Adams, James Eli. Dandies and Desert Saints: Styles of Victorian Manhood. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1995, 249 pp., $15.95, paper.
Drawing on work in feminism, queer theory, and cultural history, this book challenges scholars to rethink simplistic notions of Victorian manhood. The author examines masculine identity in Victorian literature from Thomas Carlyle through Oscar Wilde, analyzing authors who identify the age's ideal of manhood as the power of self-discipline. The book approaches masculinity as a social norm and a calculated rhetorical construction, thus arguing that concepts such as "effeminate" and “unmanly” have been misunderstood. Adams is an associate professor of English at IUB.
Becker, William E., and William J. Baumol, eds. Assessing Educational Practices: The Contribution of Economics. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1996, 283 pp., $35.00, cloth.
An introduction for the nonspecialist to the research methods used by economists in studies of educational practices and institutions, this book explains the way economists think about teacher salaries, student achievement, class size, school organization, and other subjects of current debate in education. Each author demonstrates how methods used in economics can be applied to measure the success and failure of educational practices. Becker is a professor of economics at IUB.
Brakke, David. Athanasius and the Politics of Asceticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 356 pp., $55.00, cloth.
It is often assumed that early Christian asceticism drew its devotees completely away from worldly interests into the etherial realms of spirituality. This book, which focuses on the life and thought of Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria (a.d. 328-73)--one of the key figures of the church in his time--shows on the contrary just how deeply political ascetic theology could be. The author examines how Athanasius joined with other fourth-century bishops in determining to create a unified and dominant church of Egypt in the Roman Empire and in organizing the monks of the desert and female ascetics based in the cities into auxiliaries of the emerging local parishes. Brakke is an assistant professor of religious studies at IUB.
Brand, Peggy Zeglin, and Carolyn Korsmeyer, eds. Feminism and Tradition in Aesthetics. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995, 486 pp., $19.95, paper.
Feminism has influenced many areas of philosophy, but only recently has the subfield of philosophical aesthetics been subjected to the challenges of feminist critics. This volume takes a fresh look at the history of aesthetics and at current debates within the philosophy of art by exploring the ways in which gender informs notions of art and creativity, evaluation and interpretation, and concepts of aesthetic value. Multiple intellectual traditions have informed this field, and the discussions range from consideration of eighteenth-century legacies of ideas about taste, beauty, and sublimity to debates about the relevance of postmodern analyses for feminist aesthetics. Brand is an assistant professor of philosophy at IUB.
Burkholder, J. Peter. All Made of Tunes: Charles Ives and the Uses of Musical Borrowing. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1995, 553 pp., $35.00, cloth.
Charles Ives is famous for using borrowed materials in his music. Almost two hundred individual works or movements spanning his entire career and representing more than a third of his output incorporated music by other composers or from his previous work. The author identifies the different kinds of "quotation" in Ives' music; explores the complex musical, aesthetic, and psychological motivations behind the borrowings; and shows the purpose, techniques, and affects that characterize each one. Burkholder is an associate professor of music and an associate dean for the Office of the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Dean of the Faculties at IUB.
Corbin, Laurie. The Mother Mirror: Self-Representation and the Mother-Daughter Relation in Colette, Simone de Beauvoir, and Marguerite Duras. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1996, 170 pp., $40.00, cloth.
In The Mother Mirror, the author studies the mother-daughter relationships portrayed in autobiographical works by Colette, Simone de Beauvoir, and Marguerite Duras. She uses psychoanalytic theory, in particular the work of Luce Irigaray and Julia Kristeva, to show how women's self-representations can be determined by the ways in which they see their mothers. Corbin’s feminist theoretical framework illuminates both the psychological and the social contexts of these autobiographical works, showing that even the most intimate relationships are shaped by social structures and that social reality is dependent on the workings of the psyche. Corbin is an assistant professor of French at IPFW.
Kauffman, James L. Selling Outer Space: Kennedy, the Media, and Funding for Project Apollo, 1961-1963. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1994, 190 pp., $32.95, cloth.
In the early 1960s, the Kennedy administration's public campaign to sell Project Apollo met with little opposition from Congress, the media, or the public. Only in the aftermath of space disasters like the Challenger explosion have Americans seriously questioned the primacy--or even the need--for human beings to explore outer space. This book examines the Kennedy administration's rhetoric to understand why Project Apollo received so little opposition. Kauffman is an assistant professor of speech communication at IUS.
Koch, Arthur L. Bacterial Growth and Form. New York: Chapman & Hall, 1995, 423 pp., $45.00, cloth.
This work addresses questions such as what bacteria were, what they are, and what they do. Particular emphasis is placed on the ability of bacteria to establish their shapes as they grow and divide. By illuminating the properties of these simple and early life forms, particularly at the levels of physics and mathematics, the book provides insight into the mechanisms used by bacteria to subvert physical forces to their own ends. Koch is a professor of biology at IUB.
Malti-Douglas, Fedwa. Men, Women, and God(s): Nawal El Saadawi and Arab Feminist Poetics. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1995, 273 pp., $17.00, paper.
Nawal El Saadawi, the Arab world’s leading feminist and most controversial woman writer, has become well known in the West as well as in the Arab community for her explosive narratives, which boldly address sexual violence, female circumcision, theology, and other politically charged themes. Contending that El Saadawi’s texts cannot be read in isolation from their Islamic and Arabic heritage, the author draws on a deep knowledge of classical and modern Arabic textual traditions—and on extensive conversations with Nawal El Saadawi--to place the writer within her cultural and historical context. Malti-Douglas is the Martha C. Kraft Professor of Humanities, director of the Middle Eastern Studies Program, and chairperson of the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures at IUB.
Smead, Rosemarie. Skills and Techniques for Group Work with Children and Adolescents. Champaign, Illinois: Research Press, 1995, 290 pp., $21.95, paper.
A how-to manual that contains specific skills and techniques essential to group work with children and adolescents, this resource can be used for those with little group work experience and as a refresher for seasoned group work specialists. The book is also a companion manual to the author’s Skills for Living: Group Counseling Activities for Elementary Students and Young Adolescents. Smead is a professor of education at IUS. Spulber, Nicolas. The American Economy: The Struggle for Supremacy in the 21st Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 286 pp., $35.00, cloth.
This work focuses on the economic challenges the American economy has met during the post-World War II era and on the new challenges--represented notably by the competing economies of Japan, Germany, and the entire European Union--that confront it as the twenty-first century approaches. The book shows how the transformations brought about by international competition fit into the long-term processes of economic growth and change with respect to structural mutations, technological development, the role of government, and the evolution of government-business relations. Spulber is a distinguished professor emeritus of economics at IUB.
Thuente, Mary Helen. The Harp Re-Strung: The United Irishmen and the Rise of Irish Literary Nationalism. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1994, 304 pp., $45.00, cloth.
The author argues that Irish literary nationalism actually began in the 1790s with the United Irish movement, rather than in the 1840s, as has been generally accepted. By reevaluating the writings associated with the United Irish movement, especially the works of Thomas Moore and the Young Ireland writers, their context within the culture, and their impact on subsequent Irish nationalistic writing, Thuente establishes that the movement played a pivotal role in the development of Irish literary nationalism. She provides a balance in her treatment of elite and popular cultures, salvages information previously ignored by critics, and invites readers to look anew at the history of the propaganda of the movement. Thuente is a professor of English and chair of the Department of English and Linguistics at IPFW.
White, David. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Prokaryotes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, 378 pp., $45.00, cloth.
Twenty-five years of teaching microbial physiology and metabolism to undergraduate and graduate students helped the author develop the theme of the book, which is that students must not simply memorize materials such as metabolic pathways and bioenergetic models, but should understand the underlying principles. To that end, similarities and contrasts between metabolic pathways and other physiological activities are pointed out throughout the textbook, and separate sections are devoted to describing the chemistry and physics of key reactions. In addition to describing physiological and metabolic features common to most microorganisms, the textbook offers a modern perspective on metabolic diversity. White is a professor of biology at IUB.