Ardizzone, Tony. Taking It Home: Stories from the Neighborhood. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1996, 152 pp., $12.95, paper.
The author recalls Italian American life on the North Side of his native Chicago in the 1950s and '60s. In a dozen tales, Ardizzone describes a world that revolves around the church, the family, and work, in that order. Several of the stories, such as "Holy Cards" and "Baseball Fever," describe Catholic mythology as seen through the eyes of uncomprehending children who try to understand the world around them in the context of religious stories they have heard from the nuns in their schools. Others look at the neighborhood through the eyes of the elderly. Ardizzone's characters are no strangers to tragedy, physical violence, or prejudice, but he writes about them from an attitude of affection, not anger or regret. Ardizzone is a professor of English at IUB.
Byrnes, Robert F. V. O. Kliuchevskii: Historian of Russia. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995, 301 pp., $39.95, cloth.
V. O. Kliuchevskii (1841Ð1911), Russia's most prominent historian, left an enduring literary legacy and a following of generations of trained historians. The son of a poor parish priest, Kliuchevskii became a distinguished teacher, rising to the senior position in Russian history at Moscow University. This biography shows how Kliuchevskii struggled with and clarified Russia's relationship with the West, delineated the roles of autocracy and the Orthodox Church in Russia's development, and shaped a Russian conception of national consciousness and identity. The author draws on years of resarch in archival materials, memoirs, and scholarly studies to illuminate the life and ideas of this incisive scholar and uncommon teacher whose vision of Russian history still resonates today. Byrnes is a distinguished professor emeritus of history at IUB.
Cherry, Conrad. Hurrying toward Zion: Universities, Divinity Schools, and American Protestantism. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995, 373 pp., $24.95, cloth.
Leaders of American Protestantism envision the university divinity school as the vanguard of a Christian movement destined to shape the culture of the nation. The effort to create a learned ministry through alignments with the American university constituted one of this country's most notable educational endeavors. This book is an historical analysis of American Protestant university-related divinity schools for the period from 1800 to the present. The author recounts the history of the schools in terms of four powerful social and cultural forces that decisively influenced American higher education--specialization, professionalization, social reform, and pluralism. Cherry is a distinguished professor of religious studies at IUPUI.
Hancock, Barry W., and Paul M. Sharp. Criminal Justice in America: Theory, Practice, and Policy. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1996, 400 pp., $35.00, paper.
A collection of original, in-depth, primary-source materials spanning the major components of the justice system in America. The authors encourage readers to think about new ideas and approaches for taking the current justice system toward a more effective and efficient whole. Includes classic and contemporary articles that describe justice systems and their current problems and issues, and that act as springboards to inquiry, discussion, and response. Topical areas include law enforcement, courts, corrections, juvenile justice, and policy issues. Contains a pedagogy consisting of discussion and application exercises for each reading and definitions and key terms in bold throughout. Hancock is an associate professor of public and environmental affairs at IUSB.
Hertz, Michael David. Frank Lloyd Wright in Word and Form. New York: G. K. Hall & Co., 1995, 171 pp., $20.00, paper.
An illustrated study that traces the dynamic interaction between building and writing that made Frank Lloyd Wright one of the most famous architects in the world, this book considers Wright's extraordinary architectural vision in light of his extensive writings. Beginning with Wright's apprenticeship under master architect Louis Sullivan, this book analyzes all the major buildings and writings in all periods of Wright's seventy-year career, including the Prairie House period, the influential years in Japan, the highly productive postwar period, and the final years of organicism. Throughout the narrative, major biographical features of Wright's life are included that allow readers to understand the meteoric rise, catastrophic fall, and hard-earned resurrection of Wright's artistic career. Hertz is a professor of comparative literature at IUB.
Hoffer, Jeffrey A., Joey F. George, and Joseph S. Valacich. Modern Systems Analysis and Design. Reading, Massachusetts: The Benjamin/Cummins Publishing Company, 1996, 896 pp., $67.15, cloth.
This book covers the concepts, skills, methodologies, techniques, tools, and perspectives essential for systems analysts to successfully develop information systems. The authors assert that systems development is firmly rooted in an organizational context, is a practical field, has significantly changed with the explosive growth in databases and data-driven architectures for systems, and is increasingly becoming more automated and more strategic. They also state that success in systems analysis and design requires skills not only in methodologies and techniques but also in the management of projects, time, resources, and risks. Valacich is an associate professor of information systems in the School of Business at IUB.
