Questions about Design:
If you know how to use a hammer and saw, does that mean you can design and build good houses?
If you know how to use a word processor, does that mean you are a good writer -- e.g., you can write a novel or a technical report?
If you know how to make a Website (e.g., with HTML, Dreamweaver, Photoshop), does that mean you are a good Web designer?
1. Types of knowledge of education created by disciplined inquiry:
There are nine types of educology (preservation of signs of knowing about learning that is both intended and guided.):
See educology.indiana.edu for further definitions and explanations.
See also: the Theory of Totally Integrated Education (Frick, 2015)
2. Empirically-tested principles for design of educational websites constitute web design praxiology -- i.e., they have generalizable instrumental value and hence constitute praxiological knowledge.
- 'Instrumental value' means that they are 'good for' -- effective means to ends. The guidelines when followed result in Websites that achieve their goals.
- 'Generalizable' means that the guidelines or principles apply to a wide range of situations.
- Formative research methods have been used to create Web design principles (Reigeluth & Frick, 1999)
- Informational site: goal is for a user to find specific information to complete a task
- E-book: Practical Web Development (Boling & Frick)
(see exemplary application: Building a Large Successful Website...)
- Demonstration video: Usability Testing of a Paper Prototype
- A few examples of many sites developed with these principles:
- Instructional site: goal is to facilitate a person's learning achievement
- E-book: Effective Web Instruction (Frick & Boling)
- Examples of products developed with these processes:
- How to Recognize Plagiarism (R641, Spring 2002)
- Diffusion Simulation Game (R641, Spring 2002)
- Outstanding R547 Team Projects, Fall 2002
- Outstanding R547 Team Projects, Fall 2003
- Outstanding R547 Individual Projects in R547, Summer 2006 (Distance course)
Department of Instructional Systems Technology
School of Education
Indiana University Bloomington
Last updated: March 4, 2015