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Recognizing Stimuli And Responses

To understand learning, you have to be clear on what stimuli and responses are. So memorize and understand the following:

Stimuli (usually) activate one or more of the senses. Stimuli can be internal as well as external. Internal stimuli signal the state of the body. Some examples of external stimuli: visual stimuli, like the screen in front of you; click of the keys; touch stimuli, like the feel of the keys under your fingertips. Some examples of internal stimuli: the feeling you describe as hunger, the churning sensation you experience when anxious or afraid.

Responses are actions of the body: muscle contractions, gland secretions, or brain actions. Examples of responses include: muscle movements, like pressing a key with a finger; the product of muscle movements, like speaking; glands secreting, like salivation or perspiration or increased adrenalin flow inside the body; brain reactions, like changes in the EEG ("brain waves").



  1. saying "I feel happy"
  2. the letters you see in this sentence
  3. taste of food in the mouth
  4. learning
  5. searching for and eating food
  6. performance



    Here are the answers:
  1. Mark each of the following with the alternative they match best:
    1. saying "I feel happy"......................... B. response
    2. the letters you see in this sentence.. A. stimulus
    3. taste of food in the mouth................. A. stimulus
    4. learning............................................ C. neither stimulus nor response
    5. searching for and eating food........... B. response
    6. performance...................................... B. response
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