Baker, Randall, ed. Comparative Public Management: Putting U.S. Public Policy and
Implementation in Context. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers, 1994, 282
pp., $25.00, paper.
A comparative text in public management, this work examines how, why, and to what extent the public sector around the world has shared in the "management revolution." It also considers what can be learned from other countries and what the dangers are in trying to apply these approaches to American government. Baker is a professor of public and environmental affairs and director of International Programs in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at IUB.
Barwise, Jon, and John Etchemendy. Turing's World 3.0 for the Macintosh: An
Introduction to Computability Theory. Stanford, California: CSLI Publications, 1993,
123 pp., $19.95, paper.
This self-contained introduction to Turing machines, one of the fundamental notions of logic and computer science, allows the user to design, debug, and run sophisticated Turing machines in a graphical environment on the Macintosh. It introduces users to the key concepts in computability theory through a sequence of over one hundred exercises and projects. The exercises cover such topics as the Halting problem, the Busy Beaver function, recursive functions, and undecidability. A diskette is included. Barwise is College Professor of Computer Science, Philosophy, and Mathematics at IUB.
Efron, John M. Defenders of the Race: Jewish Doctors and Race Science in
Fin-de-Siècle Europe. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994, 255 pp., $30.00, cloth.
By the late nineteenth century, physical anthropologists were engaged in debates about the "Jewish Racial Question," asking whether there was a biological basis for Jewish distinctiveness and social development. This book describes the response of Jewish race scientists to these debates, demonstrating that in their participation, the scientists were involved in a complex process of Jewish self-definition, one that was impelled by two factors: the external threat of antisemitism and the internal need to reassert a Jewish ethnic pride that had been battered by assimilation. Efron is an assistant professor of history and Jewish studies at IUB.
Ferrell, Robert H., ed. Holding the Line: The Third Tennessee Infantry, 1861-1864, by
Flavel C. Barber. Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1994, 281 pp., $28.00,
Flavel C. Barber's memoir of his service with the Third Tennessee Infantry provides a rare contemporary history of a Confederate regiment. Of special value for Civil War scholars and buffs are Barber's vivid descriptions of battles, notably the siege of Fort Donelson and the Confederate victory at Chicasaw Bayou, in which he highlights the Third Tennessee's crucial role in defeating William T. Sherman. A full regimental roster, a rarity among Confederate units, also is included. Ferrell is a distinguished professor emeritus of history at IUB.
Gass, Glenn. A History of Rock Music: The Rock & Roll Era. New York:
McGraw-Hill, 1994, 280 pp., $15.35, paper.
The vitality of American music, like America itself, has always reflected the rough edges and incredible variety of its cultural melting pot, and nowhere have these central tensions and undercurrents more fully confronted and transformed each other than in that startling music called "rock & roll." Contents includes sections on the roots of rock, rhythm & blues, Elvis Presley, rockabilly, New Orleans, Chicago and Chess Records, vocal groups and doo-wop, and the early sixties pop. Gass is an associate professor of music at IUB.
Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman
Writer in the Twentieth Century. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press,
1994, 476 pp., $35.00, cloth.
How do writers and their readers imagine the future in a turbulent time of sex war and sex change? And how have transformations of gender and genre affected literary representations of "woman," "man," "family," and "society"? This volume argues that throughout the twentieth century women of letters have found themselves on a confusing cultural front and that most, increasingly aware of the artifice of gender, have dispatched missives recording some form of the "future shock" associated with profound changes in the roles and rules that govern sexuality. The first section focuses on writers of the modernist period, including Virginia Woolf, Zora Neale Hurston, Edna St. Vincent Millay, and Marianne Moore. The second section is devoted to authors who came to prominence after World War II, including Gwendolyn Brooks, Sylvia Plath, Margaret Atwood, Toni Morrison, and A. S. Byatt. Gubar is a distinguished professor of English at IUB.
Gray, Ralph D., and Michael A. Morrison, eds. New Perspectives on the Early
Republic, 1981–1991. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1994, 478 pp.,
The essays in this volume were culled from the first eleven years of the Journal of the Early Republic. Diverse in scope, they explore a number of topics from the adoption of the Bill of Rights to temperance reform, from working-class development in Philadelphia to the annexation of Texas. Gray is a professor of history at IUPUI.
Jackson, Michael. Pieces of Music. New Zealand: Vintage, 1994, 168 pp., $11.05, paper.
Is a person's life a seamless whole, a single story? Or do we lead several lives at once--one experienced by ourselves or by our imaginations, others experienced by those around us? When one considers all the experiences and encounters that shape our lives, is there any constant, essential self that can be said to be the measure of who we truly are? The author pursues these questions in a series of loosely connected, autobiographical fictions. Set variously in France, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, the Congo (Zaire), and Sierra Leone, the book explores the mystery of how lives overlap and destinies converge. Jackson is College Professor of Anthropology at IUB.