Kasza, Gregory J. The Conscription Society: Administered Mass Organizations. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1995, 217 pp., $27.50, cloth.
The ability to organize millions of people for political purposes is a potent and relatively new weapon in the struggle for power. Political scientists have studied two types of mass organizations: the political party and the interest group. In this book, the author examines a third type, which he calls the administered mass organization (AMO). AMOs are mass civilian bodies created by authoritarian regimes to implement public policy. Officials use them to organize youths, workers, women, or members of other social sectors into bodies resembling the mass conscription army. A network of AMOs produces a conscription society, a major force in twentieth-century politics in more than forty-five countries. Kasza is an associate professor of East Asian languages and cultures and political science, and chairperson of the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures at IUB.
Keen, Mike Forrest, and Janusz L. Mucha, eds. The Sociology of Central Eastern Europe from 1956Ð1990. Warsaw, Poland: Polish Academy of Sciences, 1995, 224 pp., $46.36, paper.
This Polish translation of Eastern Europe in Transformation examines the history of sociology in Eastern Europe during the period leading up to and including glasnost and perestroika. Taking advantage of the raising of the iron curtain, the volume editors have assembled twenty-five contributors from throughout Eastern Europe to chronicle the impact these developments have had on sociology, as well as any contributions sociologists might have made to them. Keen is an associate professor of sociology at IUSB.
Knapczyk, Dennis R., and Paul G. Rhodes. Teaching Social Competence: A Practical Approach for Improving Social Skills in Students At-Risk. Pacific Grove, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., 1996, 497 pp., $41.95, paper.
A step-by-step guide to developing a social skills curriculum and designing instruction, this book explains how to conduct assessments and plan interventions to address problems in social behavior. Using a continuing case study that focuses on three students who exhibit problems in social behavior, the authors illustrate each of the steps for assessing behavior and planning interventions. Worksheets in each chapter can be used in the classroom to carry out the procedures developed. Knapczyk is an associate professor of education at IUB.
McBride, Angela Barron, and Joan Kessner Austin, eds. Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing: Integrating the Behavioral and Biological Sciences. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Co., 1996, 480 pp., $49.95, cloth.
Building on a National Institutes of Health conference, "Biological Psychiatry and the Future of Psychiatric Nursing," this book highlights exemplary work in which nurses are integrating the behavioral and biological sciences in the provision of comprehensive care. Contributors consider how these issues are being played out in a range of conditions, e.g., cardiac problems, catastrophic stress, drug addiction, rape, epilepsy, bulimia, depression, phobias, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer's disease. The book is meant to be useful in providing an historical perspective, showcasing the richness of the phenomena of concern to psychiatric-mental health nurses, and articulating the challenges for the future. A vision for nursing is presented that does much more than bring the behavioral and biological sciences together in linear fashion; it brings together psychiatric and mental health nursing through a common commitment to facilitating self-regulation in patients with actual or potential health problems. McBride is a distinguished professor of nursing and dean of the School of Nursing at IUPUI, and Austin is a professor of nursing at IUPUI.
Noriega, Julio E. Buscando Una Tradicion Poetica Quechua en el Peru. Miami, Florida: North-South Center, University of Miami, 1995, 224 pp., $13.00, paper.
The first chapter characterizes the process of Quechua writing in its proper historical, political, and ideological context in order to unravel the complex relationship between speech and writing and to determine its nature in the Andean world. The second chapter analyzes three different poetic discourses in Quechua written poetry: Catholic-missioner discourse that mixes religious and profane visions of the world and presents a structure of the confession; indigenous discourse devoted to idealizing the Indian past and incorporating socialism as a ideology of the Indian liberation; and migrant discourse, which expresses the mythical attempt to remake the modern society in the form of the Andean utopia. The third chapter explains that modern Quechua written poetry arises as result of the impact of migration and Spanish education in Quechua society. The Quechua poets are transcultural subjects who reveal a contradictory identity; they both use their proper names and adopt pseudonyms, which allows them to preserve their Spanish heritage while also embracing their Indian lineage. Noriega is an assistant professor of Spanish at IUSB.
Port, Robert F., and Timothy Van Gelder, eds. Mind As Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1995, 590 pp., $60.00, cloth.
