Research & Publications

Research Interests

       My research interests encompass a range of cognitive science topics with a primary focus on evolutionary simulations of attention and learning. I use simulated evolution as a means to investigate the types of environmental information structures that lead to the emergence of attention as an adaptive mechanism. The goal of my work is to explain attentional behaviors as adaptive, evolved responses that can only be fully understood in the context of the environments that gave rise to them.

       I am also becoming increasingly interested in studying pedagogical issues in post-secondary education. Specifically, I am drawn towards studies of the use of technology in (and outside of) the classroom and the shift towards electronic textbooks.


Hullinger, R. A., Kruschke, J. K., & Todd, P. M. (2015). An evolutionary analysis of learned attention. Cognitive Science, 39: 1172–1215. (doi:10.1111/cogs.12196)

Kruschke, J.K., & Hullinger, R.H. (2010). Evolution of attention in learning. In: N. Schmajuk (Ed.), Computational Models of Classical Conditioning, pp. 10 - 52. Cambridge University Press.


Hullinger, R.H., Kruschke, J.K., & Todd, P.M. (2010) Evolution of Attention in Learning Talk presented at I.U. Cognitive Lunch Series, Bloomington, IN.

Kruschke, J. K. & Hullinger, R. H. (2009). Evolution of Attention in Learning. Invited presentation at the Workshop on Computational Models of Conditioning, Duke University, May 16, 2009.

Hullinger, R.H., & Kruschke, J.K. (2006). Attention To Individuating Cues Obviates Dual Process Theories. Talk presented at I.U. Cognitive Lunch Series, Bloomington, IN.

Professional Experience

Software Developer/Team Lead, Interactive Intelligence, Indianapolis, IN. 1999-2004. Responsible for the support, maintenance and new development of several client-side applications.

Software Developer, Multiplicity Inc., Indianapolis, IN. 1998-1999. Designed and developed the user interface for windows software to present historical and real-time data about server performance.

Software Developer, Westinghouse Corp., Pittsburgh, PA. 1996 – 1998. Primary developer of the Prospector news analysis system for the automated capture and analysis of local news broadcasts.


 “System for Analyzing Television Programs,” U.S. Patent Number 6,295,092, issued Sept. 25, 2001. Inventors: R. Hullinger et al