Kane, Stephanie C. The Phantom Gringo Boat: Shamanic Discourse and
Development in Panama. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994,
241 pp., $19.95, paper.
In this first full-length ethnography of the Emberá Indians of Panama, the author investigates the Emberá use of myth and magic to interpret the changes that occurred in the mid-1980s after Manual Noriega assumed command of the Panama Defense Forces. Exploring the rhythms of everyday activities, Kane reveals how magical discourse, founded on the ancient global practice of shamanism, is the language of argument and interpretation used to cross the gap between the known and the unknown, between Emberá traditions and the outside world. Approaching local history with shamanic logic and organizing each chapter around a set of interpretive dilemmas, the author highlights the ways in which myth and magic relate integrally to Emberá life, including ecology, economy, politics, health, constructs of race and gender, and memory. Kane is an assistant professor of criminal justice at IUB.
McDowell, John Holmes. "So Wise Were Our Elders": Mythic Narratives from the
Kamsá. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1994, 285 pp., $45.00,
The author collected thirty-two mythic narratives of the Kamsá Indians, who live in Sibundoy Valley in the Columbian Andes, from several renowned Kamsá storytellers. Each myth is given in the native language with parallel English translations that seek to capture the flavor of the original performances. Textual annotations and commentary assess the grounding of the myth in the language and culture of the Kamsá indigenous community. McDowell is a professor of folklore and chairperson of the Folklore Institute at IUB.
Ram, Ashwin, and David B. Leake, eds. Goal-Driven Learning. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1995, 572 pp., $45.00, cloth.
In cognitive science, artificial intelligence, psychology, and education, a growing body of research supports the view that the learning process is strongly influenced by the learner's goals. The fundamental tenet of goal-driven learning is that learning is largely an active and strategic process in which the learner, human or machine, attempts to identify and satisfy its information needs in the context of its tasks and goals, its prior knowledge, its capabilities, and environmental opportunities for learning. This book brings together a diversity of research on goal-driven learning to establish a broad interdisciplinary framework that describes the goal-driven learning process. It also presents a theoretical framework for future investigations. Leake is an assistant professor of computer science at IUB.
Seiter, Ellen. Sold Separately: Children and Parents in Consumer Culture. New
Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1993, 256 pp., $24.95, cloth.
Children's interest in consumer culture involves much more than greed, hedonism, or laziness--rather, it is profoundly social, even utopian, in the sense that it permits them to communicate with a larger group. As a mass culture, toys and television give children access to others through a language of trade that changes with use and is inflected by children with surprising originality in everyday life. The blanket condemnation of commercial children's television and cheap, mass-produced toys places an unreasonable burden on parents and serves to disadvantage children whose parents do not have the means to acquire the costlier alternative playthings and videos approved by teachers. The author argues that toys and television are culture and must be understood as cultures of childhood and of women's domestic labor, and as intersections of media and consumer goods. Seiter is a professor of telecommunications and film studies at IUB.
Shupe, Anson. In the Name of All That's Holy: A Theory of Clergy Malfeasance.
Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1995, 173 pp., $52.95, cloth.
The problem of deviant religionists (i.e., predatory, corrupt, exploitive clergy) which constitutes the subject matter of this book, has generally been treated by both sociologists and religious studies experts in sotto voce--the way one would speak at a gathering about a disgraced relative, a personal failure, or a professional colleague caught in flagrante delicto with a client. The study focuses on clergy malfeasance, by which the author means the exploitation and abuse of a religious group's believers by the elites of that religion in whom the former trust. Shupe is a professor of sociology at IPFW.
Thorelli, Hans B., and others. INTOPIA Executive Guide and Compendium for the
Administrator. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1995, 176 pp., $38.67,
The International Operations Simulation/Mark 2000 (INTOPIA) is a computer simulation of international business strategy in the management game form. INTOPIA has both educational and research applications. The simulation industries are microchips and personal computers. Companies may be active in any or all of these regions: European Union, United States, and Brazil. Four currencies and 800 other parameters are freely variable by the administrator. In June, 1995, the simulation was adopted by thirty institutions in fifteen different countries. Thorelli is a distinguished professor emeritus of business administration at IUB.
Weiner, Marc A. Undertones of Insurrection: Music, Politics, and the Social Sphere
in the Modern German Narrative. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press,
1993, 314 pp., $35.00, cloth.
Ranging from 1900 to Doctor Faustus (1947), this study sets the stage by examining debates that conflated such issues as national identity, racism, populism, the role of the sexes, and xenophobia with musical texts. In the literary analyses that follow, the author discusses both obvious connections between music and sociopolitical issues-- Hesse's equation of jazz and insurrection in Steppenwolf--and covert ones--the suppression of music in Death in Venice and the use of politically charged musical subtexts in Werfel's Verdi and Schnitzler's Rhapsody. Weiner is an associate professor of Germanic studies and film studies at IUB.