Renowned ichthyologist David Starr Jordan was IU president for only six years (1885-1891), but during that time he organized the university into departments, instituted a full-scale elective system, and sought out talented new faculty, increasing the number of professors from 18 to 29. Enrollment more than doubled.

Despite the nationwide depression of 1893, IU's enrollment continued its rapid climb. Student energy expressed itself in sports, the IU band , the new glee club, organized pranks and "scraps," new journalism classes, and in a yearbook, the Arbutus, which in its 1894 debut featured a handwritten version of Joe Giles's new anthem, "Hail to Old I.U."


Marcellus Neal became IU's first black graduate in 1895, but the campus would not be fully integrated for another half-century.


1871 Following its Great Fire, much of downtown Chicago is rebuilt using fire-resistant Indiana limestone.

1873 The Studebaker firm opens a new wagon works at South Bend, said to be the world's largest. At IU, an anonymous newspaper called The Dagger features anonymous evaluations of faculty and some students.

1874 IU's Science Hall is completed at Seminary Square. Concern grows, however, that this downtown site is becoming too noisy and cramped; there is talk of moving the campus.

1876 Alexander Graham Bell, 29, patents the telephone. Col. Eli Lilly opens a drug-supply company in Indianapolis.

1879 Swan and Edison demonstrate the first incandescent electric light bulbs. The Indiana Dental College, a private dental school, opens in Indianapolis.

1880 Publication of Ben-Hur by Hoosier war hero General Lew Wallace.

1881 Assassina-tion of President James Garfield and of Russia's Aleksandr II. New pogroms in Russia will drive millions of Jews to emigrate, many to the U.S. Joseph Hill and son open a greenhouse business in Richmond, Indiana, considered the first of its kind in the country.

1882 Electric fan is developed by Schuyler Wheeler, 22, of New York.

1883 First IU Ph.D. Fire destroys Science Hall; IU buys Dunn's Woods, east of downtown Bloomington. Hoosier poet James Whitcomb Riley, 34, publishes The Old Swimmin' Hole and 'Leven More Poems.

1884 Introduction of Louisville Slugger bat and the roller coaster. Owen and Wylie Halls, first of the nine buildings of IU's Old Crescent, are erected on the new campus.

1885 Inventor Sylvanus F. Bowser delivers the first gas pump to Jake D. Bumper in Fort Wayne. David Starr Jordan, 33, becomes IU president, introducing within a few months a new curriculum that dethrones IU's traditional classical emphasis.

1886 Debut of three new soft drinks--Coca-Cola, Moxie, and Dr. Pepper--in Georgia, Massachusetts, and Texas, respectively.

1888 Ball-Mason jars are introduced by the Ball Brothers company of Muncie. IU seniors chose school colors: cream and crimson.

1890 Introduction of peanut butter and of the electric chair. Indiana becomes population center of the United States, a position it will hold until 1950. IU's enrollment nears 350.

1891 Invention of basketball in Springfield, Mass. First extension course is offered in Indianapolis--a class in economics.

1892 IU wins Inter Collegiate Baseball Championship series by a score of 13 to 11 against DePauw.

1894 In Kokomo, Elwood Haynes constructs and tests the first car manufactured for commercial purposes. Pres- ton Eagleson, B.A. '96, M.A. '06, is IU's first African American football player (upper right in photo).

1895 With an A.B. in mathematics, Marcellus Neal is the first African American to graduate from IU.

1898 United States wins Spanish-American War. Spain frees Cuba and cedes Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million. Marie and Pierre Curie isolate radium. IU enrollment tops 1,000; the men's basketball team is started.