A comprehensive presentation of the dynamical approach to cognition, this book contains a representative sample of original, current research on topics such as perception, motor control, speech and language, decision making, and development. Included are chapters by pioneers of the approach, as well as others applying the tools of dynamics to a wide range of new problems. Throughout, particular attention is paid to the philosophical foundations of this radical new research program. Port is a professor of linguistics and computer sciences at IUB and Van Gelder is an assistant professor of philosophy at IUB.
Ridley, Charles R. Overcoming Unintentional Racism in Counseling and Therapy: A Practitioner's Guide to Intentional Intervention. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1995, 175 pp., $16.95, paper.
Any counselor or therapist, regardless of race, background, or motives, can engage in unintentional acts of racism. In so doing, counselors may inadvertently sabotage their own efforts and perpetuate the very problems they seek to overcome. In this book, the dynamics and effects of racism in counseling are examined with an emphasis on the insidiousness of unintentional racism. Workable solutions and practical alternatives are proposed with the goal of eliminating racism. Numerous supporting clinical examples are included to help counselors gain new insights into their operational practices and to modify any behavior that may interfere with a helpful intervention. Ridley is an associate professor of education at IUB.
Roof, Judith, and Robyn Wiegman, eds. Who Can Speak? Authority and Critical Identity. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1995, 251 pp., $13.95, paper.
Can an African American male be a feminist? Can a straight female teacher satisfactorily lead a classroom discussion about the poems of Allen Ginsburg? Can a middle-class British vicar write authoritatively as a woman from the Indian subcontinent? In other words, Who has the authority to speak, and what institutional and cultural dynamics lead to investment of that authority? Visibility, marginality, and authorized speech are vexed issues in identity and politics, both within and outside the community. The contributors speak to, against, and with one another, questioning the essence of identity-based political and academic speech. Moving across critical discourses that might be identified as feminist, postcolonial, queer, ethnic, and racial, they examine the issues that arise when an individual speaks as someone, for someone, or from a particular subject position. Roof is an associate professor of English at IUB, and Wiegman is an associate professor of English and women's studies at IUB.
Smith, David H. Entrusted: The Moral Responsibilities of Trusteeship. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995, 124 pp., $19.95, cloth.
Focusing on the moral aspects of trusteeship, this book seeks to answer questions such as these: Is governance by a board of trustees the best way to oversee nonprofit institutions? What are the major duties of trustees, and what are their common problems? How should trustees be related to the rest of the organization? What are the primary virtues of a trustee? Smith proposes three principles that should guide the words of trustees and examines these principles in light of case studies of proper trusteeship and trusteeship gone wrong. Smith is a professor of religious studies and the director of the Poynter Center at IUB.
Stein, Robert M., and Kenneth N. Bickers. Perpetuating the Pork Barrel: Policy Subsystems and American Democracy. New York, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 232 pp., $49.95, cloth.
This book details the policy subsystems--links among members of Congress, interest groups, program beneficiaries, and federal and subnational government agencies- that blanket the American political landscape. The authors have constructed a new database detailing federal outlays to congressional districts for each federal program, and they use it to examine four myths about the impact of policy subsystems on American government and democratic practice. These myths include: policy subsystems are a major contributor to the federal deficit; once created, federal programs grow inexorably and rarely die; to garner support for their programs, subsystem actors seek to universalize the geographic scope of program benefits; and the flow of program benefits to the constituencies in congressional districts ensures the reelection of legislators. Bickers is an assistant professor of political science at IUB.
Weaver, Mary Jo, and R. Scott Appleby, eds. Being Right: Conservative Catholics in America. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995, 352 pp., $18.95, paper. Once the center of American Catholicism, conservative Catholics are now a diminished but highly visible minority within the church and American society. Whether they focus their criticisms on pro-choice rhetoric and artificial birth control, insufficient respect for papal authority and the abandonment of once cherished devotional traditions, or the removal of religious symbols from public squares, the Catholics profiled here agree that the contemporary church is in crisis. This book describes the various steps conservative Catholics are taking to address the crisis. It surveys key developments in the decades since the close of the Second Vatican Council in 1965 and describes the worldviews, convictions, and goals of conservative Catholics in the United States. In doing so, the book seeks to understand what it means to be a Catholic in the modern world. Weaver is a professor of religious studies at IUB.
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