health behaviors and individual health by eating healthy, exercise and rest.

 

 

 

3

1.8 Describe the problem of waste & the solution of recycling.

 

3.8 Investigate/describe how moving air & water can be used to run machines like windmills.

4.8 Explain (w/ex’s) that some things taken into the body can be harmful.

H.3.1.1. discuss consequences of unsafe  and risky behavior to personal health.

 

 

 

3

The Nature of Science & Technology

Scientific Thinking

Physical Setting

Living Environment

Mathematical World

Common Themes

Other

3

 

 

3.9 Demonstrate that sound originates from a vibration. (vocal cords, instruments)

4.9 Explain that some diseases are caused by germs & some are not. Germs spread disease & washing w/soap & water is beneficial.

H.3.1.8.  Explain how childhood injuries and illnesses can be prevented or treated.

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL Research on Science Education...What does the research say?

 

*    The majority of lessons incorporate content that is significant and worthwhile.

*    Teachers seem confident in their ability to teach science and provide accurate content information.

*    Fewer than 1 in 5-science lessons …

-  Are strong in rigor.

-  Include teacher questioning that is likely to enhance student conceptual understanding

-  Provide "sense-making" appropriate for the needs of the student and the purposes of the lesson.

*    A drop in US international standing occurs between the 4th and 8th grade.

*    The best predictor of whether a student will complete a B.S./B.A. is the intensity & quality of that student's secondary school curriculum.

*    Accelerated curricular tracks receive clearer signals about college preparation.

*    Theory:  The brain is constantly searching for meaning and seeking patterns and connections, and adapts in response to external stimuli. 

*    Authentic learning situations increase the brain's ability to make connections and retain new information.

*    Brain-based teaching strategies:  manipulatives, active learning, field trips, guest speakers, & real-life projects (many learning styles and multiple intelligences), interdisciplinary curriculum

 

High-quality lessons share some common features...

*     Provide opportunities for students to grapple with content in meaningful ways.

*     Giving students experience with phenomena, making real-world connections, playing games that focus on important learning goals, and/or using contrived texts to motivate learners are all used effectively.

*     Start where the students are and provide opportunities for students to deepen their understanding.

*     Classroom learning environment that is both respectful and challenging of students.

*     Teachers make sure students are intellectually engaged, monitor student understanding with lesson progression and help students make sense of the concepts being addressed.

 

Low-quality lessons share some common features...

*     Learning environments that are lacking in respect and/or rigor.

*     Questioning that emphasizes getting the right answer and moving on w/o focusing on student understanding.

*     Just starting or ending with no particular motivation, w/o summarizing or other "sense-making."

 

Inquiry strategy that addresses some of the research...

 

1. What is the problem/issue/topic that you want to know about?

2. What do you already know about this topic?

3. Explore/Investigate/Collect Evidence (continuum of guided to open)

*     Labs

*     Activities

*     Demonstrations

*     Textual research

*     Expert/community contact

 4. Conclusion...what do you know now?

 5. What might be next questions?  What would you still like to know?  Unanswered questions?

 

 


INDIANA UNIVERSITY

107 S. Indiana Ave., Bloomington, IN 47405-7000

(812) 855-7074

Last updated: 05 December 2005

Comments: Jose Bonner, OSO